Molycria drummond, Platnick & Baehr, 2006

Platnick, N. I. & Baehr, B., 2006, A Revision Of The Australasian Ground Spiders Of The Family Prodidomidae (Araneae: Gnaphosoidea), Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 2006 (298), pp. 1-287: 63-85

publication ID

0003-0090

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/575B87E6-4F52-6764-FC8B-F9BAFE05FA25

treatment provided by

Tatiana

scientific name

Molycria drummond
status

new species

Molycria drummond   , new species Figures 143–147; Map 9

TYPES: Male holotype and female allotype taken in pitfall trap in open forest at an elevation of 920 m on the summit of the Drummond Range , 23 ° 329S, 147 ° 189E, Queensland (Oct. 25–Dec. 17, 2002; D. Cook,  

G. Monteith), deposited in QMB (male S65740 View Materials , female S65739 View Materials ).

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Males resemble those of M. wallacei   but have a more gradually narrowed embolus (fig. 144); females also resemble those of M. wallacei   but have a shorter epigynal atrium (fig. 146).

MALE: Total length 2.78. Carapace 1.22 long, 1.14 wide, 0.40 high, length/width 1.07; sternum 0.80 long, 0.70 wide, length/width 1.14; abdomen 1.56 long, 0.72 wide; coxa I 0.46 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.83:0.78:0.87. Carapace orange, mottled with gray, sternum yellow, with darker lateral margin, chelicerae orange, endites, labium orange, distally pale; abdominal dorsum gray, with weak orange scutum, spear tip-shaped pale spot in front of spinnerets, venter pale gray; legs grayish orange. Carapace weakly covered with cinnamon, plumose setae. Eye group width 0.75 of caput width; AME 0.13; ALE 0.1; PME 0.12; PLE 0.1; AME–AME 0.02; AME–ALE 0.02; PME–PME 0.04; PME–PLE 0.04; ALE–PLE 0.02; eye group AME–PME 0.28; AME–AME 0.28; PME–PME 0.28. Clypeus 0.08 high. Abdomen covered with cinnamon, plumose setae; ALS 0.53 of abdominal length, slightly separated. Palp (figs. 143–145): conductor originating distally, grooved longitudinally, distal part with sharp tip; median apophysis scythe-shaped, ventrally excavated, with long median tip; sperm duct weakly u-shaped; embolus fingershaped, with s-shaped, sharp tip, embolar base separated from tegulum, situated medially; tibia about 1.8–2.0 times as long as wide, retrolateral tibial apophysis rectangular, with distally bent tip.

FEMALE: Total length 3.44. Carapace 1.30 long, 1.26 wide, 0.46 high, length/width 1.03; sternum 0.84 long, 0.76 wide, length/width 1.11; abdomen 2.14 long, 1.10 wide; coxa I 0.52 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.77:0.65:1.00. Coloration as in male but without dorsal scutum. Eye group width 0.76 of caput width; eye group AME–PME 0.30. Clypeus 0.10 high. ALS 0.48 of abdominal length. Epigynum (figs. 146, 147): atrium short, with wide, rectangular anterior margin; epigynal ducts parallel along midline, anterior part slightly recurved, forming basal triangles with spermathecae, spermathecae less than their diameter apart, twisted, in horizontal position, with one dorsal diverticulum.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: Queensland: Drummond Range summit, 23 ° 329S, 147 ° 189E, Oct. 25–Dec. 17, 2002, open forest pitfall, elev. 920 m (D. Cook, G. Monteith, QMB S55089 View Materials ), 1Oi, 1♀, Dec. 18, 2000 –Mar, 27, 2001, same (QMB S39983 View Materials ), 5♀.

DISTRIBUTION: Known only from the Drummond Range in south-central Queensland (map 9).

Molycria wallacei   , new species

Figures 148–152; Map 10

TYPES: Male holotype and female allotype taken in pitfall traps in an open forest at an elevation of 650 m on Mount Archer , 23 ° 209S, 150 ° 359E, Queensland (Sept. 4–Nov. 11, 1991; D. Wallace, R. Raven), deposited in QMB (male S66597 View Materials , female S66596 View Materials )   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a patronym in honor of one of the collectors of the type series, Mr. Doug Wallace.

DIAGNOSIS: Males have a distinctively shaped retrolateral tibial apophysis, bent and narrowed at its tip (fig. 150); females have a squared, anteriorly situated epigynal atrium (fig. 151).

MALE: Total length 2.76. Carapace 1.30 long, 1.18 wide, 0.50 high, length/width 1.10; sternum 0.80 long, 0.72 wide, length/width 1.11; abdomen 1.46 long, 0.98 wide; coxa I 0.50 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.80:0.72:0.88. Carapace, sternum orange, with darker lateral margins, chelicerae orange, endites, labium orange, distally pale; abdominal dorsum gray, with weak orange scutum, half moon-shaped pale spot in front of spinnerets, venter pale; legs grayish orange. Carapace weakly covered with cinnamon, plumose setae. Eye group width 0.79 of caput width; AME 0.12; ALE 0.10; PME 0.12; PLE 0.12; AME–AME 0.04; AME– ALE 0.02; PME–PME 0.04; PME–PLE 0.04; ALE–PLE 0.02; eye group AME–PME 0.28; AME–AME 0.28; PME–PME 0.28. Clypeus 0.12 high. Abdomen covered with cinnamon, plumose setae; ALS 0.57 of abdominal length, slightly separated. Palp (figs. 148– 150): conductor originating distally, broadly ellipsoid, groove shallow; median apophysis scythe-shaped, ventrally excavated, with long median tip; sperm duct u-shaped; embolus semicircular, embolar base broad, lobate; tibia about 1.5 times as long as wide, retrolateral tibial apophysis rectangular, with distally bent tip.

FEMALE: Total length 3.28. Carapace 1.34 long, 1.34 wide, 0.42 high, length/width 1.00; sternum 0.82 long, 0.76 wide, length/ width 1.08; abdomen 1.94 long, 1.02 wide; coxa I 0.60 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.80:0.70:0.93. Coloration as in male but without dorsal scutum. Eye group width 0.76 of caput width; AME 0.13; PME 0.13; PLE 0.10; eye group AME–PME 0.3; AME–AME 0.3; PME–PME 0.3. Clypeus 0.10 high. ALS 0.53 of abdominal length. Epigynum (figs. 151, 152): atrium roughly rectangular, anteriorly situated, with wide, arched anteri- or margin, two medial, convex copulatory openings; epigynal ducts parallel along midline, spermathecae large, about their diameter apart, globular.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: Queensland: Boomer Range, Python Scrub, 23 ° 129S, 149 ° 449E, Dec. 16, 1999 – Mar. 22, 2000, vine scrub pitfall, elev. 220 m (G. Monteith, QMB S59456 View Materials ), 1 Oi , July 1–Sept. 29, 1999, elev. 240 m (G. Monteith, D. Cook, QMB S57779 View Materials ), 1♀   ; Bouldercombe, 23 ° 349S, 150 ° 289E, Oct. 22, 1990 – Mar. 21, 1991, open forest pitfall (D. Wallace, R. Raven, K. Williams, QMB S32384 View Materials ), 1 Oi   ; 10.7 km NNW Marlborough , 22 ° 449S, 149 ° 519E, Dec. 19, 1999, vine scrub, pyrethrum sampling of trunks and logs, elev. 120 m (G. Monteith, QMB S60448 View Materials ), 1♀   ; Dec. 19, 1999 – Mar. 24, 2000, vine scrub pitfall, elev. 120 m (D. Cook, G. Monteith, QMB S39998 View Materials ), 1 Oi , 1♀   ; Mount Archer, 23 ° 209S, 150 ° 359E, Sept. 4–Nov. 11, 1992, open forest pitfall, elev. 650 m (D. Wallace, R. Raven, QMB S30448 View Materials ), 2 Oi   .

DISTRIBUTION: Known only from mideastern Queensland (map 10).

Molycria dalby   , new species

Figures 153–158; Map 10

TYPE: Male holotype and female allotype taken in pitfall trap at Lake Broadwater, via Dalby, site 1, 27 ° 219S 151 ° 069E, Queensland (May 23–Nov. 23, 1985), deposited in QMB (male S66636 View Materials , female S66637 View Materials ).

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Males resemble those of M. broadwater   in having dorsal macrosetae on the male palpal tibia, but differ in having a gap between those setae and the retrolateral tibial apophysis (fig. 158); females differ in having approximate median epigynal ducts (figs. 156, 157).

MALE: Total length 2.96. Carapace 1.32 long, 1.20 wide, 0.42 high, length/width 1.10; sternum 0.80 long, 0.72 wide, length/width 1.11; abdomen 1.64 long, 0.92 wide; coxa I 0.48 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.96:0.75:0.96. Carapace orange, with dark filigree net pattern; sternum, chelicerae, legs orange, endites, labium orange brown, distally pale; abdominal dorsum gray, with weak orange scutum, half ring-shaped pale spot in front of spinnerets, venter pale. Carapace weakly covered with gray, plumose setae. Eye group width 0.88 of caput width; AME 0.13; ALE 0.10; PME 0.14; PLE 0.10; AME–AME 0.02; AME–ALE 0.02; PME– PME 0.04; PME–PLE 0.02; ALE–PLE 0.02; eye group AME–PME 0.28; AME–AME 0.28; PME–PME 0.32. Clypeus 0.10 high. Abdomen covered with gray, plumose setae; ALS 0.52 of abdominal length, contiguous. Palp (figs. 153–155, 158): conductor originating distally, short, broad, grooved longitudinally, with twisted distal part; tibia with small dorsodistal field of macrosetae; retrolateral tibial apophysis finger-shaped covered with macrosetae, gap between those fields, femur ventrally incrassate.

FEMALE: Total length 3.16. Carapace 1.36 long, 1.26 wide, 0.44 high, length/width 1.08; sternum 0.86 long, 0.76 wide, length/ width 1.13; abdomen 1.80 long, 1.11 wide; coxa I 0.46 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.87:0.78:0.96. Coloration as in male but without dorsal scutum. Eye group width 0.85 of caput width; AME 0.14; AME–AME 0.30. Clypeus 0.08 high. ALS 0.55 of abdominal length. Epigynum (figs. 156, 157): atrium with rounded anterior margin, two laterally directed, semicircular copulatory openings; epigynal ducts short, parallel along midline, spermathecae about their diameter apart, oval, twisted, in vshaped position.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: New South Wales: 50 m E Boonal Road, 5.2 km NE junction with Moree-Boomi Road, 28 ° 509S, 149 ° 429E, Nov. 29–Dec. 19, 1999, Casuarina cristata   patch pitfall (L. Wilkie, R. Harris, T. Moulds, AMS KS72568, 72569), 1Oi, 1♀; road to Boyanga Station, just after Old Boyanga turnoff, 29 ° 119S, 149 ° 169E, Nov. 27–Dec. 17, 1999, Casuarina cristata   patch pitfall (L. Wilkie, R. Harris, T. Moulds, AMS KS72567), 1♀; Darling River, Kalyanka, ca, 11 km E Wilcannia, 31 ° 349S, 143 ° 299E, Dec. 2–22, 1999, Eucalyptus camaldulensis   patch pitfall (F. Christie, P. Flemons, M. Elliott, AMS KS72594–72596), 3Oi; Darling River, 1.5 km S Trilby Station High School, 30 ° 399S, 144 ° 569E, Dec. 1–21, 1999, Eucalyptus camaldulensis   patch pitfall (F. Christie, P. Flemons, M. Elliott, AMS KS72591, 72592), 3Oi; 14.3 km on trail to Darling River from ranger’s station, Kinchega National Park, 32 ° 339S, 142 ° 239E, Nov. 30– Dec. 19, 1999, Eucalyptus largiflorens   pitfall (F. Christie, P. Flemons, M. Elliott, AMS KS72602), 1Oi; 2.5 km NW Gin Gin on road to Riverview Station, 31 ° 549S, 148 ° 049E, Nov. 22–Dec. 12, 1999, pitfall in Eucalyptus camaldulensis   , Acacia pendula   (L. Wilkie, J. Tarnawski, H. Doherty, H. Smith, AMS KS72572, 72573), 4Oi, 5♀; 7.5 km NW Gin Gin, Wambianna Station, 31 ° 529S, 148 ° 029E, Nov. 22– Dec. 12, 1999, pitfall in Eucalyptus camaldulensis   , Acacia pendula   (L. Wilkie, J. Tarnawski, H. Doherty, H. Smith, AMS KS72574–72578), 15Oi, 11♀; 100 m on access road to Iluka Station, ca. 48 km SW Moree, 29 ° 399S, 149 ° 269E, Nov. 28–Dec. 18, 1999, Eucalyptus populnea   patch pitfall (L. Wilkie, J. Tarnawski, H. Doherty, H. Smith, AMS KS72587), 1Oi; 400 m on access road to Iluka Station, ca. 48 km SW Moree, 29 ° 399S, 149 ° 259E, Nov. 28– Dec. 18, 1999, native grassland pitfall (L. Wilkie, J. Tarnawski, H. Doherty, H. Smith, AMS KS72588), 1Oi; E bank, Maynes (Yarrangooran) Lagoon, Parkdale Station, 28 ° 409S, 150 ° 209E, Nov. 29–Dec. 19, 1999, Eucalyptus camaldulensis   pitfall (L. Wilkie, J. Tarnawski, H. Doherty, H. Smith, AMS KS72590), 1Oi; Moppin-Aveymore Road, ca. 400 m S junction at Dolgelly Bore, 28 ° 539S, 149 ° 529E, Nov. 29– Dec. 19, 1999, Acacia pendula   patch pitfall (L. Wilkie, R. Harris, T. Moulds, AMS KS72570), 1Oi; 17.0 km S Narromine city limit sign on Tullamore Road, 32 ° 219S, 148 ° 079E, Nov. 21– Dec. 11, 1999, Acacia pendula   patch pitfall (L. Wilkie, R. Harris, T. Moulds, AMS KS72558), 1Oi; 3.8 km N on Narran Plains Road from junction with Narran Lake Road, 29 ° 429S, 147 ° 209E, Nov. 25–Dec. 15, 1999, Eucalyptus largiflorens   pitfall (F. Christie, P. Flemons, M. Elliott, AMS KS72600), 1Oi; Omeo, 30 ° 019S, 148 ° 529E, Feb. 2001, pitfall (I. Oliver, AMS KS80098, 80115), 1Oi, 1♀; Omeo, 30 ° 049S, 148 ° 549E, Feb. 2001, pitfall (I. Oliver, AMS KS81095), 2Oi, 1♀; 2.7 km S past homestead, Trilby Station, Darling River, 30 ° 399S, 144 ° 559E, Dec. 1–21, 1999, Eucalyptus largiflorens   pitfall (F. Christie, P. Flemons, M. Elliott, AMS KS72603), 2Oi, 2♀; Warrumbungles National Park, John Renshaw Parkway, 1.9 km W Camp Wambelong, 31 ° 179S, 148 ° 589E, Nov. 10, 2001, under rock (M. Gray, G. Milledge, H. Smith, AMS KS75205), 1♀; Watercourse Road, ca. 200 m S Allambie Bridge, 29 ° 219S, 149 ° 269E, Nov. 28–Dec. 18, 1999, Eucalyptus largiflorens   , E. microthreca   pitfall (L. Wilkie, J. Tarnawski, H. Doherty, H. Smith, AMS KS72584–72586), 3Oi, 1♀. Queensland: Lake Broadwater, via Dalby, site 1, 27 ° 219S, 151 ° 069E, Jan. 26–Feb. 18, 1985, pitfall (QMB S66644 View Materials ), 1♀, Mar. 25–May 16, 1985, pitfall (QMB S66643 View Materials ), 1Oi, May 16–Nov. 23, 1985, pitfalls (QMB S66638 View Materials ), 12Oi, 10♀, Nov. 24, 1985 – Jan. 3, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S66639 View Materials ), 3Oi, 8♀, Jan. 3–Feb. 25, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S66640 View Materials ), 13Oi, 23♀, Feb. 25– Apr. 22, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S66641 View Materials ), 3Oi, 6♀, Apr. 22–June 12, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S66642 View Materials ), 4Oi, 2♀.

DISTRIBUTION: Known only New South Wales and southeastern Queensland (map 10).

Molycria broadwater   , new species

Figures 159–164; Map 12

TYPES: Male holotype and female allotype taken in pitfall trap at Lake Broadwater, via Dalby , site 8, 27 ° 219S 151 ° 069E, Queensland (Feb. 19–Mar. 26, 1985; M. Bennie), deposited in QMB (male S66613 View Materials , female S30873 View Materials )   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Males resemble those of M. dalby   in having dorsal macrosetae on the male palpal tibia, but differ in having a line of those setae that connects with the retrolateral tibial apophysis (fig. 164); females differ in having separated median epigynal ducts (figs. 162, 163).

MALE: Total length 3.08. Carapace 1.32 long, 1.24 wide, 0.50 high, length/width 1.06; sternum 0.78 long, 0.70 wide, length/width 1.11; abdomen 1.76 long, 0.90 wide; coxa I 0.54 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.74:0.70:0.88. Carapace yellow orange, with dark margin, dark chevrons on top; sternum yellow, with darker lateral margins; chelicerae, endites, labium pale grayish; abdominal dorsum gray, with half ringshaped pale spot in front of spinnerets, venter pale; legs orange. Carapace weakly covered with shiny, plumose setae. AME elevated, eye group width 0.89 of caput width; AME 0.14; ALE 0.10; PME 0.14; PLE 0.10; AME–AME 0.02; AME–ALE 0.02; PME–PME 0.02; PME–PLE 0.02; ALE–PLE 0.02; eye group AME–PME 0.28; AME–AME 0.30; PME–PME 0.30. Clypeus 0.08 high. Abdomen covered with shiny, plumose setae; ALS 0.46 of abdominal length, slightly separated. Palp (figs. 159–161, 164): conductor originating distally, long, straight, grooved longitudinally; median apophysis about twice as long as wide, ventrally excavated; tibia with four dorsal lines of stiff macrosetae, first one connecting with triangular retrolateral tibial apophysis.

