Calypogeia fissa (L.) Raddi, Jungermanniogr. Etrusca: 33. 1818.,

Bakalin, Vadim A., Klimova, Ksenia G. & Nguyen, Van Sinh, 2020, A review of Calypogeia (Marchantiophyta) in the eastern Sino-Himalaya and Meta-Himalaya based mostly on types, PhytoKeys 153, pp. 111-154: 111

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Calypogeia fissa (L.) Raddi, Jungermanniogr. Etrusca: 33. 1818.


Calypogeia fissa (L.) Raddi, Jungermanniogr. Etrusca: 33. 1818. 


Mnium fissum  L., Sp. Pl. 1: 1114. 1753. nom. conserv. Original material: Great Britain, Surrey, Dorking; not seen.


Calypogeia fissa  is one of the oldest names in Calypogeia  , and several taxa were split from the original C. fissa  s.l. The species seems to be restricted to Europe. Within North America and the northwestern amphi-Pacific (Commanders, Kamchatka, Kurils, Sakhalin), C. fissa  is substituted by C. neogaea  (R.M. Schust.) Bakalin. Stotler and Crandall-Stotler (2017: 591) noted that C. fissa  "likely does not occur in North America and specimens identified as such likely belong to C. neogaea  ". In an older time, C. fissa  was recorded in Japan, although it was doubted as early as Hattori (1952) and then was never mentioned for the Japanese flora. The nearest morphological ally of C. fissa  in temperate East Asia is C. tosana  .

Nevertheless, Calypogeia fissa  was several times recorded even at a relatively recent time for the East Asian mainland: Singh and Nath (2007a) recorded it for the East Khasi Hills and West Khasi Hills as well as (presumably based on other literature records, unfortunately not cited in l.c.) for Sikkim and Darjeeling. Bapna and Kachroo (2000) described its wide distribution in India. Wang et al. (2011) mentioned it for Taiwan; Fang et al. (1998), for Jiangxi. The records of the species for Yunnan and Hunan are based on Nicholson et al. (1930). Presumably, the vast majority of records of C. fissa  may be based on misidentifications of C. tosana  (if so, the latter is much more widely distributed on the Asian mainland than would be obvious if only available publications were taken into account). We hypothesize that ‘true’ Calypogeia fissa  should be restricted to Europe from where the only accessions were confirmed by Buczkowska et al. (2018), and that the species should be excluded from the Sino-Himalayan Calypogeia  flora. Moreover, even in Europe, Calypogeia fissa  is represented by two genetically well-separated taxa ( Buczkowska et al. 2011) that probably require taxonomic revision.