Noonops sonora (Gertsch and Davis)

Platnick, Norman I. & Berniker, Lily, 2013, The soft-bodied goblin spiders of the new genus Noonops (Araneae, Oonopidae), American Museum Novitates 2013 (3776), pp. 1-48: 19-37

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1206/3788.1

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/2A110416-6471-FFC2-EF17-FD2CFE31F92E

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Noonops sonora (Gertsch and Davis)
status

new combination

Noonops sonora (Gertsch and Davis)   , new combination

Figures 138–152 Oonops sonora Gertsch and Davis, 1942: 6   , fig. 14 (female holotype from Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico, in AMNH; examined).

DIAGNOSIS: Males have a semicircular, recurved lobe at the tip of the embolus (figs. 138– 142); females have an elongated anterior receptaculum and a rounded median sclerotization (figs. 144–152).

MALE (PBI_OON 3617, figs. 138–143): Total length 1.17. Anterior portion of endites with two processes, both pointed, directed posteriorly; serrula absent. Leg spination: tibiae: III v0-0-1p; IV v0-0-2; metatarsi: III v1r-1r-0; IV v0-0-1r. Embolus tip with semicircular, recurved lobe.

FEMALE (PBI_OON 1741, figs. 144–152): Total length 1.45. Leg spination: tibiae: III v0-0-1p; IV p0-1-1, v0-1p-2, r1-0-0; metatarsi: III v0-0-1p; IV v0-1p-2. Anterior receptaculum elongated, narrow; posterior receptaculum with rounded anterior sclerotization.

MATERIAL EXAMINED: UNITED STATES: Arizona: Pima Co.   : Magee Road, Tucson, Oct. 30, 1960, Neotoma   nests (A. Aschwanden, AMNH PBI_ OON 38516 View Materials ), 1♀. California: Los Angeles Co.: Pearblossom to Valyermo, Apr. 19, 1960 (W. Gertsch, W. Ivie, R. Schrammel, AMNH PBI_OON 1597), 1♀; Santa Monica, Dec. 19, 1933 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_OON 1746), 1♂, 1♀. MEXICO: Baja California: 1.5 mi NW Cataviña, Dec. 29, 1981, under small boulders (D. Ubick, CDU PBI_OON 3617), 3♂, 1♀. Baja California Sur: 4 mi S Santa Rosalía, Jan. 8, among fine soil, boulders (V. Roth CAS 25889 View Materials , PBI_OON 2403), 1♀. Sonora: Guaymas   , June 16, 1939 (L. Davis, AMNH PBI_OON 1741), 1♀ (holotype).

DISTRIBUTION: Apparently relatively widespread in the southwestern United States (Arizona and southern California) and the adjacent parts of Mexico (Sonora, Baja California, and Baja California Sur).

Noonops mortero   , new species

Figures 153–163

TYPES: Male holotype, female allotype, and female paratype taken under rocks and thatch in a palm grove at Mortero Palms   , south of Dos Cabezas, Anza-Borrego Desert State Park , San Diego , California (Mar. 26, 1991; D. Ubick), deposited in CAS (PBI_ OON 35676 View Materials )   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Males can easily be recognized by the enlarged, sharply bent basal process on the embolus (figs. 153–158), females by the long anterior receptaculum set on a strongly arched base (figs. 162, 163).

MALE (PBI_ OON 35676 View Materials , figs. 153–160): Total length 1.39. Anterior portion of endites with single anterior process situated distally, directed anteriorly; serrula absent. Leg spination (leg III missing): tibia IV v0-0-2; metatarsus IV v0-0-2. Embolus with basal process greatly elongated.

