Levinsenia demiri Çinar, Dagli & Açik, 2011

Erdoğan-Dereli, Deniz & Çinar, Melih Ertan, 2021, Levinsenia species (Annelida: Polychaeta: Paraonidae) from the Sea of Marmara with descriptions of two new species, Zootaxa 4908 (2), pp. 151-180 : 152-155

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4908.2.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:940983E2-6C68-4CE5-8023-8B7C981D12BC

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4448072

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/431C87DB-FF8A-7B53-FF47-6A3011E35FB4

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Levinsenia demiri Çinar, Dagli & Açik, 2011
status

 

Levinsenia demiri Çinar, Dagli & Açik, 2011  

( Figures 2–4 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 View FIGURE 4 )

Levinsenia demiri Çinar, Dagli & Açik, 2011:2124–2128   , Figs 5–6 View FIGURE 5 View FIGURE 6 .

Material examined. ESFM-POL/2013-1271 , 06 June 2013, Y1, 40°01’27’’N, 26°13’24’’E, 10 m, mud, 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1272 , 06 June 2013, Y1, 40°00’32’’N, 26°13’04’’E, 25 m, mud, 4 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013- 40 , 07 June 2013, Y4, 40°18’09’’N, 26°35’15’’E, 50 m, sand, 8 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-49 , 07 June 2013, Y5, 40°20’55’’N, 26°40’38’’E, 25 m, mud, 11 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-37 , 07 June 2013, Y6, 40°26’03’’N, 26°41’59’’E, 25 m, mud, 74 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-55 , 07 June 2013, Y7, 40°24’28’’N, 26°51’24’’E, 25 m, maerl bed, 13 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-71 , 07 June 2013, Y7, 40°25’09’’N, 26°51’18’’E, 50 m, mud, 6 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-74 , 08 June 2013, Y 9, 10 m, 40°26’20’’N, 27°11’32’’E, mud with gravel and shell fragments, 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-78 , 08 June 2013, Y9, 40°26’25’’N, 27°11’29’’E, 25 m, mud, 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-85 , 07 June 2013, Y10, 40°28’24’’N, 26°57’30’’E, 50 m, mud with Lithothamnion   sp., 11 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-86 , 08 June 2013, Y11, 40°35’55’’N, 27°05’25’’E, 25 m, mud with Turitella communis   , 30 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-64 , 08 June 2013, Y12, 40°40’23’’N, 27°16’31’’E, 25 m, mud, 8 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-545 , 08 June 2013, Y12, 40°39’44’’N, 27°17’00’’E, 50 m, mud with Amphiura filiformis   , 2 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-604 , 08 June 2013, Y 15, 50 m, 40°25’41’’N, 27°27’57’’E, mud, 2 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1083, 09 June 2013, Y16, 40°24’13’’N, 27°39’47’’E, 41 m, mud, 3 specimens; ESFM-POL/2013- 1086 , 09 June 2013, Y17, 40°39’58’’N- 27°41’08’’E, 50 m, mud, 24 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1089 , 09 June 2013, Y17, 40°41’03’’N, 27°39’52’’E, 100 m, mud, 3 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1090 , 10 June 2013, Y18, 40°54’28’’N, 27°33’24’’E, 100 m, mud with shell fragments, 10 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1092 , 12 June 2013, Y19, 40°59’52’’N, 27°41’59’’E, 10 m, muddy sand with Lithothamnion   sp., 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1093 , 12 June 2013, Y19, 40°57’28’’N, 27°42’16’’E, 50 m, mud witn shell fragmnets, 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013- 1094 , 12 June 2013, Y19, 40°56’10’’N, 27°44’16’’E, 100 m, muddy sand, 22 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1096 , 12 June 2012, Y20, 40°56’23’’N, 27°55’23’’E, 100 m, mud, 8 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1097 , 15 Jun 2013, Y24, 40°57’20’’N, 28°07’21’’E, 100 m, sand with muddy shell fragments, 3 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1099 , 16 June 2013, Y25, 40°24’48’’N, 28°20’41’’E, 25 m, sandy mud with Amphiura filiformis   . 21 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1102, 16 June 2013, Y26, 40°22’36’’N, 28°39’41’’E, 25 m, muddy sand with shell fragments, 30 specimens; ESFM-POL/2013-1105 , 17 June 2013, Y29, 40°32’39’’N, 28°46’42’’E, 50 m, muddy sand, 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1106 , 24 June 2013, 40°54’50’’N, 28°52’12’’E, Y 34, 100 m, sandy mud with shell fragments, 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1024 , 19 June 2013, Y40, 40°43’12’’N, 29°17’33’’E, 500 m, mud, 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1107, 20 June 2013, Y42, 40°45’43’’N, 29°29’39’’E, 50 m, mud, 2 specimens; ESFM-POL/2013-1108 , 26 June 2013, Y50, 41°12’16’’N, 29°07’25’’E, 10 m, sand, 1 specimen GoogleMaps   .

Description. All specimens incomplete, 5.49– 19 mm long, 0.15–0.20 mm wide for 33–120 chaetigers. Color in alcohol whitish. Body long, thin, fragile, width of prebranchial and branchial regions nearly same, most anterodorsal side slightly swollen, getting gradually thinner from post branchial region to posterior end; having a black tube ( Fig. 2A View FIGURE 2 ).

Prostomium conical, longer than wide (ratio length / width: 1.20); anterior part rounded with an eversible palpode ( Figs 2B View FIGURE 2 ; 3 View FIGURE 3 A–B; 4A), without eyes. A pair of nuchal organs as narrow deep, short slits, as vertical lines on dorso-lateral sides of posterior part of prostomium; without cilia and pigmentation. Cilia patches, cheek organs and lateral organs absent on prostomium ( Fig. 4A View FIGURE 4 ).

Peristomium indistinct on dorsal and lateral sides, only discernable under SEM, partly fused with anterior margin of chaetiger 1 on dorsal side ( Fig. 4A View FIGURE 4 ). Mouth with three buccal lips; two placed anteriorly, one placed posteriorly, with seven longitudinal folds, extending to anterior margin of chaetiger 1. A pair of ciliary slits (csal) present on anterior margin of anterior lips ( Figs 3 View FIGURE 3 A–C).

Branchiae 4–6 pairs, beginning on chaetiger 6, not fused with notopodia; dorso-ventrally flattened, cylindroconical shaped, with a rounded tip; dense ciliary bands present on both sides of outer margin of branchiae, tip naked ( Figs 3 View FIGURE 3 E–F); 100 µm long in anterior part, 106 µm long in middle part, 92 µm long in posterior part of branchial region.

A dense dorsal ciliary band (dcb) existing on mid-dorsal transversal line of each branchial chaetiger; a short dorsal ciliary band (sdcb) arranged in a transversal line, present on ventral side of each branchial base. Ciliary bands absent on ventral side of body. Dorso-lateral irregular pores (dlip) present and irregularly distributed on ventral side of branchiae ( Fig. 3F View FIGURE 3 ).

Interramal lobes and notopodial papilla absent. Notopodial postchaetal lobes short, thick and cirriform on first six chaetigers (prebranchial region); long and digitiform between chaetigers 7–10 (branchial region); short and cirriform on posterior chaetigers. Neuropodial postchaetal lobes and ventral lobes absent ( Figs 3 View FIGURE 3 E–F; 4A–C).

Lateral sense organs present on all chaetigers, located between notopodia and neuropodia, just posterior to notopodial postchaetal lobes; more or less rounded in shape with irregularly clustered pores from prebranchial region to middle part of branchial region; more or less elliptical in shape with irregularly clustered pores from middle part to posterior part of branchial region; straight lined in shape with regularly clustered pores from posterior part of branchial region to end of body ( Figs 3 View FIGURE 3 D–E; 4B–C); with 10–12 pores in prebranchial region (long axis of organ: 3–4 μm), with 14–15 pores (long axis: 6–7 μm) in branchial region; with 25–30 pores (long axis: 8–9 μm) in posterior region; with flexible cilia distinctly protruding from opening or embedded into pore.

Three main types of chaetae present on chaetigers: capillary, limbate and modified neurochaeta ( Fig 4 View FIGURE 4 A–C).

Limbate chaetae present on both notopodia and neuropodia of chaetigers, starting from chaetiger 1 to chaetiger 6–13, arranged in two rows, long, thin and straight with fibrils along edge (hirsute), colorless; in notopodia numbering 7–10, ca. 125 µm long, positioning ventral to dorsal in fascicle; in neuropodia numbering 8–12, ca. 112 µm, slightly sigmoid, positioning dorsal to ventral in fascicle ( Fig 4 View FIGURE 4 A–B).

Capillary chaetae starting from chaetiger 7–13 and present on all subsequent chaetigers, arranged in bundles; in middle notopodia numbering 7–9 in each ramus and 125 μm long, in posterior notopodia numbering 4–5 in each ramus and 45 μm long; in middle neuropodia numbering 8–10 in each ramus and 123 μm long, in posterior neuropodia numbering in 2–3 each ramus and 40 μm long.

Modified neuropodial chaetae present from chaetiger 14 to end of body; numbering 4–6 in each neuropodium, arranged in one row, superior chaetae relatively long, inferior chaetae shorter (average length: 28 μm) and much curved, hook shaped, terminal region strongly curved with fibrillar hood on convex side ( Figs 2C View FIGURE 2 ; 4C View FIGURE 4 ).

Pygidium missing.

Reproduction. Eggs were found in some specimens of Levinsenia demiri   collected from the Sea of Marmara. They usually first occurred at chaetiger 26 and continued to the posterior end and numbered six in each chaetiger. The egg diameter varied between 13 and 21 μm.

Remarks. The specimens of Levinsenia demiri   from the Sea of Marmara are closely identical to its original description ( Çinar et al. 2011). However, the present paper emended some characters to the description such as ciliary slits, dorsal ciliary band, dorso-lateral irregular pores, lateral sense organs and limbate chaetae

Habitat and Distribution. Levinsenia demiri   was found on soft substrata at 10–100 m depths in the study area. Previous works reports the species from similar substrata between 10–1200 m depths in the eastern ( Çinar et al. 2011; 2014; Katsiaras & Simboura 2015) and western ( Langeneck et al. 2017) Mediterranean Sea.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Annelida

Class

Polychaeta

Family

Paraonidae

Genus

Levinsenia

Loc

Levinsenia demiri Çinar, Dagli & Açik, 2011

Erdoğan-Dereli, Deniz & Çinar, Melih Ertan 2021
2021
Loc

Levinsenia demiri Çinar, Dagli & Açik, 2011:2124–2128

Cinar, Dagli & Acik, 2011: 2124 - 2128: 2124 - 2128
2128