FEMALE: Total length 3.08. Carapace 1.30 long, 1.18 wide, 0.42 high, length/width 1.10; sternum 0.80 long, 0.76 wide, length/ width 1.05; abdomen 1.78 long, 1.02 wide; coxa I 0.48 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.79:0.75:0.92. Coloration as in male. Eye group width 0.75 of caput width; AME 0.12; PME 0.12; PLE 0.12; AME–AME 0.04; AME–AME 0.28; PME–PME 0.28. Clypeus 0.06 high. ALS 0.47 of abdominal length. Epigynum (figs. 162, 163) with two small, lateral, semicircular copulatory openings; epigynal ducts short, in v-shaped position, spermathecae contiguous, sausage-shaped, with one dorsal diverticulum.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: New South Wales: Attunga State Forest , SE side, E road up slope, 30 ° 579S, 150 ° 569E, Nov. 16–Dec. 7, 2001, pitfall (G. Carter, AMS KS82237), 1 Oi   ; Attunga State Forest , T-junction in track on back road, 50 m SW into forest, 30 ° 569S, 150 ° 569E, Nov. 16–Dec. 7, 2001, pitfall (G. Carter, AMS KS82238), 1 Oi   ; Crown Reserve, ca. 8–9 km N along Bukkulla-Ashford Road , ca. 100 m E road, 29 ° 269S, 151 ° 049E, Nov. 22–Dec. 13, 2001, pitfall (H. Doherty, M. Elliott, AMS KS82224), 1♀   ; Crown Reserve, ca. 2.5 km along Gibraltar Road off Bruxner Highway , ca. 20 m W road, 29 ° 029S, 151 ° 429E, Nov. 22–Dec. 13, 2001, pitfall (L. Wilkie, H. Smith, AMS KS82222, 82223), 1 Oi, 1♀   ; Kelvin State Forest , ca. 8 km N Kelvin, 850 m directly into forest, 30 ° 459S, 150 ° 209E, Nov. 23–Dec. 14, 2001, pitfall (H. Doherty, M. Elliott, AMS KS82225), 1♀   ; Mount Kaputar National Park, ca 40 m NE carpark at beginning of Mount Waa walking trail, 30 ° 049S, 150 ° 059E, Nov. 21–Dec. 12, 2001, pitfall (L. Wilkie, H. Smith, AMS KS82227– 82229), 2 Oi, 2♀ GoogleMaps   ; 1.7 km on access track off Narran Lake Road, Narran Lakes Reserve , 29 ° 419S, 147 ° 279E, Nov. 24–Dec. 14, 1999, Eucalyptus populnea   patch pitfall (F. Christie, P. Flemons, M. Elliott, AMS KS72598, 72599), 2♀   ; 14.6 km along track to New Chum from highway junction, Trilby , 30 ° 329S, 144 ° 499E, Dec. 1–21, 1999, Casuarina cristata   patch pitfall (F. Christie, P. Flemons, M. Elliott, AMS KS72598, 72593), 1♀   ; Oaky Creek Nature Reserve, up tributary on W range, ridge on footslopes on NE side of Figtree Mountain , 31 ° 069S, 150 ° 379E, Nov. 17– Dec. 8, 2001, pitfall (L. Wilkie, H. Smith, AMS KS82230), 1 Oi   ; Oaky Creek Nature Reserve, base of E side of Melville range, 31 ° 079S, 150 ° 379E, Nov. 17–Dec. 8, 2001, pitfall (L. Wilkie, H. Smith, AMS KS82226, 82223, 82224, 82233, 82234, 82235, 82236), 9 Oi   ; Severn State Forest, Atholwood Loop Road, 500 m N road at point opposite Retford Springs , 29 ° 079A, 151 ° 089E, Nov. 22–Dec. 13, 2001, pitfall (L. Wilkie, H. Smith, AMS KS82219, 82220), 3♀   ; Severn State Forest, Atholwood Loop Road, ca. 6.7 km from Ashford-Bonshaw Road , ca. 100 m S road, 29 ° 079A, 151 ° 089E, Nov. 22–Dec. 13, 2001, pitfall (L. Wilkie, H. Smith, AMS KS82221), 1 Oi   ; Tamworth, private property, W side of top of Bald Hill behind radio tower, 31 ° 049S, 150 ° 599E, Nov. 15–Dec. 6, 2001, pitfall (H. Doherty, M. Elliott, AMS KS82232), 1 Oi   ; ca. 15 km S Texas (Qld.), 29 ° 009S, 151 ° 009E, Jan. 26, 2002, vibration (N. Platnick, R. Raven, B. Baehr, AMNH), 1 Oi , 3♀. Queensland: Keysland, 26 ° 129S, 151 ° 449E, Sept. 29–Dec. 15, 1994, open forest pitfall (G. Monteith, QMB S37733 View Materials ), 1 Oi, 1♀ GoogleMaps   ; Lake Broadwater, via Dalby, site 2, 27 ° 219S, 151 ° 069E, Jan. 26–Feb. 18, 1985, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S66609 View Materials ), 2 Oi , 1♀, Mar. 26–May 17, 1985, pitfall (M. Bennie, QMB S66608 View Materials ), 1Oi, May 17–Nov. 24, 1985, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S66606 View Materials ), 1Oi, Nov. 24, 1985 – Jan. 3, 1986, pitfall (M. Bennie, QMB S66610 View Materials ), 1♀, Feb. 25–Apr. 22, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S66603 View Materials ), 1Oi, 2♀, Apr. 22–June 12, 1986, pitfall (M. Bennie, QMB S66607 View Materials ), 1♀   ; Lake Broadwater, via Dalby, site 3, 27 ° 219S, 151 ° 069E, Jan. 26–Feb. 18, 1985, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30910 View Materials ), 4 Oi , 5♀, Feb. 19–Mar. 26, 1985, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30912 View Materials ), 1Oi, 1♀, May 17–Nov. 24, 1985, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S34375 View Materials ), 3Oi, 1♀, Nov. 24, 1985 – Jan. 3, 1986, pitfall (M. Bennie, QMB S30917 View Materials ), 3♀, Jan. 3– Feb. 25, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30901 View Materials ), 2Oi   ; Lake Broadwater, via Dalby, site 4, 27 ° 219S, 151 ° 069E, Jan. 26–Feb. 19, 1985, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30872 View Materials ), 9 Oi , 3♀, Feb. 19–Mar. 26, 1985, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30875 View Materials ), 1Oi, 1♀, May 17–Nov. 24, 1985, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30931 View Materials ), 3Oi, 1♀, Nov. 24, 1985 – Jan. 3, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30880 View Materials ), 2Oi, 1♀, Jan. 3–Feb. 25, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30877 View Materials ), 4Oi, 5♀, Feb. 25–Apr. 22, 1986, pitfall (M. Bennie, QMB S30915 View Materials ), 1Oi, Apr. 22–June 12, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30923 View Materials ), 3Oi   ; Lake Broadwater, via Dalby, site 5, 27 ° 219S, 151 ° 069E, Jan. 26–Feb. 19, 1985, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30907 View Materials ), 5 Oi , 1♀, Feb. 19–Mar. 26, 1985, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30911 View Materials ), 1Oi, 1♀, Mar. 26–May 17, 1985, pitfall (M. Bennie, QMB S30926 View Materials ), 1Oi, May 17–Nov. 24, 1985, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30929 View Materials ), 2Oi, 5♀, Nov. 24, 1985 – Jan. 3, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30918 View Materials ), 1Oi, 1♀, Jan. 3–Feb. 25, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30900 View Materials ), 5Oi, 2♀, Feb. 25–Apr. 22, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30914 View Materials ), 3♀, Apr. 22– June 12, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30921 View Materials ), 1Oi, 3♀   ; Lake Broadwater, via Dalby, site 6, 27 ° 219S, 151 ° 069E, Jan. 26–Feb. 19, 1985, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30906 View Materials ), 1 Oi , 1♀, Feb. 19–Mar. 26, 1985, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30913 View Materials ), 2Oi, 1♀, Mar. 26–May 17, 1985, pitfall (M. Bennie, QMB S30925 View Materials ), 1Oi, May 17–Nov. 24, 1985, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30930 View Materials ), 3Oi, 1♀, Nov. 24, 1985 – Jan. 3, 1986, pitfall (M. Bennie, QMB S66604 View Materials ), 1♀, Jan. 3–Feb. 25, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30902 View Materials ), 2Oi, 1♀, Feb. 25–Apr. 22, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30916 View Materials ), 2Oi, 2♀   ; Lake Broadwater, via Dalby, site 7, 27 ° 219S, 151 ° 069E, Jan. 26–Feb. 19, 1985, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30909 View Materials ), 1 Oi , 1♀, May 17–Nov. 24, 1985, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30892 View Materials ), 5Oi, 2♀, Nov. 24, 1985 – Jan. 3, 1986, pitfall (M. Bennie, QMB S30881 View Materials ), 2Oi, Jan. 3–Feb. 25, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30879 View Materials ), 8Oi, Feb. 25–Apr. 22, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30883 View Materials ), 2Oi, 2♀, Apr. 22–June 12, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30886 View Materials ), 2Oi, 1♀   ; Lake Broadwater, via Dalby, site 8, 27 ° 219S, 151 ° 069E, Jan. 26–Feb. 18, 1985, pitfall (M. Bennie, QMB S30871 View Materials ), 1 Oi , Mar. 26– May 17, 1985, pitfall (M. Bennie, QMB S30928 View Materials ), 1 Oi , Jan. 3–Feb. 25, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30905 View Materials ), 1 Oi , 1♀, Feb. 25–Apr. 22, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30887 View Materials ), 3Oi, 2♀, Apr. 22–June 12, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30922 View Materials ), 1Oi, 1♀   ; Lake Broadwater, via Dalby, site 9, 27 ° 219S, 151 ° 069E, Jan. 26–Feb. 18, 1985, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30908 View Materials ), 1 Oi , 4♀, Feb. 19–Mar. 26, 1985, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30874 View Materials ), 3♀, Mar. 26–May 17, 1985, pitfall (M. Bennie, QMB S30927 View Materials ), 1Oi, May 17–Nov. 24, 1985, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30981 View Materials ), 4Oi, 1♀, Nov. 24, 1985 – Jan. 3, 1986, pitfall (M. Bennie, QMB S30882 View Materials ), 1Oi, Jan. 3–Feb. 25, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S66605 View Materials ), 1Oi, 1♀, Feb. 22–25, 1986 (G. Monteith, G. Thompson, QMB S25364 View Materials ), 1Oi, Feb. 25–Apr. 22, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30884 View Materials ), 3Oi, Apr. 22–June 12, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30888 View Materials ), 3Oi   ; Lake Broadwater, via Dalby , site 10, 27 ° 219S, 151 ° 069E, Jan. 3–Feb. 25, 1986, pitfalls (M. Bennie, QMB S30878 View Materials ), 1 Oi, 2♀   ; Mount Gayndah , summit, 25 ° 369S, 151 ° 329E, Dec. 18, 1998 – Jan. 27, 1999, open forest pitfall, elev. 340 m (G. Monteith, C. Gough, QMB S50612 View Materials ), 1♀   ; Nipping Gulley , site 7, 25 ° 419S, 151 ° 269E, Dec. 18, 1998 – Jan. 25, 1999, open forest pitfall, elev. 320 m (G. Monteith, C. Gough, QMB S49897, S68060), 2 Oi, 2♀   ; 3 km SW Wetheron, 25 ° 349S, 151 ° 429E, Oct.–Dec. 19, 1998, open forest pitfall, elev. 150 m (G. Monteith, C. Gough , QMB S66612 View Materials ), 2♀, Dec. 19, 1998 – Jan. 27, 1999, open forest pitfall, elev. 150 m (G. Monteith, C. Gough, QMB S49899 View Materials ), 1 Oi   ; Windermere, near Glenmorgan , 27 ° 179S, 149 ° 459E, Dec. 1990 – Sept. 1991 (R. Raven, B. Smyth, QMB S66611 View Materials ), 1 Oi   .

DISTRIBUTION: Known only from New South Wales and southeastern Queensland (map 12).

Molycria cooki   , new species

Figures 165–170; Map 11

TYPES: Male holotype and female allotype taken in pitfall trap in brigalow at an elevation of 240 m in the south end of Mazeppa National Park , 22 ° 169S, 147 ° 169E, Queensland (Oct. 24–Dec. 18, 2000; D. Cook, G. Monteith), deposited in QMB (male S67185 View Materials , female S67184 View Materials )   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a patronym in honor of Douglas Cook of the Queensland Museum, one of the collectors of this species and many other interesting prodidomids.

DIAGNOSIS: Males resemble those of M. broadwater   but have a much shorter and wider retrolateral tibial apophysis (fig. 167); females also resemble those of M. broadwater   but have the anterior portions of the epigynal ducts displaced laterally (fig. 169).

MALE: Total length 2.68. Carapace 1.24 long, 1.16 wide, 0.44 high, length/width 1.07; sternum 0.78 long, 0.68 wide, length/width 1.15; abdomen 1.44 long, 0.72 wide; coxa I 0.52 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.77:0.65:0.88. Carapace pale yellow, mottled with gray; sternum yellow, with darker lateral margin; mouthparts, legs pale; abdominal dorsum gray, with weak orange scutum, half moon-shaped pale spot in front of spinnerets, venter pale. Carapace weakly covered with gray setae. AME elevated; eye group width 0.82 of caput width; AME 0.14; ALE 0.12; PME 0.15; PLE 0.12; AME–AME 0.02; AME–ALE 0.02; PME–PME 0.02; PME–PLE 0.02; ALE–PLE 0.02; eye group AME–PME 0.30; AME–AME 0.30; PME– PME 0.32. Clypeus 0.08 high. Abdomen covered with dark, slightly plumose setae; ALS 0.63 of abdominal length, contiguous. Palp (figs. 165–167, 170): cymbium long, slender, at least 2.2 times longer than wide, tip elongate; conductor originating distally, long, grooved longitudinally; median apoph- ysis scythe-shaped; sperm duct weakly ushaped; embolus long, thin, straight, embolar base separated from tegulum, lobate; tibia about 1.8–2.0 times as long as wide, with about seven dorsal lines of stiff macrosetae, gap between those setae and field on retrolateral tibial apophysis; retrolateral tibial apophysis short, triangular; femur ventrally incrassate.

FEMALE: Total length 3.12. Carapace 1.32 long, 1.22 wide, 0.38 high, length/width 1.08; sternum 0.88 long, 0.82 wide, length/ width 1.07; abdomen 1.80 long, 0.98 wide; coxa I 0.54 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.77:0.70:0.96. Coloration as in male but without dorsal scutum. Eye group width 0.81 of caput width; AME 0.13; ALE 0.10; PLE 0.11; AME–AME 0.04. ALS 0.57 of abdominal length. Epigynum (figs. 168, 169) with two medially directed, bold, semicircular copulatory openings; epigynal ducts sinuous, sausage-shaped, spermathecae less than their diameter apart, oval, twisted, in horizontal position, with one dorsal diverticulum.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: Queensland: S end, Mazeppa National Park, 22 ° 169S, 147 ° 169E, Dec. 18, 2000 – Mar. 26, 2001, brigalow pitfall, elev. 240 m (D. Cook, G. Monteith, QMB S67186 View Materials ), 1♀.

DISTRIBUTION: Known only from Mazeppa National Park in south-central Queensland (map 11).

Molycria raveni   , new species

Figures 171–176; Map 11

TYPE: Male holotype taken in a pitfall trap in a dry eucalypt woodland at Thatch Creek , 19 ° 069S, 145 ° 189E, Queensland (July 26–Dec. 1, 1992; R. Raven, P., E. Lawless, M. Shaw), deposited in QMB ( S25290 View Materials )   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a patronym in honor of Dr. Robert Raven of the Queensland Museum, one of the collectors of the holotype.

DIAGNOSIS: Males can easily be recognized by one line of stiff setae situated on both the distomedial and dorsal sides of the retrolateral tibial apophysis (figs. 173, 176); females resemble those of M. tooloombah   in the shape of the median epigynal ducts but differ in having the anterior margin of the atrium rounded (fig. 174).

MALE: Total length 2.78. Carapace 1.24 long, 1.12 wide, 0.46 high, length/width 1.11; sternum 0.78 long, 0.68 wide, length/width 1.15; abdomen 1.54 long, 0.84 wide; coxa I 0.48 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.79: 0.71:0.92. Carapace pale yellow, with marginal dark filigree net pattern; sternum yellow, with darker lateral margins; chelicerae, endites, labium pale; abdominal dorsum gray, with half moon-shaped pale spot in front of spinnerets, venter pale; legs pale, mottled with gray. Carapace weakly covered with cinnamon, plumose setae. Eye group width 0.79 of caput width; AME 0.12; ALE 0.12; PME 0.15; PLE 0.12; AME–AME 0.04; AME–ALE 0.02; PME–PME 0.02; PME–PLE 0.02; ALE–PLE 0.02; eye group AME–PME 0.30; AME–AME 0.28; PME–PME 0.32. Clypeus 0.08 high. Abdomen covered with cinnamon, plumose setae; ALS 0.53 of abdominal length, contiguous. Palp (figs. 171–173, 176): conductor originating distally, broad, grooved longitudinally, distal part with sharp tip; median apophysis scythe-shaped, ventrally excavated, with long median tip; sperm duct weakly ushaped; embolus thin, straight; embolar base broad, separated from tegulum, triangular; tibia about 1.8–2.0 times as long as wide, with one dorsodistal and distomedial line of stiff macrosetae separated by short retrolateral tibial apophysis.

FEMALE: Total length 3.50. Carapace 1.20 long, 1.14 wide, 0.44 high, length/width 1.05; sternum 0.82 long, 0.70 wide, length/width 1.17; abdomen 2.30 long, 1.20 wide; coxa I 0.46 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.87:0.78:0.91. Coloration as in male. Eye group width 0.80 of caput width; AME 0.12; ALE 0.10; PME 0.13; PLE 0.10; AME– AME 0.02; AME–ALE 0.02; PME–PME 0.02; PME–PLE 0.04; ALE–PLE 0.02; eye group AME–PME 0.26; AME–AME 0.26; PME–PME 0.28. Clypeus 0.08 high. ALS 0.36 of abdominal length. Epigynum (figs. 174, 175): atrium with rounded anterior margin, two greatly expanded copulatory openings, elevated posterior median epigynal septum; epigynal ducts parallel along midline, spermathecae contiguous, oval, twisted, in vshaped position, with one dorsal diverticulum.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: Queensland: Eight Mile Creek , 18 ° 419S, 144 ° 439E, Dec. 1, 1992 – Apr. 14, 1993, pitfall, dry eucalypt woodland (R., J., S. Raven, P., E. Lawless, QMB S22885 View Materials ), 1Oi   ; Gregory Developmental Road , 31.8 km NW Greenvale, 19 ° 009S, 144 ° 429E, May 2000, rocky outcrop (G. Milledge, H. Smith, AMS KS57807), 1♀   ; Broken River , crossing, 19 ° 329S, 144 ° 459E, Sept. 20, 1995, pitfall (P. Lawless, QMB S67856 View Materials ), 1 Oi, 2♀   .

DISTRIBUTION: Known only from northeastern Queensland (map 11).

Molycria canonba   , new species

Figures 177–182; Map 13

TYPES: Male holotype and female allotype taken in pitfall trap in Eucalyptus populnea   patch 23.6 km NW from Warren on road to Canonba , 31 ° 359S, 147 ° 379E, New South Wales (Nov. 22–Dec. 12, 1999; L. Wilkie, J. Tarnawski, H. Doherty, H. Smith), deposited in AMS (male KS72579, female KS90629)   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Males resemble those of M. dalby   but have a differently shaped conductor (fig. 177), a larger median apophysis (fig. 178), and stiff setae on the palpal tibia that extend almost all the way to the retrolateral tibial apophysis (fig. 182); females resemble those of M. broadwater   but have a more distinct, triangular epigynal atrium (fig. 180) and larger median epigynal ducts (fig. 181).

