Heraeus illitus, DISTANT, 1882

Dellapé, Pablo M., Melo, María C. & Henry, Thomas J., 2016, A phylogenetic revision of the true bug genus Heraeus (Hemiptera: Rhyparochromidae: Myodochini), with the description of two new genera and 30 new species, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 177 (1), pp. 29-134: 67-68

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1111/zoj.12362

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/69250127-E905-506F-FE99-367EFBC6EB50

treatment provided by

Marcus

scientific name

Heraeus illitus
status

 

HERAEUS ILLITUS DISTANT, 1882  

( FIGS 8H, 15D, 16D, 17M–P, 19)

Heraeus illitus Distant, 1882: 205   ; Distant, 1893: 397; Lethierry & Severin, 1894: 191; Scudder, 1967: 268 (lectotype designation); Slater, 1964: 1083; Slater & O’Donnell, 1995: 147; Harrington, 1980: 109; Froeschner, 1999: 244; Slater & Brailovsky, 2000: 332; Baranowski & Slater, 2005: 142.

Diagnosis

Strongly setose. Ocelli located posteriorly. Distiflagellomere with a pale band. Labium extending to abdominal sternum II. Profemur irregularly pigmented; metafemur with a darker subapical band. Posterior margin of pygophore in dorsal view slightly bilobed; aedeagus with conjunctiva and vesica with a few spines laterally, and lobes sclerotized posteriorly, with spines forming an arc.

Heraeus illitus   shares with H. chamamecinus   sp. nov. and H. similis   sp. nov. a strongly setose body and a slightly bilobed posterior margin of pygophore. Heraeus illitus   and H. caliginosus   are the only species of the genus that have a long labium exceeding the metacoxae.

Redescription ( Fig. 15D)

Strongly setose.

Head: Convex dorsally, dark brown, clypeus paler, shiny, with short recumbent setae. Eyes protruding, not surpassing the dorsal margin of head in lateral view. Ocelli placed posteriorly to an imaginary line passing the posterior border of eyes. Labium pale brown, extending to base of abdomen, with short erect setae. Antennal tubercles parallel. Antennae pale brown except apex of pedicel, basiflagellomere and distiflagellomere darker, distiflagellomere with a pale band subbasally; all segments with short recumbent and semierect setae, pedicel with abundant erect setae, equal to or longer than diameter of segment.

Thorax: Pronotum brown, pruinose, posterior lobe with irregular pale areas and a pale spot on humeral angles, anterior and posterior lobes with short recumbent and long erect setae. Pronotum punctate, punctures more conspicuous on posterior lobe. Pleurae brown, with semi-erect setae. Evaporative area extended. Scutellum dark brown, pruinose, punctate, with short recumbent, and long erect setae. Hemelytra pruinose, with abundant erect setae. General colour pale brown, costal margin pale on proximal three-quarters. Corium darker distally, with a subapical whitish spot and a rounded pale spot internally. Membrane testaceous, with an apical rounded pale spot, veins paler. Legs pale brown, coxae darker, profemur darker and irregularly pigmented; metafemur with a subapical darker band, only slightly evident on mesofemur. Meso- and metatibiae with a subproximal dark band, apices darker ( Fig. 16D), with long erect setae, longest on profemur. Profemur with spines restricted to apical threequarters.

Abdomen: Brown, with abundant, short, recumbent, and longer erect setae. Male genitalia: Pygophore subquadrangular ( Fig. 17M, N), posterior margin slightly bilobed; anterior margin of dorsal aperture rounded, inner projections large and subrectangular. Parameres as shown in Figure 17 (O, P). Aedeagus ( Fig. 8H): conjunctiva and vesica with spines laterally; lobes sclerotized posteriorly, with spines forming an arc; processus gonopori long.

Distribution

Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Trinidad; Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela (NEW RECORDS) ( Fig. 19).

Type material examined

The type series of this species consists of specimens from Guatemala and Panama; Scudder (1967) designated a male from San Juan , Verapaz, Guatemala, as the lectotype. Lectotype ♂, San Juan, Vera Paz, Champion ( BMNH)   .

Additional material studied

BELIZE: 1♂, Cayo District, Benque Viejo , riverside N, Mopan R. Resort, 16-I-[20]08, BLT, R.M. & H.V. Baranowski ( USNM)   ; 1♂, 21-VI-[20]08, BLT, R.M. & H.V. Baranowski ( USNM)   ; 3♂, 22-VI-[20]08, BLT, R.M. & H.V. Baranowski ( USNM)   ; 7♂, 6♀, 22-VI- [20]06, BLT, R.M. & H.V. Baranowski ( USNM)   ; 1♂, 3♀, 23-VI-[20]08, BLT, R.M. & H.V. Baranowski ( USNM)   ; 1♂, 24-VI-[20]08, BLT, R.M. & H.V. Baranowski

( USNM); 1♀, 1-X-2009, M. Chrysler ( USNM)   ; 1♂, 4-X-

2009, M. Chrysler ( USNM); 1♀, 7-X-2009, M. Chrysler

( USNM); 1♀, Orange Walk Dist., Chan Chich Lodge,

12-IV-[20]04, BLT, R.M. & H.V. Baranowski ( USNM);

1♀, 13-XI-[20]04, C. Sanabria ( USNM)   ; 1♂, 21-IV-

[20]04, E. Flota ( USNM); 2♀, 1-VI-[20]09, E. Flota

( USNM); 1♂, Orange Walk Dist., Gallon Jung., BLT,

7-IV-[20]04, B. Miller ( USNM).

BOLIVIA: Cochabamba: 1♀, Chapare Prov., Cristal- Mayu , 14-X-1950, L.E. Pena ( USNM)   ; La Paz: 2♂, 1♀, Rio Coroico , 1200 m a.s.l., 24/26-XI-[19]84, L.E. Pena ( USNM)   ; 2♀, Mapiri, N La Paz , 10/16- VIII-[19]89, L.E. Peña ( USNM)   ; 1♂, 1♀, Yungas, Pte. Mururata , 1200–1600 m a.s.l., 24/ 26-XII-1984, L.E. Pena ( USNM)   ; Santa Cruz: 1♂, San Esteban Prov., Muyurina , 49 km N Santa Cruz, 1120 ft, 12- X-[19]59, blacklight trap, R.B. Cumming ( USNM)   ; 1♂, 2♀, 5-X-[19]59, blacklight trap, R.B. Cumming ( USNM)   ; 2♀, 26-X-[19]59, blacklight trap, R.B. Cumming ( USNM)   .

BRAZIL: 1♀, Monat. IV-1935, P. Sandig ( USNM)   ; 1♀, DF, 35 km N Brasilia, nr Planaltina , 15°35′S, 47°42′W, 1000 m a.s.l., 17-XI-1997, T.J. Henry ( USNM) GoogleMaps   ; Mato Grosso: 1♀, Corumba , H.G. Barber ( USNM)   ; Rondonia: 1♂, 62 km S Ariquemes, Faz. Rancho Grande , 10°32′S, 62°48′W, 11/ 22-XI-1991, B.C. Ratcliffe ( USNM) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 30-III/ 10-IV-1992, collected with mercury vapour & blacklight, J.E. Eger ( USNM)   ; 20♂, 23♀, 62 km SW Ariquemes, nr Fzda. Rancho Grande , 5/ 17- X-1993, blacklight trap, J.E. Eger ( USNM)   .

COLOMBIA: 1♀, Apiay , Meta, 14-VII-1965, J.A. Ramos ( USNM)   .

COSTA RICA: 1♀, intercepted on fruit of from Costa Rica   .

ECUADOR: 1♀, Guay., Olon, 29-II-1976, blacklight, J. Cohen, Ecuador Peace Corps, Smithsonian Institution Aquatic Insect Survey ( USNM)   ; 1♀, Catacocha , Macara, 400–650 m a.s.l., 14/ 15-VIII-1977, L.E. Pena G. ( USNM)   .

GUATEMALA: 1♂, Cerro Zunil, 4000 ft, Champion , BCA, Hem. 1, H. illitus (BMNH)     .

HONDURAS: 1♂, Com., 21 km NW Siquatepeque Ch., 5 Rd , 1-VIII-1977, O’Brians & Marshall ( AMNH)   .

MEXICO: Tabasco: 1♂, Teapa , Feb., H.H.S., BCA, Hem. 1, H. illitus   . ( BMNH)   ; Campeche: 1♀, 19 mi. SW Esparcedga , 4-VIII-1974, C.W. & L.B. O’Briens & G.B. Marshall ( AMNH)   ; 1♀, Esparcedga , 25-IV- 1962, trap light, F. Islas S. ( USNM)   ; Chiapas: 1♂, Rio Tulija , 48 km S Palenque, 17-V-1981, C.M. & O.S. Flint Jr. ( USNM)   .

NICARAGUA: 1♀, Puerto Cabezas, VII-1971, J. Maldonado C. ( USNM)   .

PANAMA: 1♂, Panama aircraft, 6-II-[20]02 ( USNM)   ; 3♂, 1♀, V. de Chiriqui, 25–4000 ft Champion , BCA, Hem. 1, H. illitus (BMNH)   ; Chiriqui   : 1♀, Rovira , 5-VII-[19]64, 2500 ft, mosquito light trap, A. Bruse ( USNM)   ; 1♂, Bugaba, Champion ( USNM)   ; Canal Zone   : 1♀, Madden Dam , 7-VI-[19]73, light trap, D. Engleman ( USNM)   ; 1♂, Coco Solo Hospital , 9°21′N, 79°51′W, 23-V-[19]72, D. Engleman ( USNM) GoogleMaps   ; 1♀, Barro Colorado Island , IV-1941, at light, J. Zetek ( USNM)   ; 1♀, Puerto Bello , 19-II-[19]12, A. Busck ( USNM)   ; 1♂, Trinidad Riv. , 4-V-[19]11, A. Busck ( USNM)   .

PERU: 1♂, 2♀, Cuzco, Pilcopata , 600 m a.s.l., 8/ 10- XII-1979, premontane moist forest, J.B. Heppner ( USNM)   .

SURINAME: 1♀, 40 km E Paramaribo, 22/30-VII- [19]75, D. Engleman ( AMNH)   ; 1♀, 22/30-VII- [19]75, D. Engleman ( USNM)   .

TRINIDAD: 1♂, Curepé, Santa Margarita circular Rd , 7-VII-1971, blacklight trap, F.D. Bennett ( USNM)   ; 1♂, 6-VII-[19]71, black light trap, F.D. Bennett ( USNM)   ; 1♀, 23-VII-1971, blacklight trap, F.D. Bennett ( USNM)   ; 2♀, 9-VI-[19]75, blacklight trap, F.D. Bennett ( USNM)   ; 1♂, 15-XI-[19]71, black light trap, F.D. Bennett ( USNM)   ; 1♂, 1♀, 28-VII-[19]75, blacklight trap, F.D. Bennett ( USNM)   ; 1♀, 29-VI- [19]75, blacklight trap, F.D. Bennett ( USNM)   ; 1♂, 1♀, Maracas Valley , 1 mi. N St Joseph, 3-IV-[19]79, blacklight trap, L. Du Bruijn ( USNM)   ; 1♀, 8-IV- [19]79, blacklight trap, L. Du Bruijn ( USNM)   ; 1♂, 1♀, B.W. I., Arima Valley , 3-V-1952 ( AMNH)   , 1♂, Curepé, Santa Margarita Circular Rd. , 23-VII- 1971, blacklight trap, F.D. Bennett ( AMNH)   ; 1♀, 15- VI-[19]75, blacklight trap, F.D. Bennett ( AMNH)   ; 3♂, 2♀, Simla Biol. Sta. Trinidad , at light, M. Emsley ( AMNH)   ; 1♀, Port of Spain, R.J. Crew ( USNM)   ; 3♀, Trinidad , IV/ V-1976, J. Carayon ( MNHN)   .

VENEZUELA: 1♀, Acarigua Est. Portuguesa, VI- [19]81 ( USNM)   .

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Rhyparochromidae

Genus

Heraeus

Loc

Heraeus illitus

Dellapé, Pablo M., Melo, María C. & Henry, Thomas J. 2016
2016
Loc

Heraeus illitus

Baranowski RM & Slater JA 2005: 142
Slater JA & Brailovsky H 2000: 332
Froeschner RC 1999: 244
Slater JA & O'Donnell JE 1995: 147
Harrington BJ 1980: 109
Scudder GGE 1967: 268
Slater JA 1964: 1083
Lethierry L & Severin G 1894: 191
Distant WL 1893: 397
Distant WL 1882: 205
1882