Microphorella breviradia

Cumming, Jeffrey M. & Brooks, Scott E., 2022, Establishment of the Microphorella breviradia species group, with a key to the Nearctic species groups of Microphorella Becker (Diptera: Dolichopodidae sensu lato: Parathalassiinae), Zootaxa 5134 (2), pp. 197-214 : 198-199

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.5134.2.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1D9EF14F-BFAA-45A4-B727-7CAFC55778FE

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6537014

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/65524108-8A72-FFF6-FF0C-24E8FA3FFE6A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Microphorella breviradia
status

 

Microphorella breviradia species group

Diagnosis. The Microphorella breviradia species group can be distinguished from other parathalassiines by the following suite of characters: wing with short R 1 vein that terminates at or before midpoint of wing ( Fig. 3 View FIGURES 1–5 ); mouthparts with sensory pit on palpus; male abdominal sternite 5 with short broad ventral projection; hypopygium ( Figs 4 View FIGURES 1–5 , 10, 11, 14 View FIGURES 10–15 , 19, 20, 21 View FIGURES 19–21 ) with epandrium and hypandrium partially fused together, right epandrial lamella greatly enlarged and comprising most of hypopygium in right lateral view, hypandrium reduced to narrow subtriangular band positioned on left side of hypopygium; female abdomen ( Figs 31, 32 View FIGURES 31–36 ) with 7 exposed abdominal segments, telescoping terminalia retracted into segment 7, syntergite 9+10 with acanthophorous setae ( Figs 16, 17 View FIGURES 16–18 ), syntergite 9+10 and sternite 10 widely separated, cercus ovoid with long apical setae ( Figs 16 View FIGURES 16–18 , 32 View FIGURES 31–36 ). See Cumming & Brooks (2019) for additional parathalassiine features possessed by members of this species group.

Remarks. The Microphorella breviradia species group includes three new species from western North America (described below) that share a short R 1 wing vein and a distinctively modified male hypopygium. The former feature is seen in some non-Nearctic parathalassiines (e.g., the Microphorella malaysiana species group, Neothalassius , Chimerothalassius , Eothalassius ), but not in other known extant Nearctic species groups of Microphorella . There is a fossil species of Microphorella described from the middle Eocene Kishenehn Formation in northwestern Montana that may also belong to the M. breviradia species group ( Greenwalt et al. 2022). Members of the species group are generally found along fast flowing rivers and streams ( Figs 6–9 View FIGURES 6–9 ). Cumming & Brooks (2019) referred to this lineage as the “ Microphorella short R 1 species group” in their phylogenetic analysis of relationships within the Parathalassiinae .

Key to males of species of the Microphorella breviradia species group

1 Head with face broad, nearly twice width of anterior ocellus at narrowest point ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 1–5 ); fore tarsomere 5 with tuft of long dorsal setae............................................................................ M. macdonaldi sp. nov.

- Head with face narrow, about width of anterior ocellus at narrowest point ( Fig. 2 View FIGURES 1–5 ); fore tarsomere 5 with shorter dorsal setae ................................................................................................... 2

2 Hypopygium with basiventral projection(s) on right dorsal surstylar lobe ( Figs 11, 12, 13 View FIGURES 10–15 ); phallus long and tubular, bearing very slender process medially ( Fig. 10 View FIGURES 10–15 )................................................. M. breviradia sp. nov.

- Hypopygium without basiventral projections on right dorsal surstylar lobe ( Fig. 20 View FIGURES 19–21 ); phallus stout and bifid, bearing thick process ventrally ( Fig. 19 View FIGURES 19–21 )................................................................. M. vespera sp. nov.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Dolichopodidae

Genus

Microphorella