Amphictene cercusa, Zhang & Hutchings, 2019

Zhang, Jinghuai & Hutchings, Pat, 2019, A revision of Australian Pectinariidae (Polychaeta), with new species and new records, Zootaxa 4611 (1), pp. 1-70: 19-23

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4611.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:178FED38-5FEA-417F-B5DC-807D943B641C

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5670289

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/586F0669-FF9B-FF9A-FF7B-F8CDBB812A37

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Amphictene cercusa
status

n. sp.

Amphictene cercusa   n. sp.

Figs 10–12 View FIGURE 10 View FIGURE 11 View FIGURE 12 , Table 1

Material examined. Australia, Queensland: Holotype: AM W.18121, Pallarenda Beach, N of Townsville , 19°12’S, 146°46’E, intertidal, coll. R. Muffley, 11 Nov 1977. GoogleMaps  

Description. Holotype, pale reddish in colour after preservation, long barrel in shape ( Fig. 11A – B View FIGURE 11 ). Body length 33.0 mm including paleae and scaphe, width 3.0 mm at cephalic regions ( Fig. 11A – B View FIGURE 11 ).

Cephalic veil oval, broken, free from operculum, with smooth cirri on anterior margin and 2/3 lateral margin ( Figs 10B View FIGURE 10 ; 11A, D View FIGURE 11 ). Pair of ear-shaped lobes adjacent to both sides of dorsal base of cephalic veil. Buccal tentacles arising from posterior to cephalic veil, but most detached ( Figs 10B View FIGURE 10 ; 11A, D View FIGURE 11 ).

Operculum semicircular; dorsal and lateral margin well developed, with 27 triangular lappets or cirri; ventral margin (opercular ridge) with nine pairs of golden paleae, curved dorsally, acute with extended tips ( Figs 10A View FIGURE 10 ; 11B – C, E View FIGURE 11 ).

First pair of tentacular cirri extending beyond paleae, with annuli, arising from connection of opercular margin and paleal ridge ( Figs 10A – B View FIGURE 10 ; 11A, C View FIGURE 11 ). Pair of small ventral lappets present behind tentacular cirri, near cephalic veil, on segment 1 ( Figs 10B View FIGURE 10 ; 11D View FIGURE 11 ). Ventral region of segment 1 covered by ventral lobes of segment 2 ( Figs 10B View FIGURE 10 ; 11D View FIGURE 11 ).

Second pair of tentacular cirri with annuli, extending beyond opercular margin, on latero-median connecting ridge on segment 2, inserted more dorsally than 1 st pair of tentacular cirri ( Figs 10A View FIGURE 10 ; 11C, E View FIGURE 11 ). Segment 2 with ventral lobes as pair of broad ventro-lateral lobes separated by grooves from base of 2 nd pair of tentacular cirri, and narrow mid-ventral lobe with pair of swellings, about 1/2 width of ventro-lateral lobes ( Figs 10B View FIGURE 10 ; 11A, D View FIGURE 11 ). Dorsal lobe absent on segment 2 ( Figs 10A View FIGURE 10 ; 11C, E View FIGURE 11 ).

Comb-like branchiae on segments 3 – 4, consisting of series of dense, flat lamellae ( Figs 10A – B View FIGURE 10 ; 11B – E View FIGURE 11 ). Branchiae of similar size but those on segment 3 inserted more ventrally than those on segment 4. Pair of small dorso-lateral glandular pads present adjacent to branchiae on segment 3 ( Figs 10A View FIGURE 10 ; 11B – C, E View FIGURE 11 ).

