Diolcogaster claritibia ( Papp, 1959 ), in Palaearctic, 1959

Moghaddam, Mostafa Ghafouri, Rakhshani, Ehsan, Achterberg, Cornelis Van & Mokhtari, Azizollah, 2019, A taxonomic review of the genus Diolcogaster Ashmead (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Microgastrinae) in Iran, distribution and morphological variability, Zootaxa 4590 (1), pp. 95-124: 103-106

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4590.1.4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A830F9D5-EB71-4834-AEAD-B9E2DAC1E9D7

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5586614

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/5824DB5E-F864-FFA5-F4F5-4B33FE2A5019

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Diolcogaster claritibia ( Papp, 1959 )
status

 

Diolcogaster claritibia ( Papp, 1959)  

( Figs 5–6 View FIGURE 5 View FIGURE 6 , 16 View FIGURE 16 D–16E)

Microgaster claritibia Papp, 1959: 405   .

Protomicroplitis orontes Nixon, 1965: 254   .

Protomicroplitis claritibia   ; Nixon, 1968: 69.

Diolcogaster claritibia   ; Fernández-Triana et al. 2014b.

Material examined. 11 ♀ ( DPPZ)   : 1♀, IRAN, Sistan-o Baluchestan province, Mirjaveh county (29°00' N; 61°27' E, 851 m), 08.vii.2011, swept from Medicago sativa, S. Seddighi   GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Kerman province, Jiroft county, Karimabad village (28°40’N; 57°44’E, 687 m), 06.iv.2012, pan trap among citrus trees, N. Amirinasab GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, same label data, 03.iv.2014, swept from Cucumis sativus, N. Amirinasab   ;   2 ♀, Sistan-o Baluchestan province, Zabol county , (31°07'15" N; 61°30'12" E, 482 m), 20.iv.2013, swept from weeds, Z. Rahmani GoogleMaps   ; 4 ♀, North Khorasan province, Maneh county , (37°40'0.33"N; 57°11'43.08"E, 703 m), 07.v.2014, Malaise trap in natural ecosystem, Z. Rahmani GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, same label data, but 03.v.2014, swept from weeds, Z. Rahmani   ; 1 ♀, same label data, but 08.v.2014.  

Additional material. 9 ♀ and 4 ♂ ( HNHM, all determined by J. Papp, otherwise indicated): HOLOTYPE of Microgaster claritibia     , ♀, HUNGARY, Domos , on Lepidium, Apajpuszta   (47°6'N, 19°5'E), 7.v.1952 GoogleMaps   , A. Moczar, Hym. Typ. No. 451, Museum Budapest ( Fig. 16D View FIGURE 16 )   ; 1 ♀, Paratype, same label data, Hym. Typ. No. 450, Museum Budapest, Det.: G.E.J. Nixon, 1958 as Microgaster claritibia   ( Fig. 16E View FIGURE 16 )   ; 1 ♀, SPAIN, 5.x.1983   ; 1 ♀, Canary Islands, La Gomera , San Sebastian (43°19'N, 1°58'W), 17.iii.1950, M. Lindberg GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, TUNISIA, Tunis, Carthago (36°51'N, 10°19'E) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ and 3 ♂, TURKEY, Adana (36°59'N, 35°19'E), 20.vi.1979, A. Beyarslan GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀, Aetep, Oguzeli (36°57'N, 37°30'E), 7.v.1995, A. Beyarslan GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, UKRAINE, Sudl, Umg. Berdiansk (47°6'N, 37°26'E), 2.v.1966, N. Gulinov GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Kiev, airport (50°20'N, 30°53'E), 18.v.1975, S. Toth GoogleMaps   ; 7 ♀ ( NHMW): “ Allotype ” of Microgaster claritibia     , ♀, AUSTRIA, Rechnitz Bgld (47°18'N, 16°26'E), 2.viii.1958, M. Fischer GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Wien III (48°12'N, 16°23'E), 16.vii.1958, M. Fischer GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, same label data, 11.vi.1958   ; 4 ♀, same label data, 15.vi.1958   .

Redescription. FEMALE. 5 ♀ ( Iran), length of body 2.0– 2.3 mm ( Fig. 5A View FIGURE 5 ), length of antenna 2.2–2.5 mm ( Fig. 5B View FIGURE 5 ), length of fore wing 2.1–2.4 mm ( Figs 6 View FIGURE 6 F–6G).

Colour. Antenna brownish black ( Fig. 5B View FIGURE 5 ); medio-tergites 4–8 darker than latero-tergites and mostly dark brown or blackish brown ( Fig. 6D View FIGURE 6 ); all coxae black, metafemora dark brown, pro- and mesotibia entirely yellow, metatibia yellow anteriorly, brown medially and dark brown posteriorly about 0.8 ( Figs 5A, 5C View FIGURE 5 ).

