Oiovelia cunucunumana Drake & Maldonado-Capriles, 1952

Rodrigues, Higor D. D., Melo, Alan Lane De & Ferreira-Keppler, Ruth L., 2014, Taxonomic revision of the Neotropical genus Oiovelia (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Veliidae), Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae (suppl.) 54 (1), pp. 65-98: 76-79

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4468235

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0C538D2D-9EC9-4F08-BCF3-59296858F53FC

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4480085

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/4309464B-711A-FF8C-FEEA-FACD2C7BAB51

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Oiovelia cunucunumana Drake & Maldonado-Capriles, 1952
status

 

Oiovelia cunucunumana Drake & Maldonado-Capriles, 1952  

( Figs 26–28 View Figs 26–28 , 38–40 View Figs 35–46 , 72 View Figs 71–77 )

Oiovelia cunucunumana Drake & Maldonado-Capriles, 1952: 51   (original description).

Oiovelia cunucunumana: DRAKE & ROZE (1955)   : 107 (description of male, new records); SPANGLER (1986): 449 (new records, identification key, illustration of male genitalia); MAZZUCCONI & BACHMANN (1997a): 62 (new records); MAZZUCCONI & BACHMANN (1997b): 66 (description of immature stages); MOREIRA & BARBOSA (2011): 11 (new records); MOREIRA et al. (2011): 19 (catalogue); RODRIGUES et al. (2012): 911 (new records).

Paravelia correntina Iglesias & Crespo, 1999: 259   (original description). Synonymized by Mazzucconi in TORRES et al. (2007: 143).

Type locality. Venezuela, Amazonas, Cerro Culebra.

