Paratetrapedia scaposa, Aguiar & Melo, 2011, Aguiar & Melo, 2011

Aguiar, Antonio J. C. & Melo, Gabriel A. R., 2011, Revision and phylogeny of the bee genus Paratetrapedia Moure, with description of a new genus from the Andean Cordillera (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Tapinotaspidini), Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 162 (2), pp. 351-442: 378

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2010.00678.x

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/690AFE59-6566-791B-FF2B-F1E54C7EFEB3

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Paratetrapedia scaposa
status

SP. NOV.

PARATETRAPEDIA SCAPOSA   SP. NOV.

( FIGS 52, 60, 61, 69, 79 View Figures 77–84 , 91, 122, 197, 198)

Comments and diagnosis: Paratetrapedia scaposa   is distinguished from the remaining species of the moesta group by its mostly orange yellow integument and frons with dense fine punctures (<1 pd). The male of P. scaposa   is easily recognized by the short and wide antennal scape ( Fig. 52).

Distribution: Bolivia; Brazil: Acre, Amazonas; Ecuador; Peru ( Fig. 69).

Description

Holotype male: Body length: 6.1; maximum head width: 2.1; wing length (including tegula): 6.0. Colour. Integument mostly orange yellow. Mandible yellow with apex black; disc of frons, upper paraocular area and vertex black; scape yellow, pedicel and flagellomeres reddish brown ( Fig. 52). Mesoscutum orange yellow with two thin yellow stripes on disc and lateral margins; scutellum yellow ( Fig. 61); axilla dark brown laterally; propodeum spiracle with margins black. Terga orange yellow; tergal disc pale yellow, marginal zone dark brown. Wing membrane dark brown infumate, with dense dark brown microtrichia; veins and pterostigma orange yellow. Tibial spurs pale white. Pubescence. Mostly pale yellow, except marginal bands of hairs on T2–T5 and hind leg with dark brown pubescence. Scape without long conspicuous setae. Mesoscutum and scutellum with dense short pubescence golden yellow; scutellum with simple erect setae, c. 0.08 mm in length; metapostnotum with fine plumose hairs, c. 0.2 mm in length. T4–T6 with marginal hair bands throughout the margin; T6 with band of dense plumose golden yellow hairs. S2–S3 with marginal row of long simple setae; row of setae on S3 with short interruption on mid portion; S4 with marginal band of plumose hairs, not forming long curved fringes laterally. S6 with two dense rows of stout setae on lateral portions of margin, almost contacting one another; margin of apical portion with short plumose hairs. Integument sculpture. Clypeus and supraclypeal area with dense coarse punctures (<0.5 pd), intermingled amongst sparse minute punctures (2 pd); frons with dense fine punctures (0.5– 1 pd). Mesoscutum and scutellum with dense fine punctures (0.5–1 pd), intermingled amongst slightly coarser sparse punctures (> 2 pd); metapostnotum with sparse minute punctures (> 3 pd); mesepisternum with sparse fine punctures laterally (> 3 pd). Structure. Lower paraocular area with acute lamellate carina on ocular margin. Surface between upper paraocular area and disc of frons slightly concave. Scape very wide, about three times longer than broad. Lamella of pronotal collar thin and acute throughout its length, with lateral portions low. Disc of scutellum biconvex, with mid line concave. Mid basitarsus slender and long, about three times longer than broad. Head about 1.3¥ broader than long (2.1: 1.6); ratio between lower interocular distance and upper interocular distance: 0.85 (0.95: 1.15); clypeus about 1.6¥ broader than long (0.8: 0.5). Scape: length 0.5, maximum width 0.24; length of F1–F3: 0.08, 0.16, 0.21; diameter of F2: 0.16.

Paratype female: Body length: 7.2; maximum head width: 2.4; fore wing length (including tegula): 6.7. Colour. Mostly orange yellow, similar to male, except that mesoscutum dark brown with two thin yellow stripes on disc and lateral margins. Pubescence. Similar to male, except that marginal hair band on T4 on less than one third of margin laterally; T5–T6 with marginal hair band occupying throughout margin. Prementum with numerous long curved setae with apex wavy. Integument sculpture. Similar to male, but denser and finer; frons, paraocular area and vertex with dense fine punctures (<0.5 pd). Structure. Similar to male, except that mid basitarsus less than three times longer than broad. Head about 1.2¥ broader than long (2.4: 2.0); ratio between interocular lower distance and interocular upper distance: 0.78 (1.1: 1.4); clypeus about 1.8¥ broader than long; scape: length 0.67; maximum width 0.16; length of F1–F3: 0.19, 0.10, 0.12; diameter of F2: 0.17.

Variation: Most specimens examined have integument orange yellow, but some specimens from different localities have frons and mesoscutum partially or completely dark brown ( Figs 60–61).

Etymology: The species name refers to the enlargement of the male antennal scape.

Type material: Holotype male, ‘ DZUP \ 022591’ ‘ Cruzeiro do Sul \ Acre-Brazil II-63\ M. Alvarenga’   . Paratypes: BOLIVIA: 1 male ( ASC), ‘ Bolivia: Beni \ Rurrenabaque, 3.5 km N\ 14°26 ′ 03 ′ S 67°29 ′ 58W \ 10 July 1998 \ K. B. Miller colr’, 1 male ( ASC), idem except ‘mimic of\ Trigona   \ chancham \ ayensis ’; 1 male and 1 female ( SEMC); ‘ Bolivia Beni \ Rurrenabaque \ 175 m., 1/10\ October 1956 ’; 1 female, ‘ DZUP \ 021922’ ‘Coleção\ Campos Seabra’ ‘Riberalta\ Pando-Bolívia\ XI-956, Fritz’   ; BRAZIL: Acre: 1 male, ‘ DZUP \ 023547’ ‘ Cruzeiro do Sul \ Acre-Brazil II-63\ M. Alvarenga’, 4 males and 2 females ( DZUP), idem except ‘022595’, ‘022701’, ‘022699’, ‘022594’, ‘022596’; 1 male ( RPSP), ‘ Brazil-Acre \ RBr-UFAC/ PZ.\ Data 08/09/1995 ’ ‘ A.H. Machado \ E.M. Santos’ ‘1348’; 1 female ( RPSP), ‘ Brazil-Acre \ Rio Branco UFAC’ ‘ Data 05/IX/1995 \ M.L. Oliveira’; 2 females ( INPA), ‘ Brazil , Acre \ Rio Branco ,\ 09°58 ′ S 67°48 ′ W \ 25/IV/2002 ’ ‘Em lanterneira\ (Lophantera \ lactescens)\ Oliveira et al. leg.’; 1 female ( INPA), ‘Brazil- Acre \ Rio Branco \ 01/maio/2001’ ‘Em lanterneira\ (Lophantera \ lactescens)\ Oliveira et al. leg.’ ‘ Paratetrapedia   ’ ‘ P. ( Paratetrapedia   ) \ testacea   \ ( Smith, 1854)’; 1 male ( RPSP), ‘RIO BRANCO-AC GoogleMaps   \ BRAZIL \ 20/05/1993 \ T. D. Tojal; Amazonas: 6 males and 1 female ( RPSP), ‘ Benjamin Constant \ AM. Brazil , SB-19,70-4c’ ‘13,14- I-1977, Camargo \ M.Mazucato leg.’; 1 male ( RPSP), ‘ Carauari , r. Juruá-AM\ Brazil , 20- 24.07.1993 \ 66°54 ′ W, 4°53 ′ S /933169’ ‘Camargo, Pedro\ Mazucato, leg.’, 1 male and 1 female ( RPSP), idem except ‘932711’, ‘932954’; 1 female ( RPSP), ‘Sta. Eutália, r. Juruá-AM\ Brazil. 