Microphorella vespera, Cumming, Jeffrey M. & Brooks, Scott E., 2022

Cumming, Jeffrey M. & Brooks, Scott E., 2022, Establishment of the Microphorella breviradia species group, with a key to the Nearctic species groups of Microphorella Becker (Diptera: Dolichopodidae sensu lato: Parathalassiinae), Zootaxa 5134 (2), pp. 197-214 : 207-211

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.5134.2.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1D9EF14F-BFAA-45A4-B727-7CAFC55778FE

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6536927

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/A769BA44-14E6-4FEA-B0A0-536992476C23

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:A769BA44-14E6-4FEA-B0A0-536992476C23

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Microphorella vespera
status

sp. nov.

Microphorella vespera sp. nov.

( Figs 19–21 View FIGURES 19–21 , 23 View FIGURES 22–23 )

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:A769BA44-14E6-4FEA-B0A0-536992476C23

Type material. HOLOTYPE ♂ labelled: “USA: CA: Del Norte Co. / West Fork of Patrick Crk. / N41°55ʹ03ʺ W123°51ʹ28ʺ / 3.VI.2009, S.E. Brooks ”; “ HOLOTYPE / Microphorella vespera / Cumming & Brooks” [red label] ( CNC) . PARATYPES: USA: California: Same data as holotype (2♂, 2♀, CNC) ; same data as holotype except , J.M. Cumming (1♂, CNC); same data as holotype except, J.M. Cumming, CNC DIPTERA 105212 View Materials , 105214 View Materials (2♂, CNC); same data as holotype except, 31.v.2009, J.M. Cumming (1♂, 1♀, CNC); same data as holotype except, 31.v–3.vi.2009, YPT , J.M. Cumming & S.E. Brooks (2♂, 1♀, CNC); ca 6.5 mi NE Gasquet nr Cold Spring Mountain, N 41°52ʹ15ʺ W 123°53ʹ21ʺ, S.E. Brooks, CNC DIPTERA 105257 View Materials (1♀, CNC); same data except, J.M. Cumming, CNC DIPTERA 105213 View Materials (1♂, CNC). Oregon: Benton County: North Fork Alsea R., nr. fish hatchery, N 44°25ʹ14.0ʺ W 123°33ʹ47.8ʺ, 115 m, 5.vii.2014, S.E. Brooks, CNC 487208 View Materials (1♀, CNC, see “Remarks”) .

Diagnosis. Males of M. vespera sp. nov. are distinguished from those of M. breviradia sp. nov. and M. macdonaldi sp. nov. by the following combination of features: narrow face (similar to Fig. 2 View FIGURES 1–5 ); right dorsal surstylar lobe without basiventral projection(s) ( Fig. 20 View FIGURES 19–21 ); phallus short, stout and bifid ( Fig. 19 View FIGURES 19–21 ). Females of M. vespera sp. nov. appear to be indistinguishable from those of M. breviradia sp. nov. and M. macdonaldi sp. nov.

Description. Male ( Figs 19–21 View FIGURES 19–21 ): Body length 1.25–1.57 mm, wing length 1.38–1.41 mm. Similar to M. breviradia sp. nov. except as follows: Head: Slightly broader than high in anterior view, not wider in occasional specimens. Antenna with postpedicel conical and gradually tapered distally; arista-like stylus slightly shorter, 0.8–1.1X length of postpedicel. Thorax: Usually 6 dorsocentrals (one male paratype apparently with 5). Legs: Midleg: Tarsus subequal in length to tibia. Hindleg: Femur with series of ventral setae at most as long as femur width; tibia straight, without erect setae; tarsus slightly shorter than tibia (>0.7X tibia length). Wing: R 1 terminating near midpoint of wing. Abdomen: Hypopygium ( Figs 19–21 View FIGURES 19–21 ): Left ventral epandrial process narrowed preapically with apex expanded and rounded, dorsal margin with pair of small setae in basal half. Right epandrial lamella with anterior end broadly rounded and weakly projected; posterior end with broad ventral conical projection. Dorsal lobe of right surstylus with dorsoapical margin broadly pointed with several strong marginal setae, ventral margin broadly rounded, without basiventral projections. Left postgonite lobe narrow basally, apical half enlarged with broad dorsal projection bearing a few small setae. Phallus stout and bifid, bearing thick process ventrally. Hypoproct with left lobe expanded basally, both lobes with apical setae. Left cercus slightly broadened basally, distal portion strongly bent laterally and wrinkled, apex compressed laterally and subrectangular. Right cercus with apex slightly expanded and broadly rounded.

Female: Body length 1.23–1.35 mm, wing length 1.32–1.54 mm. Similar to male except as follows: Head: Face broader, nearly twice width of anterior ocellus at narrowest point in middle. Legs: Hindleg: Femur with short indistinct setae ventrally. Abdomen: Similar to M. breviradia sp. nov.

Distribution. This new species is known from the Coast Range of central Oregon and northern California, USA ( Fig. 23 View FIGURES 22–23 ).

Etymology. From the Latin word vesper meaning west, in reference to the western Nearctic distribution of this species.

Remarks. One female specimen (CNC487208) from Alsea River in Oregon, which appears morphologically identical to other specimens of M. vespera , yielded a barcode sequence with slightly greater than 2% genetic divergence (i.e., 2.67%) from the remainder of the M. vespera barcode cluster that contained both males and females from northern California ( Fig. 24 View FIGURE 24 ). Although the reason for this increase in genetic divergence is unknown, it could be due to factors such as differences in initial specimen preservation, or a lack of sampling and sequencing of specimens between both the California and Oregon geographic localities.

CA

Chicago Academy of Sciences

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Dolichopodidae

Genus

Microphorella