Crypticerya townsendi (Cockerell)

Unruh, Corinne M. & Gullan, Penny J., 2008, Identification guide to species in the scale insect tribe Iceryini (Coccoidea: Monophlebidae), Zootaxa 1803 (1), pp. 1-106: 44-45

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.1803.1.1

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/304C87CD-FFED-FFF2-FF2B-B639FD68C2B0

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Crypticerya townsendi (Cockerell)
status

 

Crypticerya townsendi (Cockerell)  

Icerya (Crypticerya) townsendi Cockerell, 1896b: 201   .

Icerya (Crypticerya) townsendi plucheae Cockerell, 1896b: 202   . Synonymy by Unruh & Gullan (2008: 32).

Crypticerya townsendi (Cockerell)   ; Cockerell (1899a: 390).

Crypticerya townsendi plucheae (Cockerell)   ; Cockerell (1899a: 390).

Palaeococcus plucheae (Cockerell)   ; Cockerell (1902a: 233).

Palaeococcus townsendi (Cockerell)   ; Cockerell (1902a: 233).

Steatococcus plucheae (Cockerell)   ; Ferris (1921: 69).

Steatococcus townsendi (Cockerell)   ; Ferris (1921: 69).

Crypticerya townsendi (Cockerell)   ; Unruh & Gullan (2008: 28) View Cited Treatment .

Unmounted material. Adult female subglobose, denuded of wax, body appears dark pink to dark purple; legs, eyes and antennae black; dorsal surface thinly covered with white mealy secretion; tufts of wax forming middorsal and marginal longitudinal rows; ventral surface covered with thin white waxy secretion, especially around marsupial opening (adapted from Cockerell, 1896b).

Slide-mounted material. Adult female elliptical, 4.2–5.7 mm long, 3.5–4.4 mm wide (lectotype of I. (Crypticerya) townsendi   5.7 mm long, 4.4 mm wide; lectotype of I. (Crypticerya) townsendi plucheae   5.5 mm long, 4.0 mm wide). Antennae 11 segmented. Eyes, mouthparts and legs as for tribe. Thoracic spiracles as for genus; derm at atrial opening with cluster of 6–8 simple multilocular pores, each with bilocular centre and 6– 10 outer loculi. Hair-like setae distributed as for genus; longest setae forming marginal clusters and between antennae. Flagellate setae distributed as for genus. Multilocular pores, each 12–13 µm in diameter, with bilocular (sometimes trilocular) centre (ventral marginal clusters with bilocular pores only) and 6–12 outer loculi, forming dorsal medial, submedial, submarginal longitudinal rows and marginal clusters and scattered across marginal to submarginal venter; similar smaller pores, each 9–11 µm in diameter, with bilocular (sometimes trilocular) centre and 6–9 outer loculi scattered over rest of derm. Marsupium present, marsupial band shaped as for genus, formed by sparse hair-like setae and simple multilocular pores, each 12–13 µm in diameter, with bilocular or trilocular centre and 6–12 outer loculi, forming band about 4–6 pores wide. Simple multilocular pores, 8–9 µm in diameter, with bilocular centre and 6–10 outer loculi and appearing slightly bluish when stained, scattered on ventromedial to submedial head and thorax; similar pores, 12–13 µm in diameter, with bilocular centre and 4–8 outer loculi, also similar to vulvar pores, scattered within marsupium. Vulvar opening surrounded by hair-like setae and typical multilocular pores, each 13–15 µm in diameter, with elongate centre and 8–12 (mostly 10) outer loculi. Cicatrices round to hourglass shaped, numbering 3, central cicatrix largest. Abdominal spiracles as for genus. Anal ring as for genus; anal opening surrounded by typical multilocular pores and robust hair-like setae.

First-instar nymph as for genus, except each dorsal abdominal segment with no submarginal pore, one submedial pore and one medial pore, and relatively short hair-like setae at abdominal apex in two pairs.

Type data. Icerya (Crypticerya) townsendi   : USA: New Mexico, Mescalero Reservation, a short distance below the Agency, at base of stems of Gutierrezia sarothrae   , 2.x (Cockerell). Icerya (Crypticerya) townsendi plucheae   : USA: New Mexico, Mesilla Park, ex Pluchea borealis   , 1896 (Townsend).

