Nannaria cingulata, Means & Hennen & Marek, 2021

Means, Jackson C., Hennen, Derek A. & Marek, Paul E., 2021, A revision of the minor species group in the millipede genus Nannaria Chamberlin, 1918 (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Xystodesmidae), ZooKeys 1030, pp. 1-180: 1

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.1030.62544

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:48997D3B-9B4E-4348-8F30-0C8E8672569A

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/E1CC5FC5-266A-4B04-886B-22587B78B4C4

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:E1CC5FC5-266A-4B04-886B-22587B78B4C4

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Nannaria cingulata
status

sp. nov.

Nannaria cingulata   sp. nov. Figs 45 View Figure 45 , 46 View Figure 46 , 47 Vernacular name: "The Swamp-Dwelling Twisted-Claw Millipede" View Figure 47

Material examined.

Holotype: United States - Virginia • ♂; Shenandoah County, Massanutten Trail nr. Signal Knob parking off Route 678; 38.9332°N, - 78.3207°W; elev. 250 m; 24 Feb. 2017; hand collected; C. Harden leg.; VTEC MPE02324 View Materials . GoogleMaps  

Paratypes: United States - Virginia • 11 ♂♂; same collection data as holotype; VTEC MPE02325 View Materials GoogleMaps   -2335 • 11 ♂♂; same collection data as holotype; VMNH MPE02336 View Materials GoogleMaps   -45, 3668 • 1 ♀; Clarke County, nr. Mount Weather ; 39.0717°N, - 77.9120°W; elev. 326 m; 22 June 2017; hand collected; J. Means, D. Hennen leg.; VTEC MPE01881 View Materials GoogleMaps   .

Other material.

United States - Virginia • 1 ♂; Chesterfield County, Pocahontas State Park; 37.3679°N, - 77.5755°W; 11 May 2002; A. Evans leg.; VMNH NAN0221 • 1 ♂; Clarke County , 1.7 miles by road N of Ashby Gap GoogleMaps   , U.S. Rt. 50 crossing of Blue Ridge; 39.0133°N, - 77.9622°W; 10 May 1958; W. Highton leg.; VMNH NAN0227 • 2 ♂; Fairfax County, Hemlock Overlook Regional Park challenge course; 38.7666°N, - 77.4104°W; elev. 101 m; 8 Apr. 2017; hand collected; P. Marek, C. Hall leg.; VTEC MPE02438 View Materials , 2447 • 2 ♂; Fauquier County , Sky Meadows State park , near junction of North Ridge Trail and Appalachian Trail; 38.9850°N, - 77.9900°W; elev. 549 m; 21 Apr. 2017; hand collected; C. Harden leg.; VTEC MPE02473 View Materials , 77 • 2 ♂♂; Frederick County , Albin, ca. 3 mi. W of Winchester on VA. Hy 679; 39.2216°N, - 78.1988°W; 10 Apr. 1990; LFCC class leg.; VMNH NAN0225 • 1 ♂; Prince Edward County , Hampden-Sydney College; 37.2381°N, - 78.4606°W; 20 April 1983; J. White leg.; VMNH NAN0041 • 3 ♂♂; NAN0230 Prince George County , Lanham; 38.9669°N, - 76.8622°W; 1 June; H. Loomis leg.; VMNH NAN0230 • 1 ♂; Shenandoah County , Massanuten Trail ca. 2.5 mi from Signal Knob parking lot by Rte. 698; 38.9324°N, - 78.3249°W; elev. 260 m; 24 Feb. 2017; hand collected; C. Harden, G. Chapman leg.; VTEC MPE02348 View Materials • 2 ♂♂; Shenandoah County , George Washington National Forest near Eliz. Furn. Group Cmpgrd; 38.9310°N, - 78.3220°W; elev. 233 m; 26 Feb. 2017; hand collected; C. Harden leg.; VTEC MPE03437 View Materials , 03438 • 3 ♂♂; Shenandoah County , George Washington National Forest , Botts Trail, south of Elizabeth Furnace ; 38.9240°N, - 78.3280°W; elev. 250 m; 21 Apr. 2017; hand collected; C. Harden leg.; VTEC MPE02475 View Materials , 76, 3673 • 2 ♂♂; Shenandoah County , dry creak near swamp just past Elizabeth Furnace Campground; 38.9122°N, - 78.3326°W; elev. 248 m; 22 Apr. 2018; hand collected; J. Means, N. Larson leg.; VTEC MPE03899 View Materials , 03900 • 1 ♀; same collection data as preceding; VTEC, MPE03901 View Materials • 1 ♂; Suffolk County , Magnolia, US Hys. 58-460; 36.7458°N, - 76.5408°W; 23 Feb. 1954; R. Ragot leg.; VMNH NAN0229 • 1 ♂; Warren County , Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, High Knob Mountain ; 38.8930°N, - 78.1370°W; elev. 396 m; 13 Mar. 2017; hand collected; C. Harden leg.; VTEC MPE02463 View Materials • 6 ♂♂; Warren County , Racetrack Hill, gravel road/field; 38.8915°N, - 78.1680°W; elev. 305 m; 4 Apr. 2017; hand collected; C. Harden leg.; VTEC MPE02453 View Materials -56, 2786, 2787 • 1 ♂; Warren County , SCBI, High Knob Mountain ; 38.8930°N, - 78.1370°W; elev. 390 m; 6 Mar. 2017; hand collected; C. Harden leg.; VTEC MPE03744 View Materials • 1 ♂; Warren County , upper reaches of Stokes Branch 0.17 mi N of dirt forest road terminus, off Rte 613 nr jct w/608; 38.9156°N, - 78.2994°W; elev. 265 m; 12 Feb. 2018; hand collected; C. Harden leg.; VTEC MPE03885 View Materials • 26 ♂♂; Warren County , 2 mi SE Front Royal, DF site at NZP-CRC, oak woods on hillside; 38.8975°N, - 78.1683°W; 1 May 1996; VMNH Survey leg.; VMNH NAN0232 • 4 ♂; York County , Cheatham Annex NSD Jones Mill Pond; 37.2850°N, - 76.6416°W; 17 Nov. 1989; Buhlmann, Pague leg.; VMNH NAN0222 • 1 ♂; same collection data as preceding; 2 Feb. 1997; S. Roble leg.; VMNH NAN0223 • 1 ♂; same collection data as preceding; 2 Nov. 1989; K. Buhlmann leg.; VMNH, NAN0224 • 2 ♂♂; same collection data as preceding; 20 Feb. 1990; VDNH survey leg.; VMNH NAN0228 • 1 ♂; same collection data as preceding; 17 Nov. 1989; K. Buhlmann leg.; VMNH NAN0359; SCAU - West Virginia • 2 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀; Berkeley County , Sleepy Creek Hunt Area ; 39.5057°N, - 78.1695°W; 6 May 1968; P. Martinat leg.; NCSM NAN0449, 450. For detailed collection data see Suppl. material 7 GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis.

Adult males of Nannaria cingulata   sp. nov. are distinct from other Nannaria   and the sympatric N. shenandoa   , based on the following combination of characters: Gonopods. Gonopodal acropodite gently curving medially before bending dorsomedially, not ventromedially as in N. paupertas   sp. nov. and N. shenandoa   . Distal zone short, bent dorsomedially at 45°, not bent dorsomedially at 90° as in N. paupertas   sp. nov., or curving posterolaterally as in N. shenandoa   . Acropodite tip blunt with small, lobed lateral flange (Fig. 45C View Figure 45 , red arrow), not with large, pointed flange as in N. shenandoa   . Telopodite basal zone height < 1/2 length of acropodite with lateral bulge (Fig. 45A View Figure 45 , red triangle), not greatly reduced as in N. shenandoa   , or lacking lateral bulge as in N. paupertas   sp. nov. Acropodite shaft swollen before apex, with cingulum (Fig. 45A View Figure 45 , red rectangle), not simple as in N. shenandoa   , or with medial flange as in N. paupertas   sp. nov. Prefemur with prefemoral process straight for first 3/4, and bent ventrally at 90° in last 1/4, not bent ventromedially as in N. paupertas   sp. nov., or curving laterally as in N. shenandoa   . Prefemoral process ca. 1/2 length of acropodite, not 2/3 length as in N. paupertas   sp. nov. or N. shenandoa   . Prefemoral spine greatly reduced to small, tooth-like projection (Fig. 45C View Figure 45 , red oval), not prominent, acicular as in N. paupertas   sp. nov., or absent as in N. shenandoa   . Color. Tergites with orange paranotal spots (Fig. 46A View Figure 46 ) and occasionally faint orange stripes (Fig. 46B View Figure 46 ). Dark to light brown background. Dorsum of collum smooth with orange margin.

Measurements.

♂ holotype (VTEC, MPE02324): BL = 24.7, CW = 3.9, IW = 2.1, ISW = 0.8, B11W = 4.4, B11H = 2.9. ♀ paratype (VTEC, MPE01881): BL = 28.6, CW = 3.9, IW = 2.7, ISW = 0.9, B11W = 4.8, B11H = 3.3.

Variation.

The only Nannaria cingulata   sp. nov. individual known from Prince Edward Co., Virginia has a cephalically directed prefemoral process and a pronounced prefemoral spine (Fig. 47 View Figure 47 , red arrow).

Distribution.

Nannaria cingulata   sp. nov. has a more extensive range than most species in the Nannaria minor   species group and can be found from eastern West Virginia south to central and southeastern Virginia, and Maryland in the Washington D.C. metropolitan area (West Virginia: Berkley County; Virginia: Frederick, Clarke, Shenandoah, Warren, Fairfax, Chesterfield, Prince Edward, Gloucester counties, and the City of Suffolk; Suppl. material 7; Fig. 128 View Figure 128 ). Distribution area: 28,825 km2; status: WRE.

Ecology.

The majority of Nannaria cingulata   sp. nov. specimens collected by C. Harden have been taken from mesic hardwood forests at night and were found walking on top of leaf litter and on man-made paths, or were collected using pitfall traps. Several museum specimens of N. cingulata   sp. nov. lack ecological notes.

Etymology.

This species is named for the presence of a cingulum, a linear groove and possible point of flexion, on its gonopod, a characteristic unique within Nannaria   . The specific name is a feminized adjective derived from the Latin cingulatus for belted.

Type locality.

United States, Virginia, Shenandoah County, Massanutten Trail nr. Signal Knob parking off Route 678, 38.9332°N, - 78.3207°W.