Camponotus ligniperda,

Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 91

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Camponotus ligniperda


32. Camponotus ligniperda  HNS  (Latreille, 1802)

Fig. 122.

Formica ligniperda Latreille  HNS  , 1802a:88.

This species is similar in all castes to C. herculeanus  HNS  but distinguished by the brighter colour and more shining gaster.

Worker. Alitrunk bright yellowish red to red; pubescence is short and sparse, usually absent on medial dorsal surfaces of the first and second gaster tergites. Length: 6-14 mm.

Queen. Propodeum, scale and usually anterior face of gaster clear red, rest worker, head punctures shallow. Length: 16-18 mm.

Male. Pilosity reduced so that projecting hairs usually absent from the first gasw tergite with only one or two present towards the posterior border of the second tergite. Length: 8-12 mm.

Distribution. Common in Central and South Fennoscandia north to latitude 63°; more local in Denmark; not found in British Isles. - Range: Central Spain to West Russia, Sicily to Central Sweden.

Biology. This species is characteristically found in stony banks and along the sun exposed borders of woodland, either nesting under stones or in dry stumps. It is an aggressive ant biting freely and will sometimes attack other Camponotus  HNS  or Formica  HNS  colonies. The larger workers bite their opponents clean through the alitrunk or crush their heads with their strong mandibles. A more xerothermic species than C. herculeanus  HNS  its habits are otherwise similar.