MALE: Total length 3.36. Carapace 1.46 long, 1.28 wide, 0.62 high, length/width 1.14; sternum 0.86 long, 0.80 wide, length/width 1.07; abdomen 1.90 long, 1.02 wide; coxa I 0.54 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.78:0.67:0.92. Carapace, sternum, che- licerae, legs orange; endites, labium orange, distally pale; abdominal dorsum gray, with half ring-shaped pale spot in front of spinnerets, venter pale. Carapace weakly covered with shiny, slim, recumbent scales. Eye group width 0.77 of caput width; AME 0.14; ALE 0.12; PME 0.18; PLE 0.12; AME– AME 0.04; AME–ALE 0.02; PME–PME 0.02; PME–PLE 0.02; ALE–PLE 0.02; eye group AME–PME 0.32; AME–AME 0.32; PME–PME 0.38. Clypeus 0.10 high. Abdomen covered with shiny, recumbent scales; ALS 0.47 of abdominal length, slightly separated. Palp (figs. 177–179, 182): conductor originating distally, grooved longitudinally, distal part with fan-shaped tip; median apophysis scythe-shaped, ventrally excavat- ed, with long median tip; sperm duct weakly u-shaped; embolus long, thin, straight, embolar base broadly triangular, separated from tegulum; tibia about 1.8–2.0 times as long as wide, with triangular dorsal field of macrosetae almost reaching field on tiny retrolateral tibial apophysis; femur ventrally incrassate, with field of short, stout setae.

FEMALE: Total length 3.24. Carapace 1.38 long, 1.34 wide, 0.48 high, length/width 1.03; sternum 0.90 long, length/width 1.12; abdomen 1.86 long, 0.94 wide; coxa I 0.50 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.88:0.76:1.00. Coloration as in male. Eye group width 0.83 of caput width; AME 0.12; PME 0.16; AME– AME 0.06; eye group AME–PME 0.28; AME–AME 0.30; PME–PME 0.34. Clypeus 0.08 high. ALS 0.54 of abdominal length. Epigynum (figs. 180, 181): atrium with round- ed anterior margin, two approximate, anteriorly directed, semicircular copulatory openings; epigynal ducts short, parallel, paramedian, forming basal triangles with spermathecae, spermathecae less than their diameter apart, sausage-shaped, twisted, with one dorsal diverticulum.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: New South Wales: 150 m W gate to Bills Waterhole Tank, Bairnkine Station, 29 ° 539S, 148 ° 139E, Nov. 26– Dec. 16, 1999, native grassland pitfall (L. Wilkie, R. Harris, T. Moulds, AMS KS72566), 1Oi; 10.6 km on road to Dirrinbandi from junction with Collarenebri-Angledool Road, 29 ° 099S, 148 ° 089E, Nov. 22–Dec. 12, 1999, Casuarina cristata   pitfall (F. Christie, P. Flemons, M. Elliott, AMS KS72597), 1Oi; ca. 150 m N bridge over Gingham Watercourse, S Weemelah, 29 ° 149S, 149 ° 169E, Nov. 26–Dec. 16, 1999, Casuarina cristata   pitfall (L. Wilkie, J. Tarnawski, H. Doherty, H. Smith, AMS KS72582, 72583), 1Oi, 1♀; Girilambone Road, 5.4 km S junction with Monkey Bridge, 30 ° 549S, 147 ° 049E, Nov. 23–Dec. 13, 1999, Casuarina cristata   patch pitfall (L. Wilkie, R. Harris, T. Moulds, AMS KS72561), 1Oi; Green and Banders Road, 3.7 km N junction with Carinda-Brewarrina Road, 30 ° 249S, 147 ° 299E, Nov. 25–Dec. 15, 1999, Acacia pendula   patch pitfall (L. Wilkie, R. Harris, T. Moulds, AMS KS72565), 1Oi; E bank, Marthaguy Creek, opposite Quilbone Bore # 2 track, 30 ° 469S, 147 ° 429E, Nov. 24–Dec. 14, 1999, Eucalyptus camaldulensis   patch pitfall (L. Wilkie, R. Harris, T. Moulds, AMS KS72562), 1Oi; E bank, Maynes (Yarrangooran) Lagoon, Parkdale Station, 28 ° 409S, 150 ° 209E, Nov. 29–Dec. 19, 1999, Eucalyptus camaldulensis   pitfall (L. Wilkie, J. Tarnawski, H. Doherty, H. Smith, AMS KS72589), 1Oi; Menindee to Broken Hill, ca. 32 ° 109S, 141 ° 569E, July 13–Aug. 1980 (D. Hirst, SAM NN22279), 1Oi; bank of Merri Merri Creek, 2.5 km N Quambone, 30 ° 559S, 147 ° 529E, Nov. 24–Dec. 14, 1999, Eucalyptus camaldulensis   , E. largiflorens   patch pitfall (L. Wilkie, R. Harris, T. Moulds, AMS KS72563, 72564), 2♀; junction, Mobigamy Creek and Carlton-Brewarrina Road, 30 ° 559S, 147 ° 529E, Nov. 23–Dec. 13, 1999, Eucalyptus largiflorens   patch pitfall (L. Wilkie, R. Harris, T. Moulds, AMS KS72560), 2Oi; Morella Watercourse, 3 km S Boggabilla, 28 ° 399S, 150 ° 229E, Dec. 18, 1997 – Jan. 10, 1998, open paddock pitfall (K., D. Krebs, QMB S46727 View Materials ), 4Oi, 2♀; Pleasant View Lane, 4.8 km W junction with Collie- Gular Road, 31 ° 379S, 148 ° 149E, Nov. 21–Dec. 11, 1999, Eucalyptus populnea   / Casuarina cristata   pitfall (L. Wilkie, J. Tarnawski, H. Doherty, H. Smith, AMS KS72571), 1♀; SE corner, Torquay Station, Narromine, 32 ° 089S, 147 ° 379E, Nov. 22–Dec. 12, 1999, Eucalyptus largiflorens   patch pitfall (L. Wilkie, R. Harris, T. Moulds, AMS KS72559), 1♀; 23.6 km NW from Warren on road to Canonba, 31 ° 359S, 147 ° 379E, Nov. 22–Dec. 12, 1999, Eucalyptus populnea   patch pitfall (L. Wilkie, J. Tarnawski, H. Doherty, H. Smith, AMS KS72580), 1♀; 700 m N turnoff to Wyndabyne Station on Warren-Quambone Road, 31 ° 089S, 147 ° 519E, Nov. 23–Dec. 13, 1999, Casuarina cristata   patch pitfall (L. Wilkie, J. Tarnawski, H. Doherty, H. Smith, AMS KS72581), 1Oi. Queensland: Braemar Forest Station, 27 ° 119S, 150 ° 479E, Mar. 2– 4, 2000, brigalow and open forest, dung pitfall, elev. 380 m (D. Cook, QMB S67966 View Materials ), 1♀; Callide Mine, near Biloela, 24 ° 189S, 150 ° 349E, Sept. 1999 (B. Hoffmann, QMB S67728 View Materials ), 1♀; Springfield, 27 ° 409S, 152 ° 559E, Sept. 26, 1998 (K. Walker, G. Robinson, QMB S42658 View Materials ), 1♀.

DISTRIBUTION: Known only from New South Wales and southeastern Queensland (map 13).

Molycria isla   , new species

Figures 183–187; Map 12

TYPE: Male holotype taken in pitfall trap in vine scrub at an elevation of 250 m at a site 3.6 km NE Isla Gorge Lookout, 25 ° 109S, 150 ° 009E, Queensland (Sept. 21–Dec. 15, 1997; G. Monteith, D. Cook), deposited in QMB ( S44201 View Materials )   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Males have a distinctive retrolateral tibial apophysis, with a basal transverse ridge just proximal to a deep invagination (fig. 185); females have an elevated, Tshaped, median epigynal septum (fig. 186).

MALE: Total length 2.92. Carapace 1.34 long, 1.24 wide, 0.46 high, length/width 1.08; sternum 0.86 long, 0.72 wide, length/width 1.19; abdomen 1.58 long, 0.88 wide; coxa I 0.54 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.85: 0.74:0.96. Carapace, sternum, mouthparts, legs grayish orange; abdominal dorsum gray, with weak orange scutum, half ring-shaped pale spot in front of spinnerets, venter pale; booklungs pale. Carapace weakly covered with cinnamon, plumose setae. AME elevated; eye group width 0.79 of caput width; AME 0.13; ALE 0.10; PME 0.14; PLE 0.12; AME–AME 0.02; AME–ALE 0.02; PME–PME 0.02; PME–PLE 0.02; ALE–PLE 0.02; eye group AME–PME 0.30; AME–AME 0.28; PME– PME 0.30. Clypeus 0.10 high. Abdomen covered with cinnamon, plumose setae; ALS 0.56 of abdominal length, slightly separated. Palp (figs. 183–185): conductor originating medially, long, grooved longitudinally, with greatly expanded, twisted distal part, sharp prolaterally directed tip; median apophysis scythe-shaped; sperm duct weakly u-shaped; embolus long, thin, straight, embolar base separated from tegulum, semicircular; tibia about 1.8–2.0 times as long as wide, retrolateral tibial apophysis long, excavated, triangular.

FEMALE: Total length 3.20. Carapace 0.78 wide, 0.44 high; length/width 1.10; abdomen 1.96 long, 1.06 wide; coxa I 0.52 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.77:0.73:0.96. Coloration as in male but without dorsal scutum. Eye group width 0.81 of caput width; AME 0.12; PLE 0.10; PME–PLE 0.04; eye group AME–PME 0.26; AME–AME 0.26. Clypeus 0.08 high. Epigynum (figs. 186, 187): atrium with rounded anterior margin, elevat- ed, T-shaped, posterior median epigynal septum; epigynal ducts parallel along midline, spermathecae less than their diameter apart, oval, twisted, in horizontal position, with one dorsal diverticulum.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: Queensland : Dawson Highway , top of Expedition Range, 24 ° 389S, 149 ° 019E, Dec. 17, 2000 – Mar. 27, 2001, open forest pitfall, elev. 445 m (D. Cook, G. Monteith, QMB S68063 View Materials ), 1 Oi, 3♀   ; 3.6 km NE Isla Gorge Lookout , 25 ° 109S, 150 ° 009E, Dec. 15, 1997 – Mar. 4, 1998, vine scrub pitfall, elev. 250 m (G. Monteith, D. Cook, QMB S44199 View Materials , 44200 View Materials ), 2♀   ; 8.4 km SSW Isla Gorge Lookout , 25 ° 169S, 149 ° 569E, Sept. 21–Dec. 19, 1997, vine scrub pitfall, elev. 360 m (G. Monteith, QMB S44203 View Materials ), 2 Oi, Dec. 19, 1997 – Mar. 3, 1998, vine scrub pitfall, elev. 360 m (G. Monteith, D. Cook, QMB S44206 View Materials ), 1 Oi   ; Isla Gorge National Park , 25 ° 109S, 150 ° 019E, July 12–Sept. 22, 1997, bottletree scrub pitfall (D. Cook, QMB S43878 View Materials ), 1 Oi   ; Mount Rose , via Taroom, 25 ° 259S, 149 ° 589E, Dec. 16, 1997 – Mar. 4, 1998, vine scrub pitfall, elev. 260 m (D. Cook, QMB S44210 View Materials ), 2 Oi   ; 0.6 km SSW Mount Zamia   ,

+ Figs. 183–187. Molycria isla   , new species. 183. Left male palp, prolateral view. 184. Same, ventral view.

185. Same, retrolateral view. 186. Epigynum, ventral view. 187. Same, dorsal view.

24 ° 069S, 148 ° 059E, Oct. 27–Dec. 17, 2000, vine scrub pitfall, elev. 360 m (D. Cook, G. Monteith, QMB S55065 View Materials ), 2 Oi, 1♀, Dec. 17, 2000 – Mar. 27, 2001, softwood scrub pitfall, elev. 360 m (D. Cook, G. Monteith, QMB S39976 View Materials ), 1 Oi, 1♀   ; Taroom District , BS 24, 25 ° 259S, 149 ° 589E, Sept. 10–Nov. 12, 1996, vine thicket on hill, pitfall (P. Lawless, QMB S30940 View Materials ), 3 Oi, Nov. 12, 1996 – Jan. 1997, same ( QMB S37221 View Materials ), 1Oi, 2♀   .

DISTRIBUTION: Known only from southeastern Queensland (map 12).

Molycria moffatt   , new species

Figures 188–192; Map 12

TYPES: Male holotype and female allotype from Foleys Yards, Mahogany Forest , Mount Moffatt National Park , 25 ° 019S, 147 ° 579E, Queensland (Dec. 11, 1987; J. Gallon), deposited in QMB (male S65741 View Materials , female S65742 View Materials )   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Males have a distinctive retrolateral tibial apophysis, with a narrow distal extension (fig. 190); females resemble those of M. isla   in having an elevated median epigynal septum (fig. 191), but have distinctive, w-shaped anterior epigynal ducts (fig. 192).

MALE: Total length 3.10. Carapace 1.40 long, 1.24 wide, 0.44 high, length/width 1.13; sternum 0.88 long, 0.80 wide, length/width 1.10; abdomen 1.70 long, 0.90 wide; coxa I 0.58 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.90:0.76:0.93. Carapace, sternum, mouthparts grayish orange; abdominal dorsum gray, with spear tip-shaped pale spot, half moon-shaped pale spot in front of spinnerets, venter pale gray; legs orange, femora grayish. Carapace weakly covered with cinnamon, plumose setae. Eye group width 0.72 of caput width; AME 0.12; ALE 0.10; PME 0.12; PLE 0.10; AME–AME 0.04; AME–ALE 0.02; PME–PME 0.02; PME– PLE 0.04; ALE–PLE 0.02; eye group AME– PME 0.28; AME–AME 0.28; PME–PME 0.28. Clypeus 0.08 high. Abdomen covered with cinnamon, plumose setae; ALS 0.51 of abdominal length, slightly separated. Palp (figs. 188–190): conductor originating medially, long, elaborate, grooved longitudinally, distal part with sclerotized strip paralleling embolus; median apophysis scythe-shaped, ventrally excavated, with long median tip; sperm duct semicircular; embolus long, thin, straight, embolar base separated from tegulum, triangular, situated basally; tibia about 1.8–2.0 times as long as wide, retrolateral tibial apophysis long, with distally bent tip.

FEMALE: Total length 3.72. Carapace 1.40 long, 1.36 wide, 0.46 high, length/width 1.03; sternum 0.90 long, 0.82 wide; abdomen 2.32 long, 1.24 wide; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.86:0.76:0.96. Coloration as in male. Eye group width 0.63 of caput width; PME–PME 0.04. ALS 0.44 of abdominal length. Epigynum (figs. 191, 192): atrium with rounded anterior margin, two small, lateral, semicircular copulatory openings, elevated posterior median epigynal septum; epigynal ducts anterior part w-shaped, spermathecae less than their diameter apart, sausage-shaped, twisted, in horizontal position, with one dorsal diverticulum.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: Queensland: Foleys Yards, Mahogany Forest, Mount Moffatt National Park , 25 ° 019S, 147 ° 579E, Dec. 11, 1987 (J. Gallon, QMB S14566 View Materials ), 1♀   ; Mahogany Forest, Mount Moffatt National Park , 25 ° 019S, 147 ° 579E, Sept. 26–Nov. 21, 1995, open forest intercept trap (G. Monteith, QMB S30604 View Materials ), 1 Oi, 2♀   ; Top Shelter Shed, Mount Moffatt National Park , 25 ° 019S, 147 ° 579E, Dec. 11–13, 1987, pitfall, elev. 1000 m (J. Gallon, QMB S14567 View Materials ), 1♀   .

DISTRIBUTION: Known only from Mount Moffatt National Park in southeastern Queensland (map 12).

Molycria robert   , new species

Figures 193–197; Map 13

TYPES: Male holotype and female allotype taken in pitfall trap at an elevation of 300 m in brigalow, 5 km SW of Mount Robert, 21 ° 249S, 148 ° 279E, Queensland (Dec. 18, 2000 – Mar. 25, 2001; D. Cook, G. Monteith), deposited in QMB (male S66614 View Materials , female S66615 View Materials )   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Males resemble those of M. isla   but have a wider retrolateral tibial apophysis (fig. 195); females also resemble those of M. isla   but have longer median epigynal ducts that reach almost to the anterior epigynal margin (figs. 196, 197).

MALE: Total length 2.92. Carapace 1.28 long, 1.18 wide, 0.52 high, length/width 1.08; sternum 0.82 long, 0.72 wide, length/width 1.14; abdomen 1.64 long, 0.86 wide; coxa I 0.50 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.84:0.72:0.96. Carapace orange, mottled with gray, sternum, chelicerae, legs orange, endites, labium orange brown, distally pale; abdomen dorsally gray, with weak orange scutum, spear tip-shaped pale spot in front of spinnerets, venter pale gray. Carapace weakly covered with shiny, plumose setae. Eye group width 0.77 of caput width; AME 0.13; ALE 0.10; PME 0.14; PLE 0.12; AME–AME 0.02; AME–ALE 0.02; PME– PME 0.02; PME–PLE 0.02; ALE–PLE 0.02; eye group AME–PME 0.32; AME–AME 0.28; PME–PME 0.30. Clypeus 0.08 high. Abdomen covered with shiny, plumose setae; ALS 0.51 of abdominal length, slightly separated. Palp (figs. 193–195): cymbial tip extremely elongate; conductor originating medially, long, grooved longitudinally, with greatly expanded, twisted, distal part; median apophysis scythe-shaped; sperm duct weakly u-shaped; embolus long, thin, semicircular; embolar base separated from tegulum, triangular; tibia about 1.8–2.0 times as long as wide, retrolateral tibial apophysis excavated, rectangular.

FEMALE: Total length 3.24. 0.46 high, sternum 0.84 long, length/width 1.17; abdomen 1.96 long, 0.96 wide; coxa I 0.48 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.79: 0.71:0.96. Coloration as in male but without dorsal scutum. Eye group width 0.75 of caput width; AME 0.12; PLE 0.1; eye group AME–PME 0.3; AME–AME 0.26. Clypeus 0.06 high. ALS 0.50 of abdominal length. Epigynum (figs. 196, 197): atrium with rounded anterior margin, with two copulatory openings, forming cup, elevated posteri- or median epigynal septum; epigynal ducts long, along midline, anterior part sinuous, recurved, reaching almost to anterior epigynal margin, spermathecae contiguous, oval, in horizontal position, with one dorsal diverticulum.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: Queensland: Blackdown Tableland National Park , 23 ° 479S, 149 ° 039E, May 8, 2000, rock face along loop road (G. Milledge, H. Smith, AMS KS66508), 1 Oi   ; Bondoola , 23 ° 119S, 150 ° 409E, Mar. 21– Apr. 4, 1991, open forest pitfall (D. Wallace, R. Raven, QMB S30356 View Materials ), 1 Oi   ; Bushley Station , 23 ° 329S, 150 ° 159E, July 19–Oct. 22, 1990, open forest pitfall (D. Wallace, R. Raven, K. Williams, QMB S66616 View Materials ), 1 Oi   ; Coowonga , 23 ° 189S, 150 ° 449E, Mar. 22, 1991, open forest pitfall (D. Wallace, R. Raven, K. Williams, QMB S30417 View Materials ), 1♀   ; Mount Etna, 23 ° 109S, 150 ° 279E, Oct. – Feb. 1995 (I. Robson, QMB S60185 View Materials ), 1♀   ; 5 km SW Mount Robert, 21 ° 249S, 148 ° 279E, Oct. 22–Dec. 18, 2000, brigalow pitfall, elev. 300 m (D. Cook, G. Monteith, QMB S55070 View Materials ), 1 Oi , Dec. 18, 2000 – Mar. 25, 2001, same ( QMB S39993 View Materials ), 5♀   ; Nob Creek , 22 ° 419S, 149 ° 589E, Aug. 1994, pitfall (D. Wallace, Healy, QMB S57988 View Materials ), 7 Oi, 2♀   ; Nob Creek , 22 ° 529S, 150 ° 379E, Jan. 1994, pitfall (D. Wallace, Healy, QMB S30942 View Materials ), 1 Oi   ; Rainbow Creek Road, Blackdown Tableland, via Dingo , 23 ° 509S, 149 ° 039E, Feb. 1–6, 1981 (R. Raven, QMB S66617 View Materials ), 1 Oi   .

DISTRIBUTION: Known only from mideastern Queensland (map 13).

Molycria tooloombah   , new species

Figures 198–202; Map 14

TYPES: Male holotype and female allotype taken in pitfall trap in dry acacia/ eucalypt woodland at Tooloombah Creek , 22 ° 439S, 149 ° 349E, Queensland (Nov. 10, 1991 – July 29, 1992; P. Lawless, R. Raven, M. Shaw), deposited in QMB (male S24077 View Materials , female S66601 View Materials )   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Males resemble those of M. isla   and M. robert   , but have a much narrow retrolateral tibial apophysis with a recurved tip (fig. 200); females resemble those of M. robert   but have the median epigynal ducts extending almost to the sides of the epigynum (fig. 201).

MALE: Total length 2.62. Carapace 1.16 long, 1.02 wide, 0.42 high, length/width 1.14; sternum 0.74 long, 0.66 wide, length/width 1.12; abdomen 1.46 long, 0.72 wide; coxa I 0.44 long; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.77:0.68:0.95. Carapace, sternum, chelicerae, legs orange, endites, labium orange brown, distally pale; abdominal dorsum gray, with half ring-shaped pale spot in front of spinnerets, venter pale. Carapace weakly covered with cinnamon, plumose setae. Eye group width 0.85 of caput width; AME 0.12; ALE 0.10; PME 0.12; PLE 0.10; AME–AME 0.04; AME–ALE 0.02; PME–PME 0.02; PME–PLE 0.04; ALE–PLE 0.02; eye group AME–PME 0.26; AME–AME 0.28; PME– PME 0.26. Clypeus 0.07 high. Abdomen covered with cinnamon, plumose setae; ALS 0.53 of abdominal length, contiguous. Palp (figs. 198–200): cymbial tip extremely elongate; conductor originating medially, long, grooved longitudinally, with greatly expand- ed, twisted distal part; median apophysis scythe-shaped; sperm duct semicircular; embolus long, thin, straight; embolar base separated from tegulum, long, conical, situated basally; tibia about 1.8–2.0 times as long as wide, retrolateral tibial apophysis long, narrow, excavated, with recurved tip.

FEMALE: Total length 3.18. Carapace 1.16 long, 1.12 wide, 0.40 high, length/width 1.04; sternum 0.80 long, 0.72 wide, length/ width 1.11; abdomen 2.02 long, 1.02 wide; relative length of coxae I–IV 1.00:0.81:0.72:0.95. Coloration as in male. Eye group width 0.79 of caput width; ALE 0.12; PME 0.14; eye group AME–PME 0.3; PME–PME 0.3. Clypeus 0.06 high. ALS 0.41 of abdominal length. Palpal tarsus extremely elongate. Epigynum (figs. 201, 202): atrium with wide, arched anterior margin, two small, lateral, semicircular copulatory openings; epigynal ducts long, along midline, anterior part sinuous, recurved, spermathecae contiguous, oval, in horizontal position, with one dorsal diverticulum.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: Queensland: Boomer Range, site 8, 23 ° 129S, 149 ° 469E, Sept. 30–Dec. 16, 1999, open forest intercept (D. Cook, QMB S68064 View Materials ), 1♀.

DISTRIBUTION: Known only from mideastern Queensland (map 14).

QMB

Queensland Museum, Brisbane

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Gnaphosidae

Genus

Molycria