Paratetrapedia connexa, (VACHAL, 1909)

Aguiar, Antonio J. C. & Melo, Gabriel A. R., 2011, Revision and phylogeny of the bee genus Paratetrapedia Moure, with description of a new genus from the Andean Cordillera (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Tapinotaspidini), Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 162 (2), pp. 351-442 : 373-374

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2010.00678.x

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/690AFE59-656B-7910-FF1C-F46B4A69FBD8

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Paratetrapedia connexa
status

 

PARATETRAPEDIA CONNEXA ( VACHAL, 1909)

( FIGS 1, 3, 5 View Figures 1–5 , 12, 13, 14 View Figures 12–17 , 35 View Figures 34–41 , 67, 86, 117, 149, 150 View Figures 147–158 )

Tetrapedia connexa Vachal, 1909: 30 ; holotype male,

Bolivia: La Paz, Ampere (MNHP, examined).

Chalepogenus hypoleucus Cockerell, 1923a: 449 ; holotype female, Guyana: Pomeroon-Supenaam, Issororo (BMNH, examined).

Tetrapedia mayarum Cockerell, 1912a: 30 ; holotype male, Guatemala, Izabal, Quirigua (AMNH, examined).

Chalepogenus mayarum ; Cockerell, 1914: 320. Lutz & Cockerell, 1920: 562. Cockerell, 1942: 562.

Chalepogenus hypoleucus ; Michener, 1942: 281.

Tetrapedia mayarum ; Cockerell, 1946: 204.

Paratetrapedia lugubris ; Michener, 1954: 115, figs 68–70 (erroneous identification of P. connexa , suggested by drawings of male genitalia).

Paratetrapedia connexa ; Aguiar, 2007: 622.

Comments and diagnosis: Paratetrapedia connexa is very similar to P. lugubris in pattern of colour, pubescence, and integument sculpture. The distribution of hairs on sterna of the males is identical to that of P. lugubris except for the apex of S6 weakly sinuous with small rows of short hairs ( Fig. 15 View Figures 12–17 ). Paratetrapedia connexa differs from P. lugubris mainly in the omaular carina, which occupies more than the upper half of the mesepisternum. The female of P. connexa also differs from P. lugubris by completely black terga, without yellow marks laterally.

Variation: Paratetrapedia connexa exhibits colour variation in wing membrane, sterna of male, and pubescence of hind leg. Most of the specimens examined from the states of São Paulo and Minas Gerais ( Brazil) have wing membrane yellow hyaline with microtrichia dark brown on apical portion. The specimens from the states of Paraíba and Pernambuco ( Brazil), Peru, Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Panama have the wing membrane black infumate. Specimens from other regions have intermediate pattern of colour of wing membrane, between yellow hyaline and black infumate. A few specimens have the setae on the first labial palpal segment not curved. The pubescence on the hind leg can vary between completely black to pale yellow. Most of the male specimens examined have sterna completely black with small yellow marks laterally. Some specimens from Rondônia ( Brazil) have S4–S6 completely yellow. Some specimens from the south-western Amazon basin are smaller than the majority of specimens studied.

Male. Body length: 7.8–11.5; maximum head width: 2.7–3.4; wing length (including tegula): 8.1–11.2. Female. Body length: 8.9–9.2; maximum head width: 3.0–3.7; fore wing length (including tegula): 8.0–9.4.

Distribution: Bolivia; Brazil: Amazonas, Bahia, Distrito Federal, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Maranhão, Minas Gerais, Pará, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Rondônia, Roraima, Tocantins; Costa Rica; Ecuador; Guatemala; Guyana; French Guiana; Panama; Peru ( Fig. 67).

Type material: Tetrapedia connexa Vachal ; holotype (MNHP): ‘ Bolivia \ Mapiri’ ‘ ♂ ’ ‘Holotype’ ‘ Tetrap.\ connexa \ Vach.’ ‘Museum Paris\ Coll. J. Vachal 1911’ ‘ Tetrapedia \ connexa \ Vachal’.

Chalepogenus hypoleucus Cockerell ; holotype (BMNH): ‘Type’ ‘B.M. Type’\ Hym.\ 17.B.881’ ‘ Chalepogenus \ hypoleucus \ Ckll. Type’ ‘Issororo\ N.W.D.\ B. Guiana \ June 1915 ’ ‘Press. by\ Imp. Bur. Ent.\ Brit. Mus.\ 1923-21’ ‘G.E. Brodkin\ Collector’.

Tetrapedia mayarum Cockerell ; holotype (AMNH): ‘Quirigua\ Guatemala \ (W.P. Ckll.)’ ‘ Tetralonia pedia \ mayarum \ Ckll. Type’ ‘Ac 33583’.

Additional material: See Appendix.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Apidae

Genus

Paratetrapedia

Loc

Paratetrapedia connexa

Aguiar, Antonio J. C. & Melo, Gabriel A. R. 2011
2011
Loc

Paratetrapedia lugubris

Michener CD 1954: 115
1954
Loc

Tetrapedia mayarum

Cockerell TDA 1946: 204
1946
Loc

Chalepogenus hypoleucus

Michener CD 1942: 281
1942
Loc

Chalepogenus hypoleucus

Cockerell TDA 1923: 449
1923
Loc

Chalepogenus mayarum

Cockerell TDA 1942: 562
Lutz FE & Cockerell TDA 1920: 562
Cockerell TDA 1914: 320
1914
Loc

Tetrapedia mayarum

Cockerell TDA 1912: 30
1912
Loc

Tetrapedia connexa

Vachal J 1909: 30
1909