Kleemannia pseudoplumosa (Rack, 1972),

Masan, Peter, 2017, A revision of the family Ameroseiidae (Acari, Mesostigmata), with some data on Slovak fauna, ZooKeys 704, pp. 1-228: 1

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.704.13304

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:111A101E-7405-4C40-8F51-693957A64D97

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/7431E6EE-33DE-24E2-9FC9-F81AD116EC66

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Kleemannia pseudoplumosa (Rack, 1972)
status

comb. n.

Kleemannia pseudoplumosa (Rack, 1972)  comb. n. Plates 57, 58, 59, 60

Primoseius macauleyi  . - Womersley 1956b: 116. Misidentification.

Ameroseius pseudoplumosus  Rack, 1972: 249.

Ameroseius eumorphus  Bregetova, 1977: 153. Syn. n.

Kleemannia potchefstroomensis  Kruger & Loots, 1980: 1. Syn. n.

Kleemannia plumosus  . - Zaher 1986: 404. Misidentification.

Ameroseius (Kleemannia) eumorphus  . - Hajizadeh et al. 2013a: 151.

Ameroseius eumorphus  . - Narita et al. 2013b: 2325; Kazemi and Rajaei 2013: 65; Nemati et al. 2013: 19; Khalili-Moghadam and Saboori 2016: 538.

Ameroseius potchefstroomensis  . - Narita et al. 2013b: 2325; Khalili-Moghadam and Saboori 2016: 544.

Ameroseius pseudoplumosus  . - Kazemi and Rajaei 2013: 66; Nemati et al. 2013: 20; Khalili-Moghadam and Saboori 2016: 544.

Type depository.

Of Ameroseius pseudoplumosus  - Zoologischen Institut und Zoologischen Museum der Universität Hamburg, Germany; of Ameroseius eumorphus  - Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia; of Kleemannia potchefstroomensis  - Institute for Zoological Research, Potchefstroom University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.

Type locality and habitat.

Of Ameroseius pseudoplumosus  - Germany, Bischofsheim (at Frankfurt am Main), in new building; of Ameroseius eumorphus  - Russia, Barents Sea, Kharlov Island (Murmansk Region), on rocks under plants (paratypes: Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan); of Kleemannia potchefstroomensis  - South Africa, Potchefstroom, in compost.

Comparative material.

Australia: 2 ♀♀ ( SAMA: ARA73/N1951689, ARA73/N1951690) - Jan. 1954, Port Adelaide, in bark scrapings of logs, det. H. Womersley (labelled Primoseius macauleyi  ). Belgium: 1 ♂ (No. 170354) - 6. 10. 1967, Anvers, zoological garden, litière de cobaye ( Cavia porcellus  ), leg. P. Elsen (labelled Ameroseiidae  ). Germany: 1 ♀ ( BMNH) - 1957, Langenhorn, Müllplatz, Eing. Nr. A2, 62, leg. H. J. Haas (labelled Kleemannia plumosus  ); 15 ♀♀ ( BMNH) - 9. 12. 1963, Flensburg, Neues Rathaus, leg. and det. G. Rack, Eing. Nr. A5/64 (labelled Kleemannia plumigera  ); 4 ♀♀ ( ZMH: A53/71, holotype and paratypes) - 4. 11. 1971, Bischofsheim b. Frankfurt a. M., Neubau, leg. F. Lönholdt. Greece: 2 ♀♀ (IZSAV) - 16. 8. 2005, Chalkidiki Peninsula, Sarti Village, bank of a small river under plane trees, soil detritus with leaf fall, leg. P. Mašán. Iran: 1 ♀ (SHKC) - 20. 11. 2001, Tehran Province, Tehran Capital, Lale Park, soil detritus, leg. and det. Sh. Kazemi (labelled Ameroseius eumorphus  ). Israel: 2 ♀♀ (IZSAV) - 27. 11. 1966, Sha‘ar Hagolan, banana plantation, litter, leg. and det. M. Costa (labelled Kleemania plumosus  ); 3 ♀♀ ( BMNH) - 5. 10. 1962, Mishmar Haemek, manure heap, ex. 1968.1.26:7, leg. and det. M. Costa [labelled and published as Kleemania plumosus  by Costa (1966)]. Japan: 1 ♀ ( BMNH) - 5. 8. 1959, Japan: at Hawaii, Arctotis stoechadifolia  , Lot. 60/2461 (4 flowers), leg. H. Woolford (labelled Kleemania  ). Sweden: 1 ♀ ( ZMH: A1. 1972.4702) - 28. 9. 1959, Schweden, Västerås, von Birnenblät., M. Sellnick Collection (labelled Kleemannia pavidus  ). United Kingdom: 1 ♀ ( BMNH) - 1905, 24. 6. 1925, Lincolnshire, C. F. George Collection, 596 (labelled Acarina  , Gamasea, Sejus  ); 1 ♀ ( BMNH: E 2001-124) - F. A. Turk Collection, re-det. in Oct. 1973 by R.M.P. (labelled Kleemania plumosus  ).

New material from Slovakia.

Oravská Magura Mts.: 2 ♀♀ - 15. 10. 1994, Zázrivá Village, Minčol Forest (labelled as Ameroseius eumorphus  - leg. et det. S. Kalúz, unpublished but registered by the 'Databank of Slovak Fauna’ at former http://zoology.fns.uniba.sk/dfs/system300.htm). Podunajská Rovina Flatland: 1 ♀ - 30. 11. 1994, Dobrohošť Village, Dunajské Kriviny Forest (labelled as "ameroseiid" - leg. S. Kalúz, possibly registered by the 'Databank of Slovak Fauna’ under the name Ameroseius pseudoplumosus  ).

Remarks.

It appears likely that the names plumosa  and macauleyi  have been widely used for Kleemannia pseudoplumosa  in the literature about mites associated with synanthropic habitats throughout the world. Based on my examination, the Australian misidentified specimens of Womersley (1956b), originally named macauleyi  and classified in the newly erected genus Primoseius  , are in excellent agreement with the type specimens of K. pseudoplumosa  , collected in new buildings in Germany, and understood here to be conspecific with the specimens from Australia. In the illustration of the specimens identified as Primoseius macauleyi  , Womersley (1956b) did not comment on the absence of the semi-circular scalloped sculptural pattern on the sternal shield (typical character of the species). Together with Halliday (1997) who revised the Australian fauna of Ameroseiidae  , he did not consider this absence to indicate the existence of a separate species.

Further literature records that are consistent with the morphological features of the specimens studied by Womersley (1956b) and Rack (1972) include those from Israel ( Costa 1966), Murmansk Region in Russia, Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan ( Bregetova 1977), South Africa ( Kruger and Loots 1980), Egypt ( Zaher 1986), and Iran ( Khalili-Moghadam and Saboori 2016). These records are supported by specimens examined here from Slovakia, Greece and Israel, and some photographs of the holotype of Ameroseius eumorphus  (made by M. Stanyukovich, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia, and obtained from A. Khalili-Moghadam, Iran). Accordingly, A. eumorphus  Bregetova, 1977 and Kleemannia potchefstroomensis  Kruger & Loots, 1980 are placed in synonymy with Kleemannia pseudoplumosa  ( Rack 1972).

The description of Kleemannia pseudoplumosa  by Rack (1972) was apparently overlooked by the followers. Bregetova (1977), Kruger and Loots (1980), Ibrahim and Abdel-Samed (1992) and Karg (1993) have not cited this species in their identification keys and/or differential diagnoses. The same can be stated for the descriptive paper of Narita et al. (2013b), on a new species Kleemannia mineiro  from Brazil that is closely related with K. pseudoplumosa  . In their identification key elaborated for a comparative purpose, Narita et al. (2013b) included mineiro  close to eumorphus  and potchefstroomensis  , relying on the detailing the discrepancies in the original drawings. They stated that eumorphus  differs from potchefstroomensis  only in the sculpture of the sternal shield. This shield being unevenly ornamented, and with central portion smooth in eumorphus  (in potchefstroomensis  , whole surface with even but weak sculptural reticula). This difference is well within the range of variability found in European specimens of K. pseudoplumosa  , and I regard it to be untenable. Moreover, there are some contradictory data on chaetotaxy of some leg segments as given by Kruger and Loots (1980) for potchefstroomensis  , Narita et al. (2013b) for mineiro  , and Khalili-Moghadam and Saboori (2016) for eumorphus  . I consider them to be controversial, and they should be revised more carefully in the future.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Mesostigmata

Family

Ameroseiidae

Genus

Kleemannia

Loc

Kleemannia pseudoplumosa (Rack, 1972)

Masan, Peter 2017
2017
Loc

Primoseius macauleyi

Womersley 1956
1956
Loc

Kleemannia potchefstroomensis

Oudemans 1930
1930
Loc

Kleemannia plumosus

Oudemans 1930
1930
Loc

Ameroseius pseudoplumosus

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius eumorphus

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius (Kleemannia) eumorphus

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius eumorphus

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius potchefstroomensis

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius pseudoplumosus

Berlese 1903
1903