Saraina Wanless & Clark, 1975

Azarkina, Galina, 2009, A review of the West African genus Saraina (Araneae, Salticidae), ZooKeys 16 (16), pp. 291-300 : 292

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.3897/zookeys.16.235

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0EDBD1E0-7655-44FC-B9D7-08A3F80E478A

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3791644

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/564CE770-243B-1017-65F5-48031360766A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Saraina Wanless & Clark, 1975
status

 

Genus Saraina Wanless & Clark, 1975

Type species: Saraina rubrofasciata Wanless & Clark, 1975

Diagnosis. This genus can be recognized by the shape of the copulatory organs: a counterclockwise tegulum and embolus originating on the prolateral side of tegulum ( Figs 2 View Figures 2-8 , 9 View Figures 9-15 , 19 View Figures 19-23 , and fig. 5 G in Szűts and Scharff 2005) in males, and an epigyne with two lateral narrow openings, two bent sclerotized structures ( Figs 16 View Figures 16-18 , 24, 25 View Figures 24-29 ) and a long, coiled insemination duct ( Figs 17 View Figures 16-18 , 26 View Figures 24-29 ) in females.

Saraina is a fissidentate genus. The structure of the male copulatory organs is unique: the tibia has three apophyses – ventral, medial and dorsal ( Fig. 1 View Figure 1 ). The whip-liked embolus is long and thin, originating from the prolateral side, and directed inwards of the cymbium ( Szűts and Scharff 2005). The relationships of this genus to other salticid genera are unclear (see Wanless and Clark 1975; Dippenaar-Schoeman and Jocqué 1997). The cheliceral base in both sexes and the female copulatory organs in Saraina resemble those of some Euophryinae (see also Wanless and Clark 1975, pp. 288-289), while the male copulatory organs are more similar to those of some Thiodininae .

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Salticidae