Orasema minutissima Howard, 1894

Burks, Roger A., Heraty, John M., Dominguez, Chrysalyn & Mottern, Jason L., 2018, Complex diversity in a mainly tropical group of ant parasitoids: Revision of the Orasema stramineipes species group (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eucharitidae), Zootaxa 4401 (1), pp. 1-107: 62-71

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4401.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:CE7364CD-1A9E-45F2-ABA1-FB574F03BCBE

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5966315

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/7B0A879B-DE53-FFAC-FF19-F95DB47CDB1D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Orasema minutissima Howard
status

 

Orasema minutissima Howard  

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:9A9EEE2A-2326-4D0F-911C-5B160B1B4872 ( Figs 4C, J View FIGURE4 ; 139–146)

Orasema minutissima Howard, 1894: 84   . Type material: St. Vincent (1 ♀, BMNH: type no. 5.371), designated by Heraty (2002).

Orasema smithi Howard, 1896: 134   . n. syn. Type material: Grenada: Balthazar ( Windward side), W.I. H.H. Smith. W. Indies. 99–331   . 1 ♀, BMNH: type no. 5.372).

Diagnosis. Head and mesosoma mostly or entirely blue to purple. Mesoscutal midlobe and mesoscutellar disc mostly reticulate. Axillula with parallel longitudinal carinae, with some reticulate sculpture as well. Fore femur with brown coloration.

Small specimens of this species are easily recognized, due to the distinctive dark multiporous plate sensilla of the antennal flagellum ( Fig. 141 View FIGURES 139–144 ). They are also recognizable by gestalt, in having protruding mesoscutal sidelobes and reticulate mesoscutal and mesoscutellar sculpture ( Figs 142, 143 View FIGURES 139–144 ). Large specimens have a distinctive mesoscutal midlobe ( Fig. 143 View FIGURES 139–144 ), but are rarely collected and do not closely resemble small specimens. Orasema costaricensis   and O. rapo   differ in that their mesoscutal sidelobes are not protruding ( Figs 45 View FIGURES 41–52 , 190–192 View FIGURES187–192 ). Orasema evansi   differs in having pale multiporous plate flagellar sensilla ( Figs 63 View FIGURES 61–66 , 71 View FIGURES 69–74 ), and in lacking reticulate sculpture on its axillula ( Figs 65 View FIGURES 61–66 , 73 View FIGURES 69–74 ). However, smaller specimens of these species (about 2.5 mm in length) can be very difficult to distinguish from O. minutissima   .

Description. Female. Length 1.2–3.1 mm. Females of the "small" morph are up to 1.5 mm long. Females of the medium/large morph are 2.3 mm and longer.

Color: Head and mesosoma in larger specimens blue green dorsally, becoming purple to black laterally, but in smaller specimens mainly brown with faint metallic luster; pronotum reddish brown in smaller specimens. Pedicel yellow to yellowish-brown; anellus yellow to yellowish-brown; flagellum yellow to yellowish-brown. Coxae brown with faint metallic luster dorsally, becoming yellow apically; fore femur brown; mid femur yellow or brown; hind femur yellow. Fore wing hyaline; venation yellowish to pale brown. Petiole blue-green, almost entirely brown in smaller specimens; gaster pale brown to dark brown, with blue-green luster, acrosternite dark brown to black.

Head: Head width:head height 1.1–1.2; face reticulate; longitudinal groove between eye and torulus present, indistinct in larger specimens; eyes bare, inter-ocular distance:eye height 1.4–1.5; malar space:eye height 0.6–0.7; supraclypeal area longer than broad, smooth in ventral triangular area, otherwise weakly sculptured; clypeus weakly sculptured. Flagellum length:head height 1.2–1.4; F2 1.8–2.5× as long as broad, 1.0–1.3× as long as F3; following funiculars subequal in width, progressively shorter in larger specimens, progressively shorter and broader in smaller specimens.

Mesosoma: Mesosoma length:height 1.3–1.4. Mesoscutal midlobe areolate-reticulate, with minute setae; lateral lobe areolate-reticulate. Axilla areolate-reticulate; mesoscutellar disc areolate-reticulate; frenal line regularly foveate; frenum areolate-reticulate; axillular groove anteriorly absent, broad and foveate posteriorly; axillula areolate-reticulate, with parallel longitudinal carinae. Propodeum with irregular median carina; propodeal disc areolate-reticulate; callus areolate-reticulate, with 3–5 setae. Mesepisternum areolate-reticulate laterally, areolate ventrally, broadly rounded anterior to mid coxa. Upper mesepimeron smooth; lower mesepimeron reticulate to very weakly reticulate; transepimeral sulcus distinct. Metepisternum laterally smooth dorsally, reticulate ventrally. Hind coxa 1.8–2.6× as long as broad; hind femur 5.2–6.3× as long as broad. Fore wing 2.3– 3.4× as long as broad, 2.4–2.8× as long as mesothorax; stigma with 4 sensilla in a row or separated into pairs. Hind wing costal cell with a broad bare area.

Metasoma: Petiole 1.5–2.3× as long as broad, 0.7–1.0× as long as hind coxa, areolate, anterior carina moderate. Antecostal sulcus crossed by minute carinae; acrosternite posteriorly angulate.

Male. Length 1.3–2.0 mm. Head width:head height 1.2–1.3; scape yellow; flagellum length:head height 1.7– 1.9, F2 1.7–2.1× as long as broad. All femora and tibiae yellow. Petiole 5.1–6.2× as long as broad, petiole length:hind coxa length 1.8–1.9.

Immature Stages ( Figs 4C, J View FIGURE4 ). First Instar ( Fig. 4C View FIGURE4 ). Unfed planidum similar to O. evansi   (cf. Fig. 21 View FIGURES 21–26 ), but with more extensive surface wrinking on tergites. Pupa ( Fig. 4J View FIGURE4 ) with three dorsal tubercles over petiolar region; metasomal tergites with single transverse raised bands, with a sublateral tubercle on Mt1. Other stages, which are known but not described herein appear the same as in O. evansi   .

Biology. Orasema minutissima   is by far the most commonly collected species of Orasema   from the West Indies ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 , insets for small and medium to large forms). The majority of specimens are female, and of the specimens documented below, 1107 are female and only 22 male (19 small and 3 medium). Males are known from a diverse geographic area throughout the Caribbean. No males are present among the relatively few O. minutissima   collected from outside of the Caribbean. Size variation of O. minutissima   falls into three apparent classes associated with different hosts. The small morph is a known parasitoid of Wasmannia auropunctata ( Mann 1918; Heraty 1994b) and Wasmannia sigmoidea ( Heraty 1994b; Wetterer & Porter 2003) in the Caribbean. The larger morphs are likely associated with different castes or gynes of the polymorphic Pheidole   , with the largest morphs assumed to parasitize developing queens or soldiers. We were able to rear and sequence the largest morph from an unidentified species of Pheidole   ( Dominica). The small morphs are common throughout the Caribbean including Trinidad. We were able to sequence two specimens from Gorgona Island off the coast of Colombia that are identical in genotype to Caribbean populations in Cuba, Dominica, St. Lucia, Tortola and Trinidad. Medium to large sized morphs with an identical genotype are known from Dominica, Guadeloupe and St. Lucia. Beyond size and host differences, there are behavioral differences that have been observed for populations in Dominica. JMH has collected both the medium and small sized morphs in the same vicinity, but never on the same host plant and never together in the same collection (can be separated by as little as 10 meters and with high populations in both areas). The small morph has been found in Dominica ovipositing on ferns ( Cyathea tenera (J.E. Smith) Moore   , Cyathaceae; Nephrolepis biserrata Schott   , Nephrolepidaceae   ; Thelypteris opposita (Vahl) Ching   , Thelypteridaceae   ), whereas the larger size morphs preferentially oviposit on a variety of short (6-12” high) broadleaf plants ( Coccoloba uvifera   L., Polygonaceae   ; Simarouba amara Aublet   , Simaroubaceae   ; miscellaneous Fabaceae   and Rubiaceae   ). Other potential host plants (of the small morph) include Zapoteca   ? formosa (Kunth) H.M. Herm. ( Fabaceae   ) and Gynerium sagittatus (Aubl.) P.Beaub.   ( Poaceae   ) from Jamaica.

Distribution ( Fig. 2 View FIGURES 1, 2 ). Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guyana, Jamaica, Martinique, Nevis, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts, St. Lucia, St. Maarten, St. Thomas, St. Vincent, Tortola, Trinidad.

Material examined. Lectotype: ST. VINCENT. [♀, BMNH: type no. 5.371], designated by Heraty (2002)   . Paratypes: ST. VINCENT: 13°15'16"N, 61°11'11"W [4 ♀, USNM: Paratype no. 27300 ( UCRCENT00400715, UCRCENT400740, UCRCENT00424494–95)] GoogleMaps   .

