Triportheus rotundatus (Jardine in Schomburgk, 1841)

Malabarba, Maria Claudia S. L., 2004, Revision of the Neotropical genus Triportheus Cope, 1872 (Characiformes: Characidae), Neotropical Ichthyology 2 (4), pp. 167-204 : 174-175

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Triportheus rotundatus


Triportheus rotundatus View in CoL (Jardine in Schomburgk, 1841) Fig. 3 View Fig

Chalceus rotundatus Jardine in Schomburgk, 1841:209-10 (drawing; type-locality: river Padauiri). Günther, 1864:341 (as synonym of Chalcinus brachypomus ). Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1891:56 (as synonym of Chalcinus angulatus ). Eigenmann, 1910:440 (as synonym of Chalcinus güntheri ).

Chalcinus rotundatus View in CoL . Fowler, 1907:450.

Triportheus rotundatus View in CoL . Fowler, 1945:154 (listed; Peru (Iquitos), Guayana, Brazil).

Diagnosis. A deep bodied Triportheus species that reaches 178 mm of SL (depth at dorsal-fin origin, 29.7-40.1 % SL; depth at pectoral-fin insertion, 34.0-39.9 % SL). Triportheus rotundatus can be distinguished from other Triportheus species by the combination of the presence of 2 longitudinal scale rows between the pectoral-fin insertion and ventral keel; the number of gill rakers on the lower limb of first arch (24-32, mean = 27.6, n = 37); the number of branched anal-fin rays (25-29, mean = 27.1, n = 37), and number of lateral line scales (28-35, mean = 32.3, n = 35); the presence of longitudinal dark stripes on the lateral surface of the body; and the median caudal rays developed into a slightly projecting extension.

Description. Morphometric data of Triportheus rotundatus presented in Table 4. Body deep and compressed laterally. Greatest body depth located slightly posterior to vertical through insertion of pectoral fin. Dorsal profile of head straight from snout to rear of head. Dorsal profile of body gently curved from rear of head to dorsal-fin origin; posteroventrally slanted from dorsal-fin origin to caudal peduncle; slightly curved along caudal peduncle.

Ventral profile of head straight from tip of lower lip to anteroventral margin of dentary; straight from that point to isthmus. Ventral profile of body arched from isthmus to pelvic-fin insertion; nearly convex from pelvic-fin insertion to anal-fin origin; posterodorsally slanted along anal-fin base; slightly concave along caudal peduncle. Prepelvic region very expanded and compressed, with well defined keel.

Head blunted in profile; posterior margin of opercle not reaching pectoral-fin insertion. Mouth terminal; slightly upturned. Nostrils of each side close together; anterior opening circular; posterior elongate.

Gill rakers thin and close together; length equivalent to one-half of branchial filament length; gill rakers on lower limb of first arch 24-32 [28] (mean = 27.6, n = 37).

Teeth on premaxilla in 3 rows; teeth of inner row largest. Four or 5 tricuspidate teeth in outer row; outer row teeth positioned along external margin of mouth and can be seen externally. Middle tooth row with 3 tricuspidate teeth; 6 multicuspidate teeth on inner tooth row. Teeth on maxilla 2, teeth smaller than those on premaxilla and flattened. Teeth on lower jaw in 2 rows, outer row with 5 large anterior teeth, and 6 smaller posterior teeth. Inner row formed of single conical, symphyseal tooth.

Scales cycloid, thin, and large. Lateral line distinctly decurved ventrally, completely pored from supracleithrum to base of caudal-fin rays. Twenty-eight to 34 [30] (mean = 32.3, n = 35) scales along lateral line; 6 scale series above lateral line; 2-3 [2] scale rows below lateral line. Two scale rows between pectoral-fin insertion and midventral keel; 4-5 scale series on caudal peduncle. Scales along mid-dorsal line irregularly arranged, 6-13 (mean = 9.3, n = 30) between tip of supraoccipital and dorsal-fin origin.

Dorsal-fin rays ii,9; anal-fin rays iii, 25-29 [27] (mean = 27.1, n = 37); pectoral-fin rays i, 11-13 [11] (mean = 11.5, n = 36); pelvic fin rays i,6. Dorsal-fin margin straight, situated on posterior one half of body; last dorsal-fin ray located at vertical through base of third or fourth branched anal-fin ray; first branched ray longest; following rays slightly decreasing in length. Pectoral fin pointed, tip extending to region falling between middle and tip of pelvic fin. Anal fin margin straight, first branched anal-fin ray longest; following rays gently decreasing in length. Margin of caudal fin truncate; median rays extend slightly beyond margin of remainder of fin. Scales cover basal one-third of caudal fin.

Total vertebrae 37.

5 or 6 sinuous, brown, longitudinal stripes. Dark chromatophores distributed over all fins. Dorsal-fin rays outlined by dark chromatophores. Chromatophores distributed over pectoral fin between rays; with more intense pigmentation present on first unbranched ray. Anal-fin margin dark. Middle caudalfin rays very dark.