FEMALE (PBI_ OON 35676 View Materials , figs. 161–163): Total length 1.72. Leg spination: tibiae: III v0-0-1p; IV v0-0-2; metatarsi: III v0-0-1r; IV v0-0-2. Anterior receptaculum elongated, situated anterior of wide, recurved sclerotization.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: One female taken in a Neotoma   rodent nest on Magee Road, Tucson, Pima Co.   , Arizona, Nov. 10, 1960 (A. Aschwanden, AMNH PBI_ OON 38489 View Materials ) was damaged during digestion, but may belong to this species, as it also seems to have an elongated anterior receptaculum but not more posteriorly situated, heavily sclerotized median elements. However, another damaged female taken in the same habitat has those median sclerotized elements and seems to belong to N. sonora   instead, and thus possibly the median elements were simply lost during preparation of specimen 38489.

DISTRIBUTION: San Diego Co., California   (possibly east to Pima Co.   , Arizona)   .

Noonops joshua   , new species

Figures 164–178

TYPES: Male holotype, female allotype, and female paratype taken at an elevation of 3465 feet at the west entrance to Joshua Tree   National Monument , 34°05′52.0″N, 116°15′53″W, San Bernardino Co., California (Apr. 24–27, 2007; T. Prentice), deposited in CAS (39730, PBI_ OON 2953) GoogleMaps   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Males can be recognized by the relatively narrow embolus with an expanded tip (figs. 164–168), and the absence of processes on the anterior portion of the endites (fig. 169); females have a squared anterior receptaculum situated anteriorly of a rectangular median sclerotization (figs. 170–178).

MALE (PBI_OON 2955, figs. 164–169): Total length 1.01. Anterior portion of endites without processes; serrula absent. Leg spination: femur III d1-0-0; tibiae: III v0-1p-1p; IV p1-0-1, v0-1p-2, r1-0-1; metatarsi: III v0-0-2, r0-0-1; IV p0-0-1, v0-1p- 1p. Embolus relatively narrow, with expanded tip.

FEMALE (PBI_OON 2953, figs. 170–178): Total length 1.17. Leg spination: femora III, IV d1-0- 0; tibiae: III v0-0-2; IV p1-0-1, v0-0-2, r1-0-1; metatarsi: III v0-1p-2, r0-0-1; IV p0-0-1, v0-1p-2, r0-0-1. Anterior receptaculum squared; median sclerotization relatively long, rectangular.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: UNITED STATES: California: Riverside Co.: Cactus City , 10 mi W Chiriaco Summit, Mar. 23, 2000, pitfall, elev. 1800 ft (R. Vetter, UCR PBI_ OON 35703 View Materials ), 1♀   ; Cactus City , 11 mi W Chiriaco Summit, Mar. 20, 2001, elev. 400 m (R. Vetter, UCR PBI_ OON 35702 View Materials ), 1♀   ; 0.5 mi S Carrizo Road turnoff on Highway 74, Dec. 17, 2000, sumac leaf duff, elev. 3600 ft (R. Vetter, UCR PBI_ OON 35701 View Materials ), 3♀   . San Bernardino Co.: Joshua Tree   National Monument , W entrance, 34°06′01.8″N, 116°15′49″W, Apr. 24–27, 2007, elev. 3490 ft (T. Prentice, CAS 39729 View Materials , PBI_OON 2952), 1♀ GoogleMaps   ; Joshua Tree   National Monument, W entrance, 34°06′01.8″N, 116°15′53″W, Apr. 24–27, 2007, elev. 3490 ft (T. Prentice, CAS 39728 View Materials , PBI_OON 2955), 1♂ GoogleMaps   ; Zzyzx , 10 mi S Baker, May 27–29, 1995, under rocks and boards (D. Ubick, W. Savary, CDU PBI_ OON 35678 View Materials ), 1♂   .

DISTRIBUTION: Riverside and San Bernardino Counties, California.

Noonops skinner   , new species

Figures 179–193

TYPE: Male holotype and female allotype taken from ground litter in coastal sage scrub at an elevation of 1540 feet at Lake Skinner , 33°35′31″N, 117°02′25″W, Riverside Co., California (Dec. 20, 1998; T. Prentice), deposited in CAS (39914, PBI_OON 2957) GoogleMaps   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Males can be recognized by the sharply pointed lateral expansion on the tip of the embolus (figs. 179–186), females by the wide median genitalic sclerotization, which is wider than the anterior receptaculum (figs. 188–193).

