Heterolepisma sclerophylla Smith, 2014

Smith, Graeme B., Mitchell, Andrew, Lee, Timothy R. C. & Espinasa, Luis, 2019, DNA Barcoding and Integrative Taxonomy of the Heterolepisma sclerophylla species complex (Zygentoma: Lepismatidae: Heterolepismatinae) and the Description of Two New Species, Records of the Australian Museum 71 (1), pp. 1-32: 14

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.3853/j.2201-4349.71.2019.1677

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:124BD25A-7712-4EC6-9A1E-48FC9C23B513

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3852256

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/3D3987FD-FFBE-9823-6585-E9FFFB7DFA5C

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Heterolepisma sclerophylla Smith, 2014
status

 

Heterolepisma sclerophylla Smith, 2014  

Fig. 7 View Figures 7–14

Heterolepisma sclerophylla Smith, 2014: 9   .

Type material examined. Holotype. 1♀ ( HW 1.28) ( AMS K.260990, K.260991 on two slides) NSW: Broulee, 35.8578°S 150.1621°E 15 m asl, 17.xi.2010, Graeme Smith GoogleMaps   . Paratypes. 1♀ ( HW 1.23) ( AMS K. 377563 in ethanol) same data as holotype GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ ( HW 1.25) ( AMS K.261218, K.261219 on two slides) same data as holotype GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ ( HW 1.25) ( AMS K.260992, K.260993 on two slides) same data as previous GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ ( HW 1.23) ( AMS K. 377565 in ethanol) same data as holotype GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ ( HW 1.13) ( AMS K. 377566 in ethanol) same data as holotype GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ ( HW 1.15) ( AMS K. 377567 in ethanol) same data as holotype GoogleMaps   ; 1 juvenile ♀ ( HW 0.84) ( AMS K. 377568 in ethanol) same data as holotype GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ ( HW 1.15) ( AMS K. 377569 in ethanol) same data as holotype GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ ( HW 1.10) ( AMS K.261074, K.261075 on two slides) same data as holotype GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ ( HW 1.08) ( AMS K. 377570 in ethanol) same data as holotype GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ ( HW 1.20) ( AMS K. 377561 in ethanol) same locality GoogleMaps   and collector as holotype 19.xi.2010; 1♀ ( HW 1.40) ( AMS K. 377562 in ethanol) same data as previous GoogleMaps   .

Other topotypic material examined. 1♀ ( HW 1.20) ( AMS K.261216, K.261217 two slides) same locality as holotype GoogleMaps   , 18.ii.2016, Graeme Smith; 1♀ ( HW 1.10) ( AMS K.261142 head, thorax and abdominal segments I–IV on one slide)   ; 1♀ ( HW 1.10) ( AMS K.261143, K.261144 on two slides) same data as previous   ; 1♂ ( HW 1.13) ( AMS K.261145, K.261149 on two slides) same data as previous   ; 1♀ ( HW 1.13) ( AMS K.261152, K.261153 on two slides) same data as previous   ; 1♀ ( HW 1.18) (gbs004988 in 100% ethanol) same data as previous   ; 1♀ ( HW 1.03) ( AMS K.261150, K.261151 on two slides) same data as previous   .

Material from other localities of the same lineage. 1♂ ( HW 1.18) ( AMS K.260994, K.260995 two slides) NSW: Guerilla Bay headland, 35.8321°S 150.2313°E 87 m asl, 17.xi.2010, Graeme Smith GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ ( HW 1.23) ( AMS K.261202, K.261203 on two slides) NSW: Jibbon , 34.0781°S 151.1674°E 18 m asl, 1.i.2016, Graeme Smith GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ ( HW 1.00) ( AMS K.261184, K.261185 on two slides) same data as previous GoogleMaps   .

Comments. The Broulee group has a comparatively short ovipositor both relative to head width (1.49–1.95 HW) and in the number of divisions (32–37). Most other lineages have ovipositors in mature specimens exceeding twice the head width and with 35–41 divisions. It also seems to have lower levels of pigment overall and the density and strength of the macrochaetae on the head and notal collar is less than for other lineages ( Fig. 7 View Figures 7–14 ). The Nowra lineage has a similarly short ovipositor but appears to have much darker pigment on the labial and maxillary palps and to a lesser extent on the legs. It has denser chaetotaxy along the sides of the head near the eyes (2–4 rows wide versus 2–3 rows wide).

The ovipositor length was reported in Smith (2014) as up to 2.09 times head width. This was based on the result from a specimen (originally recorded as K. 377564 in ethanol but now replaced by K. 261219 as slide) and was quite different to other specimens measured (range 1.49–1.79). This specimen was re-measured and the measurement is here corrected to 1.95 times HW. This is still much longer than other specimens from Broulee but the specimen only has 35–37 divisions which is within the normal range for the Broulee specimens (32–37). Each individual division is longer than seen with other specimens of this lineage.

The lineage has been collected from three localities along the central and southern coasts of New South Wales. All localities listed have sandy soils, but this may represent a sampling bias rather than be a true indication of habitat. In the type locality it is quite common among dry Eucalypt leaves caught between the fronds of cycads ( Macrozamia   sp. Zamiaceae   ). At Guerilla Bay it was collected within abandoned termite galleries on a standing tree and at Jibbon it was collected from dry leaf litter protected from rain beneath a fallen tree or in a large hollow at the base of the tree. It was occasionally found hiding within the bark of certain spongy-barked Eucalyptus   or Corymbia   trees using pyrethrum sprays, where it was usually collected together with a more abundant (but not yet described) species related to Heterolepisma highlandi Smith.  

One Broulee specimen (K. 261145) was unusual in that one of its maxillary palps was shorter than usual and had several plumose sensilla along its length rather than the usual three, as found on the other palp where they were more evenly spaced along the article rather than in the distal half. In all specimens examined the plumose sensilla on the palps of the males are much larger (2–3 times larger diameter) and more elaborate than those on the female.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Zygentoma

Family

Lepismatidae

Genus

Heterolepisma

Loc

Heterolepisma sclerophylla Smith, 2014

Smith, Graeme B., Mitchell, Andrew, Lee, Timothy R. C. & Espinasa, Luis 2019
2019
Loc

Heterolepisma sclerophylla

Smith, G. B. 2014: 9
2014