Plectranthias

Gill, Anthony C., Pogonoski, John J., Moore, Glenn I. & Johnson, Jeffrey W., 2021, Review of Australian species of Plectranthias Bleeker and Selenanthias Tanaka (Teleostei: Serranidae: Anthiadinae), with descriptions of four new species, Zootaxa 4918 (1), pp. 1-116: 32-33

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4918.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3FEF9EA2-B755-4B22-8B6A-FAFC5C0FFCDF

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4474371

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/335587B2-C448-1C2E-FF28-F855FEB5F835

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Plectranthias
status

 

Plectranthias   sp. 1

Figures 6–7 View FIGURE 6 View FIGURE 7 ; Tables 1–16, 18

Plectranthias   sp. A.— Williams et al. 2006: appendix 8: 29 (colour photo).

Diagnosis. Distinguished from all other known Plectranthias   species in having the following combination of characters: dorsal rays X,15; fourth dorsal spine longest; pectoral rays 13, all unbranched; lateral line complete, with 29-30 scales; predorsal scales extend anteriorly only to middle of interorbital (above vertical through mid-pupil); at least some anterior scales with basal cteni; ventral edge of preopercle with two enlarged antrorse serrations.

Remarks. This species has similar fresh coloration to several other species, including P. wheeleri   , P. helenae Randall (1980)   , P. maekawa Wada, Senou & Motomura (2018)   and P. purpuralepis Tang & Ho (2020)   . It is readily distinguished from these species in having the fourth (versus third) dorsal spine longest, and 13 unbranched pectoral rays (versus mostly branched rays, 13 in P. wheeleri   , 14 in P. helenae   and P. maekawa   , and 14–15 in P. purpuralepis   ). It further differs from P. purpuralepis   in having fewer segmented dorsal rays (15 versus 16–17) and fewer tubed lateral-line scales (29–30 versus 33–36). The purple-grey blotches on the head and body following preservation are unusual for the genus. Similar coloration is otherwise known only from P. purpuralepis   from Taiwan and represents a possible synapomorphy. If so, the two species display an anti-equatorial distribution pattern ( Randall 1982).

Our account for this species is based on a specimen collected in 298–307 m from a large seamount north of Middleton Reef on the Lord Howe Rise ( Figure 7 View FIGURE 7 ). The specimen is distorted, with its head displaced upwards and mouth wide open. Although an attempt was made to correct for distortion, some morphometric data for the specimen may not be accurate ( Table 18). The species also occurs on the Norfolk and Kermadec Ridges ( Williams et al. 2006; C.D. Roberts, pers. comm.), and will be formally described by C.D. Roberts and A.C. Gill, based on specimens from the Kermadec Islands.

Material examined. AMS I.42721-003, 80 mm SL, Australia, Tasman Sea , Lord Howe Rise, large, flat-topped seamount north of Middleton Reef, hard seabed habitat, with large boulders encrusted with sponges and corals, 29°13.09′S, 158°59.85′E, 298–307 m, Sherman sled GoogleMaps   , R. V. Tangaroa, NORFANZ Team   , 20 May 2003 (field number TAN 0308/049)   .

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium