Conostegia jefensis (Almeda) Kriebel,

Kriebel, Ricardo, 2016, A Monograph of Conostegia (Melastomataceae, Miconieae), PhytoKeys 67, pp. 1-326: 193-197

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.67.6703

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/332AD8C0-D91C-50DF-926E-7075CD346608

treatment provided by

PhytoKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Conostegia jefensis (Almeda) Kriebel
status

comb. nov.

Conostegia jefensis (Almeda) Kriebel  comb. nov. Fig. 172View Figure 172

Conostegia jefensis  (Almeda) Kriebel. Basionym: Miconia jefensis  Almeda, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 52(4): 43. 2000. Type: Panama. Cerro Jefe, along summit road and along trail into the Chagres Valley, ca. 900 m, 19 February 1988, F. Almeda, Daniel, T. & G. McPherson 5826 (holotype: CAS!; isotypes: MO!, NY!, PMA!).

Description.

Small tree 2-4 m tall with somewhat tetragonal and ridged stems in newer branches that are moderately to densely brown scurfy with stalked stellulate hairs; the nodal line present but inconspicuous. Petiole 0.3-4 cm. Leaf blade 17-43 × 8-14 cm, 5(-7) plinerved, with the innermost pair of veins usually diverging from the midvein 2.5-6 cm above the base in opposite to alternate fashion, elliptic, the base gradually tapering to decurrent on the petiole or less commonly rounded to slightly cordate, the apex acuminate to long acuminate, the margin entire to undulate, the adaxial surface sparsely scurfy-pulverulent to glabrous, the abaxial surface moderately and deciduously scurfy-pulverulent on the secondary and higher order veins. Inflorescence a terminal panicle 4.4-11.2 cm long branched at the base, accessory branches absent, brown scurfy on the branches, subulate, bracteoles 0.3-0.75 × 0.2-0.5 mm, persistent, fused and forming a nodal collar or ridge. Pedicel 0.5-2 mm. 1.25-1.75 × 1.25-1.75 mm, hypanthium campanulate, not constricted, deciduously scurfy-pulverulent. Flowers 5-merous, not calyptrate, flower buds ca. 0.3-0.5 × 0.1-0.2 mm, calyx tube 0.2-0.3 mm long, calyx lobes depressed-triangular to undulate, 0.5 mm long but concealed and barely exceeded by the exterior subulate teeth, androecial fringe present and beset with glandular hairs. Petals 2.75-3.25 × 0.75-1 mm, magenta, linear-oblong, spread ing an anthesis, the apex acute, glabrous, spreading an anthesis, the margin entire. Stamens 10, 2.25-2.75 mm, radially arranged around the style, the filaments 1.25-1.5 mm long, with a geniculation near the apex, white, anthers 1-1.25 0.25-0.4 mm, oblong, yellow, the pore ca. 0.1 mm wide, somewhat dorsally inclined. Ovary 5 locular, 3/4 to 4/5 inferior, glabrous apically. Style 3.5-4.25 mm long, curving towards the apex, distance from the anther pore to the stigma 1-1.5 mm, stigma truncate, ca. 0.35 mm wide. Berry 3-4 × 3-4 mm, purple-black. Seeds 0.35-0.5 mm, pyramidate, smooth with verruculose angles.

Distribution

(Fig. 173View Figure 173). Endemic to Cerro Jefe in Panama from 750-1000 m elevation.

Conostegia jefensis  can be recognized by its reddish scurfy pubescence, strongly plinerved leaves and magenta petals. This is a puzzling species because it includes two morphotypes endemic to Cerro Jefe. The common morphotype resembles Conostegia consimilis  in the decurrent leaf base but differs from it in its coarse habit, somewhat coriaceous leaves and magenta petals. The second morphotype which corresponds to the mor phology of the holotype is apparently much less common and does not have the decurrent leaf base but rather a rounded to cordate leaf base. This morphotype also has the typical magenta petals of the other morphotype. Unexpectedly, the two morphotypes did not form a clade in the molecular phylogeny. The holotype matching morphotype formed a strong sister relationship to another Cerro Jefe endemic, Conostegia peltata  . Lack of resolution and more samples of each morphotype are needed at this time to further confirm the possibility that they represent different taxa.

Specimens examined.

PANAMA. Panamá: Una milla después de la Eneida, Región de Cerro Jefe, Correa and Dressler 946 ( MO, NY, PMA); P. N. Chagres, sendero hacia Cerro Jefe que sale de la urbanización Altos de Cerro Azul, Kriebel and Burke 5659, 5669 ( PMA, NY).

Kingdom

Plantae

Phylum

Tracheophyta

Class

Magnoliopsida

Order

Myrtales

Family

Melastomataceae

Genus

Conostegia

Loc

Conostegia jefensis (Almeda) Kriebel

Kriebel, Ricardo 2016
2016
Loc

Conostegia jefensis

Kriebel 2016
2016
Loc

Miconia jefensis

Kriebel 2016
2016