Type material. Lectotype of Icerya (Crypticerya) townsendi   here designated: ad ♀, “ Steatococcus townsendi   /(Ckll.)/Co-type/On Gutierrezia   /sarothrae/Mescalero Apache Agency/ Oct. 2, 1896 N. Mex” ( USNM)   . Paralectotypes: ad ♀, 3 1 st -instar nymphs (nymphs on one slide), 4 1 st -instar nymphs (one slide), 3 1 st -instar nymphs (one slide) (same data as lectotype) ( USNM)   ; ad ♀, “ Steatococcus   / Palaeococcus   / townsendi (Ckll.)   / on Gutierrezia   /sarothrae/ New Mexico / Oct. 2 – 1896. Co-Type ” ( USNM)   ; 8 1 st -instar nymphs (one slide), “ Steatococcus   / Palaeococcus   / townsendi (Ckll.)   / Co-type / on Gutierrezia   /sarothrae/ New Mexico./ Oct. 2, 1896 ” ( USNM)   ; ca. 50 1 st -instar nymphs (one slide), “ Steatococcus   / I. townsendi   /Prob. From Co-type/mat.?/ N.M./ Oct. ‘96/( Townsend )”//“72 3”//“147/8” ( USNM)   ; 12 1 st -instar nymphs (one slide), “ Steatococcus   / I. townsendi   / Gutierrezia   ,/Mescalero, N.M./Oct. 2. ‘96/( Townsend )”//“7-78”//“150/10” ( USNM)   ; ad ♀, “ I. townsendi   /N.M./Oct. ‘96/( Townsend )”//“7274”//“147/7” ( USNM)   ; ad ♀, 11 1 st -instar nymphs (nymphs on one slide), “ Steatococcus   / townsendi (Ckll.)   / Mescalero Reservat / New Mexico /Type Material/ Stanford University / Natural History Museum ” ( BME)   ; dry material ( USNM).

Lectotype of Icerya (Crypticerya) townsendi plucheae   here designated: ad ♀, “ Steatococcus plucheae   / townsendi (Ckll.)   / On Pluchea sp.   /Mesilla Pk., N. Mexico / Oct. 8, 1896 ” ( USNM)   . Paralectotypes: ad ♀ (same data as lectotype) ( USNM); ad ♀, “ Steatococcus   /pluchea [sic] (Ckll.)/On Pluchea sp.   /Mesilla Park, N.M./ Oct. 8, 1896 /#7279” ( USNM)   .

Other material examined. USA: 11 1 st -instar nymphs (one slide), 9 1 st -instar nymphs (one slide), “ Palaeococcus   / plucheae (Ckll.)   / Type /On Pluchea borealis   /Misella [sic], New Mexico,/ C.H.T. Townsend, Coll./Ckll. Coll.” ( USNM)   .

Taxonomic notes. Refer to the C. rileyi   group for discussion of similar species.

Refer to Unruh & Gullan (2008: 34) for a discussion of taxonomy of this species. The other material examined has identical collection data to the lectotype and paralectotypes of I. (Crypticerya) townsendi plucheae   , but are not included as type material because Cockerell (1896b: 202) stated that he did not have any immature specimens when he described the species.

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Margarodidae

Genus

Crypticerya

Loc

Crypticerya townsendi (Cockerell)

Unruh, Corinne M. & Gullan, Penny J. 2008
2008
Loc

Crypticerya townsendi (Cockerell)

Unruh, C. M. & Gullan, P. J. 2008: 28
2008
Loc

Steatococcus plucheae (Cockerell)

Ferris, G. F. 1921: 69
1921
Loc

Steatococcus townsendi (Cockerell)

Ferris, G. F. 1921: 69
1921
Loc

Palaeococcus plucheae (Cockerell)

Cockerell, T. D. A. 1902: 233
1902
Loc

Palaeococcus townsendi (Cockerell)

Cockerell, T. D. A. 1902: 233
1902
Loc

Crypticerya townsendi (Cockerell)

Cockerell, T. D. A. 1899: 390
1899
Loc

Crypticerya townsendi plucheae (Cockerell)

Cockerell, T. D. A. 1899: 390
1899
Loc

Icerya (Crypticerya) townsendi

Cockerell, T. D. A. 1896: 201
1896
Loc

Icerya (Crypticerya) townsendi plucheae Cockerell, 1896b: 202

Unruh, C. M. & Gullan, P. J. 2008: 32
Cockerell, T. D. A. 1896: 202
1896