Additional material examined. SMALL MORPH (1051 specimens, 1032 ♀, 19 6) Colombia: Cauca: Isla Gorgona, 3°24'00"S, 76°23'00"W, 9–17.viii.2001 [3 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00126530–31, UCRCENT00126534]. PNN Gorgona El Saman, 5m GoogleMaps   , 2°58'00"N, 78°11'00"W, 12–27.viii.2001, H. Torres, Malaise Trap [6 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00456214, UCRCENT00479144–48]. PNN Gorgona El Saman, 5m, 2°58'00"N, 78°11'00"W, 15.vii– 9.viii.2001, H. Torres, malaise trap [8 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00456207–13, UCRCENT00479150]. PNN Gorgona El Saman , 5m, 2°58'00"N, 78°11'00"W, 6–22.iii.2001 GoogleMaps   , H. Torres, malaise trap [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00447075 (D4208)]. PNN Gorgona El Saman , 5m, 2°58'00"N, 78°11'00"W, 9–27.viii.2001 GoogleMaps   , H. Torres, malaise trap [3 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00456215–16, UCRCENT00479149]. PNN Gorgona, El Saman, 5m, 2°58'00"N, 78°11'00"W, 7–25.v.2001, H. Duque, malaise trap [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00447074 (D4207)]. Chocó: PNN Utría Centro de Visitantes GoogleMaps   , 2m, 6°01'09"N, 77°20'55"W, 15.viii–7.ix.2000, J. Perez, malaise trap [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00456204], 1–15.vi.2000 [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00446705], 7–28.ix.2000 [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00312158]. Costa Rica: Alajuela: Chiles de Aguas Zarcas   , Café, 300m, 10°23'56"N, 84°20'20"W, xii.1989, R. Cespedes [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00252343]. Guanacaste: Estac. Pitilla, 9 km S Santa Cecilia GoogleMaps   , 700m, 10°59'22"N, 85°25'33"W, v.1989, I. Gauld [1♂, UCRC: UCRCENT00237641] Limon: sur de Iroquois , 300m, 10°07'12"N, 83°37'12"W, 23.v.1987 GoogleMaps   , Paul Hanson [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00237649]. Cuba: 16 km NE Caney , 145m, 20°09'23"N, 75°39'51"W, 13.xii.1995 GoogleMaps   , L. Masner [20 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00425920–26, UCRCENT00425930–42]. 16 km NE Caney , 200m, 20°09'23"N, 75°39'51"W, 13.xii.1995 GoogleMaps   , L. Masner [3♂ 25 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00412311–38]. 16 km NE of Caney , 145m   , 21°46'00"N, 79°31'00"W, 13.xii.1995, L. Masner [10 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00091310–13, UCRCENT00091403, UCRCENT00091404 (D0194) UCRCENT00091405–08]. Caretara Gran Piedro km 4, 20°00'39"N, 75°37'39"W, xii.1995, L. Masner [2 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00247614–15]. Mina Carlota Trinidad Mts., 21°56'00"N, 80°00'00"W, 1917, W.M. Mann, [mounted with host Wasmannia auropunctata, det. E.O. Wilson] [3 ♀ 2 pupae, USNM: UCRCENT00248512–13, UCRCENT00416860]. 12 km SE Moa GoogleMaps   , 50m, 20°35'00"N, 74°51'00"W, 22.viii.2001, P.S. Ward, ex Wasmannia auropunctata [3 ♀ UCRCENT00252280, UCRCENT00252285, UCRCENT00252291]. 6 km NE of Siboney ; Tres Arroys, 150m, 20°00'58"N, 75°39'60"W, 16.xii.1995, L. Masner, creekbed, yellow pan trap [23 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00425838–43, CNC: UCRCENT00425916–19; UCRC: UCRCENT00412298–310]   . Santiago, Jardin Botanico, 145m, 20°01'00"N, 75°49'00"W, 4–17.xii.1995, L. Masner, yellow pan trap [3 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00425927–29] GoogleMaps   . Dominica: Castle Bruce, 55m, 15°26'31"N, 61°15'30"W, 12.ix.1965, DL. Jackson [1 ♀, USNM: UCRCENT00248516]. Castle Comfort, 21m, 15°17'06"N, 61°22'27"W, 12.ix.1965, DL Jackson [1 ♀, USNM: UCRCENT00248515]. St. Joseph Parish GoogleMaps   , Central Forest Reserve , 15°25'60"N, 61°23'44"W, 24.xi.1994, L. Masner, rain forest, screen sweep [14 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00252295–304, UCRCENT00252306, UCRCENT00479178–80]   . Tiperie , 15°25'14"N, 61°21'42"W, 23.ix.1965 GoogleMaps   , DL Jackson [1 ♀, USNM: UCRCENT00248517. St. John Parish, Cabrits Natl. Park, East Cabrits Trail , nr. Commandant’s House, 15°35'00"N, 61°28'00"W, 2–13.vi.2004, TAMU Study Abroad Class, malaise traps [1 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243258] GoogleMaps   . St. John Parish, Cabrits Natl. Park, West Cabrits Hill, 15°35'06"N, 61°28'37"W, 22– 30.v.2000, L. Benavides, E. Chavez, J. Dye, and E. Kretsch, malaise [2 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243262–63]. Central Forest Reserve GoogleMaps   , 337m, 15°26'29"N, 61°19'40"W, 15.v.2009, J. Heraty, rainforest, sweep [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00235970 (D2762)]. Central Forest Reserve GoogleMaps   , 359m, 15°26'28"N, 61°19'33"W, 21.v.2009, J. Heraty, rainforest, sweep [19 ♀, UCRC: UCRENT00001429 View Materials , UCRENT00001439–43, UCRENT00001450–56, UCRENT00001463–68]. Central Forest Reserve GoogleMaps   , 359m, 15°26'29"N, 61°19'40"W, 21.v.2009, J. Heraty, rainforest, yellow pan trap [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRENT00000936]. Northern Forest Reserve Sympa trail (upper site), 390m, 15°31'55.4"N, 61°21'35.7"W, 14.v.2010 GoogleMaps   , J. Heraty [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00271392 (D2830)]. La Haut Estate , 15°16'37"N, 61°22'03"W, 2.i.1979 GoogleMaps   , A.T. Finnamore [1 ♀, LEMQ: UCRCENT00317218]. Springfield, ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 11.vi.1994, J.B. Woolley [8 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426409–13, TAMU: UCRCENT00426415–17]. Springfield , 251m, 15°20'46"N, 61°22'24"W, 31.v–14.vi.2002 GoogleMaps   , Marable, Wolman, Police, Bridegam, and Schwarzlose, aerial and ground malaise [1 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243233]. Springfield , 294m   , 15°20'45"N, 61°22'09"W, 31.v–14.vi.2002, Marable, Wolman, Police, Bridegam, and Schwarzlose, aerial and ground malaise [3 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243255–57]. Springfield, ATRC, 15°20'48"N, 61°21'51"W, 25.v– 7.vi.1998, J.B. Woolley, Malaise [2 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243266, UCRCENT00426275]. Springfield, ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 11.vi.1994, J.B. Woolley [10 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426561–67, UCRCENT00426572–74]. Springfield, ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 24.v–8.vi.1996, J. Doolittle, J. Killian, and L.A. Wilson, Malaise [26 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243237–45, UCRCENT00243247–53, UCRCENT00426424, UCRCENT00426575–83]. Springfield, ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 24.v–8.vi.1996, TAMU Class, Malaise [19 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243304–09, UCRCENT00243311, UCRCENT00243316–24, UCRCENT00426555–56, UCRCENT00426602]. Springfield, ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 27.v–11.vi.1994, J.B. Woolley, Malaise [12 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243277, UCRCENT00243280, UCRCENT00426266–68, TAMU: UCRCENT00426449–55]. Springfield, ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 27.v–12.vi.1994, class, Malaise [23 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426229–30, UCRCENT00426232–52]. Springfield, ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 27.v–12.vi.1994, J. B. Woolley, Malaise [17 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426214–28, UCRCENT00426231, UCRCENT00426264]. Springfield, ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 27.v.1994, J. B. Woolley, Malaise [1 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426599]. Springfield, ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 30.v– 11.vi.1995, Eden, Stieber, and Woolley, Malaise [1 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426601]. Springfield, ATRC, Checkhall River , 294m, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'00"W, 24.v–4.vi.2003 GoogleMaps   , T. Decker and W. Wells, yellow pan trap site 4 [20 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426612–31]. Springfield, ATRC, disturbed vegetation nr. garden, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'00"W, 6.vi.2003, W. Wells, 17 yellow pan traps [3 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426643–45]. Springfield, ATRC, Fifi Trail , 398m, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'00"W, 23.v–4.vi.2003 GoogleMaps   , T. Decker and W. Wells, yellow pan trap site 1 [2 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426646–47]. Springfield, ATRC, Mt. Joy nr. burned house, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'00"W, 6.vi.2003 GoogleMaps   , T. Decker, 17 yellow pan traps [3 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426640–42]. Springfield, ATRC, Mt. Joy Trail , 424m, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'00"W, 23.v–4.vi.2003 GoogleMaps   , T. Decker and W. Wells, yellow pan trap site 3 [4 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426636–39]. Springfield, ATRC, Mt. Joy Trail , 424m, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'00"W, 25.v– 4.vi.2003 GoogleMaps   , T. Decker and W. Wells, MT site 3 [4 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426609–11, UCRCENT00426763]. Springfield, ATRC, Mt. Joy Trail , 497m, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'00"W, 28.v–4.vi.2003 GoogleMaps   , T. Decker and W. Wells, yellow pan trap site 5 [3 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426632, UCRCENT00426634, UCRCENT00426635]. St. Paul