Distribution. Rio Amazonas drainage (Fig. 4).

Remarks about type specimens. The type material of C.

rotundatus is apparently lost. No specimens identified as

types of Chalceus rotundatus are listed in the BMNH reg-

isters (Anne-Marie Hodges, BMNH; pers. comm.).

Chalceus rotundatus was described based on material

collected by Schomburgk, the type-locality cited in the

original description as the “river Padauari”, an Amazon

River tributary near the Guiana-Venezuela border. Accord-

ing to Papavero (1971:304), Schomburgk collected twice in

Guyana, between 1834 and 1839, and from 1840 to 1844.

During the latter trip he also explored the Orinoco river. Fig. 4. Map of central and northern South America showing Unfortunately, it is not clear where Schomburgk collected geographic distribution of Triportheus rotundatus (circles; and it was not possible to locate a Padauari river in any of asterisk = neotype locality), T. trifurcatus (black squares), T. the countries Schomburgk traveled. The drawing provided pictus (triangle; diamond = type-locality) and T. signatus by Schomburgk is almost useless in terms of identifying (stars, white square = type-locality) (some symbols represent the species he collected. A specimen collected in the more than one locality or lot of specimens). Amazonas basin ( MCP 34863, rio Purus , lago Amapá), is

herein designated as a neotype for Triportheus rotundatus . Table 4. Morphometrics of Triportheus rotundatus . Range This represents the species that best fits in the original includes measurements of 40 non-type specimens: INHS73448 description of T. rotundatus as for as overall body shape (2), INHS 65721(6), USNM307076 (3 of 4), FMNH 56502 (2), and number of lateral line scales. UMMZ 66469 (4 of 10), USNM 303124 (2), INHS 37104(4), INHS 37161 (1), INHS 37031 (1), USNM 302528 (3), USNM Type-material examined. Triportheus rotundatus : Neotype by 317745 (3), USNM 310303 (2 of 3), USNM 326861 (1), MUSN present designation, MCP 34863, 97.83 mm SL, Brazil, Acre, 4875(3), MUSN 8757 (3). Rio Purus drainage, lago Amapá, UFAC, 20 Dec 2001

(10°2’36”S, 67°50’24”W).

PROOFS (San row Matos

Non-type 13° Borja 57 pit; ’ UMMZ S);, (66 INHS material 14 ° º 58 55 66469 ’W 37161 ’S,.) 66; Bolivia USNM (4 º18 (of 1 ’) W 10,: río 303124) Beni)., Brazil Lago Moseruna: INHS Rogoagua (: 2 Acre), lago 37104;: INHS MCP Normandi and (4 34864) lagoons 37031, Cuneta, (40 2 () nearby 1, km) (same bor-, río E

locality as neotype. Amazonas: INHS 73448 View Materials (2), lago Janauacá

channel between lago Murumuru and Janauacá, about 42 km SW

Manaus (3°25’S, 60°16'”W); INHS 65721 View Materials (6), lago Janauacá chan-

nel between lago Murumuru and Janauacá, about 42 km SW Manaus

(3°25’S, 60°16'”W); USNM 307076 (3 of 4), Paraná of Ilha de

Marchantaria (4°4’S, 59°7’W); FMNH 56502 View Materials (2), Santarém

(0°57’S, 46°59’W). Peru: Madre de Dios: USNM 302528 (3) Manu;

Cocha Salvador, oxbow lake off río Manu about 1 hour down river

from Pakitza (12°16’S, 70°50’W); USNM 317745 View Materials (3), Manu, Manu

National Park, Pakitza, Cocha Chica, close to Quebrada Pachija;

USNM 319303 (2 of 3), Manu, Manu National Park, Pakitza, Río

Manu close to Pachija mouth (7°16’S, 76°46’W) ; USNM 326861 View Materials Coloration in alcohol. Overall ground color yellowish and (1), Manu, Manu National Park , Pakitza, Río Manu close to Pachija overlain by guanine. Snout and dorsal portion of the head mouth (7°16’S, 76°46’W) GoogleMaps ; MUSM 4875 (3), Manu, Cocha Salvadark. Scattered dark chromatophores present on opercle and dor (12°16’S, 70°50’W) GoogleMaps ; MUSM 8757 (3), Tambopata, Zona infraorbitals 5 and 6. Body darker dorsally and over anal-fin Reservada Tambopata Candano, río de la Torre, Cocha La Torre base and caudal peduncle. Dorsolateral portion of body with (12°43’S, 69°11’W) GoogleMaps .


Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History














Triportheus rotundatus

Malabarba, Maria Claudia S. L. 2004

Triportheus rotundatus

Fowler, H 1945: 154

Chalcinus rotundatus

Fowler, H 1907: 450

Chalceus rotundatus

Eigenmann, C 1910: 440
Eigenmann, C 1891: 56
Gunther, A 1864: 341
Schomburgk, R 1841: 209
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