Anochetus grandidieri Forel

Fisher, B. L. & Smith, M. A., 2008, A revision of Malagasy species of Anochetus Mayr and Odontomachus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., PLoS ONE 3, pp. 1-23: 8-11

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3513426

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:36DFC527-D3D6-4F7D-84A1-3C12005812A2

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3513426

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/31F96F41-E3E0-02BD-8898-5A4F3A20E45A

treatment provided by

Christiana

scientific name

Anochetus grandidieri Forel
status

 

Anochetus grandidieri Forel   HNS  

Figures: worker 3a-d, 5c; queen 3e-h; male 3i-j, 8b; map 6b

Type material:

Anochetus grandidieri Forel, 1891: 108   HNS   [ 21] View Cited Treatment . Lectotype: worker, Madagascar, Forest of the east coast (M. Humblot) ( MHNG), present designation [examined], AntWeb CASENT0101819. Brown, 1978: 606 [ 2] (description of worker) CASC   .

Anochetus madecassus Santschi, 1928: 54   HNS   [ 22] View Cited Treatment . Lectotype: dealate queen, Madagascar, Nossi-Be( Descarpentries ) ( NHMB) Lectotype by present designation [examined] AntWeb CASENT0101098. CASC   Synonymized with grandidieri   HNS   by Brown, 1978: 557 [ 2].

Worker measurements: maximum and minimum based on all specimens, n = 20. HL 0.79-1.19, HW 0.71-1.06, CI 85-95, EL 0.08-0.13, ML 0.33-0.57, MI 41-54, SL 0.57-0.88, SI 78-86, WL 0.87-1.35, FL 0.57-0.90, PW 0.44-0.62.

Queen measurements: maximum and minimum based on n = 5. HL 0.88-1.15, HW 0.81-1.07, CI 92-96, EL 0.17-0.23, ML 0.39-0.56, MI 44-49, SL 0.62-0.87, SI 77-81, WL 1.08- 1.46. FL 0.68-0.96, PW 0.60-0.78.

Male measurements: maximum and minimum based on n = 5 from Madagascar: HL 0.58-0.73, HW 0.78-0.94, CI 129- 135, EL 0.37-0.46, SL 0.10-0.15, SI 13-16, WL 1.17-1.52, FL 0.78-1.08

Worker diagnosis: Inner blade of mandible without teeth and denticles; apical end of inner blade without a notched semicircular concavity (Fig. 2a). Eyes small (0.05-0.11 mm), projecting dorsolaterally. In full face view, antennal scape usually not reaching, and not surpassing posterior margin of occipital lobe. Dorsal surface of head with numerous short setae. Pilosity and sculpture as in Figures 3 a-d.

Queens alate: Very similar to workers, only slightly larger than respective size class (Figs 3e-h). Ergatoid queens not recorded.

Within a single locality, two size classes of workers, queens and males are present in this species, but the differences within a site do not hold up when variation across all sites is included. These differences suggest that two reproductive and developmental pathways can occur in this species. Further work is needed to explore the biotic or abiotic factors that trigger the development of small and large castes.

The species is most similar to A. madagascarensis   HNS   but can be easily distinguished by its small eyes and scape that does not surpass the occipital lobe. A. madagascarensis   HNS   has large eyes (0.24-0.26 mm), and scapes that surpass occipital lobes.

Distribution and biology. A. grandidieri   HNS   is endemic to Madagascar and is widespread throughout Madagascar in forest and shrubland habitats below 1,550 m elevation (Fig 4b). It has been collected in gallery, dry, littoral, lowland, and montane forest, in desert spiny bush thicket in the southwest, and Uapaca woodland in the ceIntral plateau. As in many soil dwelling ants, A. grandidieri   HNS   has reduced eyes (EL /HW 0.11-0.13) and short scapes. A. grandidieri   HNS   is the only Anochetus   HNS   in Madagascar with these soil nesting modifications. The subterranean habitat of this species may allow it to survive in a wide range of habitats in Madagascar from desert to woodland to montane forest. Out of 453 collecting events, A. grandidieri   HNS   was most often recorded in sifted litter (97 collection records), rotten logs (96), and Malaise traps (155).

