Saprininae, Blanchard, 1845

Penati, Fabio & Vienna, Pierpaolo, 2006, An updated catalogue of the Histeridae (Insecta: Coleoptera) of the Arabian Peninsula, with biogeographical remarks, Zootaxa 1157 (1), pp. 1-74: 34-40

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.1157.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:CF5DD766-135E-4627-A8C7-14899E32C0EA

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/3971F007-FF8C-3D35-044D-BA04FB7EC176

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Saprininae
status

 

Subfam. Saprininae  

28. Saprinus (Saprinus) aegyptiacus aegyptiacus Marseul   ( Fig. 12 View FIGURE 12 )

Distribution: Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Mauritania, Iran, Turkmenistan ( Gomy 1996a), Saudi Arabia ( Kryzhanovskij 1979).

Chorology: Saharo­Turano­Sindian.

Literature. Saudi Arabia: Wadi Tumair [= Wadi Tumayr, 23°52’00”N 46°58’60”E], 20.II.1976, 1 ex. ( Kryzhanovskij 1979) GoogleMaps   .

29. Saprinus (Saprinus) bicolor (Olivier)   ( Fig. 12 View FIGURE 12 )

Distribution: Senegal, St. Helen Is., Mauritania, Guinea­Bissau, Ethiopia, Somalia, Angola, Republic of South Africa, Saudi Arabia, Yemen ( Gomy 2004).

Chorology: Afrotropical (widespread).

Literature. Saudi Arabia: Asir Mts., Wadi Shuqub [20°43’00”N 41°19’60”E] GoogleMaps   , 7.IV.1983, 4 ex. ( Mazur 1994); Fifa near Gizan [= Faifa, 17°08’38”N 43°07’09”E] GoogleMaps   , 27–31.III.1983, 2 ex. ( Mazur 1994); Riyadh [= Riyad, 24°38’27”N 46°46’22”E] GoogleMaps   , 6.II.1980, 2 ex. ( Mazur 1994). Yemen: Sana’a [15°21’17”N 44°12’24”E], ca. 2400 m GoogleMaps   , XI.1939, in house, 1 ex. ( Müller 1954); Wadi Sharez [a few km east of   Hajjah, 15°41’36”N 43°36’11”E] GoogleMaps   , II.1985, cow dung, 1 ♂ ( Gomy 2004).

Material. Yemen: Sana’a NW env., Wadi Dharhan , 15°26’43”N 44°67’34”E, 2240 m, 15–17.XI.2003, 1 ex. ( CHTL)   .

30. Saprinus (Saprinus) caerulescens caerulescens (Hoffmann)   ( Fig. 12 View FIGURE 12 )

Synonym: Saprinus semipunctatus (Fabricius)   : Alonso­Zarazaga & Yélamos 1994: 179.

Distribution: “Barbaria”, Mediterranean Subregion, Azores, Cape Verde, Caucasus, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Saudi Arabia, introduced to Peru.

Chorology: Turano­Mediterranean.

Literature. Saudi Arabia: Jeddah [= Jiddah, 21°31’01”N 39°13’09”E], 23.II.1976, 1 ex. ( Kryzhanovskij 1979, as S. semipunctatus   ); Fifa near Gizan [= Faifa, 17°08’38”N 43°07’09”E], 23–31.III.1983, 32 ex. ( Mazur 1994, as S. semipunctatus   ); Asir Mts., Wadi Shuqub [20°43’00”N 41°19’60”E], 7.IV.1983, 4 ex. ( Mazur 1994, as S. semipunctatus   ); Usfan [21°49’41”N 39°18’05”E], 29.IX.1983, 1 ex. ( Mazur 1994, as S. semipunctatus   ); Khulais valley [= Khulays, 22°09’14”N 39°19’06”E], 80 km NE of Jeddah, 1997–1998 ( Al­Ghamdi 1999, as S. semipunctatus   ).

31. Saprinus (Saprinus) calatravensis Fuente   ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 )

Distribution: Spain, Mediterranean Subregion, Central Asia, Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia, Oman.