MALE (PBI_OON 2956, figs. 179–187): Total length 1.10. Anterior portion of endites with two processes, both pointed, directed posteriorly; serrula absent. Leg spination: femora: III d0-1-1; IV d0-0-1; tibia IV p1-0-1, v0-0-2, r1-0-0; metatarsi: III v0-0-1p; IV p0-0-1, v0-0-2. Embolus distally long, narrow, tip with sharply pointed lateral expansion.

FEMALE (PBI_OON 2957, figs. 188–193): Total length 1.36. Leg spination: femora: III d1-0- 1; IV d1-0-0; tibiae: III v0-0-1p; IV p0-0-1, v0-1p-2; metatarsi: III v1p-0-2; IV p1-0-1, v0-0-2, r1-0-1. Anterior receptaculum squared, narrower than median sclerotization.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: UNITED STATES: California: Riverside Co.: Lake Skinner , 33°35′31″N, 117°02′25″W, Dec. 1–20, 1998, ground litter in coastal sage scrub, elev. 1540 ft (T. Prentice, CAS 39726 View Materials , 39727 View Materials , 39917 View Materials , 39918 View Materials , 39920 View Materials , PBI_OON 2954, 2956, 2958–2960), 6♂, 4♀ GoogleMaps   .

DISTRIBUTION: Known only from Lake Skinner, Riverside Co.   , California.

Noonops coachella   , new species

Figures 194–204

TYPE: Male holotype taken on a sand dune system at an elevation of 150 ft in the Coachella Valley Preserve   , 33.7882°N, 116.3039°W, Riverside County, California (May 1–2, 2003; T. Prentice), deposited in CAS (39927, PBI_OON 2935) GoogleMaps   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name refers to type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Males can be recognized by the relatively narrow embolus, the tip of which extends further on the retrolateral side than on the prolateral side (figs. 194–199); females resemble those of N. tarantula   but have a distinctively sinuous sclerotized posterior genitalic ridge (figs. 203, 204).

MALE (PBI_OON 2943, figs. 194–201): Total length 1.25. Anterior portion of endites with two processes, distal process blunt, directed anteriorly, proximal process pointed, directed posteromedially; serrula absent. Leg spination: tibiae: III p0-1-0, v1p-0-2, r0-1-0; IV p0-1-0, v0-0-1p, r0-1-0; metatarsi: III v0-1p-0; IV v0-1p-2, r0-1-0. Embolus relatively narrow, tip prolonged on retrolateral side.

