Miconia papillopetala Kriebel & Almeda,

Kriebel, Ricardo & Almeda, Frank, 2013, Two new species of Miconia (Melastomataceae: Miconieae) from the cloud forests of Panama, Phytotaxa 134 (1), pp. 27-41: 32-34

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/phytotaxa.134.1.2

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/57230B55-4967-D74D-FF01-73EFFAD5F811

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Miconia papillopetala Kriebel & Almeda
status

sp. nov.

Miconia papillopetala Kriebel & Almeda  , sp. nov.

TYPE: — PANAMA. Veraguas: Parque Nacional Santa Fe. Sendero a la cima del Cerro Mariposa, 960 m, 08.50412 N, 081.11999 W, 16 September 2011GoogleMaps  , R. Kriebel 5718  & J. Burke (holotype NY!, isotypes INB!, PMA!)  . Figs 3–4View FIGURE 3View FIGURE 4.

Shrubs 1–2.5 m tall with young stems copiously covered with pinoid hairs intermixed with asperous-headed hairs that are both golden–orange in color, nodal line not evident and concealed by the copious indument. Petioles 0.1–1 cm. Leaves subisophyllous to anisophyllous; blades 3.5–16 × 1.5–8.5 cm, 3–5–plinerved, diverging from the midvein 0.5–3 cm above the blade base usually asymmetrically, elliptic, base obtuse to rounded and sometimes oblique, apex acuminate, the margin denticulate, adaxially glabrous except for short and long pinoid hairs on the main veins towards the base, somewhat bullate and dark green when alive, abaxially densely pubescent on tertiary and higher order veins with pinoid golden–orange hairs. Inflorescences terminal, lax dichasia branched from the base, (4–) 7–10 cm long, copiously covered with golden-orange pinoid hairs intermixed with asperous-headed hairs; bracts to 8 mm long, linear oblong; bracteoles 0.5–1 mm long, lanceolate, less pubescent than the rest of inflorescence rachis, drying pinkish. Pedicels ca. 0.5 mm. Hypanthia campanulate 1.25–2 × 1–1.25 mm, densely covered with asperous-headed that appear somewhat stellate. Flowers 5-merous. Calyx fused in bud, shortly apiculate and less pubescent than the hypanthium, rupturing at anthesis into irregular, broadly rounded hyaline lobes 0.25–0.75 mm long and 0.5–0.75 mm wide at the base, the exterior calyx teeth 0.25–0.5 mm long, linear oblong, the calyx tube 0.25–0.5 mm long. Petals 1.25–2 × 2.5–3 mm, ovate, pink, papillose abaxially, reflexed at anthesis, emarginate. Stamens 10, 3– 3.5 mm long, radially arranged around the style; filaments 1.5–2 mm long, geniculate near the apex, translucent white; anthers 1.25–1.75 × 0.4–0.6 mm, linear-oblong, somewhat laterally compressed, cream yellow, pores 0.1–0.15 mm, truncate to somewhat ventrally inclined. Ovaries 5- locular, half inferior, the apex elevated into a low papillose collar. Styles 4.5–4.75 mm long, slightly curved, distance between the anther apex and the stigma 1–1.5 mm; stigmas truncate to capitellate, 0.4 mm wide. Berries pink when immature and turning purple at maturity, 3.3–4.5 × 3.5–4.5 mm; seeds ovoid and angled, 0.4–0.5 × 0.2–0.3 mm, orange-brown, lateral symmetrical plane ovate to triangular, the highest point toward the chalazal side, antiraphal symmetrical plane ovate-triangular and inconspicuously verruculose on the angles, raphal zone narrowly triangular and extending the length of the seed, expanded into an appendage that covers about 30% of the seed length. Chromosome number: unknown.

Distribution— Miconia papillopetala  is known only from cloud forests in Coclé and Veraguas Provinces, Panama, in a narrow elevation range from ca. 750–1400 m. The few known collections all come from forests near the Escuela Agricola Alto de Piedra Cerro Tute (= Cerro Mariposa) and to the east near the continental divide above the town of El Copé in Coclé Province. During the collection trip of the holotype, this species was found to be common along the ascent of Cerro Tute.

Phenology— Miconia papillopetala  has been collected with flowers in September and with fruits in September, December and January.

Etymology— The epithet for this species draws attention to papillose adaxial petal surfaces, a one of the distinguishing features from its close relatives.

Discussion— Specimens of Miconia papillopetala  have been confused with and/or tentatively identified as Miconia aff. friedmaniorum  , a species known only from cloud forests in Costa Rica ( Almeda 2009). In the Flora of Costa Rica, M. friedmaniorum  was reported from Panama based on these tentative identifications ( Almeda et al. 2007) but then removed from the Flora Mesoamericana treatment ( Almeda 2009). The strongly plinerved leaves with asymmetric venation and leaf bases, indument of roughened hairs, and small flowers with calyx lobes fused in bud contributed to this confusion and uncertainty. Finding flowering material of M. papillopetala  helped confirm suspicions that these Panamanian populations belonged to a different species. Miconia papillopetala  differs from M. friedmaniorum  in having a cauline indument of longer trichomes, shorter petioles, erect inflorescences, and pink, ovate petals ( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3). In contrast, M. friedmaniorum  has shorter cauline trichomes, longer petioles, deflexed inflorescences, and narrowly oblong, translucent white to pale pinkish petals ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5). Another petal difference between these two species involves their adaxial surface cells. In M. friedmaniorum  these cells are flat ( Fig. 6EView FIGURE 6) whereas in M. papillopetala  they are papillose ( Fig. 4EView FIGURE 4). Miconia papillopetala  and M. galdamesiae  share a number of similarities involving foliar venation, indument, calyx and hypanthial details, and seed size and morphology. The former differs consistently in having mature leaves that are somewhat bullate (vs. smooth), inflorescence with pedicellate, laxly arranged flowers (vs. sessile and glomerulate flowers), and pink, papillose petals that are 2.5–3 mm wide (vs. white, smooth petals that are 1–1.5 mm wide). In addition the berries of M. papillopetala  appear to be larger, measuring 3.3–4.5 × 3.5–4.5 mm (vs. 1.7–1.9 × 2.0– 2.2 mm). Additional specimens will help confirm if berry size is consistently different between the two species. For further differences between these two species see Table 1.

Representative Specimens Examined— PANAMA: Coclé: Atlantic slope near the continental divide along lumbering road N of El Copé, 9.4 km above El Copé, 750–900 m, 20 January 1978, Croat 44624 ( CAS, PMA); Atlantic slope near the continental divide along lumbering road N of El Copé , 2.2 km N  of lumber sawmill, 750–900 m, 20 January 1978, Croat 44668 ( CAS, MO, PMA); Lumber camp at Alto Calvario, 7 km N of El Copé, 900 m, 14 January 1977, Folsom 1276 ( CAS, INB, MEXU, MO, PMA); Near continental divide along lumbering road, 2.3 km beyond sawmill above El Copé , 900 m, 20 January 1978, Hammel 990 ( CAS, MO, PMA); 20 Jan 1978, Hammel 1054 ( CAS, MO, PMA)  . Veraguas: Trail on ridge summit of Cerro Tute, Cordillera de Tute , 1 km past Escuela Agricola Altos de Piedra , W of Santa Fe , 1250–1410 m, 8º36’N, 81º06’W, 15 December 1981, SGoogleMaps  . Knapp 2654 & K  . Sytsma ( BM, CAS, MO, PMA); Santa Fe, Altos de Piedra , trail leading up Cerro Mariposa (= Cerro Arizona) about 2 km past the Escuela Agricola , ca. 3 km from summit, 900–1000 m, 30 January 2005, D. S  . Penneys 1707 & M. A  . Blanco ( CAS, FLAS, NY, PMA,  US).

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

J

University of the Witwatersrand

NY

William and Lynda Steere Herbarium of the New York Botanical Garden

INB

Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad

PMA

Provincial Museum of Alberta

N

Nanjing University

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

MO

Missouri Botanical Garden

MEXU

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

W

Naturhistorisches Museum Wien

S

Department of Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History

K

Royal Botanic Gardens

BM

Bristol Museum

M

Botanische Staatssammlung München

A

Harvard University - Arnold Arboretum

FLAS

Florida Museum of Natural History, Herbarium