Levinsenia marmarensis Çinar, Dagli & Açik, 2011

Erdoğan-Dereli, Deniz & Çinar, Melih Ertan, 2021, Levinsenia species (Annelida: Polychaeta: Paraonidae) from the Sea of Marmara with descriptions of two new species, Zootaxa 4908 (2), pp. 151-180 : 160-162

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Levinsenia marmarensis Çinar, Dagli & Açik, 2011


Levinsenia marmarensis Çinar, Dagli & Açik, 2011

( Figures 7–8 View FIGURE 7 View FIGURE 8 )

Levinsenia marmarensis Çinar, Dagli & Açik, 2011: 2132–2136 View Cited Treatment , Figs 9–10 View FIGURE 9 View FIGURE 10 .

Material examined. ESFM-POL/2013-61 , 06 June 2013, Y2, 40°06’59’’N, 26°22’04’’E, 50 m, muddy sand, 2 specimens GoogleMaps ; ESFM-POL/2013-98 , 07 June 2013, Y6, 40°26’03’’N, 26°41’59’’E 25 m, mud, 1 specimen GoogleMaps ; ESFM-POL/2013-1174, 08 June 2013, Y9, 40°28’09’’N, 27°11’14’’E, 50 m, mud, 1 specimen; ESFM-POL/2013-1175 , 12 June 2013, Y19, 40°56’10’’N, 27°44’16’’E, 100 m, sandy mud with shell fragments, 7 specimens GoogleMaps ; ESFM-POL/2013-1176, 12 June 2012, Y20, 40°56’23’’N, 27°55’23’’E, 100 m, mud, 10 specimens; ESFM-POL/2013- 1177 , 15 June 2013, Y24, 40°57’20’’N, 28°07’21’’E, 100 m, muddy sand with shell fragment, 4 specimens GoogleMaps ; ESFM-POL/2013-1180, 16 June 2013, Y25, 40°26’49’’N, 28°19’11’’E, 50 m, mud, 2 specimens.

Description. All specimens incomplete, 4.3–14.1 mm, 0.12–0.20 mm wide, with 29–73 chaetigers. Color in alcohol dull white. Body long, slender; anterio-dorsal side slightly swollen, prebranchial region wider than branchial region, body tapering to posterior part ( Figs 7A View FIGURE 7 ; 8 View FIGURE 8 A–B).

Prostomium more or less subtriangular, much longer than wide (ratio length / width: 1.03), anterior part of prostomium slightly rounded with an eversible palpode ( Figs 7A View FIGURE 7 ; 8 View FIGURE 8 B–D), without eyes. In some specimens, a pair of bulges on posterio-lateral side of prostomium ( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 C–D). A pair of nuchal organs as narrow, deep, vertical slits, placed on dorso-lateral sides of posterior part of prostomium; cilia protruding out of each slit; without pigmentation ( Fig. 8C View FIGURE 8 ). Cilia patches, lateral organ and cheek organ absent on lateral side of prostomium.

Peristomium indistinct on dorsal and lateral sides, only discernable under SEM, partly fused with anterior margin of chaetiger 1 on dorsal side. Mouth with three buccal lips; two placed anteriorly and one placed posteriorly with six longitudinal folds, extending to anterior margin of chaetiger 1. A pair of ciliary slits (csal) present on anterior margin of anterior lips ( Fig. 8D View FIGURE 8 ).

Dorso-lateral irregular pores (dlip) present, located regularly just posterior to branchiae and irregularly on dorsal side of body ( Fig. 8H View FIGURE 8 ).

Branchiae 6–8 pairs, beginning on chaetiger 7; short, slightly flattened, lanceolate, with a rounded tip, last pair always shorter ( Figs 7A View FIGURE 7 ; 8A, E View FIGURE 8 ); 136 μm long in anterior part, 164 μm long in middle part, 147 μm long in posterior part of branchial region.

Interramal lobes and notopodial papilla absent. Notopodia not fused with branchiae ( Fig 8E View FIGURE 8 ). Notopodial postchaetal lobes short and rounded on first two chaetigers; relatively long and digitiform between chaetigers 3–12; short and rounded in posterior region ( Figs 8E View FIGURE 8 , G–H). Neuropodial postchaetal lobes absent.

Lateral sense organs present on all chaetigers, located between notopodia and neuropodia, just posterior to notopodial postchaetal lobes; elliptical with irregularly clustered pores from prebranchial region to middle part of branchial region; more or less elliptical with irregularly clustered pores from middle part to posterior part of branchial region ( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 G–H); with 16–18 pores in prebranchial region (long axis of organ: 11–12 μm), with 10–12 pores (long axis: 4–5 μm) in branchial region.

Two types of chaetae present on chaetigers; capillary and modified neurochaetae ( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 F–G).

Capillary chaetae starting in both noto- and neuropodia of chaetiger 1 and present on all subsequent chaetigers, arranged as bundles, colorless; in anterior notopodia, numbering 8–19 in each ramus and ca. 128 μm long; in middle notopodia numbering 4–5 in each ramus and ca. 95 μm long; in posterior notopodia, numbering 2–5 in each ramus and ca. 76 μm long; in anterior neuropodia, numbering 9–10 in each ramus and ca. 139 μm long; in middle neuropodia, numbering 8–10 in each ramus and ca. 136 μm long and in posterior neuropodia, numbering 1–3 in each ramus and ca. 68 μm long.

Modified neuropodial chaetae present from chaetigers 18–20 to posterior chaetigers, numbering 6–8 in each neuropodium, arranged in one row, superior chaetae relatively straight and long, inferior chaetae much shorter and curved, about 20 μm long, hook shaped, strongly curved, with rudimentary, fibrillar hood on convex side, with a naked tip ( Figs 7B View FIGURE 7 ; 8F View FIGURE 8 ).

Pygidium missing.

Remarks. The specimens of Levinsenia marmarensis found in this study matched well with its original description (Çinar et. al. 2011); furthermore, the following characters were described for the first time for Levinsenia marmarensis : ciliary slits, dorso-lateral irregular pores and lateral sense organs.

Habitat and Distribution. The specimens of Levinsenia marmarensis were found on soft substrata between 25 and 100 m depths in the Sea of Marmara. Çinar et al. (2011) previously reported this species in the similar habitat and depths (17–54 m) in same the region. This species was also reported from the Aegean Sea ( Çinar et al. 2014).












Levinsenia marmarensis Çinar, Dagli & Açik, 2011

Erdoğan-Dereli, Deniz & Çinar, Melih Ertan 2021

Levinsenia marmarensis Çinar, Dagli & Açik, 2011: 2132–2136

Cinar, M. E. & Dagli, E. & Acik, S. 2011: 2136