Triportheus nematurus ( Kner, 1858 )

Malabarba, Maria Claudia S. L., 2004, Revision of the Neotropical genus Triportheus Cope, 1872 (Characiformes: Characidae), Neotropical Ichthyology 2 (4), pp. 167-204 : 182-184

publication ID 10.1590/S1679-62252004000400001

publication LSID

persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Triportheus nematurus ( Kner, 1858 )


Triportheus nematurus ( Kner, 1858) View in CoL

Figs. 10 View Fig and 11 View Fig

Chalcinus nematurus Kner, 1858:163 View in CoL . Kner, 1860:13-15 (more detailed description). Garman, 1890:3 (synonym of C. angulatus ). Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1891:56 (synonym of Chalcinus angulatus ). Ulrey, 1895:294 (synonym of Chalcinus angulatus ). Ribeiro, 1941:162 (table with morphometrics).

Chalcinus paranensis Günther, 1874:454 View in CoL (description, type locality: rio Paraná).

Triportheus paranensis View in CoL . Fowler, 1950:358 (listed; rio Paraguay, rio Paraná). Portugal, 1990: 136-142. Britski et al., 1999:27. Reis et al., 2003:158.

Diagnosis. A deep bodied Triportheus species reaching 159 mm of SL (depth at dorsal-fin origin, 31.9-36.9, mean = 33.6% SL, n = 36; depth at pectoral-fin insertion, 31.3-38.4, mean = 34.9% SL, n = 36). The presence of 2 longitudinal scale rows between the pectoral-fin insertion and ventral keel distinguish this species from elongate bodied Triportheus species that have 1 longitudinal scale row between the pectoral-fin insertion and the ventral keel. Among deep bodied Triportheus species, T. nematurus differs by the combination of the number of gill rakers on the lower limb of the first gill arch (38-48, mean = 42.7, n = 34); the number of lateral-line scales (33-37, mean = 34.2, n = 32); the number of branched anal-fin rays (25-31, mean = 28.5, n = 35); and the presence of longitudinal dark stripes on the lateral surface of the body.

Description. Morphometric data for Triportheus nematurus presented in Table 8. Body deep and compressed laterally. Greatest body depth located slightly posterior to vertical through pectoral-fin insertion. Dorsal profile of head straight from snout to rear of head. Dorsal profile of body gently curved from rear of head to dorsal-fin origin; posteroventrally slanted from dorsal-fin origin to caudal peduncle; nearly straight along caudal peduncle.

Ventral profile of head straight from tip of lower lip to anteroventral margin of dentary; arched from that point to pelvic-fin insertion; nearly straight from pelvic-fin insertion to anal-fin origin; posterodorsally slanted along anal-fin base; straight along caudal peduncle. Prepelvic region very expanded ventrally and flattened, with well developed keel.

Head pointed in profile; posterior opercle margin almost reaching vertical through pectoral-fin insertion. Snout somewhat rounded anteriorly. Mouth terminal; lower jaw usually as long as upper jaw, but slightly longer in some specimens. Most specimens with very small barbel at each side of the mouth. Nostrils of each side close together; anterior opening circular; posterior elongate.

Gill rakers thin and close together, length equivalent to one-half of branchial filament length; gill rakers on lower portion of first gill arch 38-48 [47] (mean = 42.7, n = 34).

Paraguay, Presidente Hayes, río Paraguay.

through base of third or fourth anal-fin ray; first branched ray

longest with following rays gradually decreasing in length.

Pectoral fin pointed, tip reaching vertical through distal one-

third of pelvic fin. Anal fin margin straight, first branched

anal-fin ray longest; following rays gently decreasing in

length. Margin of caudal fin truncate; median rays extend to

varying degrees beyond margin of remainder of fin. Scales

present over basal one-third of fin.

Total vertebrae 36-37 [37].

Coloration in alcohol. Overall ground color yellowish silvery.

