Neotheronia veracruzana Khalaim, 2018

Khalaim, Andrey I. & Ruíz-Cancino, Enrique, 2021, Darwin wasps of the subfamily Pimplinae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) of Mexico: genera Neotheronia Krieger, Nomosphecia Gupta and Xanthopimpla Saussure, Zootaxa 4950 (3), pp. 401-440: 425

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Neotheronia veracruzana Khalaim, 2018


23. Neotheronia veracruzana Khalaim, 2018  

( Figs 33–36 View FIGURES 31–36 )

Neotheronia veracruzana Khalaim   in Khalaim et al. 2018: 21 [holotype ♀ (UNAM), Mexico, Veracruz, Xalapa   GoogleMaps , 19°30’N, 96°55’W, 1279 m, Malaise trap, 14–25.vii.2015, coll. M. López-Ortega; ♀].

Material examined. MEXICO. Nuevo León: 2 ♀ ( FSCA) Cola de Caballo   , ca. El Cercado, 15–, coll. C. Porter.   1 ♂ (UAT) Cola de Caballo   , 28.iii.1981, coll. E. Ruíz C. Tamaulipas: 1 ♀ (UAT) 8 km W of Mainero , 4.iv.2008, coll. A.I. Khalaim.   1 ♀ (UAT) Cd. Victoria, Cañon Libertad , 770–880 m, 2.ii.1988, coll. R. Meza   V. 1 ♀ (UAT) same locality and collector, 1000–1100 m, 21.ii.1988   . 2 ♂ (UAT) Cd. Victoria, Cañon Novillo ,, 22.vii.1985, coll. H. Serna   T. 1 ♀ ( ZISP) 15 km SSW of Cd. Victoria, El Madroño , 23°36.307’N, 99°13.558’W, 1400–1450 m, 2.xi.2011, coll. A.I. Khalaim. GoogleMaps   2 ♀ (UAT) Gómez Farías, Alta Cimas , Malaise trap, 24.vii–7.viii.1999, coll. S. Hernández   A. 1 ♂ (UAT) Gómez Farías , El Cielo, 1.xi.1990, coll. H. Ruíz   C. 1 ♀ (UAT) Ocampo , Ejido El Bejuco, 900 m, Malaise trap,–8.vii.2016, coll. E. Ruíz-Cancino   et al.

Comparison. According to its original description ( Khalaim et al. 2018), N. veracruzana   differs from four other Mexican and Central American species with very short ovipositor which does not project beyond the apex of the metasoma ( N. brandtae Gauld   , N. charli Gauld   , N. lizzae Gauld   and N. lloydi Gauld   ) by its propodeum lacking any longitudinal carinae, with only transverse carina present ( Fig. 35 View FIGURES 31–36 ). It also differs from N. brandtae   and N. lloydi   by its first tergite with short lateromedian longitudinal carinae (extending to almost hind margin of the tergite in N. brandtae   and N. lloydi   ) and small gastrocoeli (exceptionally large in N. brandtae   and N. lloydi   ), and from N. charli   and N. lizzae   by its predominantly yellow body with black markings (orange in N. charli   and N. lizzae   ).

In the key to Costa Rican species of Neotheronia ( Gauld 1991)   , N. veracruzana   runs to N. lizzae   in couplet 30, but may easily be distinguished from this species by characters given above.

Diagnosis. Propodeum with all longitudinal carinae completely absent ( Fig. 35 View FIGURES 31–36 ). Occiput black marked dorsally ( Fig. 33 View FIGURES 31–36 ). Mesoscutum with a long central blackish stripe and short lateral blackish stripes anteriorly on notaular impressions ( Fig. 34 View FIGURES 31–36 ); scutoscutellar groove black; propodeum with anterior margin narrowly blackish ( Fig. 35 View FIGURES 31–36 ). Metasomal tergite 1 blackish anteriorly, second and following tergites with transverse black subbasal bands ( Fig. 36 View FIGURES 31–36 ). Female with mesopleuron posteroventrally black marked.

Variation. In several specimens (mainly poorly preserved and decoloured) black markings are partly weak or completely absent.

Distribution. Mexico (Nuevo León, Tamaulipas, Veracruz).


Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology


Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences