Lasioglossum (Dialictus) mitchelli Gibbs

Gibbs, Jason, 2010, Revision of the metallic species of Lasioglossum (Dialictus) in Canada (Hymenoptera, Halictidae, Halictini) 2591, Zootaxa 2591 (1), pp. 1-382 : 194-198

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.2591.1.1

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Lasioglossum (Dialictus) mitchelli Gibbs


Lasioglossum (Dialictus) mitchelli Gibbs , new name

( Figures 146A–C, 147A–H)

Dialictus atlanticus Mitchell, 1960: 383 . ♀. (Preocc. Cockerell 1938b) Holotype. ♀ USA, North Carolina, Raleigh, 5.viii.1957 (Mitchell); [NCSU]. Examined.

Taxonomy. Knerer and Atwood, 1966a: Dialictus atlanticus ♂, p. 881; Krombein, 1967: Lasioglossum (Dialictus) atlanticum , p. 462 (catalogue); Hurd, 1979: Dialictus atlanticus , p. 1964 (catalogue); Moure & Hurd, 1987: Dialictus atlanticus , p. 91 (catalogue).

Diagnosis. Females of L. mitchelli can be recognised by the shape of the clypeus which has subparallel apicolateral margins, acute apicolateral angles and a broad, straight distal margin. They may be further distinguished by the round head (length/width ratio = 0.90–0.94), tessellate mesoscutum with moderately dense punctures on the central disc (i=1–1.5d), rugulose mesepisternum, pale tegula, and complete T1 acarinarial fan. They are most similar to L. weemsi which have a dorsal opening on the T1 fan. Lasioglossum mitchelli is also similar to some members of the L. viridatum species-group such as L. admirandum and L. paradmirandum . Females of the L. viridatum species-group have the clypeus distinctly convergent towards the apex and a distinct dorsal opening of the acarinarial fan.

Males of L. mitchelli are similar to females but have a more elongate head length/width ratio = 0.98–1.00) and may be further distinguished by the elongate flagellomeres (length/width ratio = 1.73–1.90), brownish yellow tarsi and tibial apices, weakly carinate posterior margin of the metapostnotum, and impunctate apical impressed areas of the metasomal terga. Males are most similar to L. versatum and L. paradmirandum . Male L. versatum have distinct punctures on the apical impressed areas of the metasomal terga. Male L. paradmirandum have the posterior margin of the metapostnotum rounded.

Redescription. FEMALE. Length 4.70–5.67 mm; head length 1.22–1.54 mm; head width 1.30–1.63 mm; forewing length 3.42–4.03 mm.

Colouration. Head and mesosoma green with faint bluish reflections to mostly blue. Clypeus with apical half blackish brown. Antenna dark brown, flagellum with ventral surface ruddy. Mesoscutum sometimes with brassy reflections. Tegula amber to reddish. Wing membrane subhyaline, venation and pterostigma brownish yellow. Legs brown, tarsi reddish brown to amber. Metasoma dark brown, terga and sterna with apical margins translucent brownish yellow.

Pubescence. Dull white. Moderately sparse. Head and mesosoma with moderately sparse woolly hairs (1– 2 OD), longest on genal beard, metanotum and mesopleuron (2–2.5 OD). Paraocular area with moderately sparse tomentum, partially obscuring surface. Gena with sparse tomentum. Propodeum with moderately dense plumose hairs on lateral and posterior surfaces (2–2.5 OD). Metasomal terga with moderately sparse, fine setae. T1 acarinarial fan complete. T3–T4 basolaterally and T5 entirely with sparse tomentum. T2 apicolateral and T3–T4 apical margins with sparse fringes.

Surface sculpture. Face imbricate, punctation fine. Clypeus with apical half polished, punctation sparse (i=1–3d). Supraclypeal area with punctation moderately sparse (i=1–2.5d). Lower paraocular area punctation dense (i≤d). Antennocular area punctation moderately dense (i=1–1.5d). Upper paraocular area and frons punctate-reticulate. Ocellocular area obscurely punctate (i=d). Gena lineolate. Postgena imbricate. Mesoscutum tessellate, punctation moderately dense between parapsidal lines (i=1–1.5d), dense laterad of parapsidal lines (i≤d), contiguous on anterolateral portion. Mesoscutellum similar to mesoscutum, submedial punctation sparse (i=2–5d). Axilla minutely punctate. Metanotum imbricate. Preëpisternum rugose. Hypoepimeral area strongly imbricate. Mesepisternum dorsal half rugulose, ventral half ruguloso-imbricate. Metepisternum with dorsal two-fifths striate and ventral portion imbricate. Metapostnotum incompletely striate, posterior margin imbricate. Propodeum with dorsolateral slope rugulose, lateral surface tessellate-imbricate, posterior surface tessellate. Metasomal terga faintly coriarious, punctation uniformly spaced on disc (i=1–1.5d) except apical impressed area nearly impunctate.

Structure. Head very wide (length/width ratio = 0.90–0.94). Eyes convergent below (UOD/LOD ratio = 1.24–1.33). Clypeus ½ below suborbital tangent, apicolateral angle subparallel. Antennal sockets close (IAD/ OAD <0.5). Frontal line carinate, ending 2 OD below median ocellus. Gena narrower than eye. Inner metatibial spur pectinate with 3–4 teeth. Metapostnotum truncate (MMR ratio = 1.21–1.35), posterior margin weakly angled onto posterior surface. Propodeum with oblique carina absent, lateral carina not reaching dorsal margin.

MALE. Similar to female except for the usual secondary sexual characters and as follows. Length 4.03– 4.70 mm; head length 1.27–1.34 mm; head width 1.30–1.37 mm; forewing length 3.36–3.48 mm

Colouration. Labrum, mandible, flagellum ventral surface, tibial bases and apices, and tarsi yellow to brownish yellow.

Pubescence. Lower paraocular area with appressed tomentum obscuring surface. Clypeus, and supraclypeal area with sparse tomentum not obscuring surface. S3–S4 apicolateral portions with moderately dense tufts (1–1.5 OD).

Surface sculpture. Mesoscutum densely imbricate. Metanotum rugulose. Metapostnotum coarsely, longitudinally striate. Propodeum with dorsolateral slope rugose. Metasomal terga with apical impressed area impunctate.

Structure. Head round (length/width ratio = 0.98–1.00). Eyes strongly convergent below (UOD/LOD ratio = 1.55–1.57). Antennal sockets distant (IAD/OAD> 1.6). Frontal line carinate, ending 2 OD below median ocellus. Pedicel shorter than, or subequal to, F1. F2 length 1.9–2.0X F1. F2–F10 elongate (length/width ratio = 1.73–1.90). Metapostnotum truncate (MMR ratio = 1.20–1.50), posterior margin sharply angled onto posterior surface.

Terminalia . S7 with median lobe clavate, sides concave, apex rounded ( Fig. 147G). S8 with apicomedial margin weakly convex ( Fig. 147G). Genitalia as in Fig. 147E–F. Gonobase with ventral arms widely separated. Gonostylus small, dorsal setae elongate. Retrorse lobes elongate, narrow, weakly attenuated apically.

Range. Ontario south to Georgia, west to Kansas ( Fig. 143).

Additional material examined. CANADA: ONTARIO: 2♀ Iona , 17.ix.1963, on Solidago, (G. Knerer) ; 1♂, Iona , 15.ix.1963 (G. Knerer) ; 2♀ Iona , 25.v.1962 (G. Knerer) ; 1♀ Ipperwash , 25.v.1962 (G. Knerer); [ ROM] ; 1♀ Ojibway Park, nr. Windsor , 24.viii.1982 (M. Sharkey); [ PMAE]; [ PCYU] ; USA: ILLINOIS: 8♀ Carlinville , N39.1365 W089.9419, (J. Gibbs) GoogleMaps ; 3♀ Carlinville , N39.2787 W089.7961, (J. Gibbs) GoogleMaps ; 5♀ Carlinville , N39.3018 W089.7886, (J. Gibbs) GoogleMaps ; 3♀ E of Carlinville , N39.2596 W089.5485, (J. Gibbs) GoogleMaps ; 2♀ Litchfield , N39.1484 W089.66696, (Gibbs & Sheffield) GoogleMaps ; 1♀ Macoupin Co., E of Carlinville , N39.27869 W089.7961, (C. Sheffield) GoogleMaps ; 1♀ Montgomery Co., N39.25962 W089.54851, (Gibbs & Sheffield); [ PCYU] GoogleMaps ; IOWA: 1♀ Mahaska Co., Oskaloosa , 21.viii.1964 (A. R. Moldenke); [ AMNH] ; KANSAS: 1♂ Douglas Co., Coyler Prairie , N38°49.168´W095°21.788´, 11.vii.2004 (J. Hopwood) GoogleMaps ; 1♀ Douglas Co., Coyler Prairie , N38°49.168´W095°21.788´, 28.vii.2004 (J. Hopwood) GoogleMaps ; MARYLAND: 1♀ 3.ix.2003 (S.W. Droege) ; 1♀ Frederic Co., Creagerstown Park, Hwy 550 & Monocacy River , N39.6153 W077.3506, (J. Gibbs) GoogleMaps ; 1♀ Montgomery Co., N38.97 W077.1565, (S.W. Droege) GoogleMaps ; MICHIGAN: 1♀ Olivet , N42.4129 W084.9386, (J. Gibbs) GoogleMaps ; NEW YORK: 3♀ Tompkins Co., Bakers , N Lansing, 15.v.2009 (B.N. Danforth); [ CUIC] ; NORTH CAROLINA: 1♀ Great Smoky Mtn. N.P., Cataloochee , N35.62813 W083.09997, 6.viii.2006 (J. Gibbs); [ GSNP] GoogleMaps ; 1♂ Hwy 24/27, E of Charlotte, N35.24474 W080.53715, 10.viii.2006 (C. Sheffield) GoogleMaps ; 1♀ Mechlinburg Co., Huntersville , 8.vii2006 (M.F. Veit) ; SOUTH CAROLINA: 1♀ Okanee Co., nr Walhalla , N34.81283 W083.13679, 9.viii.2006 (J. Gibbs); [ PCYU] GoogleMaps ; TENNESSEE: 6♀ Great Smoky Mtn. N.P., Cades Cove, Hyatt Rd at Abhram’s Creek , 5.viii.2006 (J. Gibbs); [ GSNP] ; TEXAS: 1♀ Bastrop Co., Stengl Biological Stn. , 6 mi N of Smithville, 12.v.2000 (J. Abbott & R. Caesar); [ PCYU] ; 1♀ Bastrop Co., Stengl Biological Stn. , N30.087 W091.173, 5.v.2005 (A.W. Hook); [ CTMI] GoogleMaps ; VIRGINIA: 1♀ Albemarle Co., N37.8479 W078.6679, 14.iv.2003 ( T. Olivier) GoogleMaps ; 2♀ Assateague I., N37.9144 W075.3379,–1.vii.2006 (S.W. Droege) GoogleMaps ; WEST VIRGINIA: 1♂ Hampshire Co., N39.3353 W078.456, 17.ix.2005 (S.W. Droege); [ PCYU] GoogleMaps ; WISCONSIN: 1♀ Dane Co., Westport Drumlin , 11.vii.1996 ( R. A. Henderson); [ IRCW] .

Floral records. APIACEAE : Eryngium yuccifolium , APOCYNACEAE : Apocynum cannabinum , ASTERACEAE : Cichorium , Solidago , Taraxacum officinale , Vernonia , BRASSICACEAE : Barbarea vulgaris , FABACEAE : Amorpha canescens , A. fruticosa , Dalea purpurea , Glycine max , Melilotus officinalis , RANUNCULACEAE : Ranunculus abortivus .

Etymology. The specific epithet is named in honour of Theodore B. Mitchell.

Comments. Rare in Canada. Abundant in the Eastern USA. It has sometimes been mistaken in collections for L. admirandum .

Lasioglossum interruptum (Panzer) is a subjective senior synonym of Halictus interruptus atlanticus Cockerell. The name Lasioglossum atlanticum (Mitchell) , used in the past, is unavailable due to secondary homonymy ( Ebmer 1976).


Royal Ontario Museum


Royal Alberta Museum


The Packer Collection at York University


Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile


American Museum of Natural History


Cornell University Insect Collection


Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics


Madison, University of Wisconsin














Lasioglossum (Dialictus) mitchelli Gibbs

Gibbs, Jason 2010

Dialictus atlanticus

Mitchell, T. B. 1960: 383