Paratetrapedia lineata, (SPINOLA, 1853)

Aguiar, Antonio J. C. & Melo, Gabriel A. R., 2011, Revision and phylogeny of the bee genus Paratetrapedia Moure, with description of a new genus from the Andean Cordillera (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Tapinotaspidini), Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 162 (2), pp. 351-442 : 387-388

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2010.00678.x

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/690AFE59-6559-7922-FCB5-F5704CFFFC6A

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Paratetrapedia lineata
status

 

PARATETRAPEDIA LINEATA ( SPINOLA, 1853)

( FIGS 10, 19, 22 View Figures 18–23 , 27 View Figures 24–29 , 30 View Figures 30–33 , 49, 72, 80 View Figures 77–84 , 104, 137 View Figures 129–137 , 184 View Figures 171–184 )

Ancyloscelis lineata Spinola, 1853: 87 ; holotype female, Brazil: Pará (MRSN, examined).

Tetrapedia lacteipennis Vachal, 1909: 26 ; lectotype female designated by Aguiar (2007), Peru: Huanúco, Paquitea (MNHP, examined).

Ancyloscelis lineatus ; Smith, 1854: 367.

Eucera lineata ; Dalla Torre, 1896: 236.

Macrocera lineata ; Schrottky, 1902: 522.

Tetrapedia lineata ; Ducke, 1910a: 368; Ducke, 1910b: 98.

Paratetrapedia lineata ; Moure, 1941: 517. Gottsberger, 1986: 33 (misidentification, based on geographical distribution). Santos et al., 2004: 323. Melo & Zanella, 2003: 2919 (misidentification of P. flaveola ).

Tetrapedia lacteipennis ; Moure, 1944a: 74.

Paratetrapedia (Paratetrapedia) lineata ; Michener & Moure, 1957: 415, figs 19–21 (drawings of S7–8 and genital capsule of male). Silveira & Campos, 1995: 375; Pedro, 1996: 251 (misidentification, based on geographical distribution). Pedro & Camargo, 1999: 202. Silveira et al., 2002: 136.

Ancyloscelis lineata ; Casolari & Moreno, 1980: 143.

Paratetrapedia aff. lineata ; Smith-Pardo, 2003: 338. Paratetrapedia lineata ; Aguiar, 2007: 620.

Comments and diagnosis: Paratetrapedia lineata has been frequently confused with other species of Paratetrapedia and related genera (e.g. Tropidopedia flavolineata Aguiar & Melo, 2007a ) exhibiting a similar pattern of bicoloured integument. This colour pattern, black to reddish brown head and thorax, with many yellow marks, combined with a mostly yellow and elongated metasoma, is found in many species of the lineata and flavipennis groups and some stingless bee genera (subtribe Meliponina ; Camargoia , Ptilotrigona , Tetragona ) in the Amazon Forest.

Paratetrapedia lineata can be distinguished mainly by the pale hyaline wing membrane with pale yellow microtrichia, and a few dark microtrichia on the margin of the forewing. Only two other species, P. flaveola and P. tocantinensis , have a bicoloured integument and pale hyaline wing membrane as in P. lineata . Paratetrapedia lineata differs from these two species by the metapostnotum dull with fine reticulate sulcus between the punctures ( Fig. 22 View Figures 18–23 ), pronotal collar with an acute lamella throughout its length; genal area completely yellow or with at least a wide yellow stripe (c. two times F2 diameter); supraclypeal area with surface strongly convex and mostly smooth; disc of supraclypeal area with sparse punctures (c. 2 pd).

The holotype of P. lineata has the metasoma glued to the mesosoma and the glue hides the vertical surface of T1 and propodeum. Ducke (1910b) suggested that Tetrapedia elongata Friese, 1899 could be a synonymy of P. lineata (Spinola) . Although the holotype of P. elongata has not been located, P. lineata is not known from south-eastern Brazil (the type locality of P. elongata is Santa Leopoldina, in Espírito Santo). In the ZMB collection, there are 15 specimens identified by Friese as T. elongata , from far apart localities (Pará, Bolivia, Maranhão).

Variation: The yellow mark on the disc of metapostnotum can be very large, covering the metapostnotum entirely, or it can be very small and restricted to metanotum margin. Two specimens have the yellow stripe on paraocular area with the upper portion acutely sinuous, similar to the condition in P. flaveola . The colour of genal area can vary between entirely yellow or reddish brown to a wide yellow stripe (c. two times F2 diameter). One specimen from Yungas ( Bolivia) possesses the wing membrane weakly pale yellow infumate, metapostnotum with fine dense microsculpture and frons with minute subcontiguous punctures (<0.5 pd). Some specimens from Peru, Ecuador, and Óbidos ( Brazil, Pará) have T1 with minute punctures and disc of terga with microsculpture of fine reticulated lines.

Male. Body length: 6.7–8.4; maximum head width: 2.5–2.7; wing length (including tegula): 6.8–7.2. Female. Body length: 7.1–7.8; maximum head width: 2.3–2.9; fore wing length (including tegula): 7.6–7.8.

Distribution: Bolivia; Brazil: Acre, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Pará, Rondônia; Colombia, Ecuador, Peru ( Fig. 72).

Type material: Ancyloscelis lineata Spinola , holotype female (MRSN), ‘ Holotype \ lineata \ Spinola\ JS. Moure 1958’, information associated to the specimen in the drawer (Guido Pagliano, pers. comm., 2003): ‘ Ancyloscelis lineata mihi, femmina – D. Ghiliani – Para 1846’. This information agrees with the data presented by Casolari & Moreno (1980) about Spinola’s type material.

Tetrapedia lacteipennis Vachal ; lectotype female (MNHP): ‘ Pérou \ Paquitea’ ‘Museum Paris\ Coll. J. Vachal 1911’.

Additional material: See Appendix.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Apidae

Genus

Paratetrapedia

Loc

Paratetrapedia lineata

Aguiar, Antonio J. C. & Melo, Gabriel A. R. 2011
2011
Loc

Paratetrapedia aff. lineata

Smith-Pardo A 2003: 338
2003
Loc

Ancyloscelis lineata

Casolari C & Moreno RC 1980: 143
1980
Loc

Paratetrapedia (Paratetrapedia) lineata

Silveira FA & Melo GAR & Almeida EAB 2002: 136
Pedro SRM & Camargo JMF 1999: 202
Pedro SRM 1996: 251
Silveira FA & Campos MJO 1995: 375
Michener CD & Moure JS 1957: 415
1957
Loc

Tetrapedia lacteipennis

Moure JS 1944: 74
1944
Loc

Paratetrapedia lineata

Santos FM & Carvalho CAL & Silva RF 2004: 323
Melo GAR & Zanella FCV 2003: 2919
Gottsberger G 1986: 33
Moure JS 1941: 517
1941
Loc

Tetrapedia lineata

Ducke A 1910: 368
Ducke A 1910: 98
1910
Loc

Tetrapedia lacteipennis

Vachal J 1909: 26
1909
Loc

Macrocera lineata

Schrottky C 1902: 522
1902
Loc

Eucera lineata

Dalla Torre CG 1896: 236
1896
Loc

Ancyloscelis lineatus

Smith F 1854: 367
1854
Loc

Ancyloscelis lineata

Spinola M 1853: 87
1853