Conostegia dissitinervia (Kriebel, Almeda & A. Estrada) Kriebel

Kriebel, Ricardo, 2016, A Monograph of Conostegia (Melastomataceae, Miconieae), PhytoKeys 67, pp. 1-326: 166

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.67.6703

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/5C7F9CD2-005E-54AD-9130-417315F71424

treatment provided by

PhytoKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Conostegia dissitinervia (Kriebel, Almeda & A. Estrada) Kriebel
status

comb. nov.

Conostegia dissitinervia (Kriebel, Almeda & A. Estrada) Kriebel   comb. nov. Fig. 151 View Figure 151

Conostegia dissitinervia   (Kriebel, Almeda & A. Estrada) Kriebel. Basionym: Miconia dissitinervia   Kriebel, Almeda & A. Estrada, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci, series 4, 56(37): 678, f. 2A-C, f. 3A-G. 2005. Type: Costa Rica. San José: Turrubares, San Juan de Mata, Lajas, área no protegida, 942'20"N 8435'13"W, 600 m, 26 November 2001, A. Estrada, Chacón, R., & A. Ruiz, et al. 3101 (holotype: CR!, isotype: CAS!, INB!, MO).

Description.

Small tree 2-5 m tall with somewhat angled stems that become terete and which are densely covered with lightly orange stellate hairs; the nodal line the nodal line evident. Leaves of a pair equal to unequal in length. Petiole 0.8-3.8 cm. Leaves at a node equal to unequal in size. Leaf blade 10-44.1 × 5-17.2 cm, 3-5 plinerved, with the inner pairs of subparallel veins arising up to about 8 cm above the base in opposite to alternate fashion, elliptic to elliptic ovate, the base acute to decurrent on the petiole, the apex acuminate to long-acuminate, the margin entire to inconspicuously crenulate, the adaxial surface glabrous when mature,the abaxial surface whitish from the entire cover of stellate trichomes. Inflorescence a terminal erect panicle 7.8-13.2 cm long branching above the base, accessory branches present, the axis covered with stellate hairs, bracteoles 1-2 × 0.25-0.5 mm, linear, caducous. Pedicel 0.25-0.5 mm long. Flowers 5-merous, calyx in bud not calyptrate but closed in bud and crowned by an apiculum, rupturing irregularly at anthesis into 2-5 hyaline lobes 0.75-1.25 mm long, buds 2.5-4 × 1.4-2.3 mm, the hypanthium urceolate, 1.75-2.25 × 1.75-2 mm, covered by stellate hairs, calyx tube 0.25 mm long, the calyx teeth narrowly triangular, 0.15-0.35 mm long, torus glabrous. Petals 1.5-2 × 1.25-1.75 mm, translucent white, oblong to ovate, reflexed at anthesis, the apex rounded to emarginate, papillose adaxially. Stamens 10, 2.5-3.5 mm long, radially arranged around the style, the filaments 1.5-2 mm long, with a geniculation near the apex, white, anthers 1.25-1.75 × 0.25-0.75 mm, linear-oblong, yellow, laterally compressed, apiculate at the apex, the pore ca. 0.15 mm, ventrally inclined. Ovary 5-locular, inferior. Style 4-5.25 mm long, straight to slightly gradually bent, vertical distance from the anther pore to the stigma 1.25-2.75 mm, horizontal distance absent, stigma punctiform, 0.35-0.5 mm wide. Berry 4-5 × 4-5 mm, purple black. Seeds 0.3-0.5 mm, pyramidate, the testa muriculate to papillate.

Distribution

(Fig. 152 View Figure 152 ). Restricted to central and south Pacific slope of Costa Rica and barely getting into Panama, 0-600 m in elevation.

Conostegia dissitinervia   can be recognized by its large leaves with acute to decurrent leaf bases that are abaxially covered with stellate trichomes and are strongly plinerved. In addition, the flowers have a fused calyx that ruptures irregularly and this species tends to have a very exserted style as many other species in section Geniculatae   . The acute anther apex is distinctive. This species has been confused with Miconia argentea   in herbaria because of the similar colored abaxial leaf surface as a result of the leaf indument. They are easily distinguished because Miconia argentea   has nerved leaf venation whereas Conostegia dissitinervia   is strongly plinerved. In the molecular phylogeny this species forms a well supported sister pair with Conostegia centrosperma   which it resembles. See the discussion under the latter species for the differences between the two.

Specimens examined.

COSTA RICA. Puntarenas: Península de Osa, about 5 km west of Rincón de Osa, Burger and Liesner 7253 ( NY); Península de Osa, Cerca del Río Piro, Kriebel et al. 5046 ( INB, NY); Península de Osa, Guadalupe La Tarde, Kriebel et al. 5377 ( INB, NY).

Kingdom

Plantae

Phylum

Tracheophyta

Class

Magnoliopsida

Order

Myrtales

Family

Melastomataceae

Genus

Conostegia

Loc

Conostegia dissitinervia (Kriebel, Almeda & A. Estrada) Kriebel

Kriebel, Ricardo 2016
2016
Loc

Conostegia dissitinervia

Kriebel 2016
2016
Loc

Miconia dissitinervia

Kriebel 2016
2016