Anochetus madagascarensis Forel

Fisher, B. L. & Smith, M. A., 2008, A revision of Malagasy species of Anochetus Mayr and Odontomachus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., PLoS ONE 3, pp. 1-23: 12

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3513220

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:36DFC527-D3D6-4F7D-84A1-3C12005812A2

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3513220

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/3302D4B8-2D23-DB36-BCB1-12D0AF8DB0A4

treatment provided by

Christiana

scientific name

Anochetus madagascarensis Forel
status

 

Anochetus madagascarensis Forel   HNS  

Figures: worker 1a, 4a,b, 5d; queen 4c,d; male 4e,f, 8b; map 6c

Type material:

Anochetus africanus madagascarensis Forel, 1887: 382   HNS   [ 23] View Cited Treatment . Lectotype: worker, Madagascar, Tamatave Province, Ivondro , ( Dr. Conrad Keller ) ( MHNG) present designation [examined] AntWeb CASENT0101574. CASC   Raised to species by Brown, 1978: 557 [ 2].

Anochetus africanus friederichsi Forel 1918: 155   HNS   [ 24] View Cited Treatment . Lectotype: worker, Madagascar, Tamatave Province, Prune Island ( Nosy Alanana ) ( Friederichs ) ( MHNG), present designation [examined] AntWeb CASENT010165. CASC   Synonymized with madagascarensis   HNS   by Brown, 1978: 557 [ 2].

Worker measurements: maximum and minimum based on n = 20. HL 1.35-1.68, HW 1.19-1.53, CI 87-94, EL 0.23-0.28, ML 0.73-0.93, MI 53-57, SL 1.11-1.41, SI 89-95, WL 1.60- 2.02, FL 1.13-1.54, PW 0.63-0.80.

Queen measurements: maximum and minimum based on n = 5. HL 1.52-1.66, HW 1.48-1.55, CI 92-97, EL 0.32-0.36, ML 0.81-0.89, MI 53-55, SL 1.26-1.39, SI 85-91, WL 1.99- 2.22. FL 1.35-1.49, PW 0.84-0.92.

Male measurements: maximum and minimum based on n = 5 from Madagascar: HL 0.85-1.89, HW 1.07-1.20, CI 122- 135, EL 0.63-0.69, SL 0.20-0.22, SI 18-21, WL 1.90-1.98, FL 1.35-1.47

Worker Diagnosis: Inner blade of mandible without teeth and denticles; apical end of inner blade with notched semicircular concavity (Fig. 1a). Eyes large (0.24-0.26 mm), projecting dorsally. In full face view, antennal scape extends beyond posterior margin of occipital lobe. Dorsal surface of head asetose. Pilosity and sculpture as in Figures 4a,b.

Queens alate: Very similar to worker and only slightly larger (Figs 4c,d). Queens of only one size. Ergatoid queens not recorded.

Males: Males light yellowish brown in color and with large projecting ocelli on vertex (Figs 4e,f). Males have been collected in Malaise traps in every month of the year and males have been noted to swarm and fly at dusk and early evening.

The species is most similar to A. grandidieri   HNS   but can be easily distinguished by its large eyes (0.24-0.26 mm), and scapes that surpass occipital lobes.

Distribution and biology. A. madagascarensis   HNS   is widespread throughout Madagascar in forest or shrubland habitats below 1100 m elevation and is also known from the Comoros. Forel's (1912:159) record of a male ' Anochetus sp.? africanus var. madagascariensis Forel   HNS   " from Seychelles, Mahe, has not been seen and confirmed. This record most likely refers to pattersoni   HNS   .In Madagascar, madagascarensis   HNS   is widespread and has been collected in gallery, dry, littoral, lowland, and montane forests, and in desert spiny bush thicket in the southwest of Madagascar. The longer scapes and larger eyes of A. madagascarensis   HNS   compared to A. grandidieri   HNS   , correlate with nesting and foraging above the soil layer. The species was most often recorded nesting in rotten logs (99 collection records) followed by sifted litter (41). In addition, it was collected from dead twigs above ground (1), rot pockets (2), ground foragers (20), ground nests (6), Malaise trap (14), on low vegetation (2), and pitfall traps (4).

CO1. Shallow iIntraspecific and deep interspecific divergences between A. madagascarensis   HNS   and the other species. Average within species sequence divergence of 1.67% (SE = 0.055) (Fig. 16).

Diagnostic barcoding loci. A. madagascarensis   HNS   : A-21, T-423 (shared with one A. goodmani   HNS   population), T-132 (shared with one A. grandidieri   HNS   population), T-83, A-84, T-93, T, 138, C-306, T-513, A-595

Specimens examined for Anochetus madagascarensis   HNS   :

Specimens from 326 separate collection events from the following 129 localities were examined.

COMORES: Mayotte Island: Majimbini GoogleMaps CASC   ; Coconi DAF campus GoogleMaps CASC   ; Poroani GoogleMaps CASC   ; Riv. Kouale nr. Caserne GoogleMaps CASC   ; Convalescence GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; Dziani Karihani; GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   Tsingoni GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; Mt. Choungui GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; Mt. Combani GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; Coconi, SDA (service du develppement agricole) GoogleMaps CASC   ; Mt. Benara GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; Sazile GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 CASC2 GB1 GB2   ; MADA- GASCAR: Antsiranana: Nosy Be 5 km SE Marodokana ; ridge behind Sambava , Q-37 GoogleMaps CASC   ; GoogleMaps   Antalaha 18 km North GoogleMaps   ; Nossi be ;;   68 km SW of Sambava GoogleMaps   ; Ambohitsara, 10 km SW Antalaha GoogleMaps   ; 2 km W Antalaha ; GoogleMaps   Soavinandriana GoogleMaps   ; 2 km S Antalaha ; GoogleMaps   Orangea, 3 km E Ramena [near fort] GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret d'Orangea, 3.6 km 128° SE Remena GoogleMaps CASC   ; Sakalava Beach   ; 1 km W Sakalava Beach   ; 3 km W Sakalava Beach ;   Montagne des Francais, 7.2 km 142° SE Antsiranana   ; Montaigne Francais GoogleMaps CASC   ; 7 km N Joffreville   ; Reserve Speciale d'Ambre, 3.5 km 235° SW Sakaramy GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National Montagne d'Ambre   ; Parc National Montagne d'Ambre   ; Parc National Montagne d'Ambre [Petit Lac road] GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National Montagne d'Ambre, 3.6 km 235° SW Joffreville GoogleMaps CASC   ; Res. Analamerana, 16.7 km 123° Anivorano-Nord GoogleMaps CASC   ; Reserve Speciale de l'Ankarana, 13.6 km 192° SSW Anivorano Nord GoogleMaps CASC   ; Ankarana GoogleMaps   ; Res. Ankarana GoogleMaps   ; Reserve Speciale de l'Ankarana, 22.9 km 224° SW Anivorano Nord GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret d'Ampondrabe, 26.3 km 10° NNE Daraina GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret d'Analabe, 30.0 km 72° ENE Daraina GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret d' Andavakoera, 21.4 km 75° ENE Ambilobe ; 4.6 km 356° N Betsiaka GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret de Bekaraoka, 6.8 km 60° ENE Daraina GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret d' Antsahabe, 11.4 km 275° W Daraina GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret de Binara, 7.5 km 230° SW Daraina GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret de Binara, 9.1 km 233° SW Daraina GoogleMaps CASC   ; Nosy Be, Airport GoogleMaps   ; Nosy Be, 5 km Marodokana GoogleMaps   ; Nosy be, Ambatoloaka GoogleMaps   ; Nosy Be, Lokobe Forest; GoogleMaps   Nosy Be, 4 km ESE Andoany (= Hellville ) GoogleMaps   ; Nosy Be, Reserve Naturelle Integrale de Lokobe , 6.3 km 112° ESE Hellville ; GoogleMaps CASC   Foret Ambato, 26.6 km 33° Ambanja GoogleMaps CASC   ; Ambondrobe, 41.1 km 175° Vohemar GoogleMaps CASC   ; Ampasindava, Foret d'Ambilanivy, 3.9 km 181° S Ambaliha GoogleMaps CASC   ; R.S. Manongarivo, 10.8 km 229° SW Antanambao GoogleMaps   ; R.S. Manongarivo, 12.8 km 228° SW Antanambao GoogleMaps   ; Foret d'Anabohazo, 21.6 km 247° WSW Maromandia GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; Foret Ambohibato, 27.2 km 349° Antalaha GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret Ambanitaza, 26.1 km 347° Antalaha GoogleMaps CASC   ; 18 km N Antalaha , Ampahana ; 5 km S+5km W Antalaha GoogleMaps   ; GoogleMaps   Antalaha , 12 km S GoogleMaps   ; Marofinaritra GoogleMaps   ; 14 km W Cap Est, Ambato GoogleMaps   ; Mahajanga: Foret Ambohimanga , 26.1 km 314° Mampikony GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; Parc National d'Ankarafantsika, Foret de Tsimaloto , 18.3 km 46° NE de Tsaramandroso GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; Ampijoroa National Park, 160 km N Maevatanana , Mahajanga Prov ., deciduous forest GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National de Namoroka, 16.9 km 317° NW Vilanandro GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National de Namoroka, 9.8 km 300° WNW Vilanandro GoogleMaps CASC   ; Reserve Speciale de Bemarivo, 23.8 km 223° SW Besalampy GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National Tsingy de Bemaraha, 2.5 km 62° ENE Bekopaka , Ankidrodroa River GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National Tsingy de Bemaraha, 3.4 km 93° E Bekopaka , Tombeau Vazimba GoogleMaps CASC   ; Toamasina: Ivondro p. Tamatave   ; Ilat Prune bei Tamatave   ; Tamatave   ; Res. Betampona, Ambodiriana 45 km NW Toamasina GoogleMaps   ; Res. Ambodiriana, 4.8 km 306° Manompana , along Manompana river GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; Parcell K9 Tampolo   ; S.F. Tampolo, 10 km NNE Fenoarivo Atn . GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parcelle E3 Tampolo GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; Mahavelona ( Foulpointe ) GoogleMaps CASC   ; Analalava, 7.0 km 255° Mahavelona GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; Manakambahiny Atsinanana GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret Ambatovy, 14.3 km 57° Moramanga   ; Torotorofotsy   ; Andasibe National Park, botanic garden near eIntrance, West of ANGAP office   ; 7 km SE Andasibe National Park Headquarters GoogleMaps CASC   ; Fianarantsoa   : Riv: Morongolo Aff de Rongaronga;   Local: Antanandava PK 285 RN2   ; Nat. Pk. Ranomafana, Miaranony Forest GoogleMaps   ; Ranomafana Nat. Park GoogleMaps   ; Ranomafana Nat. Park, Vohiparara , Hotel; 8 km NE Kianjavato , Vatovavy forest GoogleMaps   ; GoogleMaps   Nat. Pk.Ranomafana, Miaranony Forest GoogleMaps   ; Ranomafana Nat. Park, Tsarahomanana GoogleMaps   ; 7 km W Ranomafana GoogleMaps   ; 8 km E Kianjavato , Vatovavy Forest ; 7.6 km 122° Kianjavato ,   GoogleMaps   Foret Classee Vatovavy   ; Manakara GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; Parc National d'Isalo, Sahanafa River , 29.2 km 351° N Ranohira GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret d'Analalava, 29.6 km 280° W Ranohira GoogleMaps CASC   ; Farafangana GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; 29.5 km WNW Tolanaro , Vasiha Mt . GoogleMaps CASC   ; Toliara: Andohahela , Parcel #1 versante E.; 29 km NNW Ranohira , Isalo N.P .; GoogleMaps   GoogleMaps   Vohibasia Forest, 59 km NE Sakaraha GoogleMaps   ; near road, Zombitse National Park, Tulear Prov .; near ANGAP office, Zombitse National Park, Tulear Prov .; GoogleMaps CASC   GoogleMaps CASC   Mikea Forest, deciduous dry forest, Tulear Province GoogleMaps CASC   ; Mikea Forest, spiny forest, Tulear Province GoogleMaps CASC   ; Ranobe GoogleMaps CASC   ; Fiherenana GoogleMaps CASC   ; Beza-Mahafaly, 27 km E Betioky GoogleMaps   ; Beza-Mahafaly, Parcel 1 GoogleMaps   ; 70.7 km NNE Tolanaro , Mahermano Mt . GoogleMaps CASC   ; Res. Andohahela, 6 km SSW Eminiminy GoogleMaps   ; 2.7 km WNW 302° Ste. Luce GoogleMaps CASC   ; Andohahela GoogleMaps   ; Reserve Prive Berenty, Foret d'Anjapolo, 21.4 km 325° NW Amboasary GoogleMaps CASC   ; Tsimelahy - Parcel II, Andohahela National Park , transition forest, Tulear Province GoogleMaps CASC   ; Mandena, 8.4 km NNE 30° Tolagnaro GoogleMaps   ; Reserve Prive Berenty, Foret de Bealoka , Mandrare River , 14.6 km 329° NNW Amboasary GoogleMaps CASC   ; Reserve Prive Berenty, Foret de Malaza , Mandrare River , 8.6 km 314° NW Amboasary GoogleMaps CASC   ; Reserve Berenty GoogleMaps   ; Res. Berenty GoogleMaps   ; Foret de Petriky , 12.5 km W 272° Tolagnaro GoogleMaps   .

MHNG

Switzerland, Geneva, Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Formicidae

Genus

Anochetus

Loc

Anochetus madagascarensis Forel

Fisher, B. L. & Smith, M. A. 2008
2008
Loc

Anochetus africanus friederichsi

Forel A 1918: 155
1918
Loc

Anochetus africanus madagascarensis

Forel A 1887: 382
1887