Passiflora coelestis Parteka & Silvério, 2021

Parteka, Letícia Maria, Mattos, Leticia De, Richardo, Jaiana, Fagundes, Bruna Saviatto & Silvério, Adriano, 2021, Passiflora coelestis, a new species of Passiflora section Dysosmia (Passifloraceae sensu stricto) from Southern Brazil, Phytotaxa 516 (2), pp. 140-158 : 148-151

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/phytotaxa.516.2.2

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6488555

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/4D5687F7-1814-0704-FF2A-FA86FC924109

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Passiflora coelestis Parteka & Silvério
status

sp. nov.

Passiflora coelestis Parteka & Silvério , sp. nov. ( Figs. 5 View FIGURE 5 and 6 View FIGURE 6 ).

TYPE:— Brazil. Paraná. Pinhão: Faxinal do Céu , 25º55’07.85”S, 51º35’50.69”W, 20 November 2014 GoogleMaps , A. Suchoronczek & A. Silvério s.n. (holotype: HCF6355 View Materials !; isotype: MBM 397156 View Materials !) .

Diagnosis:— Passiflora coelestis is morphologically related to P. campanulata ; however, it can be distinguished by its stipules reniform with falciform apex and slightly glandular and serrated margins, while the stipules of P. campanulata are semi-ovate with cuspidateacuminate, and denticulate towards the base; P. coelestis presents petiole pilose with deciduous secreting trichomes without nectary while P. campanulata presents nectar secreting glands near the middle.

Description:—Ligneous and pilose low-sprawled liana. Stalk thin, cylindrical, green occasionally brown and pilose with white trichomes when young, ramified next to the ground. Stipules reniform, falciform at apex, 5–8 × 3–4.5 mm, margins slightly glandular, serrated, pilose on abaxial face, falciform region of adaxial face with white trichomes. Leaves petiolate, petioles 1.9–2.3 cm long, green and brown, pilose with white and deciduous secreting trichomes, without nectary; leaf blade simple with three lobes, deeply hastiform, 3-lobed with acuminate apex, 4.4–5.8 long × 5.3– 6.6 cm wide, lobes elliptic, acute at apex, central lobe larger than lateral lobes, pilose with white trichomes on adaxial and abaxial surfaces, entire margin with trichomes, with a possibility for glands in the area of transition between lobes. Bracts lanceolate-linear with acuminate apex, 15 × 4–8 cm, deeply dentate, pilose with white trichomes. Peduncles solitary, ca. 14 cm long, reddish-brown, pilose with white trichomes. Flowers short-campanulate, hanging, white and light red; sepals oblong-linear with rounded apex, ca. 20 × 5 mm, white on adaxial surface, pale green on abaxial surface, pilose with white trichomes on pale green veins, keels pilose with white trichomes, ca. 2 mm long; petals oblong-linear with rounded apex, ca. 22 × 4 mm, membranous, white. Corona filaments with 3 to 4 series, 1 inner and 2 to 3 outer series, 1.5–1.8 cm long, filiform, apex white with red speckled bands around the bottom half, red at the base, thin filiform interior series 3–4.5 mm long, red with white apex. Operculum erect, membranous, thick at base, slightly bent in region of apex next to filaments, ca. 6 mm long, opercular filaments of top half free, red with a white apex, ca. 4 mm long. Limen disk-shaped, thick and membranous on the base, meets the apex region and is covered by the operculum, ca. 2 mm long. Androgynophore 6–7 × 1.5 mm, greenish-white. Ovary green, ovoid, extremely pilose. Style yellowish-cream, base pilose leaving the ovary. Stigma greenish-white. Pollen grain 12-colpate, prolatespheroidal. Fruit berry-like, ovoid, pilose with white trichomes, light green-yellow when immature. Seeds unseen.

Etymology:—The epithet “ coelestis ” refers to Faxinal do Céu, the place where the plant was found, with “Céu” meaning “heaven” in the Portuguese language.

Phenology:—Flowering and fruiting occur from October to December.

Distribution and Habitat:— Paraná State, Brazil. Grows in Atlantic Forest, Araucaria Moist Forest, on ground with litterfall, above 1041 m.a.s.l.