Snout and dorsal portion of head dark. Scattered dark chro-

matophores on opercle and infraorbitals 4-6. Body darker Teeth on premaxilla in 3 rows; teeth PROOFS of inner row largest. portion dorsally between longitudinal matophores of rays and body. stripes Middle on of all. caudal Dark fins present caudal-fin. chromatophores Dorsal-fin peduncle along rays. scale rays Five very outlined or rows distributed dark 6 sinuous on. by dorsolateral dark over, brown chro- and, Four to 5 tricuspidate teeth on outer row; outer row teeth arranged along margin of mouth and visible externally in closed Distribution. Río Paraguay and lower rio Paraná basins ( Fig. 12 View Fig ). mouth. Medial row with 3 tricuspidate teeth. Inner row with 6, rarely 7, multicuspidate teeth. Maxilla with 0-2 flattened teeth Remarks. Two Triportheus species occur in the río La Plata smaller than those on premaxilla. Teeth on lower jaw in 2 rows; drainage, including the rio Paraná and río Paraguay basins. outer row with 4-5 larger anterior teeth, and 4-6 smaller poste- These can be easily distinguished based on the number of rior teeth. Inner row consisting of conical symphyseal tooth. lateral line scales and gill rakers. Two nominal species of Scales cycloid, thin, large. Lateral line distinctly decurved Triportheus have been described for this drainage: T. ventrally, completely pored from supracleithrum to base of nematurus ( Kner, 1858) and T. paranensis ( Günther, 1874) . caudal-fin rays. Thirty-three to 37 [35] (mean = 34.2, n = 32) These names have been recently applied ( Portugal, 1990; scales in lateral line; 6 scale series above lateral line; 1-2 scale Britski et al., 1999; Reis et al., 2003) to the two Triportheus rows below lateral line. Two scale rows between pectoral-fin species recognized in the rio Paraná and rio Paraguay. insertion and midventral keel; 5-6 scale series on caudal pe- Triportheus nematurus has been assigned to the form with duncle. Scales along mid-dorsal line very irregular; scales 7- lower counts of lateral line scales (28-32) and gill rakers (26- 13 [9] (mean = 9.5, n = 29) from tip of supraoccipital process to 33); while T. paranensis has been used for the form with higher dorsal-fin origin. counts (34-37 lateral line scales, 38-48 gill rakers). Chalcinus paranensis , holotype, BMNH 1872.5.6:32 (1), 97.25 mm SL, rio Paraná.

Non-type material. Brazil: Mato Grosso: MZUSP 85808 View Materials (28), Ilha de Taiamã , rio Paraguay (10 o 16’S, 55 o 40’W) GoogleMaps . USNM 326324 View Materials (1), río Paraguay and tributaries around Cáceres (16 o 4’S, 57 o 41’W) GoogleMaps . Paraguay: Presidente Hayes: NRM 50734(2), río Paraguay, (24°50’4”S, 57°46’0”W) GoogleMaps ; USNM 181691 View Materials (3 of 4) ; USNM 181682 View Materials (3) ; USNM 181687 View Materials (1), Baía Asuncion, río Paraguay, near Asuncion (25°15’N, 57°40’W) GoogleMaps .

The examination of the type-specimens of Chalcinus nematurus and C. paranensis , however, revealed that both nominal species are based on the form with higher lateral line and gill rakers counts. Since Chalcinus nematurus Kner, 1858 is the oldest available name, Chalcinus paranensis Fowler, 1950 becomes a junior synonym.

As a result, the species with higher lateral line and gill rakers counts referred to as T. paranensis by Portugal (1990), Britski et al. (1999) and Reis et al. (2003) is rather T. nematurus . This necessitates a new name for the species with lower lateral line and gill rakers counts erroneously referred by those authors as T. nematurus (see account of T. pantanensis ).

Remarks about type-specimens. Syntypes of Chalcinus nematurus include 3 lots: NMW 69034(1), NMW 62694 (2) and NMW 62689 (2). The specimens of NMW 69034 and NMW 62694, have 35-36 lateral line scales, account that agrees with the 34-36 scales reported in the original description of C. nematurus ( Kner, 1860) . Lot NMW 69034 (1) is herein designated as the lectotype of C. nematurus and the specimens in the lot NMW 62694(2) become paralectotypes.

Type-material examined: Chalcinus nematurus : lectotype by present designation, NMW 69034 (1), 148.22 mm SL, Cujaba, Natterer . Paralectotypes: NMW 62694 (2, 143.91- 168.67 mm SL), Cujaba, Natterer ; NMW 16171 (1), dry specimen ; NMW 62689 (2), 181-190 mm SL, Cujaba, Suaguragua, Caicara, J. Natterer .


Swedish Museum of Natural History - Zoological Collections


Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien














Triportheus nematurus ( Kner, 1858 )

Malabarba, Maria Claudia S. L. 2004

Triportheus paranensis

Britski, H 1999: 27
Portugal, L 1990: 136
Fowler, H 1950: 358

Chalcinus paranensis Günther, 1874:454

Gunther, A 1874: 454

Chalcinus nematurus

Ribeiro, P 1941: 162
Ulrey, A 1895: 294
Eigenmann, C 1891: 56
Garman, S 1890: 3
Kner, R 1860: 13
Kner, R 1858: 163
Darwin Core Archive (for parent article) View in SIBiLS Plain XML RDF