Parish, Archbold Trop. Res. Educ. Center, Mt. Joy, 15°20'54"N, 61°21'50"W, 1–13.vi.2004, TAMU Study Abroad Class, secondary forest, malaise [2 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243260, TAMU: UCRCENT00243261]. St. Paul Parish, ATRC, Springfield , 536m, 15°20'58"N, 61°21'50"W, 21–22.v.2000 GoogleMaps   , L. Benavides, E. Chavez, J. Dye, and E. Kretsch, malaise trap [1 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243235]. St. Paul Parish, ATRC, Springfield , 536m, 15°20'58"N, 61°21'50"W, 22–30.v.2000 GoogleMaps   , L. Benavides, E. Chavez, J. Dye, and E. Kretsch, malaise [3 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243229–31]. trail to Mornes Trois Pitons , 609m, 15°22'30"N, 61°19'48"W, 27.v–8.vi.1996 GoogleMaps   , J. Doolittle & L.A. Wilson, malaise trap [1 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426365]. trail to Mornes Trois Pitons, 609m, 15°22'30"N, 61°19'48"W, 27.v–8.vi.1996, L.A. Wilson and J. Doolittle, malaise trap [1♂ 4 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243282, UCRCENT00243302, UCRCENT00426444–46]. Saint Patrick Parish, 1 mi. W. La Plaine, 500–1000m, 15°19'51"N, 61°14'54"W, 30.v.1994, J.B. Woolley [3 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426590–92] GoogleMaps   . Saint Paul Parish, Springfield, ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 24.v–8.vi.1996   , J. Doolittle, J. Killian, and L.A. Wilson, Malaise [22 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426375–83, UCRCENT00426456–67, UCRCENT00426469]. Springfield, ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 26.v–8.vi.1996, Doolittle and Woolley, Malaise [4 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426593–96]. Springfield, ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 27.v–12.vi.1994, TAMU class, Malaise [24 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426384–407]. Springfield, ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 30.v–11.vi.1995, Eden, Stieber, and Woolley, forest understory, Malaise [2 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426418, UCRCENT00426420]. Springfield, ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 31.v–10.vi.1995, Eden, Stieber, and Woolley, Malaise [8 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426421–23, TAMU: UCRCENT00426584–88]. St. John Parish, Syndicate Trail , 1850m, 15°31'13"N, 61°21'52"W, 27.v–5.vi.1998 GoogleMaps   , J.B. Woolley, Malaise [2 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426273, UCRCENT00426274]. St. Joseph Parish, Springfield Plantation , 430m, 15°22'08"N, 61°20'30"W, 28–30.vii.2005 GoogleMaps   , M.E. Irwin et al., Malaise Trap [2 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00479182–83]. St. Patrick Parish, 1 km W La Plaine, trail to Sari Sari Falls , 156m, 15°19'38"N, 61°15'30"W, 1.vi.1996 GoogleMaps   , J.B. Woolley [1 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243281]. St. Paul Parish, Springfield, ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 25.v–12.vi.1994   , J.B. Woolley, Malaise [3 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426408, UCRCENT00426597–98]. Springfield, ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 27.v– 12.vi.1994, J. B. Woolley, Malaise [3 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243325–27]. Springfield, ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 27.v–4.vi.1994, TAMU Class, malaise trap [6 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243284–85, UCRCENT00243333–34, UCRCENT00426364, UCRCENT00426600]. Springfield, ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°23'00"W, 29.v.1994, J.B. Woolley [2 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426447–48]. Sulphur Springs ; pools trail, 290m   , 15°14'21"N, 61°20'50"W, 20.v.2009, J. Heraty, H09-025, rainforest, sweep [16 ♀, UCRC: UCRENT00000905 View Materials , UCRENT00000907–09, UCRENT00002120–28, UCRENT00002130, UCRENT00002133, UCRCENT00235969 (D2763)]. Titou Gorge, Boiling Lake trail, 570m GoogleMaps   , 15°19'45"N, 61°19'26"W, 27.v.2009, J. Heraty, rainforest, yellow pan trap [5 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00446790, UCRCENT00446796–97, UCRCENT00446822, UCRCENT00479181]. Dominican Republic: Barahona, 4km N Paraiso GoogleMaps   , 150m, 18°12'28"N, 71°05'57"W, 22.iii.1991, L. Masner [4 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00425943–46]. 6 km N Castillo , 19°15'27"N, 70°01'50"W, 8.viii.1978, R.O. Schuster [1 ♀, CASC: UCRCENT00243426] GoogleMaps   . Barahona, 4km N Paralgo , 150m, 18°12'35"N, 71°06'02"W, 22.iii.1991, L. Masner, coffee plant., screen sweep [20 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00237642–48, UCRCENT00237654, UCRCENT00237658–63, UCRCENT00237665–69, UCRCENT00252276] GoogleMaps   . Durate, 20 km NE San Francisco de Macoris ; Loma Quite Espuela, 300m, 19°20'31"N, 70°12'15"W, 18.iii.1991, L. Masner, coffee plant. along creek, screen sweep [18 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00237650–51, UCRCENT00237655–57, UCRCENT00237664, UCRCENT00237670–74, UCRCENT00237688, UCRCENT00252319–20, UCRCENT00252329–32] GoogleMaps   . Ecuador: Orellana: Tiputini Biodiversity Station nr Yasuni National Park, 220–250m, 0°37'55"S, 76°08'39" W, T.L. Erwin et al., terre firme forest, Fogging [1♂, USNM: UCRCENT00416828] GoogleMaps   . Pinchincha: Rio Palenque Stn. , 47km S. Ste. Domingo, 180m, 0°34'56"S, 79°20'42"W, 29.iv–5.v.1987, Brown & Coote, lowland-rainforest, Malaise 1 [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00416341] GoogleMaps   . Grenada: Balthazar (Windward side), W.I. H.H. Smith. W. Indies. 99–331. [1 ♀, BMNH: type no. 5.372, BMNH: UCRCENT309993]   . Guadeloupe: Les Mamelles, 5 km. W. Barbatteau, 16°10'14"N, 61°43'55"W, 24.vi.1977, E.E. Grissell [2 ♀, FSCA: UCRCENT00411905–06] GoogleMaps   . Guyana: Rupununi Dist.   , Kurupukari, Essequibo R., 61m, 5°50'28"N, 58°32'48"W, 13.x.1990, L. Coote, old citrus grove rainforest, s.s. [1♂ 72 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00184078–82; UCRC: UCRCENT00237459–71, UCRCENT00237476–484, UCRCENT00237745, UCRCENT00237759–83, UCRCENT00282351–53, UCRCENT00446813–17, UCRCENT00446826–32, UCRCENT00446851, UCRCENT00479127–29, UCRCENT00479698]. Jamaica: Port Ecclesdown , 1500m, 18°03'00"N, 76°20'00"W, 10.viii.1974 GoogleMaps   , S. Peck [8 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00240895, UCRCENT00240897–898, UCRCENT00240900–901, UCRENT00240910–12]. Sedburgh, 18°09'36"N, 77°29'30"W, Broomfield, on Zapoteca   ?formosa [1 ♀, USNM: UCRCENT00239061]. Oxford , 18°12'25"N, 77°37'33"W, 30.xi.1972 GoogleMaps   , J. Peck [1 ♀, CNC: UCRENT00240909 View Materials ]. Olive Mt. nr. Durham , 18°08'00"N, 76°31'40"W, 3.iv.1975 GoogleMaps   , E.E. Grissell, on Gynerium sagittatum   [6 ♀, FSCA: UCRCENT00411929–34]. 1 mi. S. Oracabessa, 122m, 18°23'11"N, 76°56'48"W, 17.iii.1987, J.A. Shuey [1♂, MTEC: UCRCENT00242545]. 6 km S Montego Bay , near Mocho Cave, 300m, 18°23'32"N, 77°51'35"W, 12.xii.1975, Gary F. Hevel [1 ♀, USNM: UCRCENT00248511] GoogleMaps   . Nevis: Dasents Estate , 220m, 17°07'00"N, 62°34'00"W, 28.viii–21.ix.1985 GoogleMaps   , Coote & Blanchette, citrus, malaise trap [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00236023]. Greenhill , 17°21'00"N, 62°44'00"W, 12–31.vii.1985 GoogleMaps   , L. Coote, grass, malaise trap [1 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00240878]. Greenhill, 300m, 17°21'00"N, 62°44'00"W, 1–27.viii.1985, Coote, rainforest, malaise trap [3 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00236024–26]. Puerto Rico: Humacao, 10 km SSW San Lorenzo GoogleMaps   , 550m, 18°08'60"N, 65°49'38"W, 26.vii.1989, R.R. Snelling & J.A. Torrres [3 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00237687, UCRCENT00237695, UCRCENT00435884]. El Yunque, 1200m, 18°17'30"N, 65°48'06"W, 7.viii.1981, L. Masner, rain forest [2 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00240913, UCRCENT00247576]. Guanyanabo: Bo. Sonadora, 42m, 18°17'22"N, 66°07'25"W, J.A. Torres [2 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00237689]. Bo. Sonadora, 18°17'31"N, 66°07'24"W, 2.vi.1991, J.A. Torres, ex: Wasmannia auropunctata (Roger) det: Snelling 1991 [3 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00184070, UCRCENT00184072–73]. Maricao: Maricao Forest , rd 120 km 17.9, 18°10'51"N, 66°58'48"W, 22.x.2002, Gates, rd edge and shrubs, sweep [2 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00252275, UCRCENT00456205] GoogleMaps   . St. Kitts: Greenhill, 300m, 17°21'00"N, 62°44'00"W, 12–31.vii.1985, Coote, grass [4 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00240879–81, UCRCENT00240887] GoogleMaps   . Philips Level, 430m, 17°21'00"N, 62°46'00"W, Coote, rain forest, malaise trap [41 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00235960–61, UCRCENT00235972–74, UCRCENT00235976–88, UCRCENT00235990– 6000, UCRCENT00236002–11, UCRCENT00237570, UCRCENT00479137]. Phillips Level, 430m, 17°21'55"N, 65°49'42"W, 19.vii–31.viii.1985, L. Coote, rain forest, malaise trap [11 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00236012–22]. Wingfield Mt. GoogleMaps   , 400m, 17°20'35"N, 62°45'21"W, 1–31.x.1985, L. Coote, old field/ forest, malaise trap [3 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00446793–94, UCRCENT00479142]. St. Lucia : 13°54'34"N, 60°58'44"W, ii.1978, S.A. Marshall [10 ♀, DEBU: UCRCENT00251177–81, UCRCENT00251189–90; UCRC: UCRCENT00251176, UCRCENT00251191–92] GoogleMaps   . Edmund Forest Reserve, 13°50'11"N, 60°59'47"W, 1.iii.2000, L. Masner, s.s. [26 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00252260–61, UCRCENT00252268–74, UCRCENT00252278, UCRCENT00446790–92, UCRCENT00446800–04, UCRCENT00446806–07, UCRCENT00446809, UCRCENT00446823, UCRCENT00479134, UCRCENT00479140, UCRCENT00479141, UCRCENT00479143]. Edmund Forest Reserve, 500m, 13°49'45"N, 60°59'31"W, 1.iii.2000, L. Masner, ss [8 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00320777–81; UCRC: UCRCENT00278120–22]. 1–5 km N Praslin GoogleMaps   , Pelouze Riv. , 13°54'34"N, 60°58'44"W, 1–2.iii.2000, L. Masner, yellow pan trap [13 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00252294, UCRCENT00252305, UCRCENT00252307–309, UCRCENT00252311–12, UCRCENT00252316–18, UCRCENT00252326–28] GoogleMaps   . 13°53'38"N, 60°58'06"W, 14– 21.v.1973, Univ. of Waterloo [5 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00240891–94, CNC: UCRCENT00240902] GoogleMaps   . Barre de I’Isle , 13°54'59"N, 60°56'57"W, 28.ii.2000 GoogleMaps   , L. Masner, rainforest creek [3 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00252313–15]. Barre del Isle , 13°52'23"N, 60°58'01"W, 2.iii.2000 GoogleMaps   , L. Masner, forest trail, ss [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00235964 (D0437)]. Praslin, Mamiku Riv. Valley , 13°52'00"N, 60°53'00"W, 27.ii.2000, L. Masner, yellow pan trap [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00252277] GoogleMaps   . U. Waterloo R.S., 13°53'38"N, 60°58'06"W, 22–27.v.1973 [5 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00240883–85, CNC: UCRCENT00240896, UCRCENT00240903]. St. Maarten: Philipsburg, 100m, 18°01'49"N, 63°02'45"W, vii.1979, N. Krauss [3 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00240906–08] GoogleMaps   . Philipsburg, 100m, 18°01'22"N, 63°02'23"W, vii.1979, N.L.H. Krauss [2 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00240882, CNC: UCRCENT00240886]. St. Thomas ( U.S. Virgin Islands): 1500m, 18°20'17"N, 64°53'39"W, 11.x.1982, J.D. LaSalle [3 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00240899, CNC: UCRCENT00240904–905] GoogleMaps   . St. Vincent: Belmont, 125m, 13°09'00"N, 61°10'00"W, 6.vii.1976, J.S. Noyes, wasteground [5 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300394, UCRCENT00300454–57] GoogleMaps   . Leeward side, 555m, 13°15'11"N, 61°10'05" W, H.H. Smith [3♂ 6 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300388–93, UCRCENT00300408–10]. Hermitage Forest, E of Spring Village GoogleMaps   , 360m, 13°14'51"N, 61°12'46"W, 16–27.viii.2006, S.&J. Peck, forest, flight intercept trap [5 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00320772–76]. Maloney , 13°13'11"N, 61°13'57"W, 12.vii.1976 GoogleMaps   , J.S. Noyes, edge of rainforest [2 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00309429–30]. Mesopotamia , 232m, 13°10'01"N, 61°10'02"W, 8.vii.1976 GoogleMaps   , J.S Noyes, wasteground [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00309432]. Montreal , 474m, 13°12'28"N, 61°11'14"W, 8.vii.1976 GoogleMaps   , J.S Noyes, edge of rainforest [6 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300395, UCRCENT00300458–62]. Mt. Perseverance , 13°16'26"N, 61°07'53"W, 11.vii.1976 GoogleMaps   , J.S. Noyes, edge of rainforest [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300453]. Lowrt , 13°12'19"N, 61°13'59"W, 7.vii.1976 GoogleMaps   , J.S. Noyes, edge of rainforest [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300398]. Richmond Beach , 14m, 13°18'42"N, 61°14'03"W, 10.vii.1976 GoogleMaps   , J.S Noyes, coastland [4 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300464–67]. Symons Bow , 14m, 13°14'41"N, 61°15'26"W, 10.vii.1976 GoogleMaps   , J.S Noyes, wasteground [2 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300396–97]. Parish St. Andrews, Kingstown Botan Gard., 13°09'47"N, 61°13'41"W, 10–15.x.1991, R.R. Woodruff, malaise trap [5 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00252321–25]. Tortola ( British Virgin Islands): Mt. Sage Nat. Pk. GoogleMaps   , Sage Mt. , 18°24'14"N, 64°39'39"W, 10.xii–8.i.1993, M.A. Ivie & T. Hughes, nr. toilets, flight intercept trap #4 [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00235958 (D0424)]. Sage Mtn. N. Pk, 87m GoogleMaps   , 18°24'13"N, 64°39'38"W, 28– 29.viii.1986, J. LaSalle, screen sweep [52 ♀, 1♂, TAMU: UCRCENT00184062, UCRCENT00184065, UCRCENT00184074–77; UCRC: UCRCENT002374755, UCRCENT00235975, UCRCENT00236028, UCRCENT00237652, UCRCENT00237675–79, UCRCENT00237714–44, UCRCENT00237748–57, UCRCENT00467865, UCRCENT00486843]. Sage Mt. Natl. Pk., 18°24'00"N, 64°39'00"W, 26–29.viii.1988, J. LaSalle, yellow pan trap [3 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426512–14]. Trinidad: St. George , Caura, 10°42'51"N, 61°21'09"W, 29.vi.1976, J.S. Noyes, edge of rain forest and grassland [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300476] GoogleMaps   . Arima Valley, 4th mile, 165m, 10°40'29"N, 61°17'24"W, 13.viii.1976, J.S. Noyes, rainforest [2 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300468–69] GoogleMaps   . Guanapo Valley , 10°35'36"N, 61°15'49"W, 29.vii.1976, J.S. Noyes, rainforest [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300472] GoogleMaps   . Maracas Valley , 10°41'49"N, 61°24'19"W, 23.vi.1976 GoogleMaps   , J.S. Noyes, edge of rainforest [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300471]. Gasparillo , 10°18'57"N, 61°25'07"W, 5–15.xi.1987 GoogleMaps   , R. Borneo, grass/forest edge, malaise trap [1 ♀, ROME: UCRCENT00364799]. Curepe, CIBC lab grounds, 10°38'48"N, 61°24'56"W, 14–29.iii.1974, F.D Bennett [1 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00425733]. Curepe, Santa Margarita, 10°39'07"N, 61°23'59"W, 8–14.vi.1972, B.R. Pitkin, malaise trap [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300433]. Curepe , 10°38'48"N, 61°24'56"W, 23.iii.1979 GoogleMaps   , malaise trap [1 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00425735]. Curepe , 10°38'48"N, 61°24'56"W, 16.vii.1978 GoogleMaps   , Malaise Trap [1 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00425734]. Curepe, Santa-Margarita Circular Road, 10°39'30"N, 61°24'12"W, 15–25.v.1978, F.D. Bennett [1 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00425737]. Maracas Falls , 190m, 10°43'28"N, 61°24'32"W, 16.vii.2013 GoogleMaps   , Heraty, forest, swp [3 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00412118 (D3800), UCRENT00412119 (D3801), UCRCENT00412120 (D3802)]. Maracas Falls , 190m   , 10°43'28"N, 61°24'32"W, 23.vii.2013, Heraty&Baker, forest, YPT/PB bait [3 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00412127 (D3809), UCRC: UCRCENT00412131 (D3814), UCRCENT00412132 (D3810)]. Mayaro, Trinity Hills Reserve, 170m, 10°07'01"N, 61°07'01"W, 5.viii.1976, J.S. Noyes, rainforest [6 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300452, UCRCENT00300477–80, BMNH: UCRCENT00300482] GoogleMaps   . Nariva Co., Nariva Reservoir, 4m, 10°25'18"N, 61°03'22"W, 17.vii.1976, J.S. Noyes, secondary forest [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300483] GoogleMaps   . St. George , 10°38'19"N, 61°23'46"W, ix.1976, F.D. Bennett [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300430] GoogleMaps   . Tumpuna Reserve, 61m, 10°30'38"N, 61°14'03"W, 7.viii.1976, J.S. Noyes, Caribbean pine plantation [2 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300404, UCRCENT00300481]. Tumpuna Reserve, 61m, 10°30'38"N, 61°14'03"W, 9.viii.1976, J.S. Noyes, Caribbean pine plantation [5 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300400, UCRCENT00300405–07, UCRCENT00309431]. St. Augustine , 10°38'19"N, 61°23'46"W, 18.vi.1976, J.S. Noyes, wasteground [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300463] GoogleMaps   . Arena Reserve, 65m, 10°33'41"N, 61°14'01"W, 3.viii.1976, J.S. Noyes, rainforest [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300474]. Arena Reserve, 65m, 10°33'41"N, 61°14'01"W, 31.vii.1976, J.S. Noyes, rainforest [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300473]. Arima Valley, 4th mile, 165m, 10°40'29"N, 61°17'24"W, 17.viii.1976, J.S. Noyes, edge of rainforest [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300470] GoogleMaps   . Lopinot, 178m, 10°41'30"N, 61°19'31"W, 10.viii.1976, J.S. Noyes, cacao plantation and rainforest [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300403]. Oropuche, 20m, 10°13'26"N, 61°30'60"W, 28.vi.1976, J.S. Noyes, cocoa and banana plantations [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300475]. St. Augustine , 10°38'19"N, 61°23'46"W, 1.xi.1976, F.D. Bennett [3 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300415–17] GoogleMaps   . St. Augustine , 10°38'19"N, 61°23'46"W, 15.vii–15.viii.1976, J.S. Noyes, malaise trap [8 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300418, UCRCENT00300420–23, UCRCENT00300426–27, UCRCENT00300429] GoogleMaps   . St. Augustine , 10°38'19"N, 61°23'46"W, 20.vi.1976, J.S. Noyes, wasteground [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300402] GoogleMaps   . St. Augustine , 10°38'19"N, 61°23'46"W, viii.1976, F.D. Bennett, malaise trap [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300399] GoogleMaps   . Textel Station , 10°38'19"N, 61°23'46" 7.vii.1981, J. Heraty [1 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00425736]   .