CO1. Shallow iIntraspecific (average within species sequence divergence of 2.72, SE = 0.048) and deep interspecific divergences(9.4% SE = 0.05) between A. grandidieri   HNS   and the other species. Small and large castes had identical DNA barcodes. (Figs 9, 16).

Diagnostic barcoding loci. A grandidieri   HNS   : T-273, T-282, T- 306, A-312, (shared with one population of A. goodmani   HNS   ), A-312, T- 333, A-483, T-528 (all 3rd base pair positions).

Specimens examined for Anochetus grandidieri   HNS   : Specimens from 456 separate collection events from the following 140 localities were examined. MADAGASCAR: Province Antsiranana: Sakalava Beach ;   Montagne des Francais, 7.2 km 142° SE Antsiranana   ; Antsiranana II Pref: Antsahampano S.-Pref: Montagne d'Ambre. Site MD2 GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National Montagne d'Ambre, 3.6 km 235° SW Joffreville GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; Reserve Speciale de l'Ankarana, 13.6 km 192° SSW Anivorano Nord GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret d'Ampondrabe, 26.3 km 10° NNE Daraina GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret d' Antsahabe, 11.4 km 275° W Daraina GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret de Binara, 7.5 km 230° SW Daraina GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret de Binara, 9.1 km 233° SW Daraina GoogleMaps CASC   ; Nosy Be , Lokobe Forest GoogleMaps   ; Foret Ambato, 26.6 km 33° Ambanja GoogleMaps CASC   ; Ambondrobe, 41.1 km 175° Vohemar GoogleMaps CASC   ; Ampasindava, Foret d'Ambilanivy, 3.9 km 181° S Ambaliha GoogleMaps CASC   ; R.S. Manongarivo, 10.8 km 229° SW Antanambao GoogleMaps   ; R.S. Manongarivo, 12.8 km 228° SW Antanambao GoogleMaps   ; R.S. Manongarivo, 14.5 km 220° SW Antanambao GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret d'Anabohazo, 21.6 km 247° WSW Maromandia GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National de Marojejy, Manantenina River, 27.6 km 35° NE Andapa , 9.6 km 327° NNW Manantenina ; GoogleMaps CASC   Parc National de Marojejy, Manantenina River, 28.0 km 38° NE Andapa , 8.2 km 333° NNW Manantenina GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National Marojejy GoogleMaps CASC   ; Marojejy R.N.I. #12 GoogleMaps   ; Foret Ambanitaza, 26.1km 347° Antalaha GoogleMaps CASC   ; 9.2 km WSW Befingotra , Res. Anjanaharibe-Sud GoogleMaps   ; 6.5 km SSW Befingotra , Res. Anjanaharibe-Sud GoogleMaps   ; 17 km W Andapa , Res. d' Anjanaharibe-Sud GoogleMaps   ; 5 km SW Antalaha GoogleMaps   ; 14 km W Cap Est, Ambato GoogleMaps   ; Fotodriana, Cap Masoala GoogleMaps   . Province Mahajanga: Mahavavy River , 6.2 km 145° SE Mitsinjo GoogleMaps CASC   ; Reserve d'Ankoririka, 10.6 km 13° NE de Tsaramandroso GoogleMaps CASC   ; Ampijoroa National Park, 160 km N Maevatanana , Mahajanga Prov ., deciduous forest GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National de Namoroka, 17.8 km 329° WNW Vilanandro GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National de Namoroka, 16.9 km 317° NW Vilanandro GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National de Namoroka, 9.8 km 300° WNW Vilanandro GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; Reserve Speciale de Bemarivo, 23.8 km 223° SW Besalampy GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National Tsingy de Bemaraha, 10.6 km ESE 123° Antsalova GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret de Tsimembo, 8.7 km 336° NNW Soatana GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National Tsingy de Bemaraha, 2.5 km 62° ENE Bekopaka , Ankidrodroa River GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National Tsingy de Bemaraha, 3.4 km 93° E Bekopaka , Tombeau Vazimba GoogleMaps CASC   ; Province Toamasina: Montagne d'Anjanaharibe, 19.5 km 27° NNE Ambinanitelo ; GoogleMaps CASC   Montagne d'Anjanaharibe, 18.0 km 21 ° NNE Ambinanitelo GoogleMaps CASC   ; Montagne d'Akirindro 7.6 km 341 ° NNW Ambinanitelo GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; 19 km ESE Maroantsetra GoogleMaps   ; 6.9 km NE Ambanizana, Ambohitsitondroina GoogleMaps   ; Ambanizana, Parc National Masoala GoogleMaps CASC   ; 5.3 km SSE Ambanizana, Andranobe GoogleMaps   ; 6.3 km S Ambanizana, Andranobe ; 1 km W Andampibe , Cap Masoala; GoogleMaps   GoogleMaps   Parc National Mananara-Nord, 7.1 km 261° Antanambe GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; Foret d'Analava Mandrisy, 5.9 km 195° Antanambe   ; Res. Ambodiriana, 4.8 km 306° Manompana , along Manompana River   ; Ile Sainte Marie, Foret Ambohidena , 22.8 km 44° Ambodifotatra GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; Ile Sainte Marie, Foret Kalalao , 9.9 km 34° Ambodifotatra GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; Parcelle E3 Tampolo GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; S.F. Tampolo, 10 km NNE Fenoarivo Atn . GoogleMaps CASC   ; Bridge at Onibi, NW of Mahavelona GoogleMaps CASC   ; Mahavelona ( Foulpointe ) GoogleMaps CASC   ; 2.1 km 315° Mahavelona GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foulpointe GoogleMaps CASC   ; Reserve Betampona, Camp Vohitsivalana , 37.1 km 338° Toamasina GoogleMaps CASC   ; Reserve Betampona, Camp Rendrirendry 34.1 km 332° Toamasina GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 CASC2 GB1 GB2   ; F.C. Sandranantitra GoogleMaps   ; F.C. Didy GoogleMaps CASC   ; F.C. Andriantantely GoogleMaps   ; P.N. Mantadia GoogleMaps   ; Analamay GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret Ambatovy, 14.3 km 57° Moramanga ; GoogleMaps CASC   Torotorofotsy GoogleMaps CASC   ; Andasibe National Park, botanic garden near eIntrance, West of ANGAP office   ; Res. Analamazaotra, Parc National, Andasibe ; GoogleMaps CASC   Fianarantsoa: Foret d'Atsirakambiaty, 7.6 km 285° WNW Itremo GoogleMaps CASC   ; Ranomafana Nat. Park, Miaranony Forest GoogleMaps   ; Vohiparara broken bridge, Fianarantsoa Prov . GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; Parc National de Ranomafana, Sahamalaotra River , 6.6 km 310° NW Ranomafana GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc Nationale Ranomafana: Talatakely GoogleMaps CASC   ; 3 km W Ranomafana, nr. Ifandiana GoogleMaps   ; research cabin at Talatakely , Ranomafana National Park GoogleMaps CASC   ; radio tower, Ranomafana National Park, Fianarantsoa Prov . GoogleMaps CASC   ; Namorona River at footbridge, Ranomafana National Park; GoogleMaps CASC   Ranomafana National Park, Tavolo tree GoogleMaps   ; Belle Vue trail, Ranomafana National Park , Fianarantsoa Prov . GoogleMaps CASC   ; 7 km W Ranomafana GoogleMaps   ; Vatoharanana GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National de Ranomafana, Vatoharanana River , 4.1 km 231 ° SW Ranomafana ; GoogleMaps CASC   P.N. Ranomafana, Vatoharanana-Ankovoka GoogleMaps CASC   ; 8 km E Kianjavato, Vatovavy Forest GoogleMaps   ; 7.6 km 122° Kianjavato , Foret Classee Vatovavy   ; 2 km W Andrambovato , along river Tatamaly ; GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   Foret d'Ambalagoavy Nord, Ikongo , Ambatombe GoogleMaps CASC   ; 45 km S. Ambalavao GoogleMaps   ; 45 km S Ambalavao GoogleMaps CASC   ; 43 km S Ambalavao , Res. Andringitra GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National d'Isalo, Ambovo Springs , 29.3 km 4° N Ranohira GoogleMaps CASC   ; 8.0 km NE Ivohibe GoogleMaps   ; 9.0 km NE Ivohibe GoogleMaps   ; R.S. Ivohibe, 7.5 km ENE Ivohibe GoogleMaps   ; Parc National d'Isalo, 9.1 km 354° N Ranohira GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret d'Analalava, 29.6 km 280° W Ranohira GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret de Vevembe, 66.6 km 293° Farafangana GoogleMaps CASC   ; Province Toliara   : Reserve Speciale d'Ambohijanahary, Foret d'Ankazotsihitafototra , 34.6 km 314° NW Ambaravaranala GoogleMaps CASC   ; Reserve Speciale d'Ambohijanahary, Foret d'Ankazotsihitafototra , 35.2 km 312° NW Ambaravaranala GoogleMaps CASC   ; Vohibasia Forest, 59 km NE Sakaraha GoogleMaps   ; southern Isoky-Vohimena Forest, 59 km NE Sakaraha GoogleMaps   ; Foret Classee d'Analavelona, 33.2 km 344° NNW Mahaboboka GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret Classee d'Analavelona, 29.2 km 343° NNW Mahaboboka GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret Classee d'Analavelona, 29.4 km 343° NNW Mahaboboka GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret de Tsinjoriaky, 6.2 km 84° E Tsifota GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National de Zombitse , 19.8 km 84° E Sakaraha; GoogleMaps CASC   Parc National de Zombitse, 17.7 km 98° E Sakaraha GoogleMaps CASC   ; 15 km E Sakaraha GoogleMaps   ; Foret de Mite, 20.7 km 29° WNW Tongobory GoogleMaps CASC   ; Sept Lacs; Beza-Mahafaly, 27 km E Betioky GoogleMaps   ; Ehazoara Canyon, 26 km E Betioky GoogleMaps CASC   ; 70.7 km NNE Tolanaro, Mahermano Mt .; 11 km NW Enakara , Res. Andohahela; GoogleMaps   GoogleMaps CASC   10 km NW Enakara, Res. Andohahela GoogleMaps   ; Res . Andohahela, 6 km SSW Eminiminy ; GoogleMaps   Parc National d'Andohahela, Col du Sedro , 3.8 km 113° ESE Mahamavo , 37.6 km 341° NNW Tolagnaro GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National d'Andohahela, Manampanihy River , 5.4 km 113° ESE Mahamavo , 36.7 km 343° NNW Tolagnaro GoogleMaps CASC   ; 2.7 km WNW 302° Ste. Luce GoogleMaps   ; 9.2 km N Tolanaro, Ilapany Mt .   ; 29.5 km WNW Tolanaro , Vasiha Mt . GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National d'Andohahela, Foret d'Ambohibory , 1.7 km 61° ENE Tsimelahy , 36.1 km 308° NW Tolagnaro GoogleMaps CASC   ; Mandena, 8.4 km NNE 30° Tolagnaro GoogleMaps   ; Reserve Prive Berenty, Foret de Bealoka , Mandrare River , 14.6 km 329° NNW Amboasary GoogleMaps CASC   ; Reserve Prive Berenty, Foret de Malaza , Mandrare River , 8.6 km 314° NW Amboasary GoogleMaps CASC   ; Reserve Berenty; Foret de Petriky , 12.5 km W 272° Tolagnaro GoogleMaps   ; 4.4 km 148° SSE Lavanono GoogleMaps CASC   ; GoogleMaps   Reserve Speciale de Cap Sainte Marie, 14.9 km 261° W Marovato GoogleMaps CASC   ; near road, Zombitse National Park , Tulear Prov.; near ANGAP office, Zombitse National Park, Tulear Prov .; GoogleMaps CASC   GoogleMaps CASC   Parcel I, Beza Mahafaly Reserve, near research station, Tulear Province GoogleMaps CASC   ; Tsimelahy - Parcel II, Andohahela National Park , transition forest, Tulear Province GoogleMaps CASC   .

MHNG

Switzerland, Geneva, Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

NHMB

Switzerland, Basel, Naturhistorisches Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Formicidae

Genus

Anochetus

Loc

Anochetus grandidieri Forel

Fisher, B. L. & Smith, M. A. 2008
2008
Loc

Anochetus madecassus

Santschi F 1928: 54
1928
Loc

Anochetus grandidieri

Forel A 1891: 108
1891