Paratetrapedia fervida, (SMITH, 1879)

Aguiar, Antonio J. C. & Melo, Gabriel A. R., 2011, Revision and phylogeny of the bee genus Paratetrapedia Moure, with description of a new genus from the Andean Cordillera (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Tapinotaspidini), Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 162 (2), pp. 351-442 : 390-391

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2010.00678.x

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/690AFE59-655A-792F-FC55-F0B04CEBFA62

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Paratetrapedia fervida
status

 

PARATETRAPEDIA FERVIDA ( SMITH, 1879)

( FIGS 2 View Figures 1–5 , 17 View Figures 12–17 , 33 View Figures 30–33 , 41 View Figures 34–41 , 70 View Figure 70 , 99, 131 View Figures 129–137 , 171, 172 View Figures 171–184 )

Tetrapedia fervida Smith, 1879 ; holotype male, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro, Teresópolis [‘Constancia’] (BMNH, examined).

Tetrapedia bunchosiae Friese, 1899: 286 ; lectotype male, designated by Aguiar (2007), Brazil: Santa Catarina, Blumenau (ZMB, examined).

Tetrapedia flaviventris Friese, 1899: 292 ; lectotype female, Brazil: Santa Catarina, Blumenau (ZMB, examined), designated by Moure (1996: 927) (redescription of male and female).

Tetrapaedia [ sic] obsoleta Schrottky, 1902: 547 ; holotype male, Brazil: São Paulo, Jundiaí (MZSP, examined).

Tetrapedia monacha Strand, 1910: 518 ; lectotype female, designated by Aguiar (2007), Paraguay: Assuncion (ZMB, examined).

Tetrapedia velutina Friese, 1910: 459 ; lectotype male, here designated, Paraguay: La Cordillera, San Bernardino (ZMB, examined).

Tetrapedia fervida ; Friese, 1899: 302. Schrottky, 1902: 557.

Tetrapaedia [sic] bunchosiae ; Schrottky, 1901: 212. Schrottky, 1902: 546.

Tetrapaedia [sic] flaviventris ; Schrottky, 1902: 551.

Tetrapedia velutina ; Friese (in Strand, 1909: 234), nomen nudum.

Tetrapedia bunchosiae ; Ducke, 1910b: 369. Cockerell, 1912b: 31. Schrottky, 1913: 260.

Chalepogenus bunchosiae ; Cockerell, 1923a: 450.

Pratetrapedia [sic] bunschosiae [sic]; Moure, 1941: 518.

Paratetrapedia velutina ; Moure, 1941: 518. Michener, 1954: 115.

Chalepogenoides bunchosiae ; Michener, 1942: 281.

Paratetrapedia (Paratetrapedia) bunchosiae ; Michener & Moure, 1957: 415. Silveira et al., 2002: 136.

Paratetrapedia (Paratetrapedia) obsoleta ; Michener & Moure, 1957: 416. Silveira et al., 2002: 136.

Paratetrapedia bunchosiae ; F. Müller in Vogel (1974: 179) [floral record: Bunchosia gaudichaudiana ( Malpighiaceae )]. Cocucci et al., 2000: 69. Silveira et al., 2002: 136.

Paratetrapedia (Paratetrapedia) velutina ; Michener & Moure, 1957: 416. Pedro, 1996: 251. Pedro & Camargo, 1999: 202. Sigrist & Sazima, 2004: 38 [floral records: Stigmaphyllon lalandianum , Tetrapterys guilleminiana ( Malpighiaceae )]. Silveira & Campos, 1995: 375.

Paratetrapedia flaviventris ; Bortoli & Laroca, 1990: 20 [floral record: Senecio oleosus ( Asteraceae )].

Paratetrapedia (Paratetrapedia) flaviventris ; Silveira et al., 2002: 136.

Paratetrapedia aff. Velutina ; San Martin-Gajardo & Sazima, 2004: 510 [floral record: Sinningia eumorpha ( Gesneriaceae ); Brazil: São Paulo].

Paratetrapedia (Paratetrapedia) fervida ; Gonçalves & Melo, 2005: 564. Aguiar, 2007: 622.

Paratetrapedia fervida ; Mickeliunas et al., 2006: 253 [ Figs 1–4 View Figures 1–5 : flower records: Grobya amherstiae ( Orchidaceae )].

Comments and diagnosis: Paratetrapedia fervida can be distinguished mainly by the first labial palpus and prementum of female with numerous long stout curved setae, epistomal suture curved above upper margin of clypeus, male S2 with one isolated row of setae on mid portion ( Fig. 17 View Figures 12–17 ), S3 wide concave in ‘U’ shape, covered by dense short plumose hairs ( Fig. 17 View Figures 12–17 ), female T4–T5 with marginal hair band occupying entire margin, and male hind basitarsus with acute tooth on proximal third of anterior margin. Moure (1996) presents a very detailed redescription of the female lectotype of Tetrapedia flaviventris Friese.

Variation: Paratetrapedia fervida has a frons with coarse punctures whose density varies from sparse (2 pd) to dense (0.5 pd). The colours of integument, pubescence, tibial spurs, and wing membrane vary amongst specimens. Specimens from the northern portion of the distribution (Bahia, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo) have terga pale brown to yellow, sterna usually yellow, and wing membrane pale brown infumate, whereas those from the southern portion (Paraná, Santa Catarina) have terga and sterna completely dark brown and wing membrane dark brown infumate with black microtrichia. One specimen from Viçosa (Minas Gerais) presents two pale yellow stripes on disc of mesoscutum. One specimen from Ritápolis (Minas Gerais) and other from Ipanema (Minas Gerais) have sterna completely yellow and lateral portions of T3 T6 yellow. The pubescence of hind leg can vary from completely dark brown, almost black, to orange yellow. The yellow marks on paraocular area, clypeus, and labrum can vary from very conspicuous, slightly faint, or can be completely absent. A few male specimens from Espírito Santo have the tooth on hind basitarsus very reduced .

Male. Body length: 8.5–11.3; maximum head width: 2.8–3.5; fore wing length (including tegula): 8.4–11.0. Female. Body length: 9.5–9.6; maximum head width: 3.1–3.6; fore wing length (including tegula): 8.3–8.7.

Distribution: Argentina: Misiones; Brazil: Bahia, Espírito Santo, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Pernambuco, Santa Catarina, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo; Paraguay ( Fig. 70 View Figure 70 ).

Type material: Tetrapedia fervida Smith ; holotype male ( BMNH), ‘ Type \ H. T.’ ‘ B.M. Type \ Hym. \ 17B.882’ ‘ Tetrapedia fervida Sm. \ (Type)’ ‘ Constancia \ January 1857 \ J. Gray \\ 5757 ’.

Tetrapedia velutina Strand ; lectotype male (ZMB): ‘ Paraguay \ (San Bernardino)\ K.Fiebrig S.V.’ ‘Type’ ‘ Tetrapedia \ velutina ♂ 1907 Friese det.\ var. Fr.’ ‘ Tetr. velutina \ (Fr.i.l.) ♂ \ Strand det.’ ‘Zool. Mus.\ Berlin’ ‘sem dobra episternal\ basitarso armado’.

Tetrapedia bunchosiae Friese ; lectotype male ( ZMB): ‘ Brazil \ Blumenau \ 1897’ ‘ Tetrapedia ♂ \ bunchosiae \ ♂ det. Friese 1898\ Fr. ’ ‘ Type’ ‘ Zool. Mus. \ Berlin’ .

Tetrapedia flaviventris Friese ; lectotype female (ZMB): ‘ Brazil \ Blumenau\ 1897\ Virgil’ ‘ Tetrap. ♀ \ flaviventris \ det. Friese 1898\ n.sp.’ ‘Typus’ ‘Zool. Mus.\ Berlin’ ‘ Paratetrapedia \ flaviventris ♀ \ ( Friese, 1899)\ det. J.S.Moure 1992’.

Tetrapedia obsoleta Schrottky , holotype male (MZSP), ‘17.838’ ‘ ♂ ’ ‘ obsoleta 96918’ ‘ Paratetrapedia \ obsoleta ♂ \ ( Schrottky, 1902)\ Holotype \ Pe.J.S. Moure det. 1987’, information associated to number 17.838 in the registry book of MZSP: ‘familia Anthop .; det. Ducke 13, coll. C. Schrottky, Jundiahy (S.P.), Type!’.

Tetrapedia monacha Strand ; lectotype female ( ZMB): ‘ J.B. Anistis \ Assuncion \ Paraguay \ Sapucay\ 12.I.05’ ‘Type’ ‘ T. sapucay \ ensis Schr.?\ (Monacha\ Strand det. m.) ’; paralectotype female ( ZMB): ‘ J.B. Anistis \ Asuncion \ Paraguay \ Sapucay ♀ \ 12.I.05’ ‘ Co-Type’ ‘ T. sapucayensis \ Schr.?\ (Monacha \ Strand. det. m.’.

Additional material: See Appendix.

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

ZMB

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (Zoological Collections)

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Apidae

Genus

Paratetrapedia

Loc

Paratetrapedia fervida

Aguiar, Antonio J. C. & Melo, Gabriel A. R. 2011
2011
Loc

Paratetrapedia fervida

Mickeliunas L & Pansarin E & Sazima M 2006: 253
2006
Loc

Paratetrapedia (Paratetrapedia) fervida

Goncalves RB & Melo GAR 2005: 564
2005
Loc

Paratetrapedia aff. Velutina

San Martin-Gajardo I & Sazima M 2004: 510
2004
Loc

Paratetrapedia (Paratetrapedia) flaviventris

Silveira FA & Melo GAR & Almeida EAB 2002: 136
2002
Loc

Paratetrapedia flaviventris

Bortoli C & Laroca S 1990: 20
1990
Loc

Paratetrapedia bunchosiae

Silveira FA & Melo GAR & Almeida EAB 2002: 136
Cocucci A & Sersic A & Roig-Alsina A 2000: 69
Vogel S 1974: 179
1974
Loc

Paratetrapedia (Paratetrapedia) bunchosiae

Silveira FA & Melo GAR & Almeida EAB 2002: 136
Michener CD & Moure JS 1957: 415
1957
Loc

Paratetrapedia (Paratetrapedia) obsoleta

Silveira FA & Melo GAR & Almeida EAB 2002: 136
Michener CD & Moure JS 1957: 416
1957
Loc

Paratetrapedia (Paratetrapedia) velutina

Sigrist MR & Sazima M 2004: 38
Pedro SRM & Camargo JMF 1999: 202
Pedro SRM 1996: 251
Silveira FA & Campos MJO 1995: 375
Michener CD & Moure JS 1957: 416
1957
Loc

Chalepogenoides bunchosiae

Michener CD 1942: 281
1942
Loc

Paratetrapedia velutina

Michener CD 1954: 115
Moure JS 1941: 518
1941
Loc

Chalepogenus bunchosiae

Cockerell TDA 1923: 450
1923
Loc

Tetrapedia monacha

Strand E 1910: 518
1910
Loc

Tetrapedia velutina

Friese H 1910: 459
1910
Loc

Tetrapedia bunchosiae

Schrottky C 1913: 260
Ducke A 1910: 369
1910
Loc

Tetrapedia velutina

Strand E 1909: 234
1909
Loc

Tetrapaedia [ sic] obsoleta

Schrottky C 1902: 547
1902
Loc

Tetrapaedia [sic] flaviventris

Schrottky C 1902: 551
1902
Loc

Tetrapaedia [sic] bunchosiae

Schrottky C 1902: 546
Schrottky C 1901: 212
1901
Loc

Tetrapedia bunchosiae

Friese H 1899: 286
1899
Loc

Tetrapedia flaviventris

Moure JS 1996: 927
Friese H 1899: 292
1899
Loc

Tetrapedia fervida

Schrottky C 1902: 557
Friese H 1899: 302
1899