Examined specimens for other species of Dysosmioides group:— Passiflora boticarioana : — BRAZIL. Bahia: Baía, adjacências da Serra de Sincorá, 08 February 1943, R. L. Fróes 20214 ( NY) . Minas Gerais: Bandeira, Mata do Boi Rajado , divisa com Bahia, 662–777m, 01 March 2004, J. A. Lombardi et al. 5741 ( BHCB). Passiflora campanulata : — BRAZIL. Minas Gerais: Serra do Itatiaia , 2,100 m, May 1902, P. K. H. Dusén s.n. ( MO) . Paraná: Adrianópolis , Parque Estadual das Lauráceas, trilha da estrada , 20 February 2013, M. E. Engles 1086, L. C. Femeda Rocha & C. Michelon ( MBM). Campina Grande do Sul, Serra da Ibitiraquire , trilha da base para o morro Getúlio até o pico Itapiroca , 22 January 2014, M. E. Engles 2342, E. D. Lozano & M. Reginato ( MBM). Carambei, Rio São João , 02 November 2013, M. E. Engles 1900 & E. D. Lozano ( MBM). Guaratuba, Balneário Coroados , 27 November 2013, M. E. Engles 2026 & H. Ignowski ( MBM). Guaratuba, Olaria, 20–50m , 07 August 1991, J. M. Silva 1033 ( MBM). Guaratuba, Parque Nacional Saint-Hilaire / Lange, trilha do salto Parati , 20 October 2013, M. E. Engles 1857 et al. ( MBM). Jaguariaíva, São José da Boa Vista , 19 November 1970, G. Hatschbach & O. Guimarães 25542 ( MBM). Mandirituba, Quatro Pinheiros, 900 m , 22 May 1962, G. Hatschbach s.n. ( MBM). Morretes, Rod. BR-277, Natr. Arraial , 17 January 1969, G. Hatschbach 20820 & J. P. Fontella ( MBM). Paranaguá, Rio Cachoeirinha , 19 November 1960, G. Hatschbach s.n. ( MBM). Paranaguá, Estrada das Praias, 10m , 25 September 1992, G. Hatschbach 57920 & A. R. Campos ( MBM). Quatro Barras, início da descida da Estrada da Graciosa, April. 2012, D. C. Imig & F. Imig 69 ( MBM). Quatro Barras, Rio de Corvo , 13 November 2002, L. C. Anderman & L. W. Patrial 8 ( MBM). São José dos Pinhais, Guaricana , 05 March 1990, J. Cordeiro 701 ( MBM). São José dos Pinhais, Rio Capivari , 26 January 1983, G. Hatschbach 46059 ( MBM). Sítio dos Oliveira , November 2012, D. C. Imig, D. C. & F. F. F. Maziero 49 ( MBM). Tijucas do Sul , Vossoroca , 29 November 2007, J. M. Silva, J. Cordeiro & C. B. Poliquesi 6255 ( MBM). Tijucas do Sul , Estrada Lagoinha-Postinho , 07 April 2009, J. Cordeiro, E. Barbosa & E. D. Lozano 3030 ( MBM) . Rio de Janeiro: Serra do Orgãos , W. Lobb s.n. ( K) . Santa Catarina: Campo Alegre, Serra do Quiriri, Rio Negro , 860m, 01 November 2013, J. M. Silva 8482 ( MBM). Passiflora hypoglauca : — BRAZIL. Minas Gerais: Brumadinho, próx. Condomínio Alfa Vile, estrada para Piedade do Paraopeba , 1472m , 07 June 2008, R. P. G. Moreira e F. C. C. Neto 45-07 ( ICN). Ouro Preto, Serra de Ouro Preto , January 1892, E. H. G. Ule 2569 ( F). Santa Luzia, Capão-margem do córrego, Serra do Cipó , 02 April 1938, M. Barreto 8969 ( US). Passiflora setulosa :— BRAZIL. Paraná: Carambeí, Catanduva de Fora , 19 April 2014, M. E. Engels 2395 ( MBM). Curitiba, Bosque da Fazendinha , 22 April 2006, M. Selusniaki 863 ( HUCP). Colombo, Santa Mônica Clube de Campo , 21 April 1984, C. L. L. Schiochet 101 ( HUCP). Jaguariaíva, Rio das Mortes , 23 November 1990, A. C. Cervi 3251 ( NY). Jaguariaíva, Paredão , G. Hatschbach 31128 ( MBM). Jaguariaíva , April 1915, P. K. Dusén 16964 ( US). Jaguariaíva , 29 November 1993, A. C. Cervi 4183 ( INPA). Ponta Grossa, Rio Guabiroba , 17.11.1982, R. Kummrow, 2090 ( NY). Passiflora vellozoi :— BRAZIL. Minas Gerais: Brumadinho, próx. Condomínio Alfa Vile, estrada para Piedade do Paraopeba , 1472m , 07 June 2008, G. R. P. Moreira & F. C. C. Neto 54-02 ( ICN) . Paraná: Guaratuba, Estrada Alto da Serra-Ouro Fino , 29 December 1963, G. Hatschbach s. n. ( MBM) . Rio de Janeiro: Montanha dos Órgãos, 07 January 1837, G. Gardner 427 ( K) . São Paulo: Barra do Turvo , 14 November 1995, J. P. Souza , P. H. Miyagi & J. A. Zandoval 78 ( SP). P. E. Jacupiranga, Núcleo Cedro , 14 February 1995, H. F. Letão Filho et al. 33182 ( SP) . São Paulo, Estrada Pedro Tico 4000, 17 January 1996, R. Simão-Bianchini et al. 553 ( SP) . São Paulo, Reserva Biológica Parque Estadual das Fontes do Ipiranga , 21 December 1979, N. R. F. Melo 152 ( SP) . São Paulo, Reserva Biológica Parque Estadual das Fontes do Ipiranga , 20 January 1982, F. Barros 670 ( SP) . Santa Catarina: Campo Alegre , 900m , 16 November 2006, A. P. Lorenz s.n. et al. ( ICN). Campo Alegre, São Bento do Sul-Campo Alegre , 886m , 02 December 2002, A. P. Lorenz s.n. et al. ( ICN). Passiflora villosa :— BRAZIL. Bahia: Ibicoara, Povoado de Água Fria , 1158 m, 16 February 2002, T. S. Nunes 889 ( RB) . Minas Gerais: Baependi , Toca dos Urubus , 29 December 2004, F. M. Ferreira 917 ( MBM). Mariana para Ouro Preto , 26 November 1964, A. P. Duarte 8611 ( RB). São Thomé das Letras , 31 December 2012, D. C. Imig 105 ( MBM). São Thome das Letras , 31 December 2012, D. C. Imig 106 ( MBM) . Paraná: Campo Largo, Bateias , 01 February 2011, G. A. Dettke 559 ( ICN). Cerro Azul, Morro Grande , 27 January 1970, G. Hatschbach 23431 & O. Guimarães ( MBM). Lapa, Gruta do Monge , 22 November 2001, J. M. Silva , O. S. Ribas & J. Cordeiro 3318 ( MBM). Palmeira, Rio dos Papagaios , 10 March 1989, R. Kummrow 3132, A. Chautems & J. Cordeiro ( MBM). Ponta Grossa, Parque Vila Velha, Fortaleza , 18 October 1989, A. C. Cervi 2868 ( MBM). Ponta Grossa, Buraco do Padre , 868m , 03 June 2007, M. G. Caxambu et. al 1815 ( MBM). Ponta Grossa, Cachoeira Tia Mariquinha , 12 July 2006, J. M. Silva & F. Marinero 5439 ( MBM). Rio Branco do Sul, Serra do Caete , 09 December 1985, G. Hatschbach 50326 e A. C. Cervi ( MBM). Rio Branco do Sul , Bromado , 09 December 1983, G. Hatschbach 47633 ( MBM). Rio Branco do Sul , Brumadinho , 01 June 2003, J. M. Silva, E. Lucas & F. F. Mazine 3812 ( MBM). Tibagi, Parque Estadual do Guartelá , 03 February 2011, G. A. Dettke 548 ( ICN). Tibagi, Parque Estadual do Guartelá , October 2011, D. C. Imig 47 ( MBM). Tunas do Paraná, 10 April 1999, E. Barbosa , L. A. Ferreira & L. M. Abe 252 ( MBM) . São Paulo: São Paulo, Jardim Botânico , 19 September 1932, F. C. Hoshne s. n. ( SP) . São Paulo, Santo Amaro , 09 March 1943, L. Roth s. n. ( SP) . São Paulo, Pinheiros , 08 January 1929, A. Gehri s. n. ( SP) . São Paulo, 20 November 1941, B. J. Pickel 5512 ( US) .

A

Harvard University - Arnold Arboretum

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

L

Nationaal Herbarium Nederland, Leiden University branch

NY

William and Lynda Steere Herbarium of the New York Botanical Garden

J

University of the Witwatersrand

BHCB

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

P

Museum National d' Histoire Naturelle, Paris (MNHN) - Vascular Plants

K

Royal Botanic Gardens

H

University of Helsinki

MO

Missouri Botanical Garden

M

Botanische Staatssammlung München

E

Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh

C

University of Copenhagen

MBM

San Jose State University, Museum of Birds and Mammals

G

Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève

O

Botanical Museum - University of Oslo

F

Field Museum of Natural History, Botany Department

W

Naturhistorisches Museum Wien

B

Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Zentraleinrichtung der Freien Universitaet

ICN

Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Museo de Historia Natural

HUCP

Pontifíca Universidade Católica do Paraná

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

SP

Instituto de Botânica

N

Nanjing University

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

S

Department of Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History

RB

Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro