Amaryllis macrophthalma Haswell

Lowry, J. K. & Stoddart, H. E., 2002, The Amaryllididae of Australia (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Lysianassoidea), Records of the Australian Museum 54, pp. 129-214: 152-157

publication ID

2201-4349

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/783187C3-FFD2-FF81-188C-F57693EDFB0F

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Amaryllis macrophthalma Haswell
status

 

Amaryllis macrophthalma Haswell  

Figs. 20–22

Amaryllis macrophthalmus Haswell, 1879: 253   , pl. 8 fig. 3.– Haswell, 1882: 227.– Della Valle, 1893: 781 (in part).–J.L. Barnard, 1974: 140.–Barnard & Karaman, 1991: 461.– Springthorpe & Lowry, 1994: 129.

Amaryllis macrophthalma   .– Stebbing, 1906: 24 (in part).– Chilton, 1921: 55 (in part).– Guiler, 1952: 28.–J.L. Barnard, 1958: 88.– J.L. Barnard, 1972: 262, figs. 156–158 (in part).– Poore et al., 1975: 34, 67 (in part).

not Glycerina affinis Chilton, 1885: 1036   , pl. 47 fig. 1.– Della Valle, 1893: 849.

possibly Amaryllis macrophthalma   .– Hale, 1929: 208.– Sheard,

1937: 18 (list).– Sergeev et al., 1988: 102 (table 1). not Amaryllis macrophthalmus   .–Stebbing, 1888: 706, pl. 29.–

Thomson, 1902: 463.– Hutton, 1904: 258.– Chilton, 1906: 267.–

Stebbing, 1908: 67.– Stebbing, 1910b: 448. not Amaryllis macrophthalma   .– Walker, 1909: 327.– Stebbing,

1910a: 569, 633 (= A. kamata   and B. endota   ).– Chilton, 1912:

463.–K.H. Barnard, 1916: 114.– Schellenberg, 1926: 243.–

Schellenberg, 1931: 10.–K.H. Barnard, 1932: 34.– Pirlot, 1933:

122.–K.H. Barnard, 1937: 141.– Pirlot, 1939: 73.–K.H. Barnard,

1940: 514 (list).–Grindley & Kensley, 1966: 8.– Day et al.,

1970: 50.– Griffiths, 1973: 292.– Griffiths, 1974a: 199.–

Griffiths, 1974b: 247.– Griffiths, 1974c: 308.– Griffiths, 1975:

144.– Griffiths, 1976: 56, fig. 31A, B.–Lowry & Bullock, 1976:

83.– Griffiths, 1977: 107.–Kensley & Penrith, 1977: 189 (list).–

Ledoyer, 1978: 304.– Ledoyer, 1979: 112, fig. 71.– Ledoyer, 1986:

718, fig. 275.– Alonso, 1987: 2, figs. 1–15.– Gonzalez, 1991: 58. not Amaryllis   ? macrophthalma   .–Lyons & Myers, 1991: 614, fig. 13. Type material. NEOTYPE, female, 21.5 mm, ovigerous (14 eggs), AM P37214 View Materials , Derwent Estuary, D’Entrecasteaux Channel, Tasmania, Australia, [approx. 42°54'S 147°23'E], Fisheries Department, March 1940, Tasmanian Biological Survey, Station OL 81.

Haswell (1879) did not designate type material for A. macrophthalma   , but he indicated that material examined by him was held in the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney. This material is now either lost or no longer exists (see J.L. Barnard, 1974:139–140 and Springthorpe & Lowry, 1994: 129, for further discussion of Haswell’s material). We are establishing a neotype for two reasons: Amaryllis macrophthalma   is the type species of the genus (selected by Pirlot, 1933) and as such must be clearly and adequately established; we now recognize many species in the genus Amaryllis   and a neotype is needed to clearly distinguish A. macrophthalma   from several closely related species.

The original locality for A. macrophthalma   was given as “ Tasmania ”. There is no extant material of A. macrophthalma   from Tasmania in the Macleay Museum or the Australian Museum which could have been examined by Haswell. We have examined material from Tasmania which includes at least three species. From Haswell’s rather poor description and figures two characters, when taken together, are diagnostic: the square (rather than rounded) posterior margin of the basis of pereopod 7 (pl. 8 fig. 3) and the large size of the species (“nine-and-a-half lines” or approx. 20 mm). These characters are the basis for our neotype selection.

Additional material. NEW SOUTH WALES: 3 females and 1 immature male, AM P 37211 View Materials , Port Jackson, [approx. 33°52'S 151°13'E], [from AM Old Collection]. 1 female, AM P 18203 View Materials , 8 km E of Green GoogleMaps   Cape, [approx. 37°16'S 150°08'E], 82 m, K. Moller, May 1930. 3 females, AM P 18332 View Materials , 19– 35 km NE of Green GoogleMaps   Cape, [approx. 37°00'S 150°08'E], 71–84 m, A. A GoogleMaps   .

Livingstone & H. O   . Fletcher, June 1924, Goonambee. VICTORIA: 1 female, AM P 18268 View Materials   , SW of Point Hicks , 37°55'S 149°00'E, 77 m, R. J GoogleMaps   . MacIntyre , 20 June 1962, HMAS   Gascoyne , stn G2   / 61/6. 13 specimens, NMV J 11545 View Materials   , Bennison Channel, Corner Inlet , 38°49'S 146°23'E, 6 m, sand and shell grit, airlift, G. J GoogleMaps   . Morgan , 23 November 1983, stn CIN 28 E   . 2 specimens, NMV J3793   , Crawfish Rock, Western Port , 14 m. 34 specimens, AM P 37400 View Materials , NMV J3325, NMV J3792 and J3795   to J3797   , unknown localities in Western Port. 64 specimens from various localities in Port Phillip Bay , under the following registration numbers: NMV J3236 (1)   , J3237 (4)   , J3240 (2)   , J3242 (1)   , J3243 (4)   , J3246 (4)   , J3249 (1)   , J3250 (1)   , J3251 (4)   , J3252 (2)   , J3253 (1)   , J3255 (1)   , J3257 (1)   , J3258 (1)   , J3260 (6)   , J3264 (1)   , J3265 (1)   , J3266 (5)   , J3267 (9)   , J3268 (1)   , J3273 (4)   , J3332 (8)   , J3333 (1)   . BASS STRAIT: 48 specimens, AM E5674   ; 28 specimens, AM P2326   ; E of Flinders Island, eastern Bass Strait, [approx. 40°01'S 148°02'E], FIS Endeavour collection. 5 specimens, AM E6524 GoogleMaps   and 5 specimens, AM P5914   , eastern slope, Bass Strait, FIS Endeavour collection. 1 specimen, NMV J7655, 42 View Materials   km SSW of Lakes Entrance, Victoria, eastern Bass Strait , 38°18.5'S 147°37.5'E, 46 m, muddy fine shell, otter trawl, M GoogleMaps   . Gomon & R   . Wilson, 31 July 1983, FV Silver Gull , stn BSS-210. 10 specimens, NMV J 13995 View Materials , 8 View Materials   km S of South East Point, Wilsons Promontory, Victoria, central Bass Strait , 39°12.9'S 146°27.3'E, 65 m, medium sand, epibenthic sled, R GoogleMaps   . Wilson , 18 November 1981, RV   Tangaroa   , stn BSS-180. 1 specimen, NMV J 13994 View Materials , 43 View Materials   km SE of Port Albert, Victoria, eastern Bass Strait , 38°53.7'S 147°06.5'E, 58 m, coarse shell, R GoogleMaps   . Wilson , 18 November 1981, RV   Tangaroa   , stn BSS-177. 1 specimen, NMV J 13993 View Materials , 33 View Materials   km S of Deal Island, Tasmania, Central Bass Strait , 39°47.3'S 147°19.3'E, 60 m, muddy sand, epibenthic sled, R GoogleMaps   . Wilson , 14 November 1981, RV   Tangaroa   , stn BSS-161. 4 specimens, NMV J 13992 View Materials , 57 View Materials   km S of Rodondo Island, central Bass Strait , 39°46.0'S 146°18.0'E, 80 m, muddy shell, epibenthic sled, R GoogleMaps   . Wilson , 13 November 1981, RV   Tangaroa   , cruise 81-T-1, stn BSS-159. 4 specimens, NMV J7612, 39 View Materials   km NNE of Devenport, central Bass Strait , 40°49.8'S 146°31.3'E to 40°48.2'S 146°33.7'E, 68–70 m, mud, otter trawl, M. F GoogleMaps   . Gomon , G. C. B   .

Poore & C. C   . Lu, 4 February 1981, FRV Hai Kung , stn BSS-135. 11 specimens, NMV J 13991 View Materials , 5 View Materials   km N of North Point, central Bass Strait , 40°40.3'S 145°15'E, 33 m, medium shell, epibenthic sled, M GoogleMaps   . Gomon and G. C. B   . Poore on FRV Sarda   , 4 November 1980, stn BSS 115. 7 specimens, NMV J 11263 View Materials , 47 View Materials   km E of Cape Rochon, Three Hummock Island, central Bass Strait , 40°23.8'S 145°32'E, 65 m, muddy sand, epibenthic sled, M GoogleMaps   . Gomon & G. C. B   . Poore , 3 November 1980, stn BSS- 113. 17 specimens, NMV J 13990 View Materials , 23 View Materials   km E of Cape Rochon, Three Hummock Island, central Bass Strait , 40°22.2'S 145°17'E, 40 m, sand, epibenthic sled, M GoogleMaps   . Gomon & G. C. B   . Poore , 3 November 1980, FRV Sarda   , stn BSS 112. 4 specimens, NMV J2312, 5 View Materials   km E of Cape Edie, Robbins Island, central Bass Strait , 40°41.8'S 145°07'E, 16 m, fine shelly sand, M GoogleMaps   . Gomon & G. C. B   . Poore , 3 November 1980, FRV Sarda   , stn BSS-110. 63 specimens, NMV J 13989 View Materials , 9 View Materials   km SSW of Cape Adansan, Three Hummock Island, central Bass Strait , 40°30.9'S 144°56'E, 27 m, very coarse sand, epibenthic sled, M GoogleMaps   . Gomon & G. C. B   . Poore , 2 November 1980, FRV Sarda   , stn BSS 109. 23 specimens, NMV J2320   and 10 specimens, AM P 37399 View Materials , 28   km E of Cape Farewell, King Island, central Bass Strait , 39°32.8'S 144°16'E, 18 m, fine sand, epibenthic sled, M GoogleMaps   . Gomon & G. C. B   . Poore , 1 November 1980, FRV Sarda   , stn BSS-107. 2 specimens, NMV J 11253 View Materials , 59 View Materials   km W of Stokes Point, King Island, western Bass Strait , 40°07'S 143°14'E, 185 m, sandy mud, grab, G. C. B GoogleMaps   . Poore , 11 October 1980, HMAS   Kimbla , stn BSS-104. TASMANIA: 1 male, AM E5680   ; 6 specimens, AM P5921   ; and 7 specimens, AM P 18323 View Materials   ; 16 km N of Circular Head, [approx. 40°40'S 145°18'E], 146–219 m, FIS Endeavour collection. 1 specimen, NMV J View Materials GoogleMaps   13997, 500 m W of Darlington, Maria Island , 42°35'S 148°02'E, 30 m, algal and drift holdfast fauna, trawl, R. S GoogleMaps   . Wilson , 23 April 1985, RV   Challenger , NMV   stn TAS-27. 1 specimen, NMV J 13998 View Materials   , same locality, 30 m, NMV   stn TAS-33. 1 specimen, NMV J 14000 View Materials   , E of Maria Island , 42°36'S 148°10'E, 75 m, fine bryozoans and shell, epibenthic sled, R. S GoogleMaps   . Wilson , 23 April 1985, RV   Challenger , NMV   stn TAS-30. 9 specimens, AM P 37213 View Materials   , entrance to Oyster Bay, Maria Island , [approx. 42°41'S 148°02'E], 29 July 1909, K GoogleMaps   . Sheard Collection. 2 specimens, AM E6603   , off Maria Island, 143 m, FIS Endeavour collection. 1 male, AM P 37215 View Materials (illustrated specimen)   and 5 females, AM P 37216 View Materials , type   locality. 2 specimens, SAMA C5981   , off Gordon, D’Entrecasteaux Channel , [approx. 43°16'S 147°14'E], CSIR GoogleMaps   , 20 October 1938. 5 specimens, NMV J 13999 View Materials   , 2.5 km SE of Birches Bay, D’Entrecasteaux Channel , 43°11'S 147°16'E, 10 m, lip dredge, R. S GoogleMaps   . Wilson , 16 April 1985, RV   Penghana , NMV   stn TAS-1. 7 specimens, AM P 37212 View Materials   , D’Entrecasteaux Channel , 9 m, dredged on scallop banks, K   . Sheard Collection. SOUTH AUSTRALIA: 6 specimens, AM P 59046 View Materials   , Nepean Bay, Kangaroo Island , [approx. 35°42'S 137°37'E], dredged, F GoogleMaps   . Moorhouse , May 1938. 1 specimen, SAMA C5982, 8 View Materials   miles W of Halletts Cove, Gulf St Vincent , [approx. 35°05'S 138°30'E], tow net, H. M GoogleMaps   . Hale & K   . Sheard , 14 April 1945. 3 specimens, SAMA C5983   , Dangerous Reef, Spencer Gulf ,[approx. 34°49'S 136°12'E], dredged, K GoogleMaps   . Sheard. 11 specimens, AM P 59047 View Materials   , unknown locality in Spencer Gulf and/or Gulf St Vincent   .

Type locality. Derwent Estuary , D’Entrecasteaux Channel, Tasmania, Australia, [approx. 42°54'S 147°23'E] GoogleMaps   .