MEDIUM MORPH (100 specimens, 97 ♀, 36): Dominica: Central Forest Reserve , 359m, 15°26'28"N, 61°19'33"W, 21.v.2009 GoogleMaps   , J. Heraty, rainforest, sweep [2 ♀, UCRC: UCRENT00001438, UCRENT00002132]. Central Forest Reserve , 359m, 15°26'29"N, 61°19'40"W, 21.v.2009, J. Heraty, rainforest, sweep [1 ♀, Heraty: UCRCENT00237288] GoogleMaps   . Clark Hall Est. , 300m, 15°24'28"N, 61°23'44"W, 3.v.1966, R.J. Gagne [1 ♀, USNM: UCRCENT00248514] GoogleMaps   . Northern Forest Reserve Sympa trail (upper site), 390m, 15°31'55"N, 61°21'35"W, 14.v.2010, J. Heraty [2 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00271393 (D2831), UCRCENT00271394 (D2832)] GoogleMaps   . Northern Forest Reserve, Sympa trail (upper site), 390m, 15°31'55"N, 61°21'35"W, 20.v.2010, J. Heraty [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00271611] GoogleMaps   . St. Paul Parish, ATRC, Springfield , 251m, 15°20'46"N, 61°22'24"W, 31.v–14.vi.2002 GoogleMaps   , Marable, Wolman, Police, Bridegam, and Schwarzlose, aerial and ground malaise [2 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243232, UCRCENT00243234]. Sulphur Springs , pools trail, 290m, 15°14'21"N, 61°20'50"W, 16.v.2009 GoogleMaps   , J. Heraty, rainforest, sweep [3 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00235966 (D2766), UCRCENT00235967, UCRENT00001323]. Sulphur Springs , pools trail, 290m, 15°14'21"N, 61°20'50"W, 19.v.2009 GoogleMaps   , J. Heraty, rainforest, sweep [5 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00237289, UCRCENT00237291–92, UCRENT00000903, UCRENT00000922]. Sulphur Springs , pools trail, 290m, 15°14'21"N, 61°20'50"W, 20.v.2009 GoogleMaps   , J. Heraty, rainforest, sweep [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00235968 (D2764)]. Sulphur Springs , pools trail, 290m, 15°14'21"N, 61°20'50"W, 25.v.2009 GoogleMaps   , J. Heraty, rainforest, sweep [3 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00278198–200]. Sulphur Springs , pools trail, 290m, 15°14'21"N, 61°20'50"W, 25.v.2009, J. Heraty, rainforest, yellow pan trap [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00278197] GoogleMaps   . Sulphur Springs ; pools trail, 290m, 15°14'21"N, 61°20'50"W, 16.v.2009 GoogleMaps   , J. Heraty, rainforest, sweep [2 ♀, UCRC: UCRENT00000904 View Materials , UCRENT00002131]. Titou Gorge trail, 590m, 15°19'45"N, 61°19'23"W, 13.v.2010 GoogleMaps   , Heraty, Varone, Murray, yellow pan trap [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00278202]. Titou Gorge trail, 610m, 15°19'43"N, 61°19'21"W, 13.v.2010, J. Heraty, yellow pan trap [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00278201] GoogleMaps   . Springfield , ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 24.v–8.vi.1996   , J. Doolittle, J. Killian, and L.A. Wilson, Malaise [2 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243286, UCRCENT00426372]. Springfield , ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 24.v– 8.vi.1996   , TAMU Class, Malaise [2 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243267–68]. Springfield , ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 27.v–11.vi.1994   , J.B. Woolley, Malaise [4 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243278–79, UCRCENT00243331, UCRCENT00426269]. Springfield , ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 27.v–12.vi.1994   , J. B. Woolley, Malaise [1 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426212]. Springfield , ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 27.v.1994   , J. B. Woolley, Malaise [1♂, TAMU: UCRCENT00426211]. Springfield , ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 30.v–11.vi.1995   , Eden, Stieber and Woolley, Malaise [3 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243138, UCRCENT00426261, UCRCENT00426265]. Springfield, ATRC, Mt. Joy Trail , 424m, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'00"W, 23.v–4.vi.2003 GoogleMaps   , T. Decker and W. Wells, yellow pan trap site 3 [2 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426604–05]. Springfield, ATRC, Mt. Joy Trail , 424m, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'00"W, 23.v–4.vi.2003 GoogleMaps   , T. Decker and W. Wells, yellow pan trap site 1 [1 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426606]. Springfield, ATRC, Mt. Joy Trail , 424m, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'00"W, 25.v–4.vi.2003 GoogleMaps   , T. Decker and W. Wells, flight intercept trap site 3 [1 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426603]. Springfield, ATRC, Mt. Joy Trail , 424m, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'00"W, 25.v–4.vi.2003 GoogleMaps   , T. Decker and W. Wells, MT site 3 [2 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426607–08]. Tareau Cliffs , La Franchette , 15°22'27"N, 61°21'44"W, 27.iii.1966 GoogleMaps   , R.J. Gagne [1 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00248619]. St. John Parish, Cabrits Natl. Park, East Cabrits Trail , nr. Commandant’s House , 15°35'00"N, 61°28'00"W, 2–13.vi.2004 GoogleMaps   , TAMU Study Abroad Class, malaise traps [1 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243236]. trail to Mornes Trois Pitons , 609m, 15°22'30"N, 61°19'48"W, 27.v–8.vi.1996, L.A. Wilson and J. Doolittle, malaise trap [1 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426271] GoogleMaps   . Saint Paul Parish, Springfield , ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 30.v–11.vi.1995   , Eden, Stieber, and Woolley, forest understory, Malaise [3 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426371, UCRCENT00426419, UCRCENT00426589]. Springfield , ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 31.v–10.vi.1995   , Eden, Stieber, and Woolley, Malaise [9 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243272–76, UCRCENT00426208–10, UCRCENT00426262]. Springfield , ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 31.v–10.vi.1995   , Eden, Stieber, and Woolley, understory, Malaise [1 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426370]. St. Paul Parish, Springfield   , ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W [1 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00426369]. Springfield , ATRC, 15°21'00"N, 61°22'60"W, 27.v–12.vi.1994   , J. B. Woolley, Malaise [2 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00243328–29]. Dominican Republic: Barahona, 4km N Paraiso , 150m, 18°12'28"N, 71°05'57"W, 22.iii.1991, L. Masner [2 ♀, CNC: UCRCENT00278123, UCRCENT00278124] GoogleMaps   . Barahona, 4km N Paralgo , 150m, 18°12'35"N, 71°06'02"W, 22.iii.1991, L. Masner, coffee plant., screen sweep [2 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00184068, UCRCENT00184069] GoogleMaps   . Barahona: Sva   . Bahoruco East Loma Remigio , 800m, 18°12'28"N, 71°05'59"W, 27.iii.1991, L. Masner, cloud forest, screen sweep [1♂, UCRC: UCRCENT00237683] GoogleMaps   . Guadeloupe: Bas. Ter. Pigeon, Trace Poirier, 350m, 16°08'50"N, 61°45'13"W, 14–31.v.2012 GoogleMaps   , S. Peck [1♂, UCRC: UCRCENT00412511]. Martinique: 4 km SW Le Marin, Morne Aca , 260m   , 14°27'48"N, 60°53'54"W, 13– 28.vii.2012, S. Peck, humid forest, hilltop clearing, FIT [2 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00408470, UCRCENT00408471]. St. Lucia: Edmund Forest Reserve, 13°50'11"N, 60°59'47"W, 1.iii.2000, L. Masner, s.s. [4 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00446805, UCRCENT00446810, UCRC: UCRCENT00479124–25] GoogleMaps   . Edmund Forest Reserve, 500m, 13°49'45"N, 60°59'31"W, 1.iii.2000, L. Masner, ss [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00456206]. St. GoogleMaps  

