Parasaphodes flavipes (Ashmead), 2017

Mitroiu, Mircea-Dan, 2017, Revision of world Austroterobiinae and Parasaphodinae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae), parasitoids of giant scales (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Monophlebidae), Zootaxa 4301 (1), pp. 1-63 : 52-56

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4301.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:67A78566-A4FD-4E37-96E9-DCC4CCF321E5

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6038630

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/4D3D879A-FF95-FF98-FF16-C203FC75FE03

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Parasaphodes flavipes (Ashmead)
status

 

Parasaphodes flavipes (Ashmead)  

( Figs 132–142 View FIGURES 132 – 134 View FIGURES 135 – 142 )

Parasaphes flavipes Ashmead, 1904: 157   ; syntypes in USNM, examined. Parasaphodes flavipes (Ashmead, 1904)   , comb. nov.

Diagnosis. Female (male unknown): scape long ( Figs 135, 137 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ), reaching lower margin of median ocellus; anterior corners of pronotal collar not carinate ( Figs 136, 139 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ); axillae not advanced ( Fig. 139 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ); gaster distinctly petiolate, petiole large, quadrate, densely reticulate on dorsal side ( Figs 132 View FIGURES 132 – 134 , 141 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ).

So far, this is the only species of Parasaphodes   having a large quadrangular petiole ( Fig. 141 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ) and a relatively long scape ( Figs 135, 137 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ).

Material examined. Lectotype ♀ (designated here for nomenclatural stability, deposited in USNM) [both antennae broken beyond F5, but rest of the segments from one of the antennae glued beneath the specimen; right side middle leg broken but glued beneath the specimen; distal segments of all tarsi missing; part of the body and wings covered by white mold; on triangular card]. CHINA (TAIWAN): ‘1366’, ‘ Formosa, Koebele’, ‘ Type No. 7187 U.S. N.M.’, ‘ Parasaphes flavipes   ♂ ♀ Ash’ [ Ashmead’s handwriting], ‘USNMENT00802940’.  

Paralectotypes. CHINA (TAIWAN): 2♀ ‘1366’, ‘ Formosa, Koebele’ , ‘ Type No. 7187 U.S. N.M.’ ( USNM).  

Redescription. Female. Body length: 1.7 mm.

Colour. Head and mesosoma black, with slight blue-green metallic reflections ( Figs 132, 133 View FIGURES 132 – 134 ). Gaster brownish-black ( Fig. 132 View FIGURES 132 – 134 ). Eyes reddish; ocelli orange ( Figs 135, 136 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ). Antenna ( Figs 137, 138 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ) with scape and pedicel brownish-yellow; flagellum light brown, distally becoming slightly darker. Legs entirely brownish-yellow ( Fig. 132 View FIGURES 132 – 134 ). Wings hyaline, tegula and venation brown ( Fig. 142 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ). Body pilosity whitish, wing pilosity pale brown ( Figs 139, 142 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ).

Sculpture. Head smooth ( Figs 135–137 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ). Mesosoma with pronotum and mesoscutum shallowly reticulate to imbricate ( Fig. 139 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ); axillae and mesoscutellum smooth ( Fig. 139 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ); propodeum with median area mostly smooth except for straight, conspicuously raised median carina, some additional irregular carinulae along the latter, and straight plicae ( Fig. 141 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ); prepectus and metapleuron smooth ( Fig. 140 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ); mesepimeron mostly coriaceousalutaceous, mesepisternum smooth ( Fig. 140 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ). Gaster smooth.

Structure. Head. Clypeal margin subtruncate. Genae buccate, moderately converging towards mouth ( Fig. 135 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ). Scape long ( Figs 135, 137 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ), reaching lower margin of median ocellus. Head width 2.5× length in dorsal view (55:22) and about 1.4× height in frontal view (55:39). POL subequal to OOL (10.5:10.0). Eye height 1.3× length (24:18) and 2.2× malar space (24:11). Scape length about 0.7× eye height (17:24) and about 2.1× length of pedicel (17:8). Head width 0.55× length of pedicel plus flagellum (55:100). F1 length about 2.4× width (12:5); F7 length about 1.8× width (10.0:5.5); clava length about 3× width (18:6).

Mesosoma. Anterior corners of pronotal collar not carinate ( Figs 136, 139 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ). Axillae not advanced ( Fig. 139 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ). Mesosoma length 1.4× width (72:52), width about 1.3× height (52:40). Mesoscutum width about 2.5× length (52:21). Mesoscutellum length subequal to width (30:31). Propodeum length half mesoscutellum length (15:30). Dorsellum length 0.2× propodeum length (3:15). Fore wing length 2.3× width (145:62). MV length about 4.6× SV (30.0:6.5); MV about 5.4× PV (30.0:5.5).

Metasoma. Petiole large, quadrate, densely and irregularly reticulated on dorsal side ( Fig. 141 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ). Gaster ( Fig. 132 View FIGURES 132 – 134 ) short oval in dorsal view, length about 1.3× width (61:48) and shorter than mesosoma; hypopygium not exserted.

Male. Unknown.

Distribution. China ( Taiwan) (Ashmead 1904).

Biology. According to Ashmead (1904), the specimens were “bred by Mr. A. Koebele” (p. 157); however, no host is given.

Remarks. The type series of P. flavipes   consists of six point-mounted specimens, of which two are missing from their points; they are all more or less covered by white mold. A third specimen, having the same information as the paralectotypes, proved to be a Teasienna   female ( Fig. 143 View FIGURES 143 ). It has its left antenna and both fore wings missing, the right antenna is broken beyond the second anellus, and the mandibles are not visible. However, it has the posteroventral corner of the pronotum short and rounded, the posterior margin of the gena round, the medial ventral margin of the scape carinate, the antenna inserted below the middle of the face, and the posterior part of the mesoscutellum conspicuously overpassing the base of propodeum, with a small median spine ( Fig. 143 View FIGURES 143 ).

Parasaphodes flavipes   is the most unusual species within the genus due to its large rectangular petiole ( Fig. 141 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ), the axillae, which are not advanced ( Fig. 139 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ), and its longer than usual scape ( Fig. 135 View FIGURES 135 – 142 ); all other characters indicate that it is correctly placed in Parasaphodinae. Based on the characters outlined above, P. flavipes   may belong to a different genus, but I delay establishing it at least until more and fresh material can be examined.

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Pteromalidae

Genus

Parasaphodes

Loc

Parasaphodes flavipes (Ashmead)

Mitroiu, Mircea-Dan 2017
2017
Loc

Parasaphodes flavipes (Ashmead, 1904)

Mitroiu 2017
2017
Loc

Parasaphes flavipes

Ashmead 1904: 157
1904