Ophion unicolor Smith, 1874

Shimizu, So & Broad, Gavin R., 2020, Photographic catalogue of the oldest primary types of Japanese Ichneumonoidea (Hymenoptera), those described by Frederick Smith and Francis Walker in 1874, Journal of Natural History 54 (17), pp. 1115-1198: 1152-1155

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1080/00222933.2020.1776905

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:22F74559-4F79-47B2-81DB-34C6C3B5729F

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/3E7687E8-A54B-FFF1-AEEC-42E9FDEC1DF4

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Ophion unicolor Smith, 1874
status

 

Ophion unicolor Smith, 1874  

( Figure 25 View Figure 25 )

Ophion unicolor Smith, 1874   ; primary homonym of Ophion unicolor Smith, 1860   .

Ophion smithii Dalla Torre, 1901 in Dalla Torre (1902)   ; replacement name for Ophion unicolor Smith, 1874   .

Paniscus gracilipes formosus Morley, 1913a   syn. nov.

Netelia (Apatagium) laevis ( Cameron, 1905b)   ; Kaur and Jonathan (1979)

Netelia (Apatagium) smithii   ; Konishi (2010)

Netelia (Amebachia) yoshimatsui Konishi, 2010   syn. nov.

Netelia (Amebachia) smithii   ; comb. rev.

Taxonomic history and taxonomy. This specimen is the holotype of both Ophion unicolor Smith, 1874   and Paniscus gracilipes formosus Morley, 1913a   . This is not the

same as Paniscus unicolor   , 1874, the current combination of which is Netelia (Netelia) unicolor ( Smith, 1874)   . Claude Morley added ‘NOT’ and ‘CM’ to the red BM type label. Morley seems not to have been aware that Frederick Smith published Ophion unicolor   and Paniscus unicolor   as distinct taxa; presumably Morley thought that 3b.1521 is not the type of Ophion unicolor   on the basis that this is a different species from Paniscus unicolor   , which is correct, but that is because these are separate taxa. The list of synonymy in Townes et al. (1965) seems to be correct. As Ophion unicolor Smith, 1874   , is a junior homonym of Ophion unicolor Smith, 1860   , Dalla Torre (1902) proposed the replacement name Ophion smithii Dalla Torre, 1901   . Konishi (1986) treats ‘ smithii’ as belonging to the subgenus Apatagium Enderlein, 1912   (of the tristrigata species-group), but the description of the clypeus (supposed to be apically rounded, but is truncate in the type) and of the genitalia indicates that this is incorrect. The correct name for ‘ smithii   ’ sensu Konishi is presumably Amebachia coreana Uchida, 1928b   (= Netelia (Apatagium) coreana (Uchida)   stat. rev.).

Paniscus gracilipes formosus   was synonymised under Netelia laevis ( Cameron, 1905b)   by Kaur and Jonathan (1979). However, the holotype of Paniscus laevis   (NHMUK type 3b.1537) belongs in Apatagium   (as published by Konishi (1986)) whereas the holotype of unicolor   and formosus is an Amebachia Uchida, 1928b   , judging by head morphology and male genitalia – the hind legs are broken so the important character of the tarsal claw pectination protruding beyond the apex of the claw in Apatagium   is unverifiable. The genitalia match the illustration of Netelia (Amebachia) yoshimatsui Konishi, 2010   syn. nov. (cf. Konishi 2010: 221, Figures 33–36 View Figure 33 View Figure 34 View Figure 35 View Figure 36 ), particularly the distinctive, tapering paramere; Netelia smithii   (= Ophion unicolor   and Paniscus gracilipes formosus   ) is therefore a senior synonym of N. yoshimatsui   .

Current taxonomy. Primary homonym, valid name: Netelia (Amebachia) smithii (Dalla Torre, 1901)   comb. rev. ( Ichneumonidae   : Tryphoninae   : Phytodietini   ).

Type number. Type 3b.1521. Specimen # NHMUK010881040 View Materials

Type status. Holotype.

Sex. Male.

Type locality. Hyôgo Prefecture, Honshû, Japan.

 

Label data. First label, ‘NOT/ Type /C.M.’ (round label, with red margin; first and third lines handwriting and second line printed); second label, ‘B.M. TYPE /HYM./3.b.1521.’ (square label; first and second lines printed and third line handwriting); third label, ‘Hiogo/ Japan.’ (square label; first line handwriting and second line printed); fourth label, ‘74/16’ (round label; handwriting); fifth label, ‘ Ophion   /unicolor/ Type Smith.’ (square label; handwriting); sixth label, ‘ = Paniscus   ♂ /gracilipes/ var. formosus   /Morley 1913/TYPE’ (square label; handwriting); seventh label, ‘seems to be a/senior synonym of/ N. yoshimatsui Konishi   /Det. G   . Broad 2012’ (square label; first to third lines handwriting and fourth line printed).

Condition. Good, but missing the following: right antenna after ninth flagellomere, left antenna, fourth and fifth tarsomeres of right mid leg, right hind tarsus after second tarsomere, left hind tarsus, left fore wing.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Ichneumonidae

Genus

Ophion

Loc

Ophion unicolor Smith, 1874

Shimizu, So & Broad, Gavin R. 2020
2020
Loc

Netelia (Apatagium) smithii

Shimizu & Broad 2020
2020
Loc

Netelia (Amebachia) smithii

Shimizu & Broad 2020
2020
Loc

Netelia (Amebachia) yoshimatsui

Konishi 2010
2010
Loc

Netelia (Amebachia) yoshimatsui

Konishi 2010
2010
Loc

N. yoshimatsui

Konishi 2010
2010
Loc

Amebachia

Uchida 1928
1928
Loc

Paniscus gracilipes formosus

Morley 1913
1913
Loc

Paniscus gracilipes formosus

Morley 1913
1913
Loc

Paniscus gracilipes formosus

Morley 1913
1913
Loc

Apatagium

Enderlein 1912
1912
Loc

Apatagium

Enderlein 1912
1912
Loc

Ophion smithii

Dalla Torre, 1901 in Dalla Torre 1902
1902
Loc

Ophion unicolor

Smith 1874
1874
Loc

Ophion unicolor

Smith 1874
1874
Loc

unicolor

Smith 1874
1874
Loc

Ophion unicolor

Smith 1874
1874
Loc

Ophion unicolor

Smith 1860
1860
Loc

Tryphoninae

Shuckard 1840
1840
Loc

Ichneumonidae

Latreille 1802
1802