BLATTARIA

Iorio, Osvaldo Di & Turienzo, Paola, 2009, Insects found in birds’ nests from the Neotropical Region (except Argentina) and immigrant species of Neotropical origin in the Nearctic Region 2187, Zootaxa 2187 (1), pp. 1-144: 43-62

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.2187.1.1

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/5924C023-8325-9F7A-04EA-FF7BFE98CCC9

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

BLATTARIA
status

 

BLATTARIA  

Blaberidae   : Zetoborinae  

Schultesia nitor Grandcolas, 1991  

FRENCH GUIANA: [locality not stated], VII-1991, larvae and adults in 2 of 4 examined nests, IX-1991, larvae and adults in 2 of 4 examined nests, both collections from the same abandoned colony at ten meters height on an isolated tree ( van Baaren et al. 2002b, following Grandcolas 1993).

HEMIPTERA  

Reduviidae  

Emesa sp.  

[ BRAZIL]: casual inquilines ( Sick 2001).

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis pici ( Macquart, 1854)  

= Philornis sp.   : Couri 1983a [included in Philornis spp   .]

BRAZIL: [locality not stated], 154 larvae in one nestling ( Lutz & Neiva 1912); (Séguy 1946, 1950); ( Hicks 1959: 220, 485, following Lutz & Neiva 1912; Hicks 1959: 484, following Séguy 1946, 1950); ( Guimarães et al. 1983); ( Couri 1983a, following Lutz & Neiva 1912); ( Teixeira 1999); ( Sick 2001).

Note: it is evident that Séguy (1946, 1950) takes all names given by Lutz & Neiva (1912) only by genus, repeating the same error ( Cassicus   by Cacicus   ). Teixeira (1999) gives both Cacicus sp.   and Cacicus haemorrhous   .

HYMENOPTERA   : Formicidae  

[Unidentified sp.]

= “formigas”: Sick 1981, 2001.

[ BRAZIL]: casual inquilines ( Sick 1981, 2001).

Cacicus melanicterus (Bonaparte, 1825)  

PSOCOPTERA  

Archipsocidae  

Archipsocus sp.  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 2 females in nest # 15, 29 larvae, 4 females, 3 males in nest # 19 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Epipsocetae  

[Undetermined sp.]

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 2 females in nest # 13, 1 larva in nest # 14, 3 larvae in nest # 17 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Ectopsocidae  

Ectopsocus sp. 1  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 1 larvae in nest # 5, 1 larva, 4 females, 4 males in nest # 11, 2 larvae in nest # 12, 41 larvae, 26 females, 21 males in nest # 18 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Ectopsocus sp. 2  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 1 female in nest # 5, 1 male in nest # 8, 1 female in nest # 13, 4 females in nest # 16, 2 females in nest # 18, 4 larvae, 12 females, 2 males in nest # 20 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Ectopsocus sp. 3  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 1 female in nest # 3, 1 female, 1 male in nest # 10, 1 larva, 2 females, 1 males in nest # 18, 6 larvae, 2 females, 2 males in nest # 19, 2 larvae, 1 female in nest # 20 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Lachesillidae  

Lachesilla   F-6 (g. Forcepeta)

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 3 larvae, 1 female in nest # 8, 19 larvae, 6 females, 5 males in nest # 11, 8 larvae, 1 female in nest # 15, 1 larva in nest # 17, 17 larvae, 2 females, 2 males in nest # 18, 6 larvae, 3 females, 2 males in nest # 19 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Lachesilla riegeli Sommerman, 1946  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 1 male in nest # 4, 1 female in nest # 8, 2 females, 2 males in nest # 11 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Lachesilla sp.   (g. Forcepeta)

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 1 larvae, 2 females in nest # 10, 1 larva, 12 females in nest # 20 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Lachesilla sp.  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 1 larva in nest # 5 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Lepidopsocidae  

Echmepteryx alpha García Aldrete, 1984  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 20 larvae, 3 females in nest # 13, 32 larvae in nest # 14, 7 larvae, 1 female in nest # 16, 62 larvae, 10 females in nest # 17, 41 larvae in nest # 20 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Echmepteryx intermedia Mockford, 1974  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 3 larvae in nest # 20 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Thylacella cubana (Banks, 1941)  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 2 females in nest # 13, 1 female in nest # 14, 1 female in nest # 19 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Liposcelididae  

Belaphotroctes ghesquierei Badonnel, 1949  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 1 larva, 1 female in nest # 13, 2 females in nest # 17 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Liposcelis sp. 1  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 1 female in nest # 9 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Liposcelis bostrichophilus Badonnel, 1931  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 4 larvae, 6 females in nest # 9, 14 larve, 3 females in nest # 12, 6 larvae, 19 females in nest # 13, 1 larva, 2 females in nest # 14, 6 larvae, 11 females in nest # 15, 2 larvae, 10 females in nest # 16, 11 larvae, 27 females, 1 male in nest # 17, 2 females in nest # 20 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Liposcelis deltachi Sommerman, 1957  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 1 female in nest # 18 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Pachytroctidae  

Tapinella sp. 1  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 1 female in nest # 4, 1 female in nest # 6, 8 larvae, 2 females in nest # 9, 1 female in nest # 10, 1 male in nest # 11, 3 larvae, 3 females, 3 males in nest # 12, 1 females in nest # 13, 82 larvae, 26 females, 14 males in nest # 15, 1 larvae, 2 females in nest # 16, 1 female in nest # 17, 7 larvae, 14 females, 4 males in nest # 18, 53 larvae, 12 females, 3 males in nest # 19, 2 females in nest # 20 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Tapinella sp. 2  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 1 female in nest # 4, 1 female in nest # 10, 2 males in nest # 12, 1 female in nest # 18 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Philotarsidae  

Aaroniella sp.  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 1 larva in nest # 20 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Psoquillidae  

Rhyopsocus pescadori García Aldrete, 1984  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 1 larva, 4 females, 3 males in nest # 1, 17 females, 12 males in nest # 2, 4 larvae, 14 females, 4 males in nest # 3, 41 females, 19 males in nest # 4, 2 larvae, 15 females, 14 males in nest # 5, 4 larvae, 18 females, 14 males in nest # 6, 3 females, 2 males in nest # 7, 83 larvae, 41 females, 4 males in nest # 9, 5 larvae, 10 females, 12 males in nest # 10, 1 male in nest # 11, 95 larve, 23 females, 38 males in nest # 12, 34 larvae, 42 females, 22 males in nest # 13, 130 larvae, 66 females, 38 males in nest # 14, 86 larvae, 32 females, 18 males in nest # 15, 3 larvae, 10 females, 2 males in nest # 16, 55 larvae, 21 females, 51 males in nest # 17, 21 larvae, 55 females, 71 males in nest # 18, 143 larvae, 33 females, 46 males in nest # 19, 25 larvae, 81 females, 67 males in nest # 20 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Psocidae  

[Undetermined sp.]

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 1 larva in nest # 14, 6 larvae in nest # 17 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Psyllipsocidae  

Psyllipsocus oculatus Gurney, 1943  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 1 male in nest # 14 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Psocathropos microps (Enderlein, 1903)  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 1 female in nest # 17, 1 male in nest # 18 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Trogiidae  

Cerobasis treptica Thornton & Woo, 1973  

MEXICO: Jalisco: Chamela, VI   / VII1980, VI/ VII-1981, 3 larvae, 3 females, 9 males in nest # 7 of 20 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Cacicus sp.   [prob. C. melanicterus (Bonaparte, 1825)   ]

PSOCOPTERA  

Ectopsocidae  

Ectopsocus sp. 3  

MEXICO: Itsmo de Tehuantepec , VI / VII-1981, 6 larvae, 3 females, 1 male in nest # 4, 9 larvae, 3 females, 4 males in nest # 5 of 7 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Ectopsocus sp. 4  

MEXICO: Itsmo de Tehuantepec , VI / VII-1981, 1 female, 1 male in nest # 6 of 7 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Lachesillidae  

Lachesilla cintalapa García Aldrete, 1983  

MEXICO: Itsmo de Tehuantepec , VI / VII-1981, 6 larvae, 12 females, 14 males in nest # 7 of 7 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Lachesilla sp.   (g. Corona)

MEXICO: Itsmo de Tehuantepec , VI / VII-1981, 1 male in nest # 4 of 7 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988). Lachesilla sp.   (g. Forcepata)  

MEXICO: Itsmo de Tehuantepec , VI / VII-1981, 1 female in nest # 7 of 7 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988). Lachesilla riegeli Sommerman, 1946    

MEXICO: Itsmo de Tehuantepec , VI / VII-1981, 192 larvae, 10 females, 7 males in nest # 3   ,

1 male in nest # 5 of 7 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988).

Lachesilla sp.   g. Forcepeta

MEXICO: Itsmo de Tehuantepec , VI / VII-1981, 1 female in nest # 2, 3 larvae, 1 female in nest # 3, 18 larvae, 3 females, 1 male in nest # 5 of 7 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Lepidopsocidae  

[Undetermined sp.]

MEXICO: Itsmo de Tehuantepec , VI / VII-1981, 6 larvae in nest # 3, 5 larvae in nest # 5 of 7 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Liposcelididae  

Liposcelis sp. 2  

MEXICO: Itsmo de Tehuantepec , VI / VII-1981, 1 larva, 1 female in nest # 5, 1 female in nest # 6 of 7 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Liposcelis sp. 3  

MEXICO: Itsmo de Tehuantepec , VI / VII-1981, 1 female in nest # 2 of 7 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988). Pachytroctidae    

Tapinella sp. 1  

MEXICO: Itsmo de Tehuantepec , VI / VII-1981, 2 females, 1 male in nest # 5, 1 female in nest # 6, 2 larvae, 12 females, 7 males in nest # 7 of 7 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Psoquillidae  

Rhyopsocus orthatus Thornton & Woo, 1973  

MEXICO: Itsmo de Tehuantepec , VI / VII-1981, 1 female, 2 males in nest # 3, 1 males in nest # 5 of 7 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Rhyopsocus pescadori García Aldrete, 1984  

MEXICO: Itsmo de Tehuantepec , VI / VII-1981, 3 females, 3 males in nest # 1, 6 larvae, 2 females, 3 males in nest # 2, 880 larvae, 319 females, 272 males in nest # 3, 81 larvae, 19 females, 18 males in nest # 5, 73 larvae, 11 females, 17 males in nest # 6, 330 larvae, 97 females, 17 males in nest # 7 of 7 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Trogiidae  

[Undetermined sp.]

MEXICO: Itsmo de Tehuantepec , VI / VII-1981, 1 larva in nest # 7 of 7 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Cacicus sp.  

= “ probably the oriole, Cassicus persicus (Linn.)   ”: Roth 1973: 1.

BLATTARIA  

Blaberidae  

Epilamprinae  

Alphelixia sicca Walker, 1869  

= Alphelixia: van Baaren et al. 2002b: 248   , Table 1.

BRAZIL: Amazonas: Rio Negro, near Serra Tamendaui, 00º 27’ S, 64º 45’ W, 1 female “ Allotype ” [ ANSP], 18/ 19-VII-1967, 1 adult male, 17 nymphs in nest # 1 [together with Lophoblatta arlei Albuquerque   and Amazonina nidicteridicola Roth, 1973   ], 15 nymphs in nest # 2 [together with Amazonina nidicteridicola   ] ( Roth 1973); Brazil ( Vidliča 1999, following Roth 1973); ( van Baaren et al. 2002b, following Roth 1973).

Zetoborinae  

Schultesia lampyridiformis Roth, 1973  

= Schultesia: van Baaren et al. 2002b: 248   , Table 1.

BRAZIL: Amazonas: Río Negro, Gavião, 01º 24’ S, 61º 46’ W, 20-VII-1967, Roth leg., 29 nymphs, 4 males, 2 females in nest # 4 [together with 13 nymphs, 2 adults of Chorisoneura sp. A   ], 1 nymph in nest # 5 [together with 6 nymphs, 4 adults of Chorisoneura sp. A   ], 7 nymphs, 4 males, 3 females in nest # 6 [together with 7 nymphs, 12 adults of Chorisoneura sp. A   ], 6 nymphs in nest # 7 [together with 13 nymphs, 14 adults of Chorisoneura sp. A   ] from a total of 7 nests collected in one tree ( Roth 1973, Van Baaren et al. 2002b); Río Negro, Moura, 21-VII- 1967, 01º 28’ S, 61º 38´W, Roth leg., 19 nymphs, 5 males, 2 females from 8 collected nests ( Roth 1973, Van Baaren et al. 2002b); Manaus, Adolpho Ducke Preserve, 1-VIII-1967, 1 nymph, 2 males, 3 females [together with 2 oothecae and several first instars of Chorisoneura sp. B   , and 3 nymphs, 1 male, 1 female of Dendroblatta cnephaia Hebard   ] from several collected nests ( Roth 1973, van Baaren et al. 2002b); ( Grandcolas 1998, following Roth 1973); Brazil ( Vidliča 1999, following Roth 1973); tens of individuals (larvae and adults) in the same nest with remains of dead young birds, probably scavengers ( van Baaren & Deleporte 2001, following Roth 1973), reared in laboratory colonies since it was captured and bred by Roth 1973 ( van Baaren & Deleporte 2001); found in groups of larvae and adults only in pendulous Cacicus   birds nests ( van Baaren et al. 2002a, following Roth 1973).

Blattellidae  

Amazonina nidicteridicola Roth, 1973  

= Amazonina: van Baaren et al. 2002b: 248   , Table 1.

BRAZIL: Amazonas: Rio Negro, near Serra Tamendaui, 0º 27’ S, 64º 45’ W, 18/ 19-VII-1967, Roth leg., 2 empty oothecae, 4 nymphs, 2 females (one carrying ootheca) in nest # 1 [together with one adult female of Lophoblatta arlei Albuquerque   and Alphelixia sicca (Walker,1869)   ], and 2 empty oothecae (one parasitized), 18 nymphs, 4 males, 2 females (one carrying ootheca) in nest # 2 [together with Alphelixia sicca   ] ( Roth 1973); Amazonas: Río Negro, Gavião, 01º 24’ S, 61º 46’ W, 20-VII-1967, Roth leg., one adult (reared) from one of the 7 nests collected in one tree ( Roth 1973); Brazil ( Vidliča 1999, following Roth 1973); ( van Baaren et al. 2002b, following Roth 1973).

Dendroblatta cnephaia Hebard, 1926  

BRAZIL: Amazonas: Manaus, Adolpho Ducke Preserve, 1-VIII-1967, 3 nymphs, 1 male, 1 female [together with 2 oothecae and several first instars of Chorisoneura sp. B   , and 1 nymph, 2 males, 3 females of S. lampyridiformis   ] from several collected nests ( Roth 1973); Brazil ( Vidliča 1999, following Roth 1973).

Lophoblatta arlei   Rocha e Silva Albuquerque, 1964

BRAZIL Amazonas: Rio Negro, near Serra Tamendaui, 0º 27’ S, 64º 45’ W, 18/ 19-VII-1967, 1 male, 1 female in nest # 1 [together with Alphelixia sicca Walker, 1869   and Amazonina nidicteridicola   ] ( Roth 1973); Brazil ( Vidliča 1999, following Roth 1973).

Pseudophyllodromiidae  

Chorisoneura sp. A  

BRAZIL: Amazonas: Río Negro, Gavião , 01º 24’ S, 61º 46’ W, 20-VII-1967, Roth leg., 2 nymphs in nest # 1, 27 nymphs, 4 adults in nest # 2, 5 nymphs in nests # 3, 13 nymphs, 2 adults in nest # 4 [together with 29 nymphs, 4 males, 2 females of S. lampyridiformis   ], 6 nymphs, 4 adults in nest # 5 [together 1 nymph of S. lampyridiformis   ], 7 nymphs, 12 adults in nest # 6 [together with 7 nymphs, 4 males, 3 females of S. lampyridiformis   ], 13 nymphs, 14 adults in nest # 7 [together with 6 nymphs of S. lampyridiformis   ] from a total of 7 nests collected in one tree ( Roth 1973) GoogleMaps   .

Chorisoneura sp. B  

BRAZIL: Amazonas: Manaus, Adolpho Ducke Preserve , 1-VIII-1967, 2 oöthecae and several first instars [together with 1 nymph, 2 males, 3 females of S. lampyridiformis   , and 3 nymphs, 1 male, 1 female of Dendroblatta cnephaia Hebard   ] from several collected nests ( Roth 1973)   .

Chorisoneura inversa Hebard, 1926  

= Chorisoneura: van Baaren et al. 2002b: 248   , Table 1.

BRAZIL: Amazonas: Río Negro, Moura, 21-VII-1967, 01º 28’ S, 61º 38´W, Roth leg., 1 nymph reared from 3 collected nymphs [together with a total of 19 nymphs, 5 males, 2 females of Schultesia lampyridiformis   ] in 8 collected nests ( Roth 1973, van Baaren et al. 2002b); Brazil ( Vidliča 1999, following Roth 1973).

Cacicus sp.  

COLEOPTERA   : Dytiscidae  

Hydrovatus caraibus Sharp, 1882  

PARAGUAY: Dpto. San Pedro: Carumbé , 2 exx. [ FIML], apparently collected from a “cacique” nest  

( Icteridae   : Cacicus   ) (“nido de boyero”) ( Tremouilles et al. 2005).

Note: Although both pinned specimens were labelled as provenient from a nest of “boyero”, they may be prey remains and not insects associated with a bird’s nest.

Gnorimopsar chopi   [ chopi (Vieillot, 1819)   ]

HEMIPTERA  

Reduviidae   : Triatominae

Rhodnius neglectus Lent, 1954  

BRAZIL: Distrito Federal: 2.00 ± 1.2 insects per palm of Mauritia flexuosa   with nests of this species (Gurgel- Gonçalves et al. 2004); ( Ribeiro Júnior et al. 2006, following Gurgel-Gonçalves et al. 2004).

Gymnomystax mexicanus (Linnaeus, 1766)  

= Icteridae   , sub uncertain position ( Oriolus mexicanus   ): Hicks 1959: 485 [host; ref.]

= Gymnomystax mexicanus   (L.): Hicks 1959: 220 [ref.; host]

= Oriolus mexicanus: Blanchard 1895   , 1896; Lutz & Neiva 1912: 131 [ref.; host]; Hicks 1959: 220 [ref.; host]; Couri 1983a.

Oriolus sp.   : Hicks 1959: 220 [refs.; host]

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis pici ( Macquart, 1854)  

= Philornis sp.   : Couri 1983a [included in Philornis spp   .]

GUAYANE ( Blanchard 1895, 1896); ( Lutz & Neiva 1912, following Blanchard 1896); (Engl, 1920); ( Hicks 1959: 220, 485, following Lutz & Neiva 1912, Hicks 1959: 220, following Engel 1920, Séguy 1946, 1950); ( Couri 1983a); ( Teixeira 1999).

Icterus cayanensis (Linnaeus, 1766)  

= Oriolus cayanensis: Blanchard 1896   ; Lutz & Neiva 1912: 131 [ref.; host]

= Oriolus sp.   : Hicks 1959: 220 [refs.; host]

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis pici ( Macquart, 1854)  

= Philornis sp.   : Couri 1983a [included in Philornis spp   .]

GUAYANE ( Blanchard 1895, 1896); ( Lutz & Neiva 1912, following Blanchard 1896); ( Engel 1920); ( Hicks 1959: 220, 485, following Lutz & Neiva 1912, Engel 1920; Hicks 1959: 220, following Séguy 1946, 1950); ( Couri 1983a); ( Teixeira 1999).

Note: I. cayanensis   and Gymnomystax mexicanus   were mentioned as Oriolus cayanensis   and Oriolus mexicanus   by Lutz & Neiva (1912), based on Blanchard (1896). All names given by Lutz & Neiva (1912) were mentioned only to genus by Séguy (1946, 1950). Thus the record of Séguy (1946, 1950) of Oriolus sp.   is given for both species, and catalogued by Hicks (1959) only in the first part of his catalogue.

Remarks: Sick (1981, 2001) mentions that “encontramos tambén muitos bernes de passarinho [ Philornis   ] em filhotes de xexéu” without any other detail.

Icterus dominicensis hypomelas (Bonaparte, 1883)  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis angustifrons (Loew, 1861)  

CUBA (Loew 1861): “Ct. Mercedes, Matzs., Cuba, VI-5-1954, L.C. Scarramuzza, Atlantica Ent. no. 98, parasite of wild bird”, 1 male topotype with puparium [ USNM] + 3 males, 12 female, 1 larva, same data as topotype, Scarramuzza + 2 females, same data except host label ( Dodge & Aitken 1968); ( Couri 1983a); ( Teixeira 1999).

Icterus icterus (Linnaeus, 1766)  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis angustifrons (Loew, 1861)  

VENEZUELA ( Vogelsang & Fernandez Yépes 1952; Schafer 1957; Couri 1983a; Hicks 1962; Teixeira 1999):

Icterus nigrogularis (Hahn, 1819)  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis deceptivus Dodge & Aitken, 1968  

TRINIDAD: Manzanilla Road, Sangre Grande, 18-IX-1958, Aitken & Downs leg., 1 male Paratypes, 2 females Paratypes, ex I. nigrogularis ( Dodge & Aitken 1968)   ; ( Couri 1983a); ( Teixeira 1999).

Icterus sp.  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis sp.  

PARAGUAY: Dto. San Predro: San Pedro de Ycuamandiyú, 27 larvae in one nestling ( Mastropaolo 2007a). Molothrus bonariensis (Gmelin, 1789)    

= Molothrus sp.   : Séguy 1946, 1950; Hicks 1959: 220 [refs.; host], 485 [host; refs.]; Teixeira 1999: 85 [host] DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis angustifrons (Loew, 1861)  

VENEZUELA ( Vogelsang & Fernandez Yépes 1952; Schafer 1957; Couri 1983a); ( Teixeira 1999).

Philornis downsi Dodge & Aitken, 1968  

[ TRINIDAD]: locality and data not given ( Dodge & Aitken 1968); ( Couri 1983a); ( Teixeira 1999).

Philornis masoni Couri, 1986  

URUGUAY: Colonia ( Couri 1986)   ; ( Nihei & Bencke 2003).

Philornis pici ( Macquart, 1854)  

= Philornis sp.   : Couri 1983a [included in Philornis spp   .]

BRAZIL: Brazil central [locality not stated] ( Neiva & Penna 1916); Brazil ( Couri 1983a, included in Philornis spp   .); ( Couri 1985, liter.); ( Teixeira 1999).

Note: Neiva & Penna (1916) is not cited by Hicks (1959). Teixeira (1999) gives both Molothrus sp.   and M. bonariensis   .

Philornis trinitensis Dodge & Aitken, 1968  

TRINIDAD: Vega de Oropouche, 19-IX-1956, Downs leg., 6 males Paratypes, 4 females Paratypes, subcutaneous larvae and ex nest T. musculus   and Molothrus bonariensis ( Dodge & Aitken 1968)   ; ( Couri 1983a); ( Teixeira 1999).

Molothrus oryzivorus (Gmelin, 1788)  

= Psomocolax oryzivorus: Dodge & Aitken 1968   ; Couri 1983a.

= Scaphidura orizivora: Teixeira 1999   .

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis angustifrons (Loew, 1861)  

TRINIDAD: Fishing Pond, 19-II-1958, Aitken & Downs leg., 1 male, ex P. oryzivorus ( Dodge & Aitken 1968)   ; ( Couri 1983a); ( Teixeira 1999).

Philornis deceptivus Dodge & Aitken, 1968  

TRINIDAD: Guaico, 26-III-1957, Aitken & Downs leg., 3 males Paratypes, 1 female Paratype, ex. P. oryzivorus ( Dodge & Aitken 1968)   ; ( Couri 1983a); ( Teixeira 1999).

Philornis sp.  

PANAMA: Canal Zone, parasitism did cause some mortality ( Smith 1968).

Molothrus rufoaxillaris Cassin, 1866  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis gagnei Couri, 1983  

URUGUAY: [locality not stated], larvae removed from nestlings of Molothrus rufoaxillaris   inside a nest of P. striaticollis, P. Mason   leg. ( Couri 1986)

Philornis glaucinis Dodge & Aitken, 1968  

URUGUAY: [locality not stated], larvae removed from nestlings of Molothrus rufoaxillaris   inside a nest of P. striaticollis, P. Mason   leg. ( Couri 1986)

Psarocolius bifasciatus (Spix, 1824)  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis sp.  

BRAZIL: Pará: Santarem, Fazenda Taperinha ( Couri 1983a: fig. 37); ( Teixeira 1999).

Psarocolius decumanus (Pallas, 1769)  

BLATTARIA  

Blaberidae  

Blaberinae  

Phoetalia pallida Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1865  

FRENCH GUIANA: near the French Guiana coast, close to the Counamama creek, VII-1998, 2 nymphs in one nest from 5 positive of 13 collected nests in a big colony ( van Baaren et al. 2002b).

Zetoborinae  

Schultesia nitor Grandcolas, 1991  

FRENCH GUIANA: near the French Guiana coast, close to the Counamama creek, VII-1998, 2 males in one nest from 2 positive of a total of 17 collected nests in a small colony; in five nests from five positive of 13 collected nests in a big colony ( van Baaren et al. 2002b).

Note: results of S. nitor   were not discriminated by nests of C. cela   and/or Psarocolius decumanus   in the big colony: a total of 1 male, 1 female, and 35 nymphs were found, with a mean of 2.6 ± 0.3 individuals per nest ( van Baaren et al. 2002b).

Blattidae  

Pelmatosilpha guianae Hebard, 1926  

FRENCH GUIANA: near the French Guiana coast, close to the Counamama creek, VII-1998, 1 last instar nymph in one nest from 5 positive of 13 collected nests in a big colony ( van Baaren et al. 2002b).

Pseudophyllodromiidae  

Chorisoneura   sp. n. aff. gatunae Hebard, 1921

FRENCH GUIANA: near the French Guiana coast, close to the Counamama creek, VII-1998, 6 exx. in one nest from 5 positive of 13 collected nests in a big colony ( van Baaren et al. 2002b).

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis angustifrons (Loew, 1861)  

VENEZUELA ( Vogelsang & Fernandez Yépes 1952; Schafer 1957; Couri 1983a); ( Hicks 1962); ( Teixeira 1999).