Head. Head height 4.5× temple length ( Figs 5 View FIGURE 5 E–5F); subapical antennal flagellomeres somewhat moniliform and longer than wide, length of second, 12th, 13th, 14th, penultimate and apical flagellomeres 2.0, 2.3, 2.2, 2.0, 2.1 and 2.4× as long as their width, respectively ( Fig. 5B View FIGURE 5 ); gena in lateral view slightly smaller than eye width ( Fig. 5F View FIGURE 5 ); malar space medium-sized ( Fig. 5D View FIGURE 5 ); clypeal maximum width 1.6× oculo-mandibular line ( Fig. 5D View FIGURE 5 ); interocular line 3.5× oculo-mandibular line ( Fig. 5D View FIGURE 5 ); eye height 2.6× its width, 2.1× temple length and 3.4× oculomandibular line ( Figs 5 View FIGURE 5 D–5E); OD and POL 0.5× and 1.1× OOL, respectively ( Figs 5E View FIGURE 5 ).

Mesosoma   . Mesoscutum finely and densely punctate, with whitish setae ( Fig. 6A View FIGURE 6 ); scutellum weakly and sparsely punctate ( Fig. 6A View FIGURE 6 ); propodeum shiny, rugose posteriorly and laterally, the rest largely smooth with an irregular medio-longitudinal carina, traces of transverse carina defined with rugose pattern, length of anterior half of propodeum 1.2× of posterior half of propodeum ( Fig. 6D View FIGURE 6 ).

Legs. Metacoxa large, 2.8× as long as wide, not surpassing posterior margin of T2 ( Fig. 5A View FIGURE 5 ); metafemora 3.7× as long as wide and 1.8× length of metatibia ( Figs 5A, 5C View FIGURE 5 ); metatibial inner spur 0.5× as long as basitarsus ( Fig. 5C View FIGURE 5 ).

Wings ( Figs 5 View FIGURE 5 F–5G). Fore wing vein R1 about 0.8× pterostigma length, pterostigma 2.5× as long as wide, vein r 1.0× as long as vein 2RS, not curved, vein r-m 1.8× 3RSa, subbasal cell less than half as long as vein 1M. Hind wing evenly covered with brown setae, vein cu-a curved.

Metasoma. T1 medial length 1.9× its width anteriorly, 1.5× its width posteriorly ( Fig. 6C View FIGURE 6 ), anterior half of T1 parallel-sided, then widening towards posterior margin, T1 with a median sulcus, anterior half smooth and shiny, sparsely punctate, posterior half with strong rugae and medium-sized setae ( Fig. 6C View FIGURE 6 ); T2 with a median field, well protruding, laterally weakly sloping, its width 3.5× medial length at posterior margin, T2 with weak rugae medially, smooth and shiny laterally ( Figs 6 View FIGURE 6 C–6D); T3 longer than T2 and completely smooth ( Fig. 6D View FIGURE 6 ); setose part of ovipositor sheaths 0.3× as long as metatibia ( Fig. 6E View FIGURE 6 ).

Ecological notes. No hosts known in Iran. It was reared from Plutellidae ( Yu et al. 2016)   . Flight period March to October, with peak in May. Mostly collected in April and May.

Distribution in Iran. Golestan ( Gadallah et al. 2015); Sistan-o Baluchestan, Kerman and North Khorasan provinces (new records).

Geographic distribution ( Figs 17 View FIGURE 17 B–17C). Holarctic: Afghanistan, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Canada (Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario), Finland, former Yugoslavia, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia (Chita, Krasnodar Krai), Spain, Tunisia (new record), Turkey and Ukraine (new record).

Similar species. The most similar species is D. tegularia ( Papp, 1959)   from Hungary and D. mayae (Shestakov, 1932)   , which can be easily separated by a series of diagnostic characters ( Table 3 View TABLE 3 ).

MALE. Unknown from Iran.

Remarks. Our examined specimens were similar to specimens from Cyprus, France and Jordan, listed in Fernandez-Triana et al. (2014) and differ from Canadian specimens by the sculpture of T1–T2, mesoscutum and scutellum, the shape of the median field of T2 and the length/width ratio of T1. Generally, the examined specimens combine morphological characteristics of both European and Canadian specimens. In addition, we observed some intraspecific variations, e.g., specimens identified by J. Papp have only fore legs light yellow and the other legs black, while the Iranian specimens have all legs tricoloured, dark brown (coxae), brown (femora and tarsi) and yellowish brown (tibiae).

HNHM

Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)

NHMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Braconidae

Genus

Diolcogaster

Loc

Diolcogaster claritibia ( Papp, 1959 )

Moghaddam, Mostafa Ghafouri, Rakhshani, Ehsan, Achterberg, Cornelis Van & Mokhtari, Azizollah 2019
2019
Loc

Protomicroplitis orontes

Nixon, G. E. J. 1965: 254
1965
Loc

Microgaster claritibia

Papp, J. 1959: 405
1959