FEMALE (PBI_OON 2944, figs. 202–204): Total length 1.52. Leg spination: tibiae: III p1-0- 1, v0-0-2, r0-0-1; IV p0-1-0, v0-1r-1p, r0-1-0; metatarsi: III v0-0-1p; IV p1-0-0, v0-1p-2, r1-0-0. Anterior receptaculum triangular, situated anterior to W-shaped ridge.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: UNITED STATES: California: Riverside Co.: Coachella Valley Preserve   , 33.7730°N, 116.3260°W, Apr. 9, 2004, sand dune system, elev. 140 ft (T. Prentice, CAS 39923 View Materials , PBI_OON 2937), 1♂ GoogleMaps   ; Coachella Valley Preserve   , 33.7735°N, 116.3086°W, Apr. 6, 2004, sand dune system, elev. 120 ft (T. Prentice, CAS 39922 View Materials , PBI_OON 2941), 2♂ GoogleMaps   ; Coachella Valley Preserve   , 33.7735°N, 116.3103°W, Apr. 8, 2004, sand dune system, elev. 120 ft (T. Prentice, CAS 39924 View Materials , PBI_OON 2940), 1♂ GoogleMaps   ; Coachella Valley Preserve   , 33.7748°N, 116.3261°W, Apr. 9, 2004, sand dune system, elev. 140 ft (T. Prentice, CAS 39925 View Materials , PBI_OON 2928, 1♂ GoogleMaps   ; Coachella Valley Preserve   , 33.77487°N, 116.3103°W, Apr. 8–July 8, 2004, sand dune system, elev. 120 ft (T. Prentice, CAS 39719 View Materials , 39721 View Materials , PBI_OON 2942, 2951), 1♂, 1♀ GoogleMaps   ; Coachella Valley Preserve   , 33.7830°N, 116.3022°W, Apr. 14, 2004, sand dune system, elev. 135 ft (T. Prentice, CAS 39919 View Materials , PBI_OON 2946), 1♀ GoogleMaps   ; Coachella Valley Preserve   , 33.7830°N, 116.3028°W, Apr. 14, 2004, sand dune system, elev. 135 ft (T. Prentice, CAS 39718 View Materials , PBI_OON 2932), 1♀ GoogleMaps   ; Coachella Valley Preserve   , 33.7846°N, 116.3159°W, Apr. 11, 2004, sand dune system, elev. 145 ft (T. Prentice, CAS 39931 View Materials , PBI_OON 2943), 1♂ GoogleMaps   ; Coachella Valley Preserve   , 33.7852°N, 116.3011°W, Apr. 14, 2004, sand dune system, elev. 135 ft (T. Prentice, CAS 39928 View Materials , PBI_OON 2936), 2♂ GoogleMaps   ; Coachella Valley Preserve   , 33.7852°N, 116.3014°W, Apr. 14, 2004, sand dune system, elev. 135 ft (T. Prentice, CAS 39926 View Materials , PBI_OON 2934), 1♀ GoogleMaps   ; Coachella Valley Preserve   , 33.7866°N, 116.3075°W, Apr. 13, 2004, sand dune system, elev. 150 ft (T. Prentice, CAS 39913 View Materials , 39930 View Materials , PBI_OON 2931, 2945), 2♀ GoogleMaps   ; Coachella Valley Preserve   , 33.7882°N, 116.3027°W, May 1–2, 2003, sand dune system, elev. 150 ft (T. Prentice, CAS 39717 View Materials , PBI_OON 2944), 1♀ GoogleMaps   ; Coachella Valley Preserve   , 33.8014°N, 116.3445°W, Apr. 9, 2004, sand dune system, elev. 190 ft (T. Prentice, CAS 39929 View Materials , PBI_OON 2950), 1♂ GoogleMaps   ; Coachella Valley Preserve   , 33.8016°N, 116.3480°W, May 21–22, 2003, sand dune system, elev. 190 ft (T. Prentice, CAS 39921 View Materials , PBI_OON 2948), 1♀ GoogleMaps   .

DISTRIBUTION: Known only from a sand dune system at Coachella Valley Preserve, Riverside Co.   , California; N. californicus   also occurs in the Preserve (albeit in a palm grove in a riparian area), and it is possible that some of the unscanned and undigested specimens listed above actually belong to that species instead.

Noonops californicus   , new species

Figures 205–219

TYPE: Male holotype taken under a rock in a rat midden in a ravine at an elevation of 3600 feet in Deep Canyon , 0.5 miles south of Pinyon Crest turnoff, Santa Rosa Mountains , Riverside Co., California (Apr. 16, 1974; W. Icenogle), deposited in AMNH (PBI_OON 1599)   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name refers to type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: This species resembles N. sonora   , but males have a shorter embolus tip (figs. 205–214) and females have the anterior margin of the postepigastric scutum heavily sclerotized (figs. 218, 219).

MALE (PBI_OON 1599, figs. 205–216): Total length 0.99. Anterior portion of endites with two processes, both short, blunt, directed medially; serrula absent. Leg spination: tibiae: III v0-0-1p; IV p1-0-0, v0-0-1p; metatarsi: III v0-0-2, r1-0-0; IV p0-1-0, v0-0-2, r0-1-0. Embolus tip relatively short, narrow, basal portion long, ridged.