Philornis sp.  

PANAMA ( Smith 1968).

Psarocolius montezuma (Lesson, 1830)  

= Gymnostinops montezumae: García Aldrete 1988   .

PSOCOPTERA  

Archipsocidae  

Archipsocus sp.  

MEXICO: Puebla: Hueytamalco , VII/ VIII-1983, 1 female in nest # 1 of 4 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Ectopsocidae  

Ectopsocopsis cryptomeriae (Enderlein, 1907)  

MEXICO: Puebla: Hueytamalco , VII/ VIII-1983, 1 larva, 2 females, 1 male in nest # 2 of 4 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Lachesillidae  

Lachesilla aethiopica (Enderlein, 1902)  

MEXICO: Puebla: Hueytamalco , VII/ VIII-1983, 1 female in nest # 1 of 4 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Lachesilla centralis García Aldrete, 1983  

MEXICO: Puebla: Hueytamalco , VII/ VIII-1983, 1 male in nest # 2 of 4 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Lachesilla   F-6

MEXICO: Puebla: Hueytamalco , VII/ VIII-1983, 1 female in nest # 3 of 4 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Lachesilla leonilae García Aldrete, 1986  

MEXICO: Puebla: Hueytamalco , VII/ VIII-1983, 11 larvae, 6 females in nest # 1, 70 larvae, 4 females in nest # 2, 1 female in nest # 3 of 4 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Lachesilla sp.   (g. Corona)

MEXICO: Puebla: Hueytamalco , VII/ VIII-1983, 2 larvae, 1 [normal] female, 1 brachypterous female in nest # 1, 1 [normal] female, 3 males in nest # 2 of 4 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Liposcelididae  

Belaphotroctes badonneli Mockford, 1972  

MEXICO: Puebla: Hueytamalco , VII/ VIII-1983, 4 larvae, 3 females, 2 males in nest # 3, 1 larva, 1 male in nest # 4 of 4 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Pachytroctidae  

Tapinella olmeca Mockford, 1975  

MEXICO: Puebla: Hueytamalco , VII/ VIII-1983, 1 female in nest # 3, 2 females, 1 male in nest # 4 of 4 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Psoquillidae  

Rhyopsocus bentonae Sommerman, 1956  

MEXICO: Puebla: Hueytamalco , VII/ VIII-1983, 120 larvae, 13 females, 18 males in nest # 3, 22 larvae, 9 females, 5 males in nest # 4 of 4 examined nests ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Psarocolius viridis (Statius Muller, 1776)  

= Ostinops viridis: Barrera & Díaz-Ungría 1957: 180   .

= Xanthomus viridis: Machado-Allison 1963   .

SIPHONAPTERA   : Ceratophyllidae  

Dasypsyllus gallinulae (Dale, 1878)  

VENEZUELA: [locality not stated] ( Barrera & Díaz-Ungría 1957); Estado Aragua: Rancho Grande, on nest ( Machado-Allison 1963, following Johnson 1957).

Psarocolius wagleri (Gray, 1845)  

= Psarocolius: Merino 2002: 494   [host].

= Zarhynchus wagleri: Smith 1968   [host]

= Zarhynchus: Merino 2002: 494   [host]

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis sp.  

PANAMA: significant nestling mortality in colonies ( Smith 1968; Arendt 1985a, following Smith 1968, 1980); ( Smith 1983, cited by Werner 2004); ( Smith 1991); ( Merino 2002, following Smith 1968).

Quiscalus lugubris Swainson, 1838  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis angustifrons (Loew, 1861)  

VENEZUELA ( Vogelsang & Fernandez Yépes 1952; Schafer 1957; Couri 1983a); ( Hicks 1962); ( Teixeira 1999).

Unidentified sp.

PSOCOPTERA  

Ectopsocidae  

Ectopsocus sp. 6  

MEXICO: Quintana Roo: Chan Kan Veracruz, V-1984, 209 exx. in one examined nest ( García Aldrete 1988). Ectopsocus sp. 7    

MEXICO: Quintana Roo: Chan Kan Veracruz, V-1984, 7 exx. in one examined nest ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Ectopsocus sp. 8  

MEXICO: Quintana Roo: Chan Kan Veracruz, V-1984, 1 ex. in one examined nest ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Lachesillidae  

Lachesilla sp.   (g. Forcepeta)

MEXICO: Quintana Roo: Chan Kan Veracruz, V-1984, 10 exx. in one examined nest ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

MIMIDAE  

Margarops fuscatus (Vieillot, 1808)  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis sp.  

= P. angustifrons   : Rivera Irizarry 1990.

= P. deceptivus: Arendt 1985b   ; Couri 1985; Young 1993; Teixeira 1999; Dudaniec & Kleindorfer 2006.

= P. pici: Couri 1985   ; LaRue 1987; Snyder et al. 1987; Teixeira 1999.

PUERTO RICO: Luquillo Experimental Forest (18º19' N, 65º 45' W), 1 of 7 causes of nestling mortality over a 4-yr period responsible for the deaths of 93% of the 224 young that died in the nest ( Arendt 1983, 1985a), 681 thrasher nestlings examined within a 4-yr period [1979-1982] ( Arendt 1985a); Luquillo Mountains, adult specimens emerged from puparia collected by Arendt from thrasher nests, identified as P. deceptivus   by M.S. Couri; 31% of 105 adult Pearly-eyed Thrashers during the reproductive period (January-July) in 1979-1982 infested with larvae; mean intensity of 3.1 larvae / bird (range 1-7); 96 % of 448 nestling Pearly-eyed Thrashers examined from 1979 to 1982 infested; overall mean intensity 37 larvae / nestling (range 0-220); 209 young died as a result of ectoparasitism ( Arendt 1985b); ( Couri 1985); Mayagüez ( Rivera Irizarry 1990; Arendt 2000); ( Young 1993); ( Mazgajski & Kedra 1997: 349, table 1, following Arendt 1985a); ( Teixeira 1999); [data of Philornis   are very intensive and extensive for to be summarized and/or included here] ( Arendt 2000); Puerto Rico, 97% of nestling mortality attributable to philornid parasitism ( Spalding et al. 2002, following Arendt 1985b); ( Dudaniec & Kleindorfer 2006).

Note: According to Arendt (2000), specimens of Philornis   were identified as P. pici   by R.J. Gagne ( Snyder et al.1987), and M.S. Couri ( LaRue 1987); also as P. deceptivus   by M.S. Couri (in litt.) and cited by Arendt (1985b). LaRue (1987) questioned the P. deceptivus   designation given by Couri because she later identified flies from some of the same nestboxes used by Arendt (1983, 1985a, 1985b) as P. pici   from specimens sent to her by LaRue in 1986. However, when several specimens were sent to the UK by Arendt in the mid-1980s to A.C. Pont, an authority on the Diptera   , his reply (A. C. Pont in litt.) was that none of the specimens were like any P. pici   he had ever seen.

Three cases of two species of Philornis   breeding simultaneously in the same nestling are known: P. pici   and P. seguyi García, 1952   (Nores 1993; Turienzo & Di Iorio 2007); P. glaucinis   and P. niger ( Dodge & Aitken 1968)   ; and P. angustifrons   and P. deceptivus ( Fernandes Higgins et al. 2005)   . A similar situation probably happened with P. deceptivus   and P. pici   from the same nestbox, and both identifications can be accepted as correct. Nevertheless both names, P. deceptivus   and P. pici   , are here recorded below Philornis sp.   based on doubts expresed by Arendt (2000).

Mimus gilvus (Vieillot, 1807)  

HEMIPTERA  

Reduviidae   : Triatominae

Rhodnius prolixus Stål, 1859  

VENEZUELA: [locality not stated], nest, 18 th position in a ranking of “preferred enviroment by R. prolixus   according with the places where it was captured” ( Guerrero et al. 1965); (Gamboa C. 1970, following Guerrero et al. 1965); ( Carcavallo & Tonn 1985); ( Carcavallo et al. 1998b); ( Ribeiro Júnior et al. 2006: p. 327, tabela 1).

Note: Guerrero et al. (1965) is the original record.

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis angustifrons (Loew, 1861)  

VENEZUELA ( Vogelsang & Fernandez Yépes 1952; Schafer 1957; Couri 1983a); ( Hicks 1962); ( Teixeira 1999).

Philornis deceptivus Dodge & Aitken, 1968  

TRINIDAD: Arima Textile Mills, Arima, 6-V-1963, Aitken leg., 2 males Paratypes, ex M. gilvus ( Dodge & Aitken 1968)   ; ( Couri 1983a); ( Teixeira 1999).

Philornis downsi Dodge & Aitken, 1968  

[ TRINIDAD]: locality and data not given ( Dodge & Aitken 1968); ( Couri 1983a); ( Teixeira 1999).

Philornis querulus Dodge & Aitken, 1968  

TRINIDAD: Arima Textile Mills, Arima, 6-V-1963, Aitken leg., 1 male Holotype with pinned puparium, # 67452 [ USNM], reared from subcutaneous larva, 1 male Paratype with pinned puparium, reared from subcutaneous larva ( Dodge & Aitken 1968); ( Couri 1983a); ( Couri 1985, liter.); ( Teixeira 1999).

Philornis vulgaris ( Couri, 1984)  

COLOMBIA: Boyacá: Villa de Leiva, IX-2005 to IV-2006, 17 infested nestlings in 8 nests of a total of 42 nestlings in 22 examined nests ( Amat et al. 2007).

Mimus polyglottos (Linnaeus, 1758)  

= Mimus orpheus: Towsend 1895a   ; Hicks 1959: 220 [ref.; host], 489 [host; ref.]

= Mimus sp.   : Séguy 1946, 1950; Hicks 1959: 220 [ref.; host]

= “Mockinbird”: Hicks 1959: 220 [ref.; host]

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis sp.  

JAMAICA: St. Catherine, Caymanas Estates, three nightingale nestlings completely infested: one with five maggots in the side of its head; a nestling from which an isolation of St. Louis encephalitis virus ( Ventura 1965) was made in this study had two larvae in its head; another nestling in the nest had three larvae under its wing, one under its eye and one was found dislodged in the nest [inoculation of two pools, one from each nestling produced no virus ( Ventura 1968).

Philornis spermophila   ( Towsend, 1895a)

JAMAICA ( Towsend 1895a); ( Hicks 1959: 220, 489, following Towsend; Hicks 1959: 220, followig Séguy 1946, 1950); ( Teixeira 1999).

Note: although the species was described by Towsend (1895a), Hicks (1959) follows Towsend (1895b), but P. spermophila   is distributed only in Jamaica and Trinidad. Teixeira (1999) included both works of Towsend among the references cited. Also Hicks (1959: 220) gives Mimus sp.   (based on Séguy 1946, 1950), Mimus orpheus   (based on Towsend) and “Mockingbird” (based on Aldrich 1923) when these names are related to the same taxon.

THYSANOPTERA  

Unidentified species

JAMAICA: St. Catherine, Caymanas Estates ( Ventura 1968).

Mimus saturninus frater Hellmayr, 1925  

= Mimus saturninus: Mello 1982   .

= Mimus: Ribeiro Júnior et al. 2006   .

= Mimus sp.   : Carcavallo et al. 1998a, 1998b.

HEMIPTERA  

Reduviidae   : Triatominae

Psammolestes tertius Lent & Jurberg, 1965  

= Psammolestes coreodes   [non Bergroth, 1911]: Barretto & Carvalheiro 1966.

BRAZIL: Minas Gerais: Uberaba, 19º 45’ S, 47º 55’ W, 45 nymphs and 28 adults in 3 of examined nests in 3 of 5 examined buriti palms, Mauritia vinifera   , conviving with Rhodnius neglectus ( Barretto & Carvalheiro 1966)   ; Uberaba, on buruti palms ( Barretto & Carvalheiro 1967, following Barretto & Carvalheiro 1966; Mello 1982, following Barretto & Carvalheiro 1967); in nests on burutí palms ( Lent & Wygodzinsky 1979); ( Carcavallo et al. 1998a, 1998b); ( Soares et al. 2001); ( Ribeiro Júnior et al. 2006, only as Mimus   ).

Rhodnius neglectus Lent, 1954  

BRAZIL: Minas Gerais: Uberaba , 19º 45’ S, 47º 55’ W, 44 nymphs and 21 adults in 3 of 3 examined nests on 3 buriti palms (of 5 examined), conviving with P. tertius ( Barretto & Carvalheiro 1966)   GoogleMaps   .

Mimus saturninus   [modulator (Gould, 1836)]

= Mimus saturninus: Couri 1986   [hosts].

[ DIPTERA   : Muscidae   ]

Philornis angustifrons (Loew, 1861)  

= Phaonia sp.   : Cassamagnaghi [h.] 1946 [hosts]: fide Albuquerque 1958: 36; Carvalho et al. 2005: 60.

URUGUAY: Canelones: zona próxima a Migues , 1 nestling with 3 larvae, 1 nestling with 1 larva, 1 nestling with 5 larvae (Cassamagnaghi [h.] 1946)   .

Philornis gagnei Couri, 1983  

URUGUAY: [locality not stated], larvae removed from nestlings of Molothrus bonariernsis   inside a nest of Mimus saturninus, P. Mason   leg. ( Couri 1986).

Philornis glaucinis Dodge & Aitken, 1968  

URUGUAY: [locality not stated], larvae removed from nestlings and allowed to pupate, P. Mason leg. ( Couri 1986).

URUGUAY: [locality not stated], larvae removed from nestlings of Molothrus bonariensis   inside a nest of Mimus saturninus, P. Mason   leg. ( Couri 1986)

Philornis masoni Couri, 1986  

URUGUAY: Colonia: Route   12, Km 194, XI-1983 / I-1984, P. Mason leg., 4 females paratypes in nestlings of Molothrus bonariensis   inside a nest of Mimus saturninus ( Couri 1986)   .

Philornis trinitensis Dodge & Aitken, 1968  

URUGUAY: [locality not stated], larvae removed from nestlings of Molothrus bonariensis   inside a nest of Mimus saturninus   , and allowed to pupate, P. Mason leg. ( Couri 1986)

Nesomimus parvulus (Gould, 1837)  

DIPTERA   : MUSCIDAE  

Philornis downsi Dodge & Aitken, 1968  

ECUADOR: Galapagos Islands: Santa Cruz, 2 nests parasitized of 2 examined nests ( Fessl & Tebbich 2002).

MOMOTIDAE  

Eumomota superciliosa (Sandbach, 1837)  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis fasciventris (Wulp, 1896)  

MEXICO: Yucatan: near the Ria Lagartos Biosphere Reserve (21° 33’ N, 88° 05’ W), almost all nests observed have some larvae in the detritus on the bottom of the earthen tunnel-nest of this bird species (in many nests, the detritus undulated with hundreds of larvae), larvae, pupae, 1 male [ CUIC], 1 male [ MNRJ] ( Couri et al. 2007a) GoogleMaps   .

Note: the detritus is comprised of the nestling’s fecal material, coughed-up pellets, rejected food items, and also from dead nestlings. According to TM’s observations, the larvae apparently eat detritus as there was no evidence that the larvae were consuming or parasitizing the nestlings. When nestlings were removed from the nest with numerous Philornis   larvae, the nestling’s skin showed no marks or lesions ( Couri et al. 2007a). This record in an area of tropical forest clearly corresponds to the Neotropical Region.

PARULIDAE  

Dendroica dominica (Linnaeus, 1766)  

= Erismatura dominica   : Guerrero et al. 1965.

Reduviidae   : Triatominae

Rhodnius prolixus Stål, 1859  

VENEZUELA: [locality not stated], in nest, 14 th position in a ranking of “preferred enviroment by R. prolixus   according with the places where it was captured” ( Guerrero et al. 1965).

Dendroica petechia (Linnaeus, 1766)  

DIPTERA   : MUSCIDAE  

Philornis downsi Dodge & Aitken, 1968  

ECUADOR: Galapagos Islands: Santa Cruz, 3 nests parasitized of 3 examined nests ( Fessl & Tebbich 2002).

PASSERIDAE  

Passer domesticus Linnaeus, 1758  

PSOCOPTERA  

Lachesillidae  

Lachesilla fuscipalpis Badonnel, 1972  

MEXICO: Distrito Federal: Ciudad Universitaria , VI-1985, 883 exx. in one examined nest ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Lachesilla punctata (Banks, 1905)  

MEXICO: Distrito Federal: Ciudad Universitaria , VI-1985, 1 ex. in one examined nest ( García Aldrete 1988)   .

Lachesilla sp.   (g. Rufa)

MEXICO: Distrito Federal: Ciudad Universitaria , VI-1985, 2 exx. in one examined nest ( García Aldrete 1988). Liposcelididae    

Liposcelis bostrichophilus Badonnel, 1931  

MEXICO: Distrito Federal: Ciudad Universitaria , VI-1985, 2 exx. in one examined nest ( García Aldrete 1988). Liposcelis sp. 4    

MEXICO: Distrito Federal: Ciudad Universitaria , VI-1985, 3 exx. in one examined nest ( García Aldrete 1988). HEMIPTERA    

Reduviidae   : Triatominae

Triatoma sordida   [ sordida (Stål, 1859)   ]

BRAZIL: São Paulo: Municipio de Sertãozinho, Fazenda Vila Maria, 857 nymphs and 151 adults in one “intensa nidificação de pardais, nos respectivos forros” “e telhados [das] casa, donde ocorria a nidificação e abrigo dessas aves”, 1 nymph I on a male bird captured with mist nets, 2 nymphs I and 1 nymph II on a second male captured with mist nets ( Forattini et al. 1971b); Brazil, first instar nymphs transported by sparrows (Zeledón 1981); “colonias a custa de pardais ... en forros e beirais de casas” ( Aragão 1983, following Forattini et al. 1971b); São Paulo, in nests, nymphs attached to the feathers ( Carcavallo & Martínez 1985, following Forattini et al. 1971b); first instar nymphs transported by sparrows ( Zeledón & Rabinovich 1981, following Forattini et al. 1971b); nymphs of first instar found on the body ( Zeledón 1983, following Forattini et al. 1971b).

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis sp.  

[ BRAZIL]: 18 larvae in one chick ( Couri 1985, following H.S. López pers. com.)   .

PICIDAE  

Colaptes rubiginosus (Swainson, 1820)  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis angustifrons (Loew, 1861)  

TRINIDAD: Brazil Village, 24-IV-1964, Aitken leg., a mature larva removed from the neck of an adult male bird, subsequently reared to an adult male fly ( Dodge & Aitken 1968); Couri (1983a); ( Teixeira 1999).

Colaptes rupicola Orbigny, 1840  

SIPHONAPTERA   : Ceratophyllidae  

Dasypsyllus stejnegeri   ( Jordan, 1929)

PERU: Recuay Province: 19 km W Recuay [9º 44’ 6’’ S, 77º 30’ 3’’ W], 29-III-2000, Hastriter Team leg., 3 females [ MWHC], ex “soil from nest cavity” in earth bank; highway 109 between Chiquian junction and Pavilotica [10º 9’ 36’’ S, 77º 19’ 43’’ W], 1-IV-2000, M.W. Hastriter & R. Soto leg., 1 male [ MWHC], ex nest cavity in vertical road cut ( Hastriter et al. 2002; Hastriter & Schlatter 2006).

Remarks: According to Hastriter et al. (2002), “the adult host bird was seen exiting the earth nest cavity (opening: 18 cm diameter, depth: 60 cm) on several occasions. Five hatchlings were present and fleas were not noted on them. Aproximately one liter of dry, course sand was removed from the earthen nest cavity. Each of the three female fleas was rather inactive, failing to crawl or jump when probed. In comparison, the single male removed from the nest cavity in the road cut along highway 190 was collected from very fine moist soil. It should be noted that the localities of the two collection sites (within the same province) were separated by more than 70 km.”

Melanerpes portoricensis (Daudin, 1803)  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis sp.  

PUERTO RICO: north-central Puerto Rico, inspection of 11 from 23 captured birds had evidence of Philornis   ectoparasitism (Muiznieks & Collazo 1999a).

Melanerpes striatus (P.L.S. Müller, 1776)  

= Picus sp.   : Séguy 1946, 1950; Hicks 1959: 220 [refs.; host]

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis pici ( Macquart, 1854)  

REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA ( Macquart 1854; Couri 1983a); ( Towsend 1895b, according to Hicks 1959: 567); ( Lutz & Neiva 1912); (Engl 1920); (Séguy, 1946, 1950); ( Hicks 1959: 567, following Towsend 1895b, Lutz & Neiva 1912, Engel 1920; Hicks 1959: 568, following Séguy 1946, 1950); ( Teixeira 1999).

Unidentified sp.

HEMIPTERA  

Reduviidae   : Triatominae

Alberprosenia malheiroi Serra, Atzingen & Serra, 1987  

BRAZIL: Pará: Municipio de Marabá, Murumuru, July 1979, 3 males, 1 female in “ninho de pica-pau (aves da familia Picidae   )” in the bole of the palm Euterpe oleracea Mart. ( Carcavallo et al. 1995)   ; “Birds family Picidae   ?”, “ Aves  da familia Picidae   ?” ( Carcavallo et al. 1998a); “in a nest of Picidae   birds”, “em ninhos de aves da familia Picidae   ” ( Carcavallo et al. 1998b, following Carcavallo et al. 1995).

SIPHONAPTERA   : Ceratophyllidae  

Ceratophyllus altus Tipton & Mendez, 1966  

MEXICO: Chiapas: 9 km E San Cristobal de las Casas , 15-V-1969, J.E.H. Martin leg., 4 males, 4 females [ CNCI], ex “woodpecker holes” ( Hastriter 2001)   .

PIPRIDAE  

Manacus manacus (Linnaeus, 1766)  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis angustifrons (Loew, 1861)  

TRINIDAD: Fort Read, 18-VII-1959, Aitken leg., 2 males, 1 female, ex adult of M. manacus ( Dodge & Aitken 1968)   ; ( Couri 1983a); ( Teixeira 1999).

PROCELLARIIDAE  

Puffinus lherminieri subalaris Ridgway, 1897  

SIPHONAPTERA   : Ceratophyllidae  

Parapsyllus cedei Smit, 1970  

ECUADOR: Galapagos Islands: Isla Santa Cruz, 13-II-1964, D.W. Snow leg., 1 male Holotype [ BMNH], 1 female Allotype [ BMNH], 4 males paratypes, 2 females Paratypes, in nests; Plaza (islet just to the east of Isla Santa Cruz ), 6-I-1966, 1 male Paratype, 24-I-1966, 1 male Paratype, 25-I-1966, 1 female Paratype, 28-VII- 1966, 1 male Paratype, 31-VII-1966, 2 males Paratypes, 3 females Paratypes ( Smit 1970)   .

PSITTACIDAE  

Amazona agilis (Linnaeus, 1758)  

DIPTERA   : Stratiomyidae  

Hermetia illucens Linnaeus, 1758  

= “Soldier fly”: Lounges 1996.

JAMAICA: larvae in nest matter ( Lounges 1996).

Amazona amazonica (Linnaeus, 1766)  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis falsificus Dodge & Aitken 1968  

TRINIDAD: Bois Neuf, Nariva Swamp, 21-IV-1961, Aitken leg., 2 males Paratypes from extracutaneous larvae ( Dodge & Aitken 1968); ( Couri 1983a); ( Teixeira 1999).

Amazona finschi (Sclater, 1864)  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis sp.  

MEXICO: Reserva de la Biosfera Chamela-Cuixmala (19° 22’ N, 104º 56’ W to 19° 35’ N, 105° 03’ W), most frequent ectoparasites found on parrot nestlings, average maximum botfly load with 3 ± 4.2 botfly larvae per nestling, range 0– 13 larvae [n = 23] ( Renton 2002) GoogleMaps   .

Amazona sp.  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis pici ( Macquart, 1854)  

= Philornis sp.   : Couri 1983a [included in Philornis spp   .]

BRAZIL: Brazil central [locality not stated] ( Neiva & Penna 1916); (Séguy 1946, 1950); ( Hicks 1959: 220, 572, following Séguy 1946, 1950); Brazil ( Couri 1983a, included in Philornis spp   .); ( Couri 1985, liter.); ( Teixeira 1999).

Note: cited as Neiva & Penna, 1908 in the text and 1916 in the references ( Couri 1983a).

Amazona vittata (Boddaert, 1783)  

DIPTERA  

Muscidae  

Philornis sp.  

= Philornis deceptivus: Arendt 1985b: 281   [host]; Couri 1985; Teixeira 1999.

= Philornis pici: LaRue 1987   ; Snyder et al. 1987; Lindsey 1992; Wiley et al. 2004; United States Fish and Wildlife Service 2008: 18 [host].

“botfly”: Wunderle et al. 2003: 7, 18, 19, 21 [host; date].

PUERTO RICO: parasitized by larval philornids, which have caused the death of parrot nestlings ( Arendt 1985b); Caribbean National Forest, Luquillo Mountains, parasitism of chicks by warble flies, 1973-1979, 6 infested of 25 nests, 1980-1989, 4 infested of 46 nests ( Lindsey 1992); 1975, 1 nestling, 1991, 1 nestling, 1992, 3 nestlings, 1994, 2 nestlings dead by botfly infestations ( Wunderle et al. 2003); ( Wiley et al. 2004); (United States Fish and Wildlife Service 2008, following Arendt 1985b, Snyder et al. 1987, Arendt 2000).

Note: see remarks below Margarops fuscatus (Vieillot, 1808)   [ Mimidae   ].

Stratiomyidae  

Hermetia illucens Linnaeus, 1758  

= “Soldier fly”: Wunderle et al. 2003: 13.

PUERTO RICO: Caribbean National Forest, Luquillo Mountains, 1980-1989, 9 of 46 nests infested with soldier fly larvae ( Lindsey 1992); 1984, Nest site SF, male SF3, female SF3, no. chicks died 2 [1 unknown, 1 soldier fly] ( Wunderle et al. 2003); ( Wiley et al. 2004); soldier fly larvae implicated in the death of at least one, and possibly two nestlings (United States Fish and Wildlife Service 2008).

Note: H. illucens   was included by Wiley et al. (2004) among the “larvae of these ectoparasites [together with Philornis pici   ] can substantially retard growth and muscular development of nestlings, and cause life-threatening secondary infections; heavy infestations of larvae can also directly cause nestling mortality”. This can be true in the case of P. pici   , but for H. illucens   (which can be saprophagous as other Stratiomyidae   ) this needs a further corroboration. H. illucens   was also mentioned in nests of other bird, Ramphastos brevicarinatus   [ Ramphastidae   ] by Van Tyne (1929. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 19, 1-43) and catalogued by Hicks (1959). This last record seems not be American because this bird species is not included in the lists of the American Ornithologists’ Union (1998), Remsen et al. (2008) and the Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos (2007). Original work of Van Tyne (1929) was not available.

Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus (Latham, 1790)  

BLATTARIA   : Blattidae  

[Unidentified sp.]

BRAZIL: [Mato Grosso do Sul]: Pantanal Sul-matogrossense (Favero et al. 2000); Pantanal de Miranda, 3 nymphs in natural nests ( Dutra de Carvalho et al. 2005).

ISOPTERA: Rhinotermitidae  

[Unidentified sp.]

BRAZIL: [Mato Grosso do Sul]: Pantanal Sul-matogrossense (Favero et al. 2000); ( Dutra de Carvalho et al. 2005, following Favero et al. 2000).

PSOCOPTERA  

[Unidentified sp.]

BRAZIL: Mato Grosso do Sul: Pantanal de Miranda, 125 exx. in artificial nests ( Dutra de Carvalho et al. 2005).

COLEOPTERA  

= “Cupepidae [?]”: Favero et al. 2000.

BRAZIL: [Mato Grosso do Sul]: Pantanal Sul-matogrossense, larvae (Favero et al. 2000); ( Dutra de Carvalho et al. 2005, following Favero et al. 2000).

Elateridae  

[Unidentified sp.]

BRAZIL: Mato Grosso do Sul: Pantanal de Miranda , 1 larva in an artificial nest ( Dutra de Carvalho et al. 2005)   .

Histeridae  

[Unidentified sp.]

BRAZIL: Mato Grosso do Sul: Pantanal de Miranda, 4 exx. in natural nests ( Dutra de Carvalho et al. 2005).

Lampyridae  

[Unidentified sp.]

BRAZIL: [Mato Grosso do Sul]: Pantanal Sul-matogrossense (Favero et al. 2000); ( Dutra de Carvalho et al. 2005, following Favero et al. 2000).

Tenebrionidae  

[Unidentified sp.]

BRAZIL: Mato Grosso do Sul: Pantanal de Miranda , 8 larvae in natural nests, and 6 larvae in artificial nests ( Dutra de Carvalho et al. 2005)   .

DIPTERA  

Muscidae  

Philornis sp.  

BRAZIL: Mato Grosso do Sul: Pantanal de Nhecolândia; Pantanal de Miranda ( Guedes et al 1999, 2000).

Stratiomyidae  

[Unidentified sp.]

BRAZIL: Mato Grosso do Sul: Pantanal de Miranda, 4 exx. in artificial nests ( Dutra de Carvalho et al. 2005).

HYMENOPTERA  

Apidae  

[Unidentified sp.]

BRAZIL: [Mato Grosso do Sul]: Pantanal Sul-matogrossense (Favero et al. 2000); ( Dutra de Carvalho et al. 2005, following Favero et al. 2000).

Formicidae  

[Unidentified sp.]

BRAZIL: Mato Grosso do Sul: Pantanal de Miranda, 3 exx. in artificial nests ( Dutra de Carvalho et al. 2005).

Note: Favero et al. (2000) states that “para a Ordem Coleoptera   vários exemplares estavam parcialmente destruídos o que impediu a exata identificação da família”. Thus Lampyridae   and Cupedidae   (larvae) are doubtful and need a further corroboration by examination of the material by expert entomologists. These records are also mentioned in the previous data by Dutra de Carvalho et al. (2005), who add larvae of Elateridae   and larvae of Tenebrionidae   . It is not clear if both works were made with the same bird in the same place corresponding to a single study period.

Aratinga aurea (Gmelin, 1788)  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis sp.  

BRAZIL: parasitized by intradermic larvae ( Teixeira et al. 1990).

Aratinga cactorum (Kuhl, 1820)  

HYMENOPTERA  

Apidae   : Apinae

Apis mellifera Linnaeus, 1758  

BRAZIL: Bahía: surroundings of Milagres, nests in hollows excavated by A. cactorum   in arboreal termitaria of Constrictotermes cyphergaster Silvestri (1901)   ( Barreto & Siqueira de Castro 2007).

Apidae   : Meliponinae  

Partamona rustica Pedro & Camargo (2003)   + Partamona cupira Smith, 1863  

BRAZIL: Bahía: surroundings of Milagres, bee nests inside each hollow nests excavated by A. cactorum   in arboreal termitaria of Constrictotermes cyphergaster   , 12° 47’ 13’’ S, 39° 50’ 02’’ W, 3 bee nests in 38 examined termitaria, 12° 46’ 43’’ S, 39° 51’ 57’’ W, 3 bee nests in 52 examined termitaria, 12° 47’ 46’’ S, 39° 50’ 36’’ W, 1 bee nest in 37 examined termitaria, 12° 47’ 53’’ S, 39° 51’ 55’’ W, 5 bee nests in 81 examined termitaria, 12° 46’ S, 40° 13’ W, 2 bee nests in 106 examined termitaria ( Barreto & Siqueira de Castro 2007).

Note: two nests of Partamona   in hollows excavated by A. cactorum   were predated when the parrots occupied their nest holes in the following breeding season ( Barreto & Siqueira de Castro 2007).

Formicidae  

[Unidentified sp.]

BRAZIL: Bahía: surroundings of Milagres, inquiline in hollow nests excavated by Aratinga cactorum   in arboreal termitaria of Constrictotermes cyphergaster ( Barreto & Siqueira de Castro 2007)   .

Vespidae  

[Unidentified sp.]

BRAZIL: Bahía: surroundings of Milagres, inquiline in hollow nests excavated by A. cactorum   in arboreal termitaria of Constrictotermes cyphergaster ( Barreto & Siqueira de Castro 2007)   .

Aratinga euops (Wagler, 1832)  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis sp.  

CUBA: Ecological Reserve “Alturas de Banao”, southeastern Sancti Spíritus mountains, infestation in nestlings with “warble flies (family Oestridae   ), known locally as the San Juan fly ( Philornis sp.   )”, fig. 15, “a Cuban Parakeet chick showing skin pockets vacated by warble fly larvae” ( Waugh 2006).

Brotogeris versicolurus (Muller, 1776)  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis sp.  

BRAZIL: parasitized by intradermic larvae ( Teixeira et al. 1990).

Myopsitta monachus cotorra (Vieillot, 1817)  

= Aratinga acuticaudata   [non (Vieillot, 1817)]: Noireau et al. 1997: 584.

= Aratinga acuticaudata   [ acuticaudata   , non (Vieillot, 1817)]: Turienzo & Di Iorio 2007: 34 [cat.].

= “parrot nests”: Monteiro et al. 1999: 230 [following Noireau et al. 1997]; Noireau et al. 2000: 23 [following Noireau et al. 1997].

= Birds’ nests: Noireau et al. 1999b: 456 [host; distr.].

Note: Analyzing the data presented by Noireau et al. (1997, 1999 a, 2000) (Table II), it can be concluded that the nests of A. acuticaudata   of Noireau et al. (1997) correspond to nests of M. monachus cotorra   of Noireau et al. (1999 a, 2000).

HEMIPTERA  

Reduviidae   : Triatominae

Triatoma delpontei Romaña & Abalos, 1947  

= Triatoma platensis   [non Neiva, 1913]: Noireau et al. 1997: 584; Turienzo & Di Iorio 2007: 34 [cat., following Noireau et al. 1997]: error of identification.

BOLIVIA: Departamento Santa Cruz: near La Choza (18º 34’ 51.6’’ S, 62º 40’ 10.8 ’’ W), 69 nymphs, 27 females and 33 males in 26 of 46 examined nests ( Noireau et al. 2000) GoogleMaps   .

Note: Noireau et al. (2000) wrote that “parrots nests in the region often contain ornithophilic triatomines characterized as T. delpontei   by cytogenetics. Until now, T. delpontei   has not been reported from Bolivia, possibly owing to misidentifications as T. platensis   ”, correcting his previous mention of T. platensis   in the same nests ( Noireau et al. 1997) (Table II).

Triatoma infestans   [dark morph]

BOLIVIA: Bolivian Chaco, silvatic melanic insects ( Monteiro et al. 1999, following Noireau et al. 1997); Bolivian Chaco, 110 km from Izozog, 15 km around Tita camp, 4 exx. (Noireau et al. 1999); Departamento Santa Cruz: near La Choza (18º 34’ 51.6’’ S, 62º 40’ 10.8 ’’ W), 1 female, 3 males [= 4 exx. of Noireau et al. 1999] in 3 of 46 examined nests ( Noireau et al. 2000) (Table II).

