Ameroseius corbiculus (Sowerby, 1806),

Masan, Peter, 2017, A revision of the family Ameroseiidae (Acari, Mesostigmata), with some data on Slovak fauna, ZooKeys 704, pp. 1-228: 1

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.704.13304

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:111A101E-7405-4C40-8F51-693957A64D97

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/6644E59C-28F4-5936-9B0F-71E3827EF842

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Ameroseius corbiculus (Sowerby, 1806)
status

 

Ameroseius corbiculus (Sowerby, 1806)  Plates 6, 7, 8

Acarus corbicula  Sowerby, 1806: Tab. 66/14.

Seius hirsutus  C. L. Koch, 1839: Fasc. 24/12. Synonymy by Vitzthum (1942).

Seius echinatus  C. L. Koch, 1839: Fasc. 24/13. Synonymy by Vitzthum (1942).

Seius echinatus  . - Canestrini and Fanzago 1876: 130; Kramer 1882: 427; Berlese 1892: 38.

Gamasus echinatus  . - Kramer 1881: 433.

Laelaps echinatus  . - Berlese 1882: 638.

Seuis  (sic) hirsutus  . - Berlese 1887b: 41/2.

Seius hirsutus  . - Berlese 1892: 38.

Seiulus hirsutus  . - Halbert 1915: 77.

Ameroseius hirsutus  . - Berlese 1916a: 33; Castagnoli and Pegazzano 1985: 181.

Ameroseius corbicula  . - Oudemans 1929: 400; Turk 1943: 859; Westerboer and Bernhard 1963: 518; Bregetova 1977: 161; Lapiņa 1988: 38.

Cornubia ornata  Turk, 1943: 859. Synonymy by Turk (1953).

Ameroseius ornata  . - Turk 1953: 12.

Ameroseius echinatus  . - Schweizer 1961: 85; Evans and Till 1979: 230.

Ameroseius corbiculus  . - Karg 1971a: 233; Vasilyeva et al. 1976: 26; Karg 1993: 230; Kontschán 2007: 100; Kazemi and Rajaei 2013: 64; Khalili-Moghadam and Saboori 2014: 674; Kontschán et al. 2016: 135.

Ameroseius crassisetosus  Ye & Ma, 1993: 86. Syn. n.

Ameroseius qinghaiensis  Li & Yang, 2000: 65. Syn. n. Synonymy with Ameroseius crassisetosus  Ye & Ma, 1993 by Ma, 2006.

Ameroseius (Ameroseius) corbiculus  . - Hajizadeh et al. 2013a: 150.

Ameroseius corbicus  (sic). - Nemati et al. 2013: 19.

Ameroseius curbicula  (sic). - Khalili-Moghadam and Saboori, 2014: 680.

Ameroseius norvegicus  Narita, Abduch & Moraes (in Narita et al., 2015: 391). Syn. n.

Ameroseius crassisetosus  . - Khalili-Moghadam and Saboori 2016: 547.

Ameroseius qinghaiensis  . - Khalili-Moghadam and Saboori 2016: 547. not Ameroseius qinghaiensis  Ma, 2008: 748.

Type depository.

Of Acarus corbicula  - not stated; of Seius echinatus  - not stated; of Seius hirsutus  - not stated; of Cornubia ornata  - not stated; of Ameroseius crassisetosus  - Xinjiang Institute for Endemic Disease Control and Research, Urumqi, China; of Ameroseius qinghaiensis  - Qinghai Institute for Endemic Disease Prevention and Control, Qinghai, China; of Ameroseius norvegicus  - Departamento de Entomologia e Acarologia, Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz, Universidade de São Paulo, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil.

Type locality and habitat.

Of Acarus corbicula  - British Isles, in mollusc ctenidium moss, Ctenidium molluscum  (as Hypnum molluscum  ) ( Bryophyta  ); of Seius echinatus  - Germany, in unspecified substrate (orchard); of Seius hirsutus  - Germany, in unspecified substrate (shore zone of a pond, in humid soil); of Cornubia ornata  - United Kingdom, England, Camborne, garden of Rosewarne Farm, in dead leaves; of Ameroseius crassisetosus  - China, Xinjiang Region, Nilka County, on wood mouse, Apodemus sylvaticus  ( Mammalia  , Rodentia  ); of Ameroseius qinghaiensis  - China, Qinghai Province, Huangzhong County, Zongzhai Area, in humus; of Ameroseius norvegicus  - Norway, Buskerud County, Sylling, strawberry field, in litter.

Comparative material.

