Parasaphodes

Mitroiu, Mircea-Dan, 2017, Revision of world Austroterobiinae and Parasaphodinae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae), parasitoids of giant scales (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Monophlebidae), Zootaxa 4301 (1), pp. 1-63 : 49

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4301.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:67A78566-A4FD-4E37-96E9-DCC4CCF321E5

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6038626

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/4D3D879A-FF96-FF9F-FF16-C421FCB6FA6D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Parasaphodes
status

 

Key to world species of Parasaphodes   (both sexes)

1 Gaster distinctly petiolate, petiole large, quadrate, densely reticulate on dorsal side ( Figs 132 View FIGURES 132 – 134 , 141 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ); axillae not advanced ( Fig. 139 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ); scape long ( Figs 135, 137 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ), reaching lower margin of median ocellus; anterior corners of pronotal collar not carinate ( Figs 136, 139 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ); funicular segments much longer than broad ( Figs 137, 138 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ); Oriental .............. P. flavipes (Ashmead)    

- Gaster virtually sessile, petiole small, strongly transverse, with two lateral flanges and some longitudinal rugae on dorsal side ( Figs 153 View FIGURES 147 – 154 , 165 View FIGURES 159 – 166 ); axillae strongly advanced ( Figs 128 View FIGURES 124 – 131 , 151 View FIGURES 147 – 154 , 163 View FIGURES 159 – 166 ); scape shorter, not nearly reaching lower margin of median ocellus ( Figs 124 View FIGURES 124 – 131 , 144 View FIGURES 144 – 146 , 149 View FIGURES 147 – 154 , 162 View FIGURES 159 – 166 ); anterior corners of pronotal collar usually carinate ( Figs 148 View FIGURES 147 – 154 , 160 View FIGURES 159 – 166 ); funicular segments at most slightly longer than broad ( Figs 127 View FIGURES 124 – 131 , 150 View FIGURES 147 – 154 , 162 View FIGURES 159 – 166 ); sometimes other distribution..................................2

2(1) Clypeal margin bilobed; anterior corners of pronotum not carinate ( Fig. 128 View FIGURES 124 – 131 ); genae short and strongly converging towards mouth ( Fig. 124 View FIGURES 124 – 131 ); propodeum, apart from median carina, with median area mostly smooth ( Fig. 130 View FIGURES 124 – 131 ); Afrotropical.................................................................................................. P. afer   sp. nov.

- Clypeal margin subtruncate; anterior corners of pronotum carinate ( Figs 148 View FIGURES 147 – 154 , 160 View FIGURES 159 – 166 ); genae longer and less strongly converging towards mouth ( Fig. 159 View FIGURES 159 – 166 ); propodeum, apart from median carina, with at least more than half of median area covered by carinulae ( Figs 153 View FIGURES 147 – 154 , 165 View FIGURES 159 – 166 ); Australasian or Oriental ..............................................................3  

3(2) Propodeum with median carina complete but irregular, median area smooth anterolaterally, central area with numerous irregular carinulae ( Fig. 153 View FIGURES 147 – 154 ); female with funicular segments short, F1 length about 1.3× width, F7 length about 1.1× width ( Figs 149, 150 View FIGURES 147 – 154 ); male unknown; Australasian.................................................... P. iceryae (Ashmead)  

- Propodeum usually with median carina defined only anteriorly, splitting in two in middle of propodeum, median area with several additional interconnected carinae, the interspaces smooth ( Fig. 165 View FIGURES 159 – 166 ); female with funicular segments slightly longer, F1 length 1.4–1.6× width, F7 length 1.3–1.6× width ( Fig. 162 View FIGURES 159 – 166 ); male with F1 length about 2.8× width; Oriental ............................................................................................... P. townsendi (Ashmead)