Triatoma sordida   [Group 1]

BOLIVIA: Bolivian Chaco, only detected in bird-nests of this area ( Noireau et al. 1999b); Departamento Santa Cruz: near La Choza (18º 34’ 51.6’’ S, 62º 40’ 10.8 ’’ W), 7 females and 2 males in 5 of 46 examined nests ( Noireau et al. 2000).

Triatoma sordida   [Group 2]

BOLIVIA: Departamento Santa Cruz: near La Choza (18º 34’ 51.6’’ S, 62º 40’ 10.8 ’’ W), 1 male in 1 of 46 examined nests ( Noireau et al. 2000) GoogleMaps   .

Note: Noireau et al. (1999b, 2000) do not state what group corresponds to T. sordida sordida (Stål, 1859)   . Nevertheless, in a personal communition to one of the authors [ ODI] at the Symposium “La Endemia Chagásica en la región del Gran Chaco ” (Academia Nacional de Medicina, Buenos Aires, 19-XI-08), Noireau suspects that the Group I belongs to T. sordida sordida   and the the Group II to T. sordida garciabesi Carcavallo, Cichero, Martínez, Prosen & Ronderos, 1967   .

Myiopsitta monachus monachus (Boddaert, 1783)  

= “parrot nests”: Panzera et al. 1995.

HEMIPTERA  

Reduviidae   : Triatominae

Triatoma delpontei Romaña & Abalos, 1947  

URUGUAY: Artigas: 3 exx. ( Panzera et al.1995).

Pionus sp.  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis pici ( Macquart, 1854)  

= Philornis sp.   : Couri 1983a [included in Philornis spp   .]

BRAZIL: Brazil central [locality not stated] ( Neiva & Penna 1916); (Séguy 1946, 1950); ( Hicks 1959: 220, 573, following Séguy 1946, 1950); Brazil ( Couri 1983a, included in Philornis spp   .); ( Couri 1985, liter.); ( Teixeira 1999).

Note: cited by Couri (1983a) as Neiva & Penna 1908 in the text and 1916 in references.

Psittacidae   nests

=? birds’ nests: ( Carcavallo et al. 1998b).

HEMIPTERA  

Reduviidae   : Triatominae

Pastrongylus megistus (Burmeister, 1835)  

BRAZIL: Minas Gerais: Itapagipe, between October 1985 and October 1986, 4 n IV “found in palm trees (bacuri) associated with parakeet ( Psittacidae   ) nests” (one nymph infested with T. cruzi   ) ( Diotaiuti et al. 1993);

( Carcavallo et al. 1998b).

Note: Carcavallo et al. (1998b) did not give any reference either, mentioning only birds’ nests.

Rhodnius pallescens Barber, 1932  

( Ribeiro Júnior et al. 2006: p. 327, tabela 1).

Note: Until Lent & Wygodzinsky (1979) and Carcavallo et al. (1998b) this species was not recorded in birds’ nests. Original record was not found.

Triatoma jurbergi Carcavallo, Galvão & Lent, 1998  

[ BRAZIL]: Mato Grosso: “found in cracks of erosive rocky hills with Psitacidae nests, sucking blood to rodents and parrots, attacking gold washers in the high and steep banks the river of the Garças” ( Lorosa et al. 2003).

Note: Type specimens of T. jurbergi   were from Rondonópolis, 280 km from Barra do Garça ( Carcavallo et al. 1998c: 459). According to Lorosa et al. (2003), the data on biology of T. jurbergi   are attributed to Carcavallo et al. (1998c), but in this last work nothing is said about its biology.

RHAMPASTIDAE

Ramphastos tucanus Linnaeus, 1758  

= “ toucan nest”: D’Alessandro et al. 1984; Carcavallo et al. 1998a, 1998b.

HEMIPTERA  

Reduviidae   : Triatominae

Pastrongylus lignarius (Walker, 1873)  

COLOMBIA: Meta Lejano, 2 nymphs and 1 adult in one nest in a hollow on the palm Mauritia flexuosa ( D’Alessandro et al. 1981)   ; 2 n V and 1 female in 1 of 1 examined nest on the palm Mauritia   ( D’Alessandro et al. 1984, based on D’Alessandro et al. 1981); ( Carcavallo et al. 1998a, 1998b, without country date).

Note: Only D’Alessandro et al. (1981) gave the bird name.

SPHENISCIDAE  

Spheniscus humboldti Meyen, 1834  

SIPHONAPTERA   : Rhopalopsyllidae  

Parapsyllus longicornis humboldti   Jordan, 1942

= Parapsyllus humboldti: Smith et al. 2007: 132   .

PERU: Ica Department: Marcona, Punta San Juan, 15º 21’ 50’’ S, 75º 12’’ W, occasionally found on birds, in the nest burrows, and in the soil or sand around the nests ( Smith et al. 2007)   .

STRIGIDAE  

Glaucidium sp.  

SIPHONAPTERA   : Ceratophyllidae  

Ceratophyllus altus Tipton & Mendez, 1966  

MEXICO: Chiapas: 9 km E San Cristobal de las Casas , 6-V-1969, J.E.H. Martin leg., 4 males, 2 females [ CNCI], ex “owl nest” ( Glaucidium sp.   )   ; 13 km E San Cristobal de las Casas , 19-V-1969, J.E.H. Martin leg., 2 males, 4 females [ CNCI], ex “owl nest in hollow tree” ( Glaucidium sp.   ) ( Hastriter 2001)   .

Megascops choliba (Vieillot, 1817)  

DIPTERA   : Muscidae  

Philornis falsificus Dodge & Aitken 1968  

TRINIDAD: Saint Patrick’s State, Arima Valley, 14-V-1960, Aitken leg., 1 female Paratype, ex nest ( Dodge & Aitken 1968); ( Couri 1983a); ( Teixeira 1999).

SULIDAE  

Sula dactylatra Lesson, 1831  

COLEOPTERA  

ANSP

Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

CUIC

Cornell University Insect Collection

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

CNCI

Canadian National Collection Insects

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Blattaria

Loc

BLATTARIA

Iorio, Osvaldo Di & Turienzo, Paola 2009
2009
Loc

Aratinga acuticaudata

Turienzo, P. & Di Iorio, O. 2007: 34
2007
Loc

Parapsyllus humboldti:

Smith, K. M. & Karesh, W. B. & Majluf, P. & Paredes, R. & Zavalaga, C. & Hoogesteijn Reul, A. & Stetter, M. & Braselton, W. E. & Puche, H. & Cook, R. A. 2007: 132
2007
Loc

Alphelixia:

van Baaren, J. & Deleporte, P. & Grandcolas, P. 2002: 248
2002
Loc

Schultesia:

van Baaren, J. & Deleporte, P. & Grandcolas, P. 2002: 248
2002
Loc

Amazonina:

van Baaren, J. & Deleporte, P. & Grandcolas, P. 2002: 248
2002
Loc

Chorisoneura:

van Baaren, J. & Deleporte, P. & Grandcolas, P. 2002: 248
2002
Loc

Psarocolius: Merino 2002: 494

Merino, S. 2002: 494
2002
Loc

Zarhynchus:

Merino, S. 2002: 494
2002
Loc

Aratinga acuticaudata

Noireau, F. & Flores, R. & Gutierrez, T. & Dujardin, J. P. 1997: 584
1997
Loc

Triatoma platensis

Turienzo, P. & Di Iorio, O. 2007: 34
Noireau, F. & Flores, R. & Gutierrez, T. & Dujardin, J. P. 1997: 584
1997
Loc

Philornis deceptivus: Arendt 1985b: 281

Arendt, W. J. 1985: 281
1985
Loc

Icteridae

Hicks, E. A. 1959: 485
1959
Loc

Gymnomystax mexicanus

Hicks, E. A. 1959: 220
1959
Loc

Oriolus sp.

Hicks, E. A. 1959: 220
1959
Loc

Oriolus sp.

Hicks, E. A. 1959: 220
1959
Loc

Molothrus sp.

Teixeira, D. M. 1999: 85
Hicks, E. A. 1959: 220
1959
Loc

Mimus orpheus: Towsend 1895a

Hicks, E. A. 1959: 220
1959
Loc

Mimus sp.

Hicks, E. A. 1959: 220
1959
Loc

Picus sp.

Hicks, E. A. 1959: 220
1959
Loc

Phaonia sp.

Albuquerque, D. de 1958: 36
1958
Loc

Ostinops viridis: Barrera & Díaz-Ungría 1957: 180

Barrera, A. & Diaz-Ungria, C. 1957: 180
1957
Loc

Oriolus mexicanus: Blanchard 1895

Hicks, E. A. 1959: 220
Lutz, A. & Neiva, A. 1912: 131
1912
Loc

Oriolus cayanensis: Blanchard 1896

Lutz, A. & Neiva, A. 1912: 131
1912