Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) guaribensis,

Valois, Marcely C., Vaz-De-Mello, Fernando Z. & Silva, Fernando A. B., 2017, Taxonomic revision of the Dichotomius sericeus (Harold, 1867) species group (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae), Zootaxa 4277 (4), pp. 503-530: 518-520

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Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) guaribensis

sp. nov.

Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) guaribensis  sp. nov.

( Figs 6View FIGURE 6 a –h, 10e, 12b)

Etymology. The species name is a toponym in apposition referring to the type locality.

Material examined. Type material, Holotype. BRAZIL: PARAÍBA: ReBio Guaribas, Rio Triunfo , (35°04’W; 6°46’S), floresta, Pitfall, III.2002, M. I. M. Hernández — 1♂ ( CEMT)GoogleMaps  . Paratypes [65 males and 53 females]. PARAIBA: ReBio Guaribas [close to Rio Triunfo], Mamanguape , (35°10'W; 6°14'S), XII.2001, A. A. Endres — 2♂ ( CEMT)GoogleMaps  ; same data but IV.2002 — 1 ♀ ( CEMT)GoogleMaps  ; same data but III.2002, A. A. Endres – 1♀ ( CEMT)GoogleMaps  . same data but Rio Triunfo , (6°46’S; 35°10’W), III.2002, M.I.M. Hernández — 3♂ 4♀ ( CEMT)GoogleMaps  ; João Pessoa, UFPB [Universidade Federal da Paraíba], A.A. Endres — 1♂ ( CEMT)  . RIO GRANDE DO NORTE: Natal , Parque das Dunas, (35°11'28°W; 5°48'35"S), V.2011, M.E. Maldaner — 56♂ 47♀ ( CEMT)  ; same data but 18.VI.1991, O. Câmara – 1♂ 1♀ ( CEMT)  . PERNAMBUCO: Caruaru, Brejo Novo , 22.V.2008, Fernando Silva et al. – 2♂ ( CEMT)  .

Diagnosis. Dichotomius guaribensis  sp. nov. is similar D. gilletti  sp. nov. and D. catimbau  sp. nov. in having the disc of the pronotum with ocellate punctures ( Figs 6View FIGURE 6 d, 7d, 9d) and the disc of the pygidium smooth, with ocellate punctures only on the margins (as in Fig. 11View FIGURE 11 h). It can be distinguished from D. gilletti  sp. nov. by the surface of elytral interstriae lacking rough, being almost smooth. It can be distinguished from D. catimbau  sp. nov. by the metasternum on its anterior lobe with dense ocellate punctures, margins of punctures touching ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 e); margin of lateral lobes of the metasternum, near metepisternum, with sparse ocellate punctures. The shape of the parameres and lamella copulatrix are also diagnostic: in lateral view, the dorsal margin of parameres are straight on basal half ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 f); in dorsal view, the basal portion of parameres slightly wider than apical portion ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 h); and lamella copulatrix with subretangular projection; lateral portion of projection abruptly curved inward medially ( Fig. 10View FIGURE 10 e).

Description. Length: 11–14 mm. Body black with glossy bluish sheen on pronotal and elytral surface ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 a). Head: clypeal surface with ocellate punctures only on anterolateral portion; central portion smooth ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 b). Clypeofrontal suture with one central and conical horn; and two weak and smooth knobs on interocular portion of head, closer to the eye ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 b). Dorsal interocular surface with slight depression on its central portion; surface covered by dense ocellate punctures, separated from each other by less than their diameter ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 b). Pronotum: slightly convex in lateral view. Disc with small and sparse ocellate punctures, separated from each other by three times their diameter ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 d); punctures larger, denser and separated from each other by less than their diameter on anterolateral portion and on anterior margin ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 d). Posterior margin with a row of large ocellate punctures. Margination of posterior edge with large and dense punctures. Hypomera: posterolateral portion with elliptical punctures, some punctures setigerous. Metasternum: lateral portions of metasternum with setigerous punctures, separated from each other by approximately twice their diameter. Elytra: surface of interstriae convex, punctures noticeable only at high magnification. Legs: ventral surface of profemur with elongated, sparse and setigerous punctures on apical third. Posterior margin of meso and metafemur with longitudinal sulcus on apical half; sulcus approximately one-eighth as wide as the femur ( Fig. 11View FIGURE 11 c). Ventral surface of mesofemur with setigerous punctures on apical half. Row of setae toward the body on ventral surface of mesotibia restricted to apical third of tibia (as in Fig. 11View FIGURE 11 f, arrow). Abdomen: surface of sternites with a single medial row of ocellate punctures; lateral portion densely punctate on anterior half. Length of male medial portion of sixth sternite half that of the fifth. Pygidium: slightly wider than long. Disc smooth, ocellate punctures just near the margin (as in Fig. 11View FIGURE 11 h). Aedeagus: parameres subtriangular, 2/3 as long as the phallobase ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 f –h). [lateral view] — Ventral margin of parameres slightly curved inward on apical two-thirds ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 f). [ventral view] — inner margins of parameres slightly curved outward ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 g). [dorsal view] external margin of parameres slightly expanded toward apex ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 h). Endophallus: lamella copulatrix — Projection subretangular; superior portion slightly curved outward. Secondary sexual characters: females differ from males by: clypeal teeth more acute ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 c); anterior surface of clypeus with well-defined transversal ridges ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 c); medial portion of sixth sternite as long as the fifth.

Remarks. Specimens from Reserva Biológica Guaribas, Mamanguape, Paraíba, were referred to as D. sericeus ( Harold, 1867)  ( Endres et al., 2007). We have examined some of these specimens and after analysis we concluded that they correspond to the species described here as D. guaribensis  sp. nov. According to Endres et al. (2007), this species is abundant in Reserva Biológica Guaribas, corresponding to approximately 50% of specimens recorded in the Tabuleiro Nordestino (coastal tableland of the northeast) and Atlantic rainforest areas.


Departamento de Sistematica e Ecologia