Description. Based on neotype, female, 21.5 mm, ovigerous (14 eggs), AM P37214 View Materials . Head much deeper than long, anterior margin with notch extended into a slit; rostrum absent; eye present, elongate, reniform. Antenna 1 peduncular article 1 not ball-shaped proximally, distal margin with well-developed medial spine; peduncular article 2 medium length; flagellum without callynophore, calceoli absent. Antenna 2 flagellum about as long as that of antenna 1, without calceoli. Mouthpart bundle subconical. Epistome/ upper lip with broad mid-anterior bulge (lateral view). Mandible lacinia mobilis a stemmed, distally-cusped blade; accessory setal row with intermediate setae; palp article 2 with 5 posterodistal setae, article 3 without A3-seta. Maxilliped outer plate with distal margin smooth, medial margin without notch.

Gnathopod 1 carpus subequal in length to propodus (0.9×); propodus, posterior margin without robust setae. Gnathopod 2 palm slightly   acute, with 2–4 lateral robust setae, 2–3 medial robust setae. Pereopods 3 and 4 merus and carpus without setal fringe. Pereopod 4 coxa with anterior and posterior margins subparallel, anteroventral corner rounded. Pereopods 5–7 with distal articles elongate, dactyls short and stocky. Pereopod 5 basis expanded posteriorly, rounded. Pereopod 7 basis subrectangular, posteroventral corner subquadrate, posteroventral margin straight.

Epimeron 3 posterior margin smooth, with notch well above rounded posteroventral corner. Uropod 1 peduncle dorsolateral margin with 18 robust setae; outer ramus without large spines between robust setae. Uropod 2 inner ramus slightly   constricted. Uropod 3 rami lanceolate; without plumose setae; outer ramus 1-articulate. Telson moderately cleft   (about 50%).

Male (sexually dimorphic characters). Based on male, 17.8 mm, AM P37215 View Materials . Antenna 1 flagellum with callynophore (reduced).Antenna 2 flagellum with calceoli. Mandible palp article 2 with 14 posterodistal setae. Gnathopod 2 palm with 1 lateral robust seta and 2 medial robust setae.

Remarks. Amaryllis macrophthalma   belongs to a small group of species with a smooth posterior margin on epimeron 3 and a subrectangular basis on pereopod 7 ( A. macrophthalma   , A. philatelica   and A. spencerensis   ). Within this group A. macrophthalma   and A. spencerensis   both have a well-developed medial spine on peduncular article 1 of antenna 1 and a notch well above the rounded posteroventral corner on epimeron 3. In Amaryllis macrophthalma   the posteroventral corner of the basis of pereopod 7 is subquadrate but not notched (it is notched in A. spencerensis   ), and there are more robust setae defining the palm of gnathopod 2 in the female.

Habitat. Amaryllis macrophthalma   occurs most frequently on sand, shell and mud bottoms of both fine and coarse sediment.

Distribution. Southeastern Australia, predominantly Bass Strait and Tasmania; 6–219 m depth.

AM

Australian Museum

P

Museum National d' Histoire Naturelle, Paris (MNHN) - Vascular Plants

E

Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh

K

Royal Botanic Gardens

NE

University of New England

A

Harvard University - Arnold Arboretum

H

University of Helsinki

O

Botanical Museum - University of Oslo

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

J

University of the Witwatersrand

HMAS

Chinese Academy of Sciences

NMV

Museum Victoria

G

Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève

M

Botanische Staatssammlung München

RV

Collection of Leptospira Strains

S

Department of Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History

F

Field Museum of Natural History, Botany Department

C

University of Copenhagen

B

Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Zentraleinrichtung der Freien Universitaet

N

Nanjing University

W

Naturhistorisches Museum Wien

SAMA

South Australia Museum

CSIR

Council for Scientific and Industrial Research

Kingdom

Plantae

Phylum

Tracheophyta

Class

Liliopsida

Order

Asparagales

Family

Amaryllidaceae

Genus

Amaryllis

Loc

Amaryllis macrophthalma Haswell

Lowry, J. K. & Stoddart, H. E. 2002
2002
Loc

Amaryllis macrophthalma

Hale, H 1929: 208
1929
Loc

Amaryllis macrophthalma

Poore, G & Rainer, R 1975: 34
Barnard, J 1972: 262
Barnard, J 1958: 88
Guiler, E 1952: 28
Chilton, C 1921: 55
Stebbing, T 1906: 24
1906
Loc

Glycerina affinis

Della Valle, A 1893: 849
Chilton, C 1885: 1036
1885
Loc

Amaryllis macrophthalmus

Springthorpe, R 1994: 129
Barnard, J 1974: 140
Della Valle, A 1893: 781
Haswell, W 1882: 227
Haswell, W 1879: 253
1879