Chorology: Centralasiatic­Mediterranean.

Literature. Saudi Arabia: Wadi Ilyab, 20°07’N 40°57’E, 160 m, 11.XI.1984, 2 ex. ( Mazur 1994); Bani Musaygirah [= Bani Musayjirah, 20°21’00”N 44°31’60”N], 850 m, 16: IX.1981, 1 ex. ( Mazur 1994). Oman: SE of Muscat, Wadi Mayh, 23°27’N

58°35’E, 200 m, 11–12.IV.1985, 2 ex. ( Mazur 1994).

32. Saprinus (Saprinus) chalcites (Illiger)   ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 )

Distribution: Portugal, Mediterranean Subregion, Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Central Asia, India, Burma, Australia.

Chorology: Subcosmopolitan.

Literature. Saudi Arabia: Hawi [Hawi saddle, 20°34’00”N 42°37’60”E], N of Prisha [=Qal`at Bishah] and ca. 260 km NE of Al Qunfidha, 25.V.1936, 3 ex. ( Müller 1954); Mahdatha [21°52’23”N 40°41’44”E], 96 km NE of Mecca [= Makkah], I.1945, 1 ex. ( Müller 1954); 9 km Gizan/Taif road [= Jizan surroundings, 16°53’31”N 42°32’59”E], 29.XII.1978, 1 ex. ( Mazur 1994); Asir Mts., Wadi Shuqub [20°43’00”N 41°19’60”E], 7.IV.1983, 1 ex. ( Mazur 1994); Dawasir [20°38’60”N 45°08’60”E], 24.III.1983, 5 ex. ( Mazur 1994); Sharoura [= Sharurah, 17°34’31”N 47°09’42”E], 29.III.1979, 1 ex. ( Mazur 1994); Gizan on the Red Sea [= Jizan, 16°53’31”N 42°32’59”E], 25– 26.III.1983, 2 ex. ( Mazur 1994); Shoiba [= Shu`aybah, 20°41’60”N 39°25’60”E], 22.XI.1983, 3 ex. ( Mazur 1994); Wadi Ilyab, 20°07’N 40°57’E, 160 m, 11.XI.1984, 3 ex. ( Mazur 1994); Khulais valley [= Khulays, 22°09’14”N 39°19’06”E], 80 km NE of Jeddah, 1997–1998 ( Al­Ghamdi 1999); Riyadh surroundings [= Riyad, 24°38’27”N 46°46’22”E], 12.X.1975, 1 ♀ ( Kryzhanovskij 1979, as S.? chalcites   ). Kuwait: Umm al Heman, 28°57’N 48°12’E, 12 m, 9.III.1988, 1 ex. ( Mazur 1994). Yemen: Sana’a [15°21’17”N 44°12’24”E], within walls of Bir­el­Azab, ca. 2400 m, I.1938, 1 ex. ( Müller 1954); ibidem, 10–15.X.1937, 1 ex. ( Müller 1954); Mukeiras [= Mukayris, 13°56’38”N 45°40’25”N], 137 km NE of Aden, 2130 m, 29.XII.1939 – 6.I.1940, 2 ex. ( Müller 1954); Wadi Dhabab [= Wadi Dhabah, 13°55’00”N 44°15’00”E], II.1984, 1 ♂ ( Gomy 2004); Marib [15°25’16”N 45°20’01”E], III.1985, 7 ex. ( Gomy 2004); Wadi Sharez [a few km east of Hajjah, 15°41’36”N 43°36’11”E], 24.III.1985, cow dung, 4 ♂ and 3 ♀ ( Gomy 2004). Oman: SE of Muscat, Wadi Mayh, 23°27’N 58°35’E, 200 m, 11–12.IV.1985, 16 ex. ( Mazur 1994); Mintirib, 22°26’N 58°48’E, 268 m, without date, 1 ex. ( Mazur 1994).

Material. Saudi Arabia: “Saudi Arabia”, sine data ( CHTY)   ; Daharan, Al Jubail [= Dhahran, al Jubayl, 27°02’50”N 49°39’41”E], 4.IV.2001, 5 ex. ( MSNTC) GoogleMaps   . Kuwait: Kuwait City , 29°20’N 48°00’E, 11–20.IV.1996, 1 ♀ ( CMNH) GoogleMaps   . Yemen: near Shiakh Othman ( Wadi ) [=Ash Shaykh`Uthman, 12°52’53”N 44°59’42”E], IV.1985, 12 ♀ and 3 ♂ ( MNHUB) GoogleMaps   ; ibidem, V.1985, 3 ♂ ( MNHUB)   ; ibidem, VI.1985, 2 ♀ and 2 ♂ ( MNHUB)   ; ibidem, VII.1985, 1 ♀ ( MNHUB)   ; ibidem, III.1987, 2 ♀ and 5 ♂ ( MNHUB)   ; ibidem, VI.1987, 6 ♀ and 5 ♂ ( MNHUB)   ; ibidem, VII.1985, 1 ♀ ( MNHUB)   ; Sana’a NW env., Wadi Dharhan , 15°26’43”N 44°57’34”E, 2240 m, 15– 17.XI.2003, 9 ex. ( CHTL) GoogleMaps   . Oman: Dhofar, Qeiroon Heiritti env. [17°17’N 54°05’E], 5 km from the village, 850 m, 24.VIII.2000, 2 ex. ( MSNTC) GoogleMaps   ; Dhofar, Marbat , 26.VIII.2000, 1 ex. ( MSNTC)   ; Dhofar, Rd. Taqah to Madnat al Haq , 2 km after jct., 5.IX.2002, 2 ex. ( MSNTC)   ; Dhofar, Rd. 45– Rakhyut env., 16°45’07”N 53°24’59”E, 30 m, 30.IX.2001, 2 ex. ( MSNTC) GoogleMaps   ; Dhofar, Rakhyut env. N, 16°45’00”N 53°24’67”E,, 12.IX.2002, 1 ex. ( MSNTC); Dhofar, Rd. 47 Arift env., 16°50’31”N 53°22’85”E, 1040 m, 28.VIII.2000, 2 ex. ( MSNTC)   ; Dhofar, Al Mughsayl env., 16°53’01”N 53°46’47’E, 30 m, 2.X.2001, 1 ex. ( MSNTC)   ; Dhofar, Rd. 47– Al Mughsayl env., 16°53’71”N 53°49’01”E, 30 m, 2.X.2001, 1 ♂ ( MSNTC); Dhofar, Wadi Ashawq, 16°53’83”N 53°46’31”E, 40 m, 23.IX.2001, 2 ex. ( MSNTC)   ; Dhofar, Ad Dahariz env., Robat Palace , 17°01’56”N 54°08’99”E, 20 m, 3.X.2001, 1 ex. ( MSNTC); Dhofar, Khor Rori, 17°02’27”N 54°26’16”E, 40 m, 24.VIII.2000, 20 ex. ( MSNTC); ibidem, 4.IX.2000, 1 ex. ( MSNTC); ibidem, 12.IX.2000, 1 ex. ( MSNTC); ibidem, 1.IX.2002, 1 ex. ( MSNTC); Dhofar, Rd. Marbat to Sadh, 17°03’06”N 54°50’97”E, 135 m, 7.IX.2000, 10 ex. ( MSNTC) GoogleMaps   ; Dhofar, Rd. Salalah to Darbat , 17°03’14”N 54°25’58”E, 20 m, 9.IX.2000, 2 ex. ( MSNTC) GoogleMaps   ; Dhofar, Wadi Darbat , 17°04’50”N 54°25’80”E, 24.VIII.2000, 7 ex. ( MSNTC); Dhofar, Rd. Marbat to Sadh, km 30.1 E Marbat, 17°04’67”N 54°53’39”E, 170 m, 6.X.2001, 6 ex. ( MSNTC) GoogleMaps   ; Dhofar, Darbat Pool , 17°05’70”N 54°26’80”E, 220 m, 22.IX.2001, 1 ex. ( MSNTC); Dhofar, Rd. to Jabal Samhan, Tawi Atayr env., 17°06’81”N 54°38’21”E, 950 m, 25.IX.2001, 4 ex. ( MSNTC)   ; Dhofar, Ain Sahanawt env., 17°07’40”N 54°09’44”E, 24.IX.2001, 1 ex. ( MSNTC) GoogleMaps   ; Dhofar, Teetaam env., 17°07’50”N 53°55’64”E, 1000 m, 2.IX.2000, 1 ex. ( MSNTC); Dhofar, Ain Razat 17°07’75”N 54°14’24”E, 110 m, 21.IX.2001, 6 ex. ( MSNTC) GoogleMaps   ; ibidem, 22.IX.2001, 1 ex. ( MSNTC)   ; ibidem, 2.X.2001, 2 ex. ( MSNTC)   ; Dhofar, Rd. Razat to Madnat, As San , 17°08’91”N 54°13’21”E, 420 m, 21.IX.2001, 1 ex. ( MSNTC)   ; Dhofar, Teetaam env., 17°13’37”N 53°54’22”E, 600– 780 m, 27.VIII.2000, 2 ex. ( MSNTC) GoogleMaps   ; Dhofar, Jibjat env. E, 17°14’15”N 54°31’90”E, 980 m, 1.IX.2000, 1 ex. ( MSNTC); Dhofar, Hajahif env., 17°14’53”N 54°01’67”E, 900 m, 1.X.2001, 2 ex. ( MSNTC)   ; Dhofar, Rd. to Uyun, Uyun env., sink, 17°14’71”N 53°57’43”E, 800 m, 26.IX.2001, 6 ex. ( MSNTC); Dhofar, Hajaif env., 17°14’72”N 53°57’38”E, 770 m, 2.IX.2000, 2 ex. ( MSNTC)   ; Dhofar, Jibjat env., 17°15’61”N 54°29’84”E, 950 m, 29.VIII.2000, 1 ex. ( MSNTC)   ; Dhofar, Rd. 31 to Thumrayt , 17°17’58”N 54°05’21”E, 760 m, 29.VIII.2000, 1 ex. ( MSNTC) GoogleMaps   ; Dhofar, Rd. 31, Queiroon env. N, 17°17’59”N 54°05’19”E, 750 m, 1.X.2001, 4 ex. ( MSNTC) GoogleMaps   ; ibidem, 7.X.2001, 1 ex. ( MSNTC)   ; Dhofar, Wadi Dokha , 17°19’70”N 54°04’80”E, 650 m, 8.IX.2002, 3 ex. ( MSNTC)   ; Dhofar, Al Mughsayl env., 16°53’01”N 53°46’47”E, 30 m, 1.III.2004, 2 ex. ( MSNTC) GoogleMaps   ; ibidem, 16°52’53”N 53°43’51”E, 8.III.2004, 1 ex. ( MSNTC) GoogleMaps   ; Dhofar, Wadi Darbat , 17°05’45”N 54°26’59”E, 200 m, 3.III.2004, 1 ex. ( MSNTC) GoogleMaps   ; Dhofar, Wadi Dowkha , 17°20’32”N 54°04’16”E, 5–9.III.2004, UV light trap, 6 ex. ( MSNTC) GoogleMaps   ; Dhofar, Ain Sahanawt env., 17°08’N 54°10’E, 6.III.2004, 1 ex. ( MSNTC) GoogleMaps   ; Dhofar, Ain Garziz env., 17°06’29”N 54°04’35”E, 110 m, 14.III.2004, 1 ♂ ( MSNTC) GoogleMaps   ; Dhofar, Ain Razat env., 17°07’N 54°14’E, 16.III.2004, 1 ex. ( MSNTC) GoogleMaps   .

33. Saprinus (Saprinus) confalonierii G. Müller   ( Fig. 14 View FIGURE 14 )

Distribution: Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Algeria, Mauritania ( Gomy 1996a), Saudi Arabia, Oman ( Mazur 1997).

Chorology: Saharo­Sahelo­Arabian.

Literature. Saudi Arabia: Nejd, Mudhnib district [25°45’00”N 44°15’00”E], 2.IV.1946, probably predacious on egg­masses of locusts, 4 ex. ( Müller 1954, as S. gilvicornis confalonierii Müller   ; one specimen is deposited in Collection Müller); Hail [27°31’25”N 41°42’18”E], IV–VII.1944, 2 ex. ( Müller 1954, as S. gilvicornis confalonierii Müller   ); Salim [?], 20.IX.1976, 1 ex. ( Mazur 1994); al Hunavy [= Al Hunayy, 24°57’50”N 48°45’23”E], 22.X.1978, 1 ex. ( Mazur 1994); Sharoura [= Sharurah, 17°34’31”N 47°09’42”E], 27.III.1979, 2 ex. ( Mazur 1994); Qusuriyah [23°45’00”N 44°34’60”E], 13–14.V.1980, 1 ex. ( Mazur 1994); Sah al Rimth [= Saja Um Al­Rimth Protected Area, about 23°00’N 43°00’E], 750 m, 24–25.IV.1981, 2 ex. ( Mazur 1994); Adama [19°41’N 42°04’E], 22.IX.1978, 1 ex. ( Mazur 1994); Ghazwar [26°43’60”N 41°21’00”E], 1010 m, 29.IV.1981, 1 ex. ( Mazur 1994); al Uraiq [?], 750 m, 2–3.XI.1986, 1 ex. ( Mazur 1994; reported coordinates “ 29°54’N 28°17’E ” are wrong!). Oman: Wadi Twasinat [= Wadi Tusinat], 17°53’N 52°57’E, 416 m, 12– 16.V.1982, 13 ex. ( Mazur 1994); Yalooni, 19°57’N 57°06’E, 2–4.X.1984, 1 ex. ( Mazur 1994); Jiddat al Harasis, Kuria Muria, al Qibuyah, 17°30’N 56°20’E, 10–190 m, 3–7.VII.1983, 1 ex. ( Mazur 1994); Qarhat Mu’ammar, Camp, 21°31’N 59°18’E, 130 m, 24.I.1986, 1 ex. ( Mazur 1994).

Material. Saudi Arabia: Daharan , Al Jubail [= Dhahran, al Jubayl, 27°02’50”N 49°39’41”E], 12.IX.1999, 3 ex. ( CHFP) GoogleMaps   ; ibidem, 29.III.2001, 1 ex. ( MSNTC)   . Oman: 15 km NNE Fasab (N), 18°46’20”N 53°08’90”E, 290 m, 29– 30.01.1998, on lower slopes of high dunes in empty quarter, 1 ♂ and 1 ex. ( CHPK)   ; idem, 4 ex. ( CHRP)   ; 15 km NW Shigag , 19°37’N 54°04’E, 190 m, 30.XI–1.XII.1997, dune with some bushes, to light, 2 ex. ( CHFP) GoogleMaps   .

34. Saprinus (Saprinus) cruciatus (Fabricius) subsp. flavipennis Péringuey   ( Fig. 14 View FIGURE 14 )

Distribution: Republic of South Africa: Capland, South Africa, Zambia, Malawi, Kenia, Yemen ( Gomy 2005).

Chorology: Afrotropical (spread in E and S Africa).

Literature. Yemen: Al Bara [= Al Barah, 14°18’28”N 44°08’17”E], 29.III.1976, 1 ♀ ( Gomy 2005) GoogleMaps   .

35. Saprinus (Saprinus) cupreus Erichson   ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 )

Distribution: Republic of South Africa: Capland, Cape Verde, Togo, Cameroon, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Rwanda, Namibia, Yemen (Aden), Burma, Vietnam, St. Helen Is., Ascension, Australia ( Gomy 2001).

Chorology: Subcosmopolitan.

Literature. Yemen: Aden [=`Adan, 12°46’46”N 45°02’12”E] ( Mazur 1976) GoogleMaps   .

CMNH

The Cleveland Museum of Natural History