Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) guaribensis, Valois & Vaz-De-Mello & Silva, 2017

Valois, Marcely C., Vaz-De-Mello, Fernando Z. & Silva, Fernando A. B., 2017, Taxonomic revision of the Dichotomius sericeus (Harold, 1867) species group (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae), Zootaxa 4277 (4), pp. 503-530 : 518-520

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4277.4.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:7545001C-720C-41E4-99B5-39146C291D7B

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6017433

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/343487EE-210F-FFF5-FF08-FFBDFAA92F7F

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) guaribensis
status

sp. nov.

Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) guaribensis   sp. nov.

( Figs 6 View FIGURE 6 a–h, 10e, 12b)

Etymology. The species name is a toponym in apposition referring to the type locality.

Material examined. Type material, Holotype. BRAZIL: PARAÍBA: ReBio Guaribas, Rio Triunfo , (35°04’W; 6°46’S), floresta, Pitfall, III.2002, M. I. M. Hernández — 1♂ ( CEMT) GoogleMaps   . Paratypes [65 males and 53 females]. PARAIBA: ReBio Guaribas [close to Rio Triunfo], Mamanguape , (35°10'W; 6°14'S), XII.2001, A. A. Endres — 2♂ ( CEMT) GoogleMaps   ; same data but IV.2002 — 1 ♀ ( CEMT) GoogleMaps   ; same data but III.2002, A. A. Endres – 1♀ ( CEMT) GoogleMaps   . same data but Rio Triunfo , (6°46’S; 35°10’W), III.2002, M.I.M. Hernández — 3♂ 4♀ ( CEMT) GoogleMaps   ; João Pessoa, UFPB [Universidade Federal da Paraíba], A.A. Endres — 1♂ ( CEMT)   . RIO GRANDE DO NORTE: Natal , Parque das Dunas, (35°11'28°W; 5°48'35"S), V.2011, M.E. Maldaner — 56♂ 47♀ ( CEMT)   ; same data but 18.VI.1991, O. Câmara – 1♂ 1♀ ( CEMT)   . PERNAMBUCO: Caruaru, Brejo Novo , 22.V.2008, Fernando Silva et al. – 2♂ ( CEMT)   .

Diagnosis. Dichotomius guaribensis   sp. nov. is similar D. gilletti   sp. nov. and D. catimbau   sp. nov. in having the disc of the pronotum with ocellate punctures ( Figs 6 View FIGURE 6 d, 7d, 9d) and the disc of the pygidium smooth, with ocellate punctures only on the margins (as in Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 h). It can be distinguished from D. gilletti   sp. nov. by the surface of elytral interstriae lacking rough, being almost smooth. It can be distinguished from D. catimbau   sp. nov. by the metasternum on its anterior lobe with dense ocellate punctures, margins of punctures touching ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 e); margin of lateral lobes of the metasternum, near metepisternum, with sparse ocellate punctures. The shape of the parameres and lamella copulatrix are also diagnostic: in lateral view, the dorsal margin of parameres are straight on basal half ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 f); in dorsal view, the basal portion of parameres slightly wider than apical portion ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 h); and lamella copulatrix with subretangular projection; lateral portion of projection abruptly curved inward medially ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 e).

Description. Length: 11–14 mm. Body black with glossy bluish sheen on pronotal and elytral surface ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 a). Head: clypeal surface with ocellate punctures only on anterolateral portion; central portion smooth ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 b). Clypeofrontal suture with one central and conical horn; and two weak and smooth knobs on interocular portion of head, closer to the eye ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 b). Dorsal interocular surface with slight depression on its central portion; surface covered by dense ocellate punctures, separated from each other by less than their diameter ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 b). Pronotum: slightly convex in lateral view. Disc with small and sparse ocellate punctures, separated from each other by three times their diameter ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 d); punctures larger, denser and separated from each other by less than their diameter on anterolateral portion and on anterior margin ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 d). Posterior margin with a row of large ocellate punctures. Margination of posterior edge with large and dense punctures. Hypomera: posterolateral portion with elliptical punctures, some punctures setigerous. Metasternum: lateral portions of metasternum with setigerous punctures, separated from each other by approximately twice their diameter. Elytra: surface of interstriae convex, punctures noticeable only at high magnification. Legs: ventral surface of profemur with elongated, sparse and setigerous punctures on apical third. Posterior margin of meso and metafemur with longitudinal sulcus on apical half; sulcus approximately one-eighth as wide as the femur ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 c). Ventral surface of mesofemur with setigerous punctures on apical half. Row of setae toward the body on ventral surface of mesotibia restricted to apical third of tibia (as in Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 f, arrow). Abdomen: surface of sternites with a single medial row of ocellate punctures; lateral portion densely punctate on anterior half. Length of male medial portion of sixth sternite half that of the fifth. Pygidium: slightly wider than long. Disc smooth, ocellate punctures just near the margin (as in Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 h). Aedeagus: parameres subtriangular, 2/3 as long as the phallobase ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 f–h). [lateral view] — Ventral margin of parameres slightly curved inward on apical two-thirds ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 f). [ventral view] — inner margins of parameres slightly curved outward ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 g). [dorsal view] external margin of parameres slightly expanded toward apex ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 h). Endophallus: lamella copulatrix — Projection subretangular; superior portion slightly curved outward. Secondary sexual characters: females differ from males by: clypeal teeth more acute ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 c); anterior surface of clypeus with well-defined transversal ridges ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 c); medial portion of sixth sternite as long as the fifth.

Remarks. Specimens from Reserva Biológica Guaribas, Mamanguape, Paraíba, were referred to as D. sericeus ( Harold, 1867)   ( Endres et al., 2007). We have examined some of these specimens and after analysis we concluded that they correspond to the species described here as D. guaribensis   sp. nov. According to Endres et al. (2007), this species is abundant in Reserva Biológica Guaribas, corresponding to approximately 50% of specimens recorded in the Tabuleiro Nordestino (coastal tableland of the northeast) and Atlantic rainforest areas.

UFPB

Departamento de Sistematica e Ecologia