Uracanthus cryptophagus Olliff, 1892

Thongphak, Duangrat & Wang, Qiao, 2007, Taxonomic revision of the longicorn beetle genus Uracanthus Hope 1833 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae: Uracanthini) from Australia., Zootaxa 1569 (1569), pp. 1-139: 30-31

publication ID

1175­5334

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8F024C64-0674-44BE-9B3F-F7D0E8CB8F3C

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/413DDB78-A477-FF85-F19F-FB12CB62CDFB

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Uracanthus cryptophagus Olliff, 1892
status

 

Uracanthus cryptophagus Olliff, 1892  

(Figs 30, 68, 99)

Uracanthus cryptophagus Olliff, 1892: 896   .— Froggatt, 1907:193; Aurivillius, 1912: 147; Tillyard, 1926: 233; Brimblecombe, 1943: 37; McKeown, 1947: 63; Duffy, 1963:114.

Uracanthus cryptophaga   .— Allen, Blunno, Froggatt & Guthrie, 1898b: 1216; Froggatt, 1919: 262; 1923:96.

Description

Male. Body length, 24.17–38.73 mm; width, 4.15–7.47 mm.

Colour (Fig. 30). Body reddish brown to blackish brown with head, prothorax, basal and marginal elytra, and legs often darker. Body covered with dense golden pubescence. Pronotal disc with 4 narrow longitudinal stripes of dense golden pubescence; each side with a wide longitudinal stripe of dense pubescence near ventral side. Each elytron with a very vague subtriangular basal mark covered with short golden pubescence and obvious darker than other part, without any margin; remaining elytron covered with very dense golden pubescence, arranged in 4 longitudinal lines. Body colour may vary from reddish brown to blackish brown; pubescence on the basal mark of the elytron varies from very sparse to dense.

Head. Postclypeus semicircular, slightly convex, finely punctate; frontoclypeal suture wide and deep in middle; distance between lower lobes of eyes 1.35–1.55 × as long as distance between upper lobes of eyes; distance between upper lobes of eyes 1.17–1.36 × as long as distance between eyes on ventral side; genal length 0.55–0.63 × as long as head width immediately below eyes. Antennae slightly shorter than body, with dense short pubescence; segments 5–10 flattened, and produced on one side at apex.

Thorax and abdomen. Pronotum 1.27–1.45 × as long as wide, rounded at side; pronotal disc binodulose in middle area and finely punctate; disc and side distinctly rugose transversely. Scutellum semicircular, with dense pubescence. Elytra 4.01–4.70 × as long as prothorax and 3.79–4.11 × as long as shoulder width; each elytron with 3 feeble longitudinal carinae; basal elytra with fairly dense punctures; apex bispinose. Abdomen with dense pubescence; apex of terminal sternite truncate.

Male terminalia. Apex of ventral median lobe widely emarginate, dorsal median lobe rounded; dorsal lobe shorter than ventral lobe; spined region of internal sac about 3 × as long as basal unspined regions; spined region divided into 2 sections; first section with mixture of dense large and long simple spines and fairly dense multi-branched spines; second section with fairly dense simple spines ( Fig. 68a). Eighth sternite obliquely truncate at terminal sides, strongly emarginate at middle area with long and fairly long setae arising terminally; ventral surface with sparse basally-forked spines in middle and sparse simple spines near sides ( Fig. 68b). Eighth tergite almost truncate at apex, basal area with simple spines ( Fig. 68c). Paramere 1.82–1.85 × as long as wide, cylindrical in shape, apex rounded with long and short setae ( Fig. 68d).

Female. Body length, 32.33–43.79 mm; width, 5.72–8.56 mm.

Antennae and legs distinctly shorter and body more robust; elytra 3.83–4.15 × as long as shoulder width and 4.00–4.87 × as long as prothorax; apex of terminal sternite truncate or slightly emarginate.

Ovipositor and spermatheca. Ovipositor short; styli arising laterally with both long and short hairs ( Fig. 68e). Spermatheca heavily curved and C-shaped; spermathecal gland very long and arising at basal 1/3 ( Fig. 68f).

Distribution

Eastern and northeastern New South Wales and southeastern Queensland ( Fig. 99). One specimen was collected in Western Australia but exact locality is unknown.

Biology

Host plants are orange, native finger lime ( Citrus australasica   ), mandarin orange, and lychee. Eggs and larvae were found in the smaller branches of citrus trees. Adults were collected in January, July, August, and during September to December and attracted to MV light.

Comments

This species differs from other species of Uracanthus   in having the pronotal disc and each elytron covered with very dense long pubescence, arranged in four longitudinal lines.