Belgium: 1 ♂ ( MRAC: 170354) - 6. 10. 1967, Anvers, zoological garden, litière de cobaye ( Cavia porcellus  ), leg. P. Elsen (labelled Ameroseiidae  ). Germany: 1 ♂, 1 ♂ ( ZMB: 40082, 40083) - July 1957, Brandenburg, Potsdam-Mittelmark, Stahnsdorf bei Berlin, 2969, 2970; 1 ♂ ( ZMB: 40084) - 31. 7. 1958, Brandenburg, Potsdam-Mittelmark, Stahnsdorf bei Berlin, Bodenfall, 2971. Iran: 1 ♀ (CJH) - Guilan Province, olive garden, soil sample, leg. and det. J. Hajizadeh. Italy: 1 ♀, 1 DN ( ISZA: 3/31) - Cison di Valmarino, Treviso, musco; 3 ♀♀ ( ISZA: 27/8, 169/13) - Castions di Strada, Udine, foglie marce (all labelled Ameroseius hirsutus  ). Netherlands: 1 ♀ ( RMNH: ACA.P.4055) - 28. 1. 1923, Arnhem, in de steelgroeve van een appel, leg. Oudemans; 1 ♀ ( RMNH: ACA.P.4056) - 7. 5. 1916, Valkeveen (Gooi), rotte bladeren, leg. Mac Gillavry. Norway: 2 ♀♀ ( ESALQ: T-MZLQ 3342 C=7766, holotype and paratype), 1 ♀ ( ESALQ: T-MZLQ 3344 C=7766, paratype) - 27. 4. 2011, Silling, strawberry field (tunel), Ex: litter, leg. I. Kling (labelled Ameroseius norvegicus  ). United Kingdom: 1 ♀ ( BMNH) - 12. 4. 1934, Rednal, nest, leg. T. Warwick, det. G. O. Evans.

Published material from Slovakia.

Borská Nížina Lowland: Bratislava Capital, Devín Settlement, Devínske Jazero Lake ( Kalúz 2006). Jakubov Village, Jakubovské Rybníky Fishponds ( Fenďa 2005, Fenďa and Schniererová 2005). Malacky Town, Vinohrádok Area ( Krištofík et al. 2005). Závod Village, Abrod Meadow ( Kalúz and Čarnogurský 2000, Kalúz 2003). Bukovské Vrchy Hills: Nová Sedlica Village, Vrch Hrbu Mt.; Ulič Village ( Fenďa and Mašán 2003). Cerová Vrchovina Highland: Chrámec Village, Vinohrady Area; Gemerský Jablonec Village, Petrovce Reservoir; Šurice Village; Šurice Village, Soví Hrad Mt.; Tachty Village ( Fenďa and Mašán 2009). Ipeľská Pahorkatina Wold: Žemberovce Village ( Kalúz 1994a). Košická Kotlina Basin: Haniska Village, Grajciar Area ( Várfalvyová et al. 2010). Kechnec Village ( Mašán and Stanko 2005). Laborecká Vrchovina Highland: Stakčín Village, Starina Dam, Kremenica Forest ( Fenďa and Mašán 2003). Malé Karpaty Mts.: Borinka Village ( Mašán et al. 1994). Bratislava Capital, Devín Settlement, Devínska Kobyla Mt.; Bratislava Capital, Devín Settlement, Devínska Lesostep Forest ( Kalúz 2005, cited as Ameroseius corbicula  ). Podunajská Rovina Flatland: Bodíky Village, Bodícka Brána Forest ( Kalúz 1997). Dobrohošť Village, Dunajské Kriviny Forest; Veľké Blahovo Village ( Krištofík et al. 1993). Gabčíkovo Town, Istragov Forest ( Kalúz 1995b). Ivanka Pri Dunaji Village ( Mašán and Krištofík 1993). Svätý Jur Town, Šúr Forest, Šúrsky Rybník Pond ( Fenďa et al. 1998). Slovenský Kras Karst: Silica Village, Pod Fabiankou Forest ( Kalúz 1992). Silica Village, Jašteričie Jazierko Lake ( Kalúz 1995a, cited as Ameroseius corbicula  ). Trnavská Pahorkatina Wold: Pezinok Town, Gánok Area ( Kalúz 1994b). Východoslovenská Pahorkatina Wold: Egreš Village, Zadné Hony Area ( Kováč et al. 1999). Východoslovenská Rovina Flatland: Čičarovce Village ( Kováč et al. 1999). Svätuše Village ( Várfalvyová et al. 2010).

New material from Slovakia.

Borská Nížina Lowland: 1 ♀ - 24. 7. 1998, Stupava Town, littoral reed stand ( Phragmition  ), leaf litter and soil detritus, altitude 180 m, leg. P. Mašán; 1 ♀, 1 ♂ - 25. 4. 2000, Suchohrad Village, reed stand ( Phragmition  ), leaf litter and soil detritus, altitude 150 m, leg. P. Mašán; 1 ♀, 1 ♂ - 27. 6. 2002, Malé Leváre Village, grassy dike of Morava River nearly wet willow-poplar flood-plain forest ( Salici-Populetum  ), nest of unidentified small mammal, altitude 150 m, leg. P. Mašán; 1 ♀ - 8. 1. 2006, Borský Svätý Jur Village, village residence, subterraneous night-cellar, decaying potatoes, altitude 170 m, leg. P. Mašán. Burda Hills: 1 ♀ - 9. 11. 1997, Kamenica Nad Hronom Village, Kováčovské Kopce-juh Forest, oak forest ( Quercetum cerris  ), leaf litter and soil detritus, altitude 330 m, leg. P. Mašán. Horehronské Podolie Basin: 1 ♀ - 22. 5. 2002, Zlatno Village, Zlatnianske Skalky Forest, pine forest ( Pinus  sp.), soil and detritus from ant-hill of Formica  sp. ( Hymenoptera  , Formicidae  ), altitude 755 m, leg. P. Mašán. Ipeľská Kotlina Basin: 4 ♀♀, 5 ♂♂, 2 DNs - 23. 6. 1997, Ipeľské Predmostie Village, Ryžovisko Forest, willow-poplar flood-plain forest ( Salici-Populetum  ), growth of Carex  sp., leaf litter and soil detritus, altitude 130 m, leg. P. Mašán; 1 ♀ - 23. 6. 1997, Ipeľské Predmostie Village, Ryžovisko Forest, willow-poplar flood-plain forest ( Salici-Populetum  ), wood-destroying fungus Trametes  sp., altitude 130 m, leg. P. Mašán. Malé Karpaty Mts.: 1 ♀ - 25. 6. 1990, Bratislava Capital, Železná Studienka Forest, broad-leaved deciduous forest, nest of Motacilla cinerea  ( Aves  ), altitude 250 m, leg. J. Krištofík and A. Darolová; 2 ♀♀ - 30. 5. 1991, Bratislava Capital, Železná Studienka Forest, broad-leaved deciduous forest, individual collecting under bark, stones and pieces of wood, altitude 350 m, leg. P. Mašán; 3 ♀♀ - 3. 5. 1998, Bratislava Capital, zoological garden, oak-hornbeam forest ( Querco-Carpinetum  ), individual collecting under bark, stones and pieces of wood, altitude 180 m, leg. P. Mašán. Podunajská Rovina Flatland: 2 ♀♀, 1 ♂ - 28. 6. 1989, Veľké Blahovo Village, fish-ponds, shore reed stand ( Phragmition  ), nest of Circus aeruginosus  ( Aves  ), altitude 120 m, leg. J. Krištofík and A. Darolová; 2 ♀♀ - 5. 6. 1990, Dobrohošť Village, willow-poplar flood-plain forest ( Salici-Populetum  ), nest of Sylvia atricapila  ( Aves  ), altitude 120 m, leg. J. Krištofík and A. Darolová; 3 ♀♀ - 24. 7. 1990, Veľké Blahovo Village, fish-ponds, shore reed stand ( Phragmition  ), nest of Circus aeruginosus  ( Aves  ), altitude 120 m, leg. J. Krištofík and A. Darolová; 3 ♀♀, 1 ♂ - 25. 6. 1991, Veľké Blahovo Village, fish-ponds, shore reed stand ( Phragmition  ), nest of Aythya ferina  ( Aves  ), altitude 120 m, leg. J. Krištofík and A. Darolová; 1 ♀ - 18. 6. 1994, Dolný Štál, shore reed stand ( Phragmition  ), nest of Emberiza schoeniclus  ( Aves  ), altitude 120 m, leg. J. Krištofík and A. Darolová; 4 ♀♀, 1 ♂ - 28. 6. 1996, Gabčíkovo Town, Istragov Forest, willow-poplar flood-plain forest ( Salici-Populetum  ), leaf litter and soil detritus, altitude 120 m, leg. P. Mašán; 1 ♀ - 21. 4. 1998, Veľký Meder Town, ruderal, nest of Clethrionomys glareolus  ( Mammalia  ), altitude 110 m, leg. P. Mašán; 1 ♀ - 8. 9. 1998, Veľké Kosihy Village, littoral reed stand ( Phragmition  ), leaf litter and soil detritus, altitude 120 m, leg. P. Mašán; 1 ♀ - 28. 4. 1999, Medveďov Village, reed stand ( Phragmition  ), leaf litter and soil detritus, altitude 120 m, leg. P. Mašán; 3 ♀♀ - 3. 5. 2006, Bratislava Capital, air-port, meadow, burrow entry of Spermophilus citellus  ( Mammalia  ), rotting leaves and vegetation rests, altitude 150 m, leg. P. Mašán. Považský Inovec Mts.: 1 ♂ - 23. 8. 1992, Hrádok Village, Hrádocká Dolina Valley, pasture, dunghill substrate, altitude 350 m, leg. P. Mašán; 8 ♀♀ - 10. 5. 1998, Lúka Village, steppe, straw and miscellaneous organic detritus, altitude 250 m, leg. P. Mašán; 2 ♀♀ - 7. 6. 1998, Lúka Village, field, sample of old and drier dung, altitude 300 m, leg. P. Mašán. Turčianska Kotlina Basin: 11 ♀♀, 4 ♂♂ - 11. 6. 2000, Turčianske Teplice Town, Diviaky Settlement, nest of Motacilla flava  ( Aves  ), altitude 490 m, leg. M. Dobrotka. Žilinská Kotlina Basin: 4 ♀♀ - 14. 9. 1994, Stráňavy Village, ruderal with willow ( Salix  sp.), leaf litter and soil detritus, altitude 350 m, leg. I. Országh.

Remarks.

Berlese (1892, 1916a) considered Seius echinatus  C. L. Koch, 1839 to be identical to Seius hirsutus  C. L. Koch, 1839. Later, Vitzthum (1942) stated that these two species are synonymous with Acarus corbicula  Sowerby, 1806. Moreover, Vitzthum (1942) added another species under the synonymy with A. corbicula  , namely Seius muricatus  C. L. Koch, 1839, but his interpretation is not accepted in this paper because S. muricatus  is the type species of Aceoseius  Sellnick, 1941 (now relegated into synonymy with Lasioseius  Berlese, 1916).

The dorsal shield of Ameroseius corbiculus  was illustrated by Westerboer and Bernhard (1963) as having 30 pairs of quite slim setae instead of 29 pairs of apparently stout and robust setae. In addition, Karg (1971a) erroneously illustrated a male specimen of this species with six instead of five pairs of opisthogastric setae (see his page 15). These facts could lead to misinterpretation of the morphological characters resulting in an incorrect identification of this easily recognizable species.

I have examined three type specimens of Ameroseius norvegicus  , a species decribed by Narita et al. (2015) from Norway. However, the slide labelled „Holotype“ contains two individuals. They are both females, and are clearly conspecific, in a perfect agreement with the primary description and original illustrations. I here designate as lectotype the specimen nearer to the left-hand edge of the slide when the labels are in the upright position. I have ringed this specimen with black ink and labelled the slide with the words "Lectotype ringed". There is no doubt that these type specimens from Norway are conspecific with those widely distributed in Slovakia and other European countries (including those from Asia, Iran), and known under the name Ameroseius corbiculus  . Narita et al. (2015) added complete leg chaetotaxy to the description of A. norvegicus  . According to their original data, genu I and femur IV would have respectively 11 and 5 setae, but in the type specimens I found typical 12 and 6 setae instead (including two anterolateral setae on genu I, and a ventral seta on femur IV).

I have not examined type specimens of Ameroseius corbiculus  (no type material exists for this species), Ameroseius crassisetosus  and Ameroseius qinghaiensis  , but the distinctions made in the original descriptions are based on characteristics that vary considerably, and I do not hesitate to propose the above synonymy.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Mesostigmata

Family

Ameroseiidae

Genus

Ameroseius

Loc

Ameroseius corbiculus (Sowerby, 1806)

Masan, Peter 2017
2017
Loc

Cornubia ornata

Turk 1943
1943
Loc

hirsutus

Berlese 1916
1916
Loc

Ameroseius hirsutus

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius corbicula

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius ornata

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius echinatus

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius corbiculus

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius crassisetosus

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius qinghaiensis

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius crassisetosus

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius (Ameroseius) corbiculus

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius corbicus

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius curbicula

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius norvegicus

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius crassisetosus

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius qinghaiensis

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius qinghaiensis

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Seiulus hirsutus

Berlese 1887
1887
Loc

Seius hirsutus

Agassiz 1845
1845
Loc

Seius echinatus

Agassiz 1845
1845
Loc

Seius echinatus

Agassiz 1845
1845
Loc

Seius hirsutus

Agassiz 1845
1845