Material examined. All specimens macropterous. BRAZIL: AMAPÁ: 4 ♂♂7♀♀ 12 nymphs ( INPA), Serra do Navio, Rio Cachaço, Cachoeira do Fernando, 00°53 ' 18.8 ″ N / 52°01 ' 22.9 ″ W, 02.viii.2011,A.M.O.Pes,P.V.Cruz &A.S. Fernandes coll.[in part,same material examined by RODRIGUES et al.(2012)]. AMAZONAS: 2♂♂7 ♀♀ 4nymphs ( INPA),Barcelos, Comunidade Ucuqui, Rio Jauari, 23.vii.2009, N. Ferreira-Jr & J.L. Nessimian coll.[in part,same material examined by RODRIGUES et al.2012]; 10♂♂13 ♀♀ ( DPIC),Presidente Figueiredo,AM-240,Km 12, Reserva Ecológica Cachoeira do Santuário, 02°03 ' 43 ″ S / 59°55 ' 44 ″ W, 03.vii.2002, D.L.V. Pereira coll.; 11 ♂♂6 ♀♀ ( DPIC), same data of the previous locality, except 15.x.2002; 5 ♂♂5 ♀♀ ( INPA), same data, except 30.vi.2011, H.D.D. Rodrigues coll.; 18 ♂♂20 ♀♀ 4 nymphs ( INPA), Presidente Figueiredo,AM-240,Km 13, Cachoeira da Porteira, 02°02 ' 15 ″ S / 59°54 ' 53 ″ W, 30.vi.2011, H.D.D. Rodrigues coll.; 16 ♂♂8 ♀♀ 9 nymphs ( INPA), same data of the previous locality, except 16.viii.2011; 5 ♂♂ 2 ♀♀ ( DPIC), Presidente Figueiredo, AM-240, Km 20, Igarapé da Onça, Balneário Sossego da Pantera, 02°02 ' 34 ″ S / 59°51 ' 08 ″ W, 11.ix.2002,D.L.V.Pereira coll.; 24♂♂32 ♀♀ 44 nymphs ( INPA),same data of the previous locality,except 29.vi.2011, H.D.D. Rodrigues coll.; 13 ♂♂19 ♀♀ 14 nymphs ( INPA), same data, except 17.viii.2011; 12 ♂♂6 ♀♀ 3 nymphs ( INPA),Presidente Figueiredo,AM-240, Km 20, Sítio Santo Amaro, 02°04 ' 05 ″ S / 59°54 ' 28.8 ″ W, 18.viii.2011, H.D.D. Rodrigues coll.; 1 ♂ 1 ♀ 6 nymphs ( INPA), Presidente Figueiredo, Balneário Marupiara, 02°07 ' S / 60°06 ' W, 01.vii.2011, H.D.D. Rodrigues coll.; 6 ♂♂7 ♀♀ ( DPIC), Presidente Figueiredo, Igarapé Canoas, igarapé II do ramal do Castanhal, BR-174, Km 135, 01º49 ' 51 ″ S / 60º04 ' 15 ″ W, 10.ix.2002, D.L.V. Pereira coll.; 17 ♂♂10 ♀♀ ( DPIC), Presidente Figueiredo, Vivenda Fênix, ramal do Urubuí, Km 9, 02º03 ' 00 ″ S / 60º06 ' 09 ″ W, 16.x.2002, D.L.V. Pereira coll.; 13♂♂13 ♀♀ ( DPIC),Presidente Figueiredo, BR-174, Km 110, Rio Urubuí, 02º01 ' 05 ″ S / 60º02 ' 04 ″ W, 10.x.2002, D.L.V. Pereira coll.; 28 ♂♂24 ♀♀ ( DPIC), same data of the previous locality, except Igarapé Camarão, 01º01 ' 05 ″ S / 60º02 ' 02 ″ W; 1 ♂ 2 ♀♀ ( DPIC), same data, except Cachoeira Santa Cláudia, 02º02 ' 17S / 60º00 ' 55 ″ W, 11.ix.2002; 11 ♂♂ 5 ♀♀ ( DPIC), Presidente Figueiredo, Cachoeira Iracema, 01º59 ' 10 ″ S / 60º03 ' 44 ″ W, 09.x.2002, D.L.V. Pereira coll.; 4 ♂♂6 ♀♀ ( DPIC), Presidente Figueiredo, Balneário Água Viva, 02º03 ' 11 ″ S / 59º55 ' 24 ″ W, 15.x.2002, D.L.V. Pereira coll.; 2 ♂♂( DPIC), Presidente Figueiredo, BR-174, Km 113, Igarapé das Lajes, 12.ix.2002, D.L.V. Pereira coll.; 15 ♂♂18 ♀♀ ( DPIC), 2 ♂♂2 ♀♀ ( NMPC), Presidente Figueiredo, AM-240, Igarapé do Mutum, 02º02 ' 15 ″ S / 59º54 ' 53 ″ W, 10.x.2002, D.L.V. Pereira coll.; 73 ♂♂51 ♀♀ 31 nymphs ( INPA), São Gabriel da Cachoeira, Igarapé Miuá, downstream of the waterfall hydroelectric, 00°06 ' 33.2 ″ S / 66°52 ' 24.2 ″ W, 24.viii.2011, R.L.Ferreira-Keppler,P.V. Cruz, A.S. Fernandes & E.A. Reis coll. PARÁ: 1 ♂ 3 ♀♀ ( INPA), BR-230, Rio Jaú, 23.iv.1988, U. Barbosa coll.; 10 ♂♂9 ♀♀ ( INPA), Rio Mapuera, margem esquerda do Igarapé Beiradão, 19.vi.1986, V. Py-Daniel & U. Barbosa coll. MINAS GERAIS: 1♀ ( DPIC), Luz,Ribeirão Jorge Grande, 19°40 ' 13 ″ S / 45°36 ' 37 ″ W, 20.ii.2010, H.D.D. Rodrigues coll.; 7 ♂♂ 4 ♀♀ ( DPIC), same data of the previous locality, except 13.iii.2010, H.D.D. Rodrigues & G.J.C. Vianna coll. [same material examined by RODRIGUES et al. (2012)]. SÃO PAULO: 1 ♂ ( MZSP), Marília, 22°16 ' S / 49°56 ' W, 650 m a.s.l., v.1947, F. Plaumann coll.; 1 ♂ 3 ♀♀ ( MZSP), Pirassununga, 28.ii.1940, Schubart coll. [same material examined by MOREIRA & BARBOSA (2011)].

Dimensions. Macropterous male (n = 5; mm). BL 3.05–3.20; HL 0.45–0.47; HW 0.57–0.62; ANT I 0.45–0.50, ANT II 0.37, ANT III 0.23–0.25, ANT IV 0.33–0.35; EYE 0.15–0.17; PL 1.12–1.17; PW 1.07–1.12; FORE LEG: FEM 0.70–0.75, TIB 0.72–0.75, TAR I 0.06, TAR II 0.07, TAR III 0.27–0.28; MID LEG: FEM 0.82–0.92, TIB 0.97, TAR I 0.07–0.08, TAR II 0.10–0.11, TAR III 0.32–0.35; HIND LEG: FEM 0.95–0.97, TIB 1.25–1.27, TAR I 0.07–0.08, TAR II 0.15, TAR III 0.35–0.37.

Macropterous female (n = 5; mm). BL 3.65–3.75; HL 0.60–0.61; HW 0.63–0.65; ANT I 0.57–0.58, ANT II 0.47–0.49, ANT III 0.26–0.30, ANT IV 0.33–0.37; EYE 0.15–0.17; PL 1.30–1.32; PW 1.20–1.22; FORE LEG: FEM 0.80–0.86, TIB 0.80–0.85, TAR I 0.06, TAR II 0.07, TAR III 0.33–0.34; MID LEG: FEM 1.00–1.02, TIB 1.12–1.13, TAR I 0.07, TAR II 0.12, TAR III 0.37–0.40; HIND LEG: FEM 1.15–1.27, TIB 1.47–1.50, TAR I 0.08, TAR II 0.17–0.20, TAR III 0.40–0.45.

Diagnostic characters. Head dark brown to black, except for orange brown posterior region and inner margin of the eyes. Pronotum orange brown, with only a pair of small lateral whitish pruinose areas between the anterior and posterior lobes. Fore wings reaching the genital segments dark brown, with a pair of whitish to yellow elongated maculae at the base, starting from humeri and surpassing the apex of pronotum; entirely covered by a faint uniform whitish pruinosity, which can be absent below the basal maculae ( Fig. 28 View Figs 26–28 ). Coxae and trochanters yellowish; femora and tibiae dark brown to black. Proctiger of male without elevation or spines ( Fig. 40 View Figs 35–46 ); paramere tapering slightly in middle, with rounded apex and setae on the dorsal and ventral surfaces ( Fig. 72 View Figs 71–77 ).

Intraspecific variation. Within the same population, the color of head and pronotum varied significantly from orange brown, typical of this species, to dark brown ( Figs 26–27 View Figs 26–28 ). In some cases the difference of color dorsally on the head is not evident.

Differential diagnosis. This species is known only in the macropterous form and has O. rivicola   as a morphologically similar species. Both are distinguished by the V-shaped pruinosity on the posterior lobe of pronotum, which is absent in O. cunucunumana   and present in O. rivicola   , and by the shape of paramere, widening distinctly in the posterior half of the dorsal surface with subtruncate apex in O. rivicola   , whereas in O. cunucunumana   it is not distinctly wide on dorsal surface, with rounded apex. Also, both sexes of the species are differentiated by the length and shape of the antennomere IV, smaller (0.33–0.37 mm) and wider in O. cunucunumana   ( Figs 26–28 View Figs 26–28 ), and longer (0.42–0.48 mm) and more slender in O. rivicola   ( Figs 29–31 View Figs 29–31 ).

Distribution and habitat. Venezuela (DRAKE & MALDONADO- CAPRILES 1952, DRAKE & ROZE 1955), Brazil [Amapá ( RODRIGUES et al. 2012), Amazonas ( RODRIGUES et al. 2012), Pará (present study), Minas Gerais ( RODRIGUES et al. 2012), São Paulo (MOREIRA & BARBOSA 2011; present study) and Santa Catarina ( SPANGLER 1986)], Peru ( SPANGLER 1986), Paraguay ( DRAKE & ROZE 1955) and Argentina ( MAZZUCCONI & BACHMANN 1997a).

At the moment, O. cunucunumana   is the species of the genus that has the largest occurrence area, recorded from Venezuela to Argentina. In collections recently made in the state of Amazonas, northern Brazil, it was frequently collected together with O. rivicola   in the same foam masses.

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

DPIC

Belo Horizonte, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas

NMPC

National Museum Prague

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Veliidae

Genus

Oiovelia

Loc

Oiovelia cunucunumana Drake & Maldonado-Capriles, 1952

Rodrigues, Higor D. D., Melo, Alan Lane De & Ferreira-Keppler, Ruth L. 2014
2014
Loc

Paravelia correntina

TORRES P. L. M. & MAZZUCCONI S. A. & MICHAT M. C. 2007: 143
IGLESIAS M. S. & CRESPO F. A. 1999: 259
1999
Loc

Oiovelia cunucunumana:

RODRIGUES H. D. D. & MELO A. L. & FERREIRA-KEPPLER R. L. 2012: 911
MAZZUCCONI S. A. & BACHMANN A. O. 1997: 62
MAZZUCCONI S. A. & BACHMANN A. O. 1997: 66
SPANGLER P. J. 1986: 449
DRAKE C. J. & ROZE J. A. 1955: 107
1955
Loc

Oiovelia cunucunumana

DRAKE C. J. & MALDONADO-CAPRILES J. 1952: 51
1952