Material examined

Holotype. ♀. NSW: Richmond R. (28º47'S, 153º16'E), 5.vii.1892, Coll. no. k36086, bearing a red holotype label; 2 segments of right antenna missing ( AM). GoogleMaps  

Paratypes. 1 ♂, 1 ♀. NSW: 1 ♂, same locality as above but Coll. no. 5480 ( SAM)   ; 1 ♀, same locality as above but Coll. no. 630 ( SAM)   .

Other material examined. 25 ♂, 30 ♀. QLD: 1 ♂, Brisbane , R. IIIidge ( SAM)   ; 1 ♀, same as above but ( UQIC)   ; 1 ♂, same data as above but ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, Bucasia, Nth QLD, 9.xii.1990, K. J. Sandery ( SAM)   ; 1 ♂, same data as above but 17.xi.1990 ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, same data as above but 9.xii.1990 ( SAM)   ; 1 ♂, Oakview (26º07'S, 152º20'E) SE Barracks 15.i.2002, MV light, Monteith & Thompson, Coll. no. 10349 ( QM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Mackay , 5.xi.1908, C. French ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, Montville, L. Smith ( UQIC)   ; 1 ♂, National Park, R. Illidge ( UQIC)   ; 1 ♂, K'roy, 8.xii.1985, larval tunneling in citrus trunk, J. Wessels ( QDPI)   ; 1 ♀, Macpherson's Range (22º17'S, 146º18'E), Deane ( UQIC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Imbil (26º27'S, 152º40'E), 1931, host Scrub, RB ( QDPI) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Gayndah (25º37'S, 151º36'E), 5.x.1941, A. May ( QDPI) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, 2 ♀, Yeppoon , QLD, 26.xi.1965, J. C. Le Sovef ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, 2 m Elimbah , 6.ix.1966, x Citrus   , J. H. B ( QDPI)   ; 1 ♂, 3 km N of Mourangee , at light, Scrub ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, Homebush , xii.1940, S. R. E. Brook Collection ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, Tambourine Mt (33º49'S, 151º09'E), 8.i.1912, E. Sutton Collection ( QM) GoogleMaps   . NSW: 1 ♀, Tweed R. (28º13'S, 153º33'E), xii.1909, E. C. Bons ( UQIC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, same locality but ( MAM) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀, same locality but ( WADA) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same locality but ( QM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, same locality but ( AM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Richmond R. (28º47'S, 153º16'E), 5.vii.1892, H. J. Carter Collection ( NMV) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀, same locality but ( AM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, same locality but ( SAM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, same locality but ( VAIC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, same locality but ( ASCU) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀, same locality but 5.i.1892 ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, same locality but 5.vii.1892, Froggatt Collection ( HMO) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Alstonville (28º49'S, 153º26'E), 5.xii.1978, W. E. Wright ( AM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Don (23º57'S, 149º51'E), xii.1964, E. Sutton Collection ( QM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Green Pigeon via Kyogle (28º45'S, 153º00'E), iix.1940, boring in orange, E. B. H ( ASCU) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Grafton (30º05'S, 152º24'E), x.1909 ( ASCU) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same locality but xii.1909, Citrus   tree ( NMV) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Lismore , xi.1953, A. L. Brown ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, same data as above but 20.xi.1954 ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, Dorrigo National Park , 3.i. 1968, at light, C. W. Frazier ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, NSW, 5.xi.1908, C. French Collection ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, NSW, F. E. Collection ( NMV)   . 1 ♀, NSW ( WADA)   . Locality unknown   : 1 ♀, N Coast, i.1936, Citrus (ASCU)     ; 1 ♂, H. Binore , H. J. Carter Collection ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, Losinore 5–33 wells ( ASCU)   ; 1 ♂, WA, 6.iix.1956, in Mandarin branch ( QDPI)   ; 1 ♀, A. S. B Coll. no. 544 ( QDPI)   .

AM

Australian Museum

SAM

South African Museum

UQIC

University of Queensland Insect Collection

ANIC

Australian National Insect Collection

QM

Queensland Museum

NMV

Museum Victoria

QDPI

Queensland Department of Primary Industries

WADA

Western Australia Department of Agriculture

VAIC

Victorian Agricultural Insect Collection

ASCU

Agricultural Scientific Collections Unit

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Cerambycidae

Genus

Uracanthus

Loc

Uracanthus cryptophagus Olliff, 1892

Thongphak, Duangrat & Wang, Qiao 2007
2007
Loc

Uracanthus cryptophaga

Froggatt, W. W. 1923: 96
Froggatt, W. W. 1919: 262
Allen, W. J. & Blunno, M. & Froggatt, W. W. & Guthrie, F. B. 1898: 1216
1898
Loc

Uracanthus cryptophagus

Duffy, E. A. J. 1963: 114
McKeown, K. C. 1947: 63
Brimblecombe, A. R. 1943: 37
Tillyard, R. J. 1926: 233
Aurivillius, C. 1912: 147
Froggatt, W. W. 1907: 193
Olliff, A. S. 1892: 896
1892