Ventral glandular lobes present on segments 3 – 6, becoming progressively more lateral and broader from segments 3 – 5 ( Figs 10B View FIGURE 10 ; 11C – D View FIGURE 11 ). Hump present near branchiae on segment 4. Segment 3 with ventral lobe, curved anteriorly. Segment 4 with pair of ventro-lateral lobes and mid-ventral lobe almost 1/3 width of ventro-lateral lobes, separated from those by deep grooves. Segment 5 with pair of ventro-lateral lobes and mid-ventral lobe about 1/3 width of ventro-lateral lobes, separated from those by shallow grooves. Segment 6 with pair of broad ventral lobes, separated from each other by median shallow groove ( Figs 10B View FIGURE 10 ; 11D View FIGURE 11 ).

Notopodia other than those of segment 1 which bear paleae, on segments 5 – 21 (17 pairs), each bearing two kinds of notochaetae; one winged from anterior row, bordered with serrations along distal portion, covered progressively with more spines from middle to front of wing, on anterior surface; other from posterior row, stout, straight, tapering to an acute tip, covered progressively with more spines from mid-anterior portion to tip, on anterior surface ( Figs 10D View FIGURE 10 ; 11A – B View FIGURE 11 ; 12A, C View FIGURE 12 ). Neuropodia, 13 pairs on segments 8 – 20, each with slightly raised torus with transverse row of uncini; each uncinus with U-shaped anterior peg embedded into torus, several rows of minor teeth, and three longitudinal rows of major teeth, each with 7 – 8 teeth ( Figs 10E – F View FIGURE 10 ; 12B View FIGURE 12 ). Segment 21 with pair of ventro-lateral lobes near notopodia ( Figs 10C View FIGURE 10 ; 11 F View FIGURE 11 ).

Scaphe rectangular with rounded posterior margin, flattened dorsally, divided into two anterior narrow lobes and four posterior broader rounded lobes on each lateral margin; posterior margin with contiguous rounded lappets near anal flap; each with one dorsal cirri under margins of lateral lobes 2 – 5, posterior cirri longer than anterior ones ( Figs 10C View FIGURE 10 ; 11F – H View FIGURE 11 ). Anal flap oblong tongue, with short dorsal cirrus ( Figs 10A View FIGURE 10 ; 11H – I View FIGURE 11 ). Scaphal hooks 11 pairs, amber, almost straight, with blunt tip, arranged in transverse row on dorsal margin of scaphe ( Figs 10G View FIGURE 10 ; 12D View FIGURE 12 ).

Tube not collected.

Methyl Green stained body distinctly green on cirri of cephalic veil, ventral lobes of segments 2–6, base of 2 nd pair of tentacular cirri, dorso-lateral pads of segment 3, neuropodia, regions between segment 21 and scaphe, margins of scaphe, and the last half of scaphal ventrum ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 A–G).

Type locality. Australia, N Queensland ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 )   .

Habitat. Collected intertidally on sandy beach.

Etymology. The species is named from a latin word “cercus” referring to posterior appendages, as the species has four pairs of dorsal cirri on lateral margins of scaphe.

Remarks. Paleae and cephalic veil of the specimen are damaged, presumably during collection and also segments 11 – 14 are slightly damaged. But Amphictene cercusa   n. sp. can be easily distinguished from all other Amphictene   species by having four pairs of dorsal cirri under the lateral lobes of the scaphe (Table 1). Other distinguishing characters are: rectangular scaphe; posterior part margin of scaphe with contiguous rounded lappets near anal flap; 11 pairs of straight scaphal hooks; dorso-lateral pads present only on segment 3 and uncini with three longitudinal rows of major teeth. The scaphal hooks of A. cercusa   n. sp., are similar to those of A. alata Zhang, Zhang & Qiu, 2015 and A. japonica ( Nilsson, 1928)   , but both of these two species lack scaphal dorsal cirri and have dorso-lateral pads on segments 3 – 4. The scaphal hooks resemble those of A. favona Hutchings & Peart, 2002   , but this species has a dorsal lobe on segment 2 and dorso-lateral pads on segments 3 – 4, and lacks dorsal cirri on the lateral lobes of the scaphe, and so can be easily distinguished from A. cercusa   n. sp.

AM

Australian Museum