Tainarys orientalis, Burckhardt, Daniel & Queiroz, Dalva L., 2017

Burckhardt, Daniel & Queiroz, Dalva L., 2017, The jumping plant-lice of the Neotropical genus Tainarys (Hemiptera: Psylloidea) associated with Anacardiaceae, Zootaxa 4232 (4), pp. 535-567 : 561-562

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4232.4.5

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1218CDD3-7F4B-411F-BE24-55464EC26656

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5282445

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/7C5B8799-FF8E-5A24-6D9A-867BFB170DDF

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Tainarys orientalis
status

sp. nov.

Tainarys orientalis sp. nov.

( Figs 5 View FIGURES 1 – 7 , 15 View FIGURES 8 – 21 , 29 View FIGURES 22 – 35 , 43 View FIGURES 36 – 49 , 57 View FIGURES 50 – 63 , 71 View FIGURES 64 – 80 , 85 View FIGURES 81 – 88 , 96 View FIGURES 89 – 99 , 109 View FIGURES 100 – 114 , 122 View FIGURES 115 – 127 , 135 View FIGURES 128 – 139 , 145 View FIGURES 140 – 151 , 156 View FIGURES 152 – 160 , 168 View FIGURES 161 – 171 , 176 View FIGURES 172 – 184 )

Material examined. Holotype ♂, Brazil: Paraná, Curitiba, Centro Politécnico , S25°26.7’ W49°14.07’, 900 m, 15.vi.2016, park with planted trees, remnants of Araucaria forest, Schinus engleri (D. Burckhardt & D. L. Queiroz) #200(8) ( MZSP, dry mounted). GoogleMaps

Paratypes. Brazil: Paraná: 1 ♂, 5 ♀, same data as holotype but ( MZSP, NHMB, dry mounted) GoogleMaps ; 4 ♂, 4 ♀, 1 immature, same but 12.ix.2011, #1(4) (BMNH, NHMB, dry mounted, in 70% ethanol); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 1 immatures, same but 4.i.2012, #29 (NHMB, slide mounted); 1 ♂, 4 ♀, same but 3–7.xii.2012, Schinus polygama , #84(11); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same but 7.v.2014, Schinus sp., #136(6); 1 ♀, same but 1.vii.2015, #173; 9 ♂, 12 ♀, 2 immatures, same but 5‒6.ii.2016, Schinus engleri , #192(2); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same but Curitiba, Parque Tanguá , S25°22.9’ W49°17.1’, 930 m, 6.ii.2013, old mine redone as park with semi natural biotopes, mixed Atlantic Araucaria forest, Schinus sp., #90(9) ( NHMB, dry mounted);— Mato Grosso do Sul GoogleMaps : 3 ♀, Sidrolândia, South of Sidrolândia , MS 162, S21°04.7’ W54°57.4’, 440 m, 17.xi.2012, Cerrado, Schinus longifolia (D. Burckhardt & D. L. Queiroz) #75(12) ( NHMB, in 70% ethanol) GoogleMaps ; 5 ♂, 5 ♀, same but Jardim , near BR 267, S21°27.0/28.0’ W55°47.5/48.2’, 380–440 m, 18– 20.xi.2012, Cerrado edge along unpaved road, gallery forest along river, single trees in field, Schinus engleri and S. longifolia , #76(4) ; 7 ♂, 6 ♀, 1 skin, same but Dourados , campus of Embrapa, S 22°16.9‒17.2’ W54°48.6‒49.2’, 380‒390 m, 13.ix.2013 (D. L. Queiroz) #578, 579, 580.— Uruguay : 1 ♀, Salto, 10 km N of Salto, near Uruguay river, 22.x.1973 (D. H. Habeck) ( FSCA, dry mounted).

Description. Adult. Colouration. Vertex, pronotum and mesopraescutum yellow with small orange-brown dots. Head and thorax dark brown to almost black ventrally. Vertex and pronotum with each four darker spots. Eyes greyish; ocelli yellowish. Clypeus dark brown to almost black; tip of rostrum black. Antennal segments 1 brown, 2‒7 and 8 basally yellow, apex of 8, 9 and 10 black. Pro- and mesopleurites whitish yellow with fine orange dots. Mesoscutum brown with four longitudinal light lines; mesopleuron with each a dorsal and ventral black dot. Metanotum irregularly dark brown. Legs yellow, femora brown. Forewing ochreous with dark spot at the apex of vein Cu1b ( Figs 5 View FIGURES 1 – 7 , 15 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ). Abdomen yellow to light brown. Dark colour in younger specimens lighter and less expanded.

Structure. Vertex ( Figs 43 View FIGURES 36 – 49 , 57 View FIGURES 50 – 63 ) 2.0 times as wide as long, surface finely punctured; genae evenly rounded down; frons small, rectangular. Antenna ( Fig. 71 View FIGURES 64 – 80 ) with one subapical rhinarium on each of segments 4, 6, 8 and 9; segment 9 slightly thicker than segments 8 and 10; relative length of antennal flagellar segments = 1.0/ 0.4/ 0.4/ 0.3/ 0.4/ 0.4/ 0.3/ 0.4; segment 3 longer than segments 4 and 5 together; segment 10 with longer terminal seta about 1.7 times as long as segment and shorter seta about 1.1 times as long. Clypeus weakly flattened, triangular. Pronotum transverse, long, about 5 times as wide as long. Meso- and metascutellum transverse, forming small tubercles. Metacoxa ( Fig. 85 View FIGURES 81 – 88 ) with meracanthus flat, small tubercle and long, cylindrical, weakly curved membranous process on trochanteral cavity. Metatibia with an open crown of 5–6 apical sclerotised spurs. Forewing ( Figs 5 View FIGURES 1 – 7 , 15 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ) rhomboidal, apex broadly, slightly asymmetrically; vein C+Sc almost straight, slender; vein Rs weakly curved backwards; vein M1+2 curved backwards; membrane semi-transparent; surface spinules coarse, arranged in irregular hexagonal pattern; radular spinules forming narrow, ill-defined bands along wing margin in cell m1, m2, and cu1. Terminalia as in Figs 96 View FIGURES 89 – 99 , 109 View FIGURES 100 – 114 , 122 View FIGURES 115 – 127 , 135 View FIGURES 128 – 139 , 145 View FIGURES 140 – 151 . Male subgenital plate, in profile, subrectangular with angular dorsal margin. Paramere straight, lamellar; inner face bearing a group of strongly sclerotised black pegs. Distal portion of aedeagus weakly inflated apically. Female proctiger cuneate, subacute apically; dorsal margin weakly concave. Subgenital plate sparsely pilose ventrally, subacute apically.

Measurements (in mm) and ratios (1 ♂, 1 ♀). Head width (HW) 0.84–0.84 (0.79±0.07), antenna length (AL) 0.62–0.70 (0.66±0.06), forewing length (WL) 0.86–1.04 (0.95±0.13), metatibia length (TL) 0.46–0.48 (0.47±0.01), male proctiger length (MP) 0.32, paramere length 0.26, length of distal segment of aedeagus 0.22, female proctiger length (FP) 0.07.—AL/HW 0.74–0.95 (0.84±0.14), WL/HW 2.27–2.76 (2.52±0.35), WL/forewing width 1.95– 2.23 (2.09±0.20), metafemur length/TL 0.70–0.71 (0.70±0.01), TL/HW 0.57–0.62 (0.60±0.04), MP/HW 0.43, FP/ HW 0.83, FP/circumanal ring length 3.18, FP/subgenital plate length 1.21.

Fifth instar immature ( Fig. 156 View FIGURES 152 – 160 ). Colouration. Body brown, membranes light. Dorsal sclerites of head, thorax, wing pads and abdomen brown; base of caudal plate light brown. Antenna ochreous with apex dark brown to black. Apex of rostrum almost black. Apices of tarsi brown.

Structure. Body outline broadly heart-shaped. Antennae 8-segmented with one rhinarium on each of segments 3 and 5, and two on segment 8. Head and wing buds without macroscopic setae dorsally. Thoracic tergites small. Forewing buds large, with short, broadly rounded humeral lobes. Margins of wing buds bearing thick, truncate lanceolate setae ( Fig. 168 View FIGURES 161 – 171 ). Legs moderately short and thick with fused tibiotarsus, claws absent; apex of tarsus blunt; tarsal arolium large. Caudal plate angular apically, bearing marginal and a median longitudinal row of dorsal lanceolate setae slightly thicker than those of wing buds; dorsum covered in tubercular microsculpture ( Fig. 176 View FIGURES 172 – 184 ). Anus ventral; circumanal ring consisting of one row of elongate pores; relatively small, its width about 0.1 times the distance between its posterior margin and that of caudal plate.

Measurements (in mm) and ratios (1 immature). Body length (BL) 1.50, antenna length (AL) 0.60, forewing pad length (WL) 0.74, caudal plate length (CPL) 0.62, caudal plate width (CPW) 0.74.—BL/body width 1.21, WL/ AL 1.23, CPL/caudal plate width 0.84, CPW/circumanal ring width 7.40.

Etymology. From Latin orientalis = eastern, referring to its occurrence in eastern South America.

Distribution. Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraná), Uruguay (Salto).

Host plants. Schinus engleri F.A. Barkley , S. longifolia (Lindl.) Speg. ( Anacardiaceae ).

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

NHMB

Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Aphalaridae

Genus

Tainarys