Pristis pristis (Linnaeus, 1758),

White, William T. & Ko’Ou, Alfred, 2018, An annotated checklist of the chondrichthyans of Papua New Guinea, Zootaxa 4411 (1), pp. 1-82: 45-46

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4411.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:255EE06E-3171-41F3-BB3D-E7D29537A292

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/735C87F1-8A7A-FF83-9BF6-F9AD5F988C38

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Pristis pristis (Linnaeus, 1758)
status

 

Pristis pristis (Linnaeus, 1758) 

Largetooth Sawfish

Squalus pristis Linnaeus, 1758: 235  . No types known. Type locality: Mediterranean Sea , Indian Ocean , western Atlantic; localities include Marseille, France  ; Italy; Lesbos Island , Greece  ; Syria; Brazil.

Local synonymy: Pristis  perotteti— Herre, 1936: 434 (Koragu, Sepik River). Pristis  microdon— Munro, 1958: 115 (Sepik River); Munro, 1964: 145 (southern New Guinea); Filewood, 1973: 10 (PNG); Berra et al., 1975: 319 (Laloki River system); Roberts, 1978: 26 (Middle Fly River); Haines, 1979a: 6 (Purari Delta); Haines, 1979b: 94 (Purari Delta); Coates, 1987: 236 (Sepik River); Allen & Coates, 1990: 33, 51 (Sepik River); Allen, 1991: 36 (Middle Fly River, Middle and Lower Sepik and Ramu rivers); Ishihara et al., 1991: 83 (Sepik River; Lake Murray; Oriomo River); Ogawa, 1991: 91 (Lake Murray; Sepik River); Tanaka, 1991: 71 (Lake Murray; Sepik River); Taniuchi et al., 1991: 27 (Sepik River; Lake Murray; Oriomo River); Taniuchi & Shimizu, 1991: 5 (Sepik River; Lake Murray; Oriomo River); Mizue & Hara, 1991: 63 (Sepik River); Watabe, 1991: 103 (Lake Murray; Sepik River); Allen et al., 1992: 296 (Bunapas village, Ramu River); Coates, 1993: 361 (Sepik River); Hyslop, 1996: 5 (Angabanga River); Powell & Powell, 1999: 350 (Bougainville); Swales et al., 1999: 404 (Fly River); Hitchcock, 2002: 120 (Bensbach River); Storey et al., 2009: 441 (Middle Fly River); Last & Stevens, 2009: 297 (PNG). Pristiopsis  leichhardti— Munro, 1964: 145 (northern New Guinea); Munro, 1967: 19, pl. 2, fig. 25 (New Guinea). Pristiopsis  microdon— Munro, 1967: 20, pl. 2, fig. 26 (New Guinea). Pristis  pristis— Kailola, 1987: 24 (PNG); Faria et al., 2013: 140 (Ramu River; Bismarck Archipelago; Fly River; Strickland River); White et al., 2017a: 277 (PNG); White et al., 2018: 196, figs (PNG). Pristis  sp. —? Kan & Taniuchi, 1991: 3 (near Angoram, Sepik River).

PNG voucher material: (25 spec.) AMS IB. 2854 (dried rostrum), 735 mm SL, Laloki River, near Bomana , Central Province, 6 Aug. 1952  ; CAS 63666View Materials (two dried rostra), near Bunapas Mission, Ramu River , 18 Oct. 1987  ; CAS SU 41013, (dried rostrum), CAS SU 41014View Materials (dried rostrum), Koragu , 215 miles from sea, Sepik River, 23 May 1929  ; FUMT-P10851, juvenile male 801 mm TL, Magendo 3, Sepik River, 3 Sep. 1989  ; FUMT-P10854, female 970 mm TL, Miwa, Lake Murray , 17 Sep. 1989  ; KFRS E.024 (dried rostrum), rostrum length 1270 mm, Pinupaka, Hall Sound , Central Province, Oct. 1963  ; KFRS E.026A (dried rostrum), rostrum length 194 mm, KFRS E.026B (dried rostrum), rostrum length 203 mm, Vanapa River , 40 miles upstream, Central Province, 27 Jun. 1964  ; KFRS E.027A (dried rostrum), rostrum length 225 mm, KFRS E.027B (dried rostrum), rostrum length 242 mm, Laloki River , Central Province, Aug. 1964  ; KFRS E.032A (dried rostrum), rostrum length 242 mm, KFRS E.032B (dried rostrum), rostrum length 263 mm, Yule Island , Central Province, Jun. 1964  ; KFRS E.429A (dried rostrum), rostrum length 292 mm, KFRS E.429B (dried rostrum), rostrum length 237 mm, Oriomo River , Western Province  ; KFRS E. 774, Sapuka, Fly River , 8°10’1” S, 141°59’46” E, 21 Oct. 2007; QM I 3686 (dried rostrum), QM I 3687 (dried rostrum), no collection data (only PNG)GoogleMaps  ; USNM 217001View Materials, female 809 mm TL, Lake Herbert Hoover and Wam River and swampy lagoons along Middle Fly , 509–512 km upriver from Toro Pass, Fly River Basin , 25 Nov. 1975  ; USNM 217002View Materials, juvenile male 916 mm TL, side channel of Strickland 4 km downstream from Massy Bakers Junction, 450 km upriver from Toro pass, Fly River Basin, 6 Dec. 1975  ; ZMB 14507View Materials (rostrum, jaw, cranium, stomach, scapulocoracoid, gills), Ramu River , 1896 or 1899  ; ZMB 32538View Materials (dried rostrum), Bismarck Archipelago , 26 Nov. 1909  ; ZMB 33545View Materials, juvenile female ~ 780 mm TL, “ Tschessbandai ”, west of Koragu , Sepik River, Aug. 1913  ; ZMB 33553View Materials (dried rostrum), New Guinea   .

Remarks: First recorded from PNG by Herre (1936) from Koragu in the Sepik River based on an expedition there in 1929; a specimen deposited at the ZMB collection in Berlin collected from Ramu River in either 1896 or 1899. White et al. (2017a) summarised published and unpublished sawfish records for PNG; most reports refer to just sawfish although many are attributable to this species. An additional 9 specimens (6 registered lots) from the KFRS collection are considered lost or destroyed; all collected in the mid 1960’s. Dried fins observed from coastal fisheries during recent surveys in the Gulf and Western Provinces; whole specimen observed in prawn trawl bycatch in 2014. Considered depleted from some river systems in PNG but more information is urgently required.

PNG

Division of Primary Industry

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

KFRS

Kanudi Fisheries Research Station

ZMB

Museum f�r Naturkunde Berlin (Zoological Collections)

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Chondrichthyes

Order

Pristiformes

Family

Pristidae

Genus

Pristis

Loc

Pristis pristis (Linnaeus, 1758)

White, William T. & Ko’Ou, Alfred 2018
2018
Loc

Pristis

Linck 1790
1790
Loc

Pristis

Linck 1790
1790
Loc

Pristis

Linck 1790
1790
Loc

Pristis

Linck 1790
1790
Loc

Squalus pristis

Linnaeus 1758: 235
1758