Stratiotes mclaughlinae, Parente & Hendrickx, 2006

Parente, Manuel Ayon & Hendrickx, Michel E., 2006, A new species of Stratiotes Thomson, 1899 (Anomura, Paguroidea, Diogenidae) from the eastern tropical Pacific, Zoosystema 28 (2), pp. 487-494: 488-494

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5390132

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/69229B77-FFA7-9042-FCCE-FED20AF9FEAF

treatment provided by

Marcus

scientific name

Stratiotes mclaughlinae
status

n. sp.

Stratiotes mclaughlinae   n. sp.

( Figs 1-3 View FIG View FIG View FIG )

TYPE MATERIAL. — Holotype: Mexico. Bay of Mazatlán , Sinaloa, RV FC1, Van Veen dredge, 23°13’N, 106°27’W, 9 m, 25. VI.1979, ♂ SL 2.0 mm, CW 1.7 mm (EMU- 752) GoogleMaps   . Paratypes: Mexico. Bay of Mazatlán , Sinaloa, RV FC1, Van Veen dredge, 23°13’N, 106°27’W, 5-27 m, 30.IV.1981, ♀ SL 1.4 mm (EMU-5671, ex EMU-752) GoogleMaps   ; ♀ SL 1.58 (EMU- 6712); ♀ SL 1.66 mm ( LACM CR 1981 View Materials - 263.1 View Materials )   .

ETYMOLOGY. — The species is named to honor Patsy A. McLaughlin in recognition of her enormous contribution to the study of hermit crabs, and the countless occasions in which she has shared her experience and knowledge on anomurans with us.

DISTRIBUTION. — Known only from the type locality.

DESCRIPTION

Shield ( Fig. 1A View FIG ) slightly longer than wide, with few scattered granules, spines and tufts of long setae; a well marked, anterior median concavity. Rostrum short, terminating sharply, reaching bases of ocular acicles. Lateral projections obtuse, each armed with small marginal spine, reaching level of rostrum tip. Margin between rostrum and lateral projections concave, thickened. Anterolateral angle of carapace armed with one strong, or moderately strong, corneous spine; posterior margin truncate, rounded. Branchiostegites each with row of strong or moderately strong spines on dorsal margin, and tufts of long setae on distal margin.

Ocular peduncles ( Fig. 1A View FIG ) 0.6 shield length, wider basally, circular in cross section, cornea small, not dilated, its diameter about 0.25 of peduncular length, mesial surfaces each with row of long setae. Ocular acicles subtriangular, mesial margins contiguous, terminating in multifid tip, lateral margin armed with one or two small spines, mesial margin entire.

Antennular peduncles ( Fig.1A View FIG ) long, overreaching ocular peduncles by 0.66 the length of ultimate segment when fully extended; ultimate and penultimate segments unarmed, basal segment with one spine on laterodistal margin and tufts of setae.

Antennal peduncles ( Fig. 1A View FIG ) reaching or slightly exceeding distal margin of ocular peduncles. Fifth segment unarmed, with some short setae on ventrolateral margin and dorsal surface. Fourth segment with one small spine on dorsodistal margin. Third segment with one strong or moderately strong spine on ventromesial distal angle, and tufts of long setae. Second segment with dorsolateral distal angle strongly produced, terminating in bifid spine; lateral margin with one smaller spine; dorsomesial distal angle terminating in strong spine; mesial margin with tufts of setae. First segment with one small spine in lateral distal margin. Antennal acicle almost reaching to base of cornea, nearly straight, mesial margin armed with three to five spines, lateral margin armed with one to two smaller spines, terminating in bifid tip. Antennal flagellum moderately long, approximately 1.5 length of shield, consisting of about 17 segments and reaching tip of chelae when extended, each article with long, paired setae ventrally.

Mandible without distinguishing characters. Maxillule ( Fig. 2A View FIG ) with proximal (coxal) endite subquadrate, distal (basal) endite subrectangular, enlarged distally; endopod with one seta, one apical seta on weakly produced internal lobe, external lobe well developed, recurved, approximately 0.75 length of endopod, with one seta at mid-length. Maxilla ( Fig. 2B View FIG ) with endopod moderately long, equaling or slightly exceeding scaphognathite in distal extension. First maxilliped ( Fig. 2C View FIG ) with endopod moderately short, not reaching distal end of basal segment of exopod; proximal segment of exopod subtriangular, tapering distally; epipod well developed. Second maxilliped ( Fig. 2D View FIG ) with basis-ischium fusion incomplete. Third maxilliped ( Fig. 2E View FIG ) with basis-ischium fusion incomplete; basis with two spines, partially obscured by tufts of long setae; ischium with crista dentata well developed, without accessory tooth; merus with one minute spine on ventral margin, dorsodistal margin with minute spine; carpus without spine at dorsodistal margin.

Chelipeds ( Fig. 1B, C View FIG , setae not illustrated) short, similar in shape, equal or slightly unequal; chelae, in dorsal view, oval-shaped, with tufts of setae. Dactyls about 1.3 length of palms; dorsomesial margins with row of strong, corneous-tipped spines decreasing in size distally; dorsal surfaces with row of small tipped spines near to cutting edge; mesial surfaces with transverse rows of single or bifid tubercles; ventral surfaces with spine-tipped tubercles or granules; cutting edges with strong calcareous teeth; terminating in an acute corneous claw overlapped by claw of fixed finger. Palms approximately 0.75 length of carpi; dorsomesial margins with five prominent, corneous-tipped spines; dorsolateral margins with row of strong corneous-tipped spines, largest medially; dorsal surfaces with three rows of moderately strong, corneous-tipped spines running up to penultimate mesial spine, then forming several rows of tipped granules or spines, the latter decreasing in size on fixed finger; mesial faces with irregular rows of single, bifid or trifid spine-tipped tubercles; lateral faces with numerous tipped granules or tubercles; ventral surfaces with tipped tubercles, often forming longitudinal, irregular rows; cutting edge of fixed finger with calcareous teeth. Carpi moderately short, 0.6 to 0.66 length of meri; dorsomesial margins with row of six prominent corneous-tipped spines, posterior smallest and with tufts of long setae basally; dorsal surfaces with few corneous-tipped spines; dorsodistal margins with few spines, largest spine near articulation with palm; dorsolateral margins with row of five strong, corneous-tipped spines; lateral faces and laterodistal margins each with small granules and tufts of setae; ventral surfaces unarmed. Meri subtriangular; dorsal margins with row of spinulose protuberances on proximal 0.75, and transverse rows of corneous-tipped, often multifid tubercles or spines distally; dorsodistal margins with row of moderately strong, corneoustipped spines extending laterally and mesially; mesial faces smooth, with tufts of very short setae or bristles; lateral faces with numerous scattered corneous-tipped spinules, tubercles or small spines; ventromesial and ventrolateral margins with single or double row of corneous-tipped spines; ventral surfaces with few small granules. Ischia with row of moderately, small corneous-tipped spines on ventromesial margin; dorsolateral margins with row of small corneous-tipped spines; ventrolateral distal angles each with cluster of small spines.

Ambulatory legs ( Fig. 1D, E View FIG ) generally similar, overreaching chelipeds by 0.5 length of dactyls. Dactyls 1.4-1.45 longer than propodi; dorsal surfaces each with row of seven to eight (seconds) or six to seven (thirds) small, calcareous-tipped spines or spine-tipped tubercles proximally and tufts of long stiff setae; mesial and lateral faces with tufts of long to moderately long setae; ventral margins each with row of 10-14 minute corneous spines and tufts of long setae. Propodi 0.22-0.25 longer than carpi; dorsal margins each with one row of strong (second), or double row of moderately strong corneous-tipped spines (third) and tufts of long, stiff setae; mesial and lateral faces rugose, with rows of granules accompanied with tufts of stiff setae; ventral faces with small granules or spine-tipped tubercles and tufts of long stiff setae; ventromesial distal margin with three small spines (second), or row of granules or spine-tipped tubercles (third) and tufts of long setae. Carpi approximately 0.75 length of meri; dorsal margins with double (second) row of tubercles proximally, becoming strong, corneous-tipped spines distally, or with one strong spine distally (third) and tufts of long stiff setae; mesial faces smooth, with scattered tufts of very short setae or bristles; lateral faces inflated or rounded on lateroventral margin (second and third), and with longitudinal row of granules (third) with tufts of long stiff setae; ventral surfaces smooth, with tufts of long stiff setae on distal margin. Meri laterally compressed; dorsal margins each with row of small spines and tufts of long stiff setae; mesial faces smooth, with scattered tufts of very short setae or bristles; lateral faces with few granules and tufts of long stiff setae; ventral margins each with one row (second) of corneous denticles or spines or irregular double row (third) of granules and tufts of long, plumose, stiff setae. Ischia with one strong spine on dorsodistal margins; ventral margins with a few strong granules (third) and tufts of long, plumose, stiff setae. Fourth pereopods ( Fig. 1F View FIG ) weakly semichelate; dactyl short, setose, with one moderately strong spine posterior to preungual process ( Fig. 1G View FIG ) at base of claw; propodi each with three rows of ovate scales in propodal rasp. Sternite of third pereopods ( Fig. 3A View FIG ) with transversally subrectangular anterior lobe; a pair of weak, lateral protuberances with one tuft of setae.

Male first and second pleopods modified as gonopods. Pl 1 ( Fig. 3B View FIG ) with row of long setae on mesial margin of basal lobe, superior mesial angle with tuft of long bristles, two long setae on proximal lateral margin; inferior lamella with row of setae on lateral margin, distal margin with row of small curved spines extending down mesial face; external lobe subrectangular. Pl 2 ( Fig. 3C View FIG ) with one short seta proximally, two long subterminal setae on lateral margin, endopod with two long setae; appendix masculina slightly twisted, lateral margins and inferior face with long setae, its apex without setae. Pl 3 -Pl 5 unpaired, exopod very well developed, endopod vestigial or absent.

Female with paired gonopores; lacking Pl 1; Pl 2 ( Fig. 3D View FIG ) with endopod more developed than exopod; Pl 3 ( Fig. 3E View FIG ) with endopod shorter than exopod; Pl 4 -Pl 5 ( Fig. 3F, G View FIG ) with exopod well developed, endopod very reduced.

Uropods and telson asymmetrical ( Fig. 1H View FIG ).Telson with posterior lobes subeliptic, margins with few long setae; right terminal margin with five to seven spines, with one terminal plus one lateral; left terminal margin with six to seven spines, two terminal (diverging) plus one lateral; the smallest spines on margin of middle incision. Anterior lobes unarmed, with tuft of long setae on lateral margins.

Colour

Specimens fixed over a long period of time. Anterior portion of the carapace, ocular peduncles, and ocular acicles cream-coloured, reflecting against light a reddish green or purple colour. Antennular and antennal peduncle, and antennal flagella pale. Cornea honey or light brown. Abdomen straw yellow. Chelipeds and pereopods cream-coloured, reflecting against light a reddish green or purple colour. Claws of chelipeds and pereopods amber.

HABITAT

The four specimens were collected in the Bay of Mazatlán, Sinaloa, Mexico, in a depth range of 5-27 m, on sandy sediment. The specimens were found in empty shell of Cotonopsis turrita Sowerby, 1832   and Anachis sp.  

REMARKS

Stratiotes   is known from the Indo-Pacific ( Indonesia, New Zealand, Red Sea, Persian Gulf, East (“West Africa”) and western Atlantic (North Carolina to Brazil) and included 16 species ( Rahayu 2005). Stratiotes mclaughlinae   n. sp. represents the first record of the genus in the eastern Pacific and differs from all species of Stratiotes   described for the Indonesian fauna or reassigned to Stratiotes   by Rahayu (2005) by a combination of characters. Among these species, Stratiotes mclaughlinae   n. sp. is closer to S. tuberculatus (Whitelegge, 1900)   and S. perspicax (Nobili, 1906)   . It shares the same thick, setose antennal flagella with the former species but can be differentiated by the shape of the telson. It shares a similar, multispinous ocular acicle with the latter, but S. mclaughlinae   n. sp. features a proportionally longer shield, lacks a spiny, strongly produced process on antenna second segment, and possesses over 20 spines on telson margin.

Characteristics observed in Stratiotes mclaughlinae   n. sp. agree well with the diagnosis of the genus provided by Rahayu (2005: 4). The 12 pairs of biserial gills set the species apart from all other recognized genera within the Diogenidae   . The only discrepancy with the diagnosis of Stratiotes   is the absence in S. mclaughlinae   n. sp. of the paired first pleopods in females. One of the species included in Stratiotes   by Rahayu ( Paguristes hummi Wass, 1955   ), however, also lacks first pleopods on female first somite (fide McLaughlin 1974: 19), and it remains unclear if this character alone would either be sufficient to establish another genus or if the diagnosis of Stratiotes   should be emended. Most genera included in the Diogenidae   are characterized by females with unpaired first pleopod (modified as gonopod), except for Paguristes   , Pseudopaguristes ( McLaughlin 2002)   and Stratiotes   , which possess paired first pleopods. Hopefully, the revision of species of Paguristes   s.l. from the tropical eastern Pacific, currently under progress, might provide additional information with regards to this problem.

RV

Collection of Leptospira Strains

VI

Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute

LACM

Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Malacostraca

Order

Decapoda

Family

Diogenidae

Genus

Stratiotes

Loc

Stratiotes mclaughlinae

Parente, Manuel Ayon & Hendrickx, Michel E. 2006
2006
Loc

Stratiotes mclaughlinae

Parente & Hendrickx 2006
2006
Loc

Stratiotes mclaughlinae

Parente & Hendrickx 2006
2006
Loc

S. mclaughlinae

Parente & Hendrickx 2006
2006
Loc

Stratiotes mclaughlinae

Parente & Hendrickx 2006
2006
Loc

S. mclaughlinae

Parente & Hendrickx 2006
2006
Loc

Paguristes hummi

Wass 1955
1955
Loc

Stratiotes

Thomson 1899
1899
Loc

Stratiotes

Thomson 1899
1899
Loc

Stratiotes

Thomson 1899
1899
Loc

Stratiotes

Thomson 1899
1899
Loc

Stratiotes

Thomson 1899
1899
Loc

Stratiotes

Thomson 1899
1899
Loc

Stratiotes

Thomson 1899
1899
Loc

Diogenidae

Ortmann 1892
1892
Loc

Diogenidae

Ortmann 1892
1892
Loc

Paguristes

Dana 1851
1851
Loc

Paguristes

Dana 1851
1851