Centruroides hoffmanni Armas, 1996

Martín-Frías, Eliézer, de Armas, Luis F. & Paniagua-Solís, Jorge F., 2005, Redescription of the Mexican scorpion Centruroides hoffmanni Armas, 1996 (Scorpiones: Buthidae), Euscorpius 22 (22), pp. 1-7 : 1-5

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https://doi.org/ 10.18590/euscorpius.2005.vol2005.iss22.1



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Centruroides hoffmanni Armas, 1996


Centruroides hoffmanni Armas, 1996

( Figs. 1–11 View Figures 1–6 View Figures 7–10 View Figure 11 , Tables 1–3 View Table 1 View Table 2 View Table 3 )

Centruroides hoffmanni Armas, 1996: 28 , 29–32, Figs. 5–9 View Figures 1–6 View Figures 7–10 , Table 3 View Table 3 ; Armas, 1999: 47, 51. Kovařík, 1998: 107; Fet & Lowe, 2000: 109; González Santillán, 2000: 573 (cited only); Beutelspacher Baigts, 2000: 123, 126, 139, 144, 155, Map 106 (in part: records from Arriaga, Chiapas); Armas et al., 2003: 94; Armas et al., 2004: 170, Table 1 View Table 1 .

Type data. Immature female holotype, La Gloria, municipio de Arriaga, Chiapas, Mexico, 11 December 1974, J. Lino G., Rodolfo Ruiz, J. Luis M. G., collection number 71 (identified as Centruroides thorelli by José Lino García, unknown date). Deposited in the CNAN .

New records. Oaxaca State: One male ( ENCB) Tehuantepec, 2 February 1972, Alum[nos]. de Biología, ENCB. Five females, and two males (ENCB-221) Salina Cruz , 3 February 1980, E. Martin & A. Laguerenne. Three females ( IES), Colonia Emiliano Zapata, Tehuantepec, 9 December 1998, E. Martin & R. Meza. One female (EMF-461), Colonia Emiliano Zapata, Tehuantepec, 14 January 2003, Alex Cofu. One male ( IES), Ixtepec, 5 January 1998, Obemar Benítez. Three females (EMF-462), Pie del Cerro Guiengola , Tehuantepec, 23 January 2003, Alex Cofu. One male ( EMF, no number), Bahia Chahue , Huatulco, 20 December 1991, Alejandro Tovar S., on the beach .

Distribution. Southeastern Oaxaca and southwestern Chiapas, Mexico ( Fig. 11 View Figure 11 ).

Diagnosis. A medium sized Centruroides species (36–58 mm), light yellow with distinct dusky marbling on carapace; tergites I–VI with two dusky submedian bands. Pectinal tooth counts 20–22 in female, 21–24 in male. Basal plate of pectines subsquare in shape in the female, with a central pit. Metasomal intercarinal spaces finely and sparsely granular, dorsolateral carinae I–IV, lateral supramedian carinae I–IV, lateral inframedian carinae I, and ventrolateral carinae I–IV strong, feebly serrate on most part. Telson vesicle globose, with subaculear tubercle spinelike, well developed.

Female. Coloration. Base color yellow to light yellow brown. Carapace with distinct dusky marbling concentrated mostly in median area. Tergites with two submedian broad dusky bands. Metasomal segments light yellow, faintly marbled dorsally and laterally, slightly darker on ventral aspect, carinae all spotted with dark brown. Telson dark brown, contrasting with metasomal segments; ventrally with two submedian pale stripes. Cheliceral manus with brown reticulations. Pedipalps, including manus, faintly marbled with pale brown. Venter and sternites III–VI pale yellow; sternite VII with faint dusky marbling. Legs light yellow, prolaterally marbled with light brown. Prosoma. Carapace moderately coarsely granular; anterior median furrow moderately deep; posterior median furrow shallow anteriorly, deep posteriorly; posterior lateral furrows wide, moderately deep; superciliary and posterior median carinae weak, minutely granular. Mesosoma . Median carina on tergites I–VI moderate, granular to subcrenate. Pretergites minutely granular. Posterior third of each tergite moderately, coarsely granular; submedian carinae represented on tergites IV–VI by four or five granules. Tergite VII with moderate crenulate median carina and two pairs of strong, finely serrate lateral carinae. Basal plate of the pectines subsquare in shape, 1.2 times wider than long; with a well developed central pit; posterior margin straight; pectinal tooth counts 20–22. Sternites III–VI smooth; VII, finely granular, with submedian and lateral carinae moderate, finely serrate. Metasoma. Segments I– IV: dorsolateral carinae, lateral supramedian carinae, lateral inframedian carinae on I, and ventrolateral carinae strong, feebly serrate on most part but distally crenulate; ventral submedian carinae on I weak, feebly serrate; on II moderate, finely serrate; on III–IV strong, serrate. Segment V: dorsolateral carinae weak, feebly granular; ventrolateral and ventral median carinae moderate, crenate; lateromedian carinae obsolete. All metasomal intercarinal spaces finely and sparsely granular. Telson: vesicle globose in shape; ventral aspect with median longitudinal row of vestigial granules, leading to subaculear tubercle; subaculear tubercle spinelike, near to basal part of aculeus; its point directed to middle of aculeus; ventral aspect of the vesicle very finely granular. Pedipalps: Orthobothriotaxic pattern A. Femur: all carinae strong, the dorsal one crenulate, external carinae serrate; internal aspect with some large, moderate granules; dorsal aspect finely granular. Patella: dorsal internal carina strong, crenulate; dorsal median carina moderate, crenate; dorsal external carina strong, subgranular; external carina and ventral external carinae moderate, subgranular; ventral internal carina moderate, crenulate. Internal aspect with five to six large, conical granules. Chela: dorsal internal carina obsolete; dorsal marginal carina moderate, finely granulate; dorsal secondary carina strong, with fine, weak granules; digital carina weak, irregularly subgranulose; external secondary carina vestigial, smooth; ventral external carina strong, smooth; ventral internal and internal median carinae obsolete. Fixed finger with eight oblique rows of granules flanked by supernumerary granules; trichobothrium db positioned just distal to trichobothrium et. Movable finger with short apical row of four granules followed by eight oblique rows of granules, the last are flanked by supernumerary granules; basal lobe moderate.

Male. Similar to female in general color patterns. Morphologically differs from the female as follows: the metasomal segments are proportionally slender and larger, but the rest of the body shorter; the telson vesicle is slightly ovoid; pectinal tooth counts are slightly higher ( Table 3 View Table 3 ); and the basal plate of the pectines is shorter, rectangular. Other differences as shown in Table 2 View Table 2 .

Male specimen from Bahia Chahue has telson vesicle pale in appearance, not contrasting with metasomal segments, a phenomenon that may be due to preservation.

Morphometrics. See Table 1 View Table 1 .

Natural history. This species have been collected under bark in fence post on yards and near houses. It has also been found in semideciduous forest in coastal and subcoastal areas. One dissected pregnant female (55 mm length; carapace, 5.67 mm) that was collected on January 23, had 30 well developed embryos.

Comparisons. In general appearance, Centruroides hoffmanni resembles C. infamatus (C. L. Koch, 1845) and C. baergi Hoffmann, 1932 . It may be separated from the former by having the carapace without a broad and almost compact dark brown median band ( Fig. 12 View Figures 12–13 ), as well as by having a very heavily spotted telson. On the other hand, in C. infamatus the female has the basal plate of the pectines rectangular in shape (not subquadrate), without a central pit ( Fig. 13 View Figures 12–13 ). The female of C. baergi has a small or obsolete subaculear tubercle, a well defined central pit in the basal plate of the pectines, and metasomal segment V 2.60–2.70 times as long as high (2.14–2.35 in C. hoffmanni ).

Another geographically close species, C. nigrovariatus , has an inflated metasomal fifth segment, mainly in the male (length/width ratio 1.9–2.1 in both sexes), as well as smaller pectinal tooth counts (female, 17–20; male, 19–22).

Comments. Díaz Nájera (1964, 1975) recorded C. infamatus infamatus from Bajos de Chila, and Puerto Escondido, Oaxaca, but we suspect that his specimens could belong to either C. hoffmanni or C. meisei Hoffmann, 1938 because those localities are near the known area of distribution of these species. Unfortunately, the specimens examined by Díaz Nájera could not be located. We also could not obtain the Oaxacan specimens identified as C. infamatus by Beutelspacher Baigts (2000: 125, 126), who recorded it from Santiago Laxicha, Río Los Perros; Bajos de Chila; Pochutla; Puerto Escondido; Tehuantepec; and Tianguistengo. Beutelspacher Baigts (2000: 129, 132, Map 111) also recorded C. nigrovariatus from Salina Cruz and Tehuantepec , as well as C. baergi (as C. nigrovariatus f. baergi ) from Tehuantepec. Those specimens were not available for us, but we seriously suspect that they might belong to C. hoffmanni because the only localities that are verified for both C. baergi and C. nigrovariatus are farthest westward (Armas & Martín-Frías, 1999). At least from Tehuantepec and Salina Cruz we have examined specimens of C. hoffmanni .

Table 2: Morphometric comparisons between females (n = 8) and males (n= 5) of Centruroides hoffmanni from Oaxaca State. H, height; L, length; SD, standard deviation; W, width; X, mean.

Ratio Metasomal segment II, L/W ♀♀ ♂♂ Metasomal segment V, L/W ♀♀ ♂♂ Metasomal segment V, L/H ♀♀ ♂♂ Telson vesicle, L/H ♀♀ ♂♂ Metasomal segment V, L/carapace, L ♀♀ ♂♂ Range 1.46–1.59 1.71–2.00 2.14–2.35 2.68–2.84 2.27–2.55 2.89–3.30 1.55–1.71 1.75–1.96 1.10–1.19 1.38–1.47 X 1.54 1.86 2.24 2.79 2.40 3.09 1.62 1.81 1.14 1.42 SD 0.04 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.18 0.05 0.12 0.03 0.04
Pedipalp patella L/A ♀♀ ♂♂ Metasoma, L/Carapace, L ♀♀ ♂♂ 2.40–2.55 2.67–2.90 5.40–5.75 6.34–7.09 2.48 2.78 5.60 6.68 0.05 0.09 0.12 0.34

Universidad de Autonoma de Baja California


Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile














Centruroides hoffmanni Armas, 1996

Martín-Frías, Eliézer, de Armas, Luis F. & Paniagua-Solís, Jorge F. 2005

Centruroides hoffmanni

Armas 1996: 28
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