Vincent : Maloney, 13°13'11"N, 61°13'57"W, 12.vii.1976, J.S. Noyes, edge of rainforest [2 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300347–48] GoogleMaps   . Tortola ( British Virgin Islands): Sage Mtn. N. Pk, 87m, 18°24'13"N, 64°39'38"W, 28–29.viii.1986, J. LaSalle, screen sweep [1 ♀, TAMU: UCRCENT00184066] GoogleMaps   . Trinidad: St. George , St. Augustine , 10°38'19"N, 61°23'46"W, ix.1976, F.D. Bennett [2 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300412–13]. St. Augustine , 10°38'19"N, 61°23'46"W, 18.vi.1976, J.S. Noyes, wasteground [2 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300450– 51]. St. Augustine , 10°38'19"N, 61°23'46"W, 15.vi.1976, J.S. Noyes, wasteground [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300449]. St. Augustine , 10°38'19"N, 61°23'46"W, 15.vii–15.viii.1976, J.S. Noyes, malaise trap [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300432]. St. Augustine, 10°38'19"N, 61°23'46"W, 21.vi.1976, J.S. Noyes, wasteground [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300446]. St. Augustine, 10°38'19"N, 61°23'46"W, viii.1976, F.D. Bennett, malaise trap [1 ♀, BMNH: UCRCENT00300414]. GoogleMaps  

Large morph (1 specimen, ♀). Dominica: Northern Forest Reserve Sympa trail (upper Site), 390m, 15°31'55.4"N, 61°21'35.7"W, 14.v.2010, J. Heraty, taken in nest of Pheidole   sp. [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT 00271395 (D2833)].

Planidia. Dominica: Sulphur Springs , pools trail, 290m, 15°14'21"N, 61°20'50"W, 19.v.2009, J. Heraty, rainforest, sweep, H09-023, host: Wasmannia auropunctata [6 slides: UCRC: UCRCENT00000898, UCRCENT00237293–6, UCRCENT00237298] GoogleMaps   . Puerto Rico: Bo , Sonadora, Guayanabo, 2.vi.1991, J.A. Torres, #589, host: Wasmannia auropunctata [1 slide, UCRC: UCRCENT00478803]   .

Prepupa. Cuba: Holguin: 12 km SE Moa , 50m, 20°35'00"N, 74°51'00"W, 22.viii.2001, P.S. Ward [2?, UCRC: UCRCENT00252283–84]. GoogleMaps  

Pupae. Cuba: Holguin: 12 km SE Moa , 50m, 20°35'00"N, 74°51'00"W, 22.viii.2001, P.S. Ward host: Wasmannia auropunctata [11 ♀ 3♂, UCRC: UCRCENT00252257–59, UCRCENT00252267, UCRCENT00252279, UCRCENT00252281–82, UCRCENT00252286–90, UCRCENT00252292–93] GoogleMaps   . Dominica: Sulphur Springs , pools trail, 290m, 15°14'21"N, 61°20'50"W, 19.v.2009, J. Heraty, rainforest, sweep, H09-023, host: Wasmannia auropunctata [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00275439] GoogleMaps   . Puerto Rico: Humacao, 10 km SSW San Lorenzo, 550m, 18°08'60"N, 65°49'38"W, 26.vii.1989, R.R. Snelling & J.A. Torres, 89-37, host: Wasmannia auropunctata [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00237694]; Guanyanabo: Bo. Sonadora, 42m, 18°17'22"N, 66°07'25"W, J.A. Torres, host: Wasmannia auropunctata [1 ♀, UCRC: UCRCENT00237693]. GoogleMaps  

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

UCRC

University of California, Riverside

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

TAMU

Texas A&M University

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

DEBU

Ontario Insect Collection, University of Guelph

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Eucharitidae

Genus

Orasema

Loc

Orasema minutissima Howard

Burks, Roger A., Heraty, John M., Dominguez, Chrysalyn & Mottern, Jason L. 2018
2018
Loc

Orasema minutissima Howard, 1894 : 84

Howard, 1894 : 84