Helix subrugata Reeve, 1852

Brook, Fred J. & Ablett, Jonathan D., 2019, Type material of land snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda) described from New Zealand by taxonomists in Europe and North America between 1830 and 1934, and the history of research on the New Zealand land snail fauna from 1824 to 1917, Zootaxa 4697 (1), pp. 1-117: 95

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4697.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:AF79BEA3-3CC8-49CA-9707-A8D5B4DAACD

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/437587C2-FF9A-655F-FF02-EA16D61D11FC

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scientific name

Helix subrugata Reeve, 1852
status

 

Helix subrugata Reeve, 1852  

Pl. 11, fig. E

Reeve, (1851–1854) 1852. Conchologia iconica, 7: species 773, pl. 128, fig. 773.

Type material: Syntypes (2), NHMUK 1982236 View Materials (dry shell material); ex Museum Cuming (Acc. no. 1829)   .

Label details: ‘Australia’

Type locality: ‘Clarence River, New South Wales’ ( Pfeiffer 1853a: 56, 1853d: 259); incorrectly stated as ‘New Zealand’ by Reeve (1852 [in 1851–1854]: species 773).

Previous illustrations of type material: Reeve (1852 [in 1851–1854]: pl. 128, fig. 773), Pfeiffer (1853 [in 1852–1860]: pl. 156, figs. 9–10).

Remarks: Helix subrugata Reeve, 1852   and H. subrugata Pfeiffer, 1853   are based on the same type material. Pfeiffer evidently intended to publish the original description of this species in the Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London issue for 1851 (see Reeve 1852 [in 1851–1854]: species 773; Pfeiffer 1853a: 56), but publication was delayed until 1853 ( Pfeiffer 1853a: 56; 1853d: 259; 1853 [in 1852–1860]: 468, pl. 156, figs. 9–10), and was pre-empted by Reeve (1852 [in 1851–1854]: species 773). Helix subrugata   is an eastern Australian species, as stated by Pfeiffer (1853a: 56, 1853d: 259). Reeve’s (1852) record of this species from New Zealand was in error, and not consistent with the label details of the type material. Helix subrugata Pfeiffer, 1853   [= H. subrugata Reeve, 1852   ] is the type species of Thalassia Albers & Martens, 1860 [non Gistl, 1848, in Vermes] and Nitor Gude, 1911   .

Current Taxonomy: Listed as Nitor subrugata (Reeve, 1852)   by Smith (1992: 239) and Stanisic et al. (2010: 284). Helix subrugata Pfeiffer, 1853   is a junior primary homonym and an objective junior synonym of Nitor subrugata (Reeve, 1852)   .

Distribution: coastal eastern Australia, in the vicinity of the Queensland—New South Wales border ( Smith 1992: 239; Stanisic et al. 2010: 284).