Massonia citrina M.Pinter, Deutsch, U.Müll., M. Pinter, Deutsch, U. Mull., 2013

Pinter, Michael, Brudermann, Andreas, Crespo, Manuel B., Deutsch, Gerfried, Martínez-Azorín, Mario, Müller-Doblies, Ute, Müller-Doblies, Dietrich, Pfosser, Martin & Wetschnig, Wolfgang, 2013, Massonia citrina (Hyacinthaceae, Hyacinthoideae) - a new species from the Western Cape Province (South Africa), Phytotaxa 112 (2), pp. 50-56: 52-53

publication ID 10.11646/phytotaxa.112.2.3

persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Massonia citrina M.Pinter, Deutsch, U.Müll.

sp. nov.

Massonia citrina M.Pinter, Deutsch, U.Müll.   -Doblies & D.Müll.-Doblies, sp. nov. ( Fig. 1 A–D View FIGURE 1 , Fig. 2 A View FIGURE 2 )

Planta herbacea perennis. Bulbus ovoideus, tunicatus, 15−20 mm diam., tunicis papyraceis brunneis vestitus. Folia 2, decidua, ovoidea, acuta, glabra, (3.5−)6(−8) cm longa et (3−)7(11) cm lata, terrae adpressa, coaetanea, marginibus purpureis instructa. Perigonium pallide luteolum vel cremeo-albidum. Perigonii tubus 14 mm longus et 8× 6 mm diam., fauce citrina   . Segmenta reflexa   , sigmoidea 9 mm longa et 4−5 mm lata, striis luteolis ad viridulis longitudinalibus ornata. Filamenta crassiuscula, attenuata   , citrina   , 10 mm longa, basibus in tubum brevissimum <1 mm altum connata. Antherae statu clauso 2 mm longae, oblongae. Ovarium 3 mm diam. et 9 mm longum. Stylus citrinus, 13 mm longus. Species propria Massoniae depressae similis, sed ab omnibus ceteris Massoniis colore filamentorum et styli laete citrino differt.

Type:— SOUTH AFRICA. Western Cape, 3319 (Worcester): Cape Winelands, Rooihoogte Pass (–DB), near Koo valley , cultivation no. GD20091002, flowering 22 January 2012, raised from in situ collected seeds received in October 2009 from Cameron McMaster (nursery African Bulbs), G   . Deutsch 22 January 2012 s.n. (holotype LI!, isotype PRE!)   .

Herbaceous perennial plant. Bulb ovoid, tunicate, about 15–20 mm in diameter, inner living tunics white, covered by a coat of papery and brownish tunics. Leaves 2, deciduous, ovoid, acute, glabrous, about (3.5−)6(− 8) × (3−)7(−11) cm, adpressed to the ground, coetaneous with the flowers, with purplish margins. Perigone lemon-coloured to cream-white, segments 9 mm long and 4–5 mm broad, reflexed with a sigmoid curve bearing a longitudinal yellowish to greenish band visible on both sides. Perigone-filament-tube 14 mm long and 8 × 6 mm in diam. Apex of the perigone-filament-tube lemon-coloured. Filaments rather fleshy, attenuate, lemon-coloured, 10 mm long, connate at the base ca. 1 mm, anthers 2 mm long, when closed, oblong. Ovary 9 × 3 mm, with shoulder, abruptly tapering into style, cross section triangular with rounded edges. Style lemoncoloured, slender, gradually tapering to the apex, 13 mm long.

Etymology: —Named after the bright-lemon-coloured filaments and style, which is the main character to separate it from other Massonia species   (citrinus = lemon-coloured).

Distribution: —The new species is only known from a small area in the surroundings of the Rooihoogte Pass, Cape Winelands District, Western Cape.

Diagnostic characters and relationships: — Massonia citrina   can easily be distinguished from all other species of the genus by its bright lemon-coloured filaments and style. The perigone-filament-tube is relatively long (14 mm) in comparison to that of M. depressa   (11 mm in the specimen examined) and M. longipes   (10− 12 mm), although there are records of 20 mm in M. depressa   (e.g. Vogel 1954). In comparison to M. pustulata   (12−15 mm) it falls into the average values of this species. The considerable width of the tube throat is the most characteristic feature of the Massonia depressa   group, as it gives access to the nectar for the exceptional pollinators, mice ( Johnson et al. 2001). The width of the M. citrina   perigone-filament-tube falls into the average range of the M. depressa   group. Moreover the length of the filaments is shorter than in the other species examined in this study. Especially in comparison to M. depressa   , the filament length of M. citrina   is significantly shorter. With regard to M. depressa   , M. longipes   and M. pustulata   , M. citrina   shows a very short filament-tube, which is less than 1 mm long (see Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 and Table 2). Whereas in M. citrina   the perigonefilament-tube is longer than the filaments, in M. depressa   , M. longipes   and M. pustulata   this is inversed (see Table 2). The ovary of M. citrina   is narrower and the style is much shorter than in M. depressa   s.l. The leaves are glabrous and smaller than in all the other species examined, especially in comparison to M. depressa   .

Due to the fact that M. citrina   is easily morphologically distinguishable from M. depressa   , M. echinata  

Linnaeus (1782: 193), M. longipes   and M. pustulata   by the lemon colour of its filaments and style, as well as

its filament length, we are convinced that M. citrina   is a species of its own, and that it is justified to separate it

from M. depressa   .


Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève


Biology Centre of the Upper Austrian State Museum - Herbarium


South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI)