Tomosvaryella tuberculata Hardy, 1948

Ramos-Pastrana, Yardany & Rafael, José Albertino, 2021, Tomosvaryella Aczél (Diptera: Pipunculidae) of Colombia, with description of two new species, Zootaxa 4985 (1), pp. 37-68: 57-60

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4985.1.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:5B23C14A-C7AB-4F22-B0A8-79E700F29FFF

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5217540

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/507C87C0-CD78-1C5A-EEEA-3B18FF04FB52

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Tomosvaryella tuberculata Hardy, 1948
status

 

Tomosvaryella tuberculata Hardy, 1948  

Figs 103–119 View FIGURES 103–108 View FIGURES 109–116 View FIGURES 117–119 , 132 View FIGURE 132

Tomosvaryella tuberculata Hardy, 1948: 11   , figs 7 a–d; Aczél, 1952: 249; Hardy, 1965b: 64; 1966: 8; Dalmau & Ávila, 1983: 62; Scarbrough & Knutson, 1989: 526, 528, fig. 5; Ale-Rocha & Rafael, 1995: 409, 423, figs 71–76; Ale-Rocha, 1996: 183; Rodriguez & Rafael, 2012: 24, 30, 34, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43.

Diagnosis. Male. Postcranium with lower half grayish-pruinose, upper half dark-brownish pruinose ( Fig. 103 View FIGURES 103–108 ). Hind trochanter with variable stout spiniform protuberance ( Fig. 104–108 View FIGURES 103–108 ). Tergites and sternites 6 and 7 as in Fig. 109 View FIGURES 109–116 . Surstyli similar in shape, with hooked-tips, right surstylus slightly shorter ( Figs 110–111 View FIGURES 109–116 ), both surstyli dorsally lobated and tips slightly downward-directed when seen in lateral view ( Figs 112–113 View FIGURES 109–116 ). Phallic guide with short apex, bearing a small dorsal spine, not angled ( Fig. 114 View FIGURES 109–116 ). Phllus with ejaculatory ducts short, two ejaculatory ducts with one fine spine, the other ejaculatory duct with a spine ( Fig. 114 View FIGURES 109–116 ). Ejaculatory apodeme sandal-shaped, darker near base ( Fig. 115 View FIGURES 109–116 ). Gonopods asymmetrical ( Fig. 116 View FIGURES 109–116 ).

Description of female. Body length 2 mm ( Fig. 117 View FIGURES 117–119 ). Wing 1.5 mm; frons medially grayish-pruinose, upper third sparser. Ocellar triangle dark-brown, shiny. Pedicel with two dorsal setae. Scutum dark-brown, with long band of setae. Scutellum brown, brownish-pruinose. Tegula yellow. Femora dark-brown except yellow apex. Abdomen ( Fig. 117–118 View FIGURES 117–119 ) brown, shiny metallic with blue tinge. Terminalia: Ovipositor OL: 0.50 mm, PL: 0.34 mm, B: 0.20 mm, base light-brown, in dorsal view longer than wide, piercer yellow, except basal part light-brown, apex shiny, straight ( Fig. 119 View FIGURES 117–119 ).

Material examined. COLOMBIA, Caquetá, San José del Fragua, Vda. [Vereda] Bellavista , Fca. [Finca] Mi Ranchito , 01º18’23’’N / 76º00’33’’W, 265 m [eters], 26.x.–09.xi.2016, trampa Malaise en cultivo de caña ( Sacharum officinarum   ), Y. Ramos-Pastrana (1♂, LEUA –1222); GoogleMaps   “ idem, (1♂, LEUA –1223)”; “ idem, (1♂, LEUA –1224)”; “ idem, (1♂, LEUA –1225)”; “ idem, (1♂, LEUA –1226)”; “ idem, 09–23.xi.2016, (1♂, LEUA –1227)”; “ idem, 23.xi.–07.xii.2016, (1♂, LEUA –1228)”; “ idem, 07–21.xii.2016, (1♂, LEUA –1229)”; “ idem, 26.x.–09.xi.2016, (1♂, LEUA –1230)”; “ idem, (1♂, LEUA –1231)”; “ idem, 15–29.iii.2017, (1♂, LEUA –1232)”; “ idem, 04–18.i.2017, (1♂, LEUA –1233)”; “ idem, 26.x.–09.xi.2016, (1♂, LEUA –1234)”; “ idem, 15.ii.–01.iii.2017, (1♀, LEUA –1287)”; GoogleMaps   “ idem, Puerto Rico, Vda.[Vereda] La Soledad, Fca.[Finca] Borinquen, 01º55’26’’N / 75º08’58.8’’W, 270 m [eters], 07–21.xii.2016, trampa Malaise en cultivo de caña ( Sacharum officinarum   ), Y. Ramos-Pastrana (1♂, LEUA – 1235)”; GoogleMaps   “ idem, Bolivar, SFF[Santuario de Fauna y Flora] Los Colorados, Villa Roca, 9º54’N / 75º07’W, 180 m [eters], Malaise , 24.ix–9.xi.2001, E. Deulufeut leg, “M2419”, (1♂, IAvH)”; “ idem, 18–31.viii.2001, “M2049” (1♂, IAvH); “ idem GoogleMaps   , 06–21.xiii[sic].2001, “M2630” (1♂, IAvH)” (photographed specimen); “ idem GoogleMaps   , 14–30.xi.2001, “M2627” (1♂, IAvH)”; GoogleMaps   “ idem, Magdalena, PNN[Parque Nacional Natural] Tayrona, Zaino , 11º20’N / 74º02’W, 50 m [eters], Malaise, 04.Dic[xii]– 15.xii.2000, R. Henriquez leg, “M966” (1♂, IAvH)”; “ idem, (1♂, INPA)”; “ idem, 15–31.dic[xii].2000, “M967” (1♂, INPA)”; “ idem, 28.Jun[vi]–17.Jul[vii].2000, “M301” (1♂, IAvH)”; “ idem, GoogleMaps   Vaupes, Estación Biológica Mosiro-Itajura (Caparú) Centro Ambiental , 1º4’S / 69º31’W, 60 m [eters], Malaise , 17– 24.xii.2003, J. Pinzón leg, “M4436” (1♂, LEUA)”; “ idem, 01–08.xii.2003, “M4442” (1♂, IAvH)”; GoogleMaps   “ idem, Vichada, PNN[Parque Nacional Natural] Tuparro, Cerro Tomas , 5º21’N / 67º51’W, 250 m [eters], Malaise , 22.v.–3.vi.2001, W. Villalba leg, “M1792” (1♂, LEUA)”; GoogleMaps   “ idem, Amazonas, PNN[Parque Nacional Natural] Amacayacu, Mocagua , 03º23’S / 70º06’W, 300 m [eters], Malaise, 07–14.ago[viii].2000, A. Parente, “M677” (1♂, LEUA)”; GoogleMaps   “ idem, Antioquia, Cimitarra, Central Termocentro Instalaciones , 6.44275ºN / 74.88251ºW, 118 m [eters], Trampa Malaise, 20–24.Ago[viii].2015, Y. Correa-C, (2♂, CEUA –101594)”; “ idem, 20–24.Ago[viii].2015, (1♀, CEUA –101594)” (photographed specimen). GoogleMaps  

Geographical distribution. Bahamas; Brazil; Mexico; Costa Rica; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Jamaica; Santa Lucia ( Rodriguez & Rafael 2012); Colombia (new record), Amazonas, Parque Nacional Natural Amacayacu; Antioquia, Cimitarra; Bolivar, Santuario de Fauna y Flora Los Colorados, Caquetá, San José del Fragua, Puerto Rico; Magdalena, Parque Nacional Natural Tayrona; Vaupes, Estación Biológica Mosiro-Itajúra (Caparú); Vichada, Parque Nacional Natural Tuparro ( Fig. 132 View FIGURE 132 ).

Habitat. The specimens were collected using Malaise traps at ground level in a number of different habitats including plantations, humid and dry tropical forests, gallery forest and urban araes. Plantations included sugar cane ( Sacharum officinarum   ). Humid tropical forests were located in the Department of Caquetá, Colombia, in the Parque Nacional Natural Amacayacu and at the Estación Biológica Mosiro-Itajúra (Caparú) in the Department of Amazonas. Tropical dry forests were located in Parque Nacional Natural Tayrona and at Santuario de Fauna y Flora Los Colorados in the Northeat region of Colombia. Low elevation of the canopy from the ground gallery forests were located in Parque Nacional Natural Tuparro in the Orinoco region. Urban areas in the Department of Antioquia of the Andean region of Colombia were also sampled.

Comments. Regarding the different shapes of the trochanter, there was no association of any particular shape with a specific locality. Usually different shapes of the trochanter are found in each locality. At this moment, all different morphos are being treated as a single species due to the fact that the shape of the genitalia is similar in all specimens. These variations in the hind trochanter had already been reported by Ale-Rocha & Rafael (1995). The male-female association made here is based on two males and one female that were collected together in the same trap.

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Pipunculidae

Genus

Tomosvaryella

Loc

Tomosvaryella tuberculata Hardy, 1948

Ramos-Pastrana, Yardany & Rafael, José Albertino 2021
2021
Loc

Tomosvaryella tuberculata

Rodriguez, H. C. & Rafael, J. A. 2012: 24
Ale-Rocha, R. 1996: 183
Ale-Rocha, R. & Rafael, J. A. 1995: 409
Scarbrough, A. G. & Knutson, L. V. 1989: 526
Dalmau, P. A. & Avila, I. G. 1983: 62
Hardy, D. E. 1966: 8
Hardy, D. E. 1965: 64
Aczel, M. 1952: 249
Hardy, D. E. 1948: 11
1948