25- 26. 07.1993 \ 66°35 ′ W, 4°31 ′ S \ 433166’ ‘Camargo, Pedro\ Mazucato, leg.’; 3 males ( RPSP), ‘Fonte Boa. AM. Brazil\ SA-19,66- 3f. XII’ ‘24,25- I-1977, Camargo\ M.Mazucato leg.’; 1 female ( RPSP), ‘ São Paulo de Olivença \ AM.Brazil.SA-19,69-4b’ ‘19,20- I-1977, Camargo\ M.Mazucato leg.’; 1 female, ‘ DZUP \ 022588’ ‘ TEFE Amazonas\ Brazil XII-61\ F.M. Oliveira’, 4 males ( DZUP), idem except ‘022589’, ‘022590’, ‘022592’, ‘022593’; 1 male ( RPSP), ‘Vendaval. AM.Brazil\ SA-19,69-3h-VI’ ‘16,18- I-1977, Camargo \ M. Mazucato leg. GoogleMaps   ’; ECUADOR: 1 male ( AMNH), ‘ Ecuador, Coca \ on Rio Napo, Napo \ Pastaza Prov. \ V-1965 ’ ‘ L.E.Pena \ Collector’ ; 3 males ( SEMC), ‘ Ecuador Oriente \ 00°24 ′ S, 76°36 ′ W \ Limoncocha \ 26 July 1970 \ M.G. Naumann, #’; 1 male and 4 females ( SEMC), ‘ Ecuador Oriente \ 00°24 ′ S, 76°36 ′ W \ Limoncocha \ 25 July 1970 \ M.G. Naumann, #’; 1 female ( SEMC), ‘ Ecuador : Napo \ Coca , Rio Napo, 270 m \ 0°28 ′ 48 ′ S,77°0 ′ 24 ′ W\ 25 MAR 1999 ’; R. Brooks \ ECU1B99 034\ ex: misc. collecting’, ‘ SM 0 158889\ KUNHM-ENT’ ‘ Paratetrapedia   \ det. R. W. Brooks 19’; 1 female ( SEMC), ‘ Ecuador: Sucumbios \ Sacha Lodge, 0.5°S \ 76.5°W, 270 m, 22-II-4-III\ 1994, Hibbs, ex: malaise’ GoogleMaps   ; PERU: 1 male ( INHS), ‘ INHS \ Insect Collection \ 53.054’ ‘ Pilcopata \ Cuzco II-X-68’; 2 males ( CLAUS)   , ‘ PERU, LO, Maynas,\ Quistococha 120 m asl \ S0350/ W7319. VII.2004 \ Claus Rasmussen leg.’; 1 male ( SEMC), ‘Peru: Huanuco Department.\ Rio Pumahuasi , 930 m \ 9°11 ′ 33 ′ S, 75°57 ′ 24 ′ W\ 11 OCT 1999 \ R. Brooks \ D. Bizoska   , PERU 1 B99004 View Materials ’ ‘ SM0147509 \ KUNHM-ENT’; 1 male ( AMNH), ‘ Peru, Quincemil,\ on branch R. Manu \ Madre de Dios Prov. \ X-16-31-1962 ’ ‘ L.E.Pena \ Collector’; 1 female ( AMNH), ‘ Tingo Maria \ Huan. Peru \ oct. 14.1946\ Alt. 2200 ft. ’ ‘ J.C. Pallister \ Coll. Donor \ Frank Johnson’ ‘ A.M. N.H.’; 2 males ( AMNH), ‘ Tingo Maria \ Huan. Peru \ oct.6.1946\ Alt. 2200 ft. ’ ‘ J.C. Pallister \ Coll. Donor \ Frank Johnson’; 1 male ( AMNH), ‘ Tingo Maria \ Huan. Peru \ oct.23.1946\ Alt. 2200 ft. ’ ‘ J.C. Pallister \ Coll. Donor \ Frank Johnson’ ‘ A.M. N.H.’; 1 female ( AMNH), ‘ Tingo Maria \ Huan. Peru \ October 1946 \ Alt. 670 m. ’ ‘ W. Weyrauch \ Coll. Donor \ Wm. Proctor’; Locality unknown: 1 male ( INHS), ‘ INHS \ Insect Collection \ 53.055   ’.

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

ASC

Northern Arizona University

SEMC

University of Kansas - Biodiversity Institute

RPSP

Universidade de Sao Paulo

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

AM

Australian Museum

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

SM

Sarawak Museum

INHS

Illinois Natural History Survey

LO

Type Collection