FEMALE (PBI_OON 1598, figs. 217–219): Total length 1.30. Leg spination (leg III missing): tibia IV p1-0-0, v0-1p-2; metatarsus IV p0-1-1, v0-0-2, r0-0-1. Anterior receptaculum relatively long, narrow.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: UNITED STATES: California: Riverside Co: Deep Canyon, 0.5 mi S Pinyon Crest turnoff, Santa Rosa Mountains , Apr. 19, 1975, plant and rat litter in ravine, elev. 3600 ft (W. Icenogle, AMNH PBI_OON 1598), 1♀   ; Coachella Valley Preserve, McCallum Grove   , 33°50′50.5″N, 116°18′44.3″W, Aug. 8, 2003, palm grove in riparian area, elev. 635 ft (D. Hutchinson, CAS 39722 View Materials , PBI_OON 2929), 2♀ GoogleMaps   . San Diego Co.: Mountain Palm Canyon, Anza-Borrego Desert State Park , Mar. 26, 1991, under granite in palm grove (D. Ubick, CDU PBI_ OON 35677 View Materials ), 1♂   .

DISTRIBUTION: Riverside and San Diego Counties, California.

Noonops willisi   , new species

Figures 220–224

TYPE: Male holotype taken W of Reynosa, near the Texas border, Tamaulipas, Mexico (Nov. 28, 1937; L. Davis, B. Brown), deposited in AMNH (PBI_OON 1740)   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a patronym in honor of Willis Gertsch, who first recognized the species as new.

DIAGNOSIS: Males have a distinctively enlarged palpal bulb; the embolus resembles that of N. furtivus   but has the opening oriented longitudinally rather than transversely (figs. 220–222).

MALE (PBI_OON 1740, figs. 220–224):. Total length 1.41. Anterior portion of endites without processes; serrula present. Leg spination (leg III missing): tibia IV p1-0-0, v1p-2-2, r0-0-1; metatarsus IV p1-2-2, v0-2-2, r1-1-2. Embolus opening situated on short prong, longitudinally oriented.

FEMALE: Unknown.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: None.

DISTRIBUTION: Tamaulipas.

Noonops mesa   , new species

Figures 230–240

TYPES: Male holotype and female allotype taken near the summit of Llera Mesa , 23°23′N, 98°59′W, Tamaulipas, Mexico (Apr. 16, 1963; W. Gertsch, W. Ivie), deposited in AMNH (PBI_ OON 1727) GoogleMaps   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Males resemble those of N. naci   but have a longer projection on the base of the embolus (figs. 230–235); females also resemble those of N. naci   but have a much wider anterior receptaculum (figs. 239, 240).

MALE (PBI_OON 1727, figs. 230–237): Total length 1.41. Anterior portion of endites with three processes, all pointed, directed posteriorly; serrula absent. Leg spination: tibiae: III v0-1p-0; IV p0-0-1, v1p-0-0; metatarsi III, IV v1p-0-0. Embolar base with distinct, narrow spur; tip rounded.

FEMALE (PBI_OON 1727, figs. 238–240): Total length 1.94. Leg spination: femora: III d1-0- 1; IV d1-0-1, p0-0-1; tibiae: III v0-1p-0; IV d1-0-0, p0-0-1, v1p-1r-2, r0-0-1; metatarsi: III v1p-0-0; IV d1-0-0, p0-0-1, v1p-0- 1p. Anterior receptaculum widened anteriorly to about three times width of median duct; anterior membrane angular, posterior sclerotization V-shaped.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: MEXICO: Tamaulipas: Gómez Farías , Mar. 13, 1972, roadcut (J. Cooke, AMNH PBI_OON 1723), 1♂   ; Sierra de El Abra, Gómez Farías , Feb. 15, 1970, under stones in limestone roadcut at night (J. Cooke, AMNH PBI_OON 1711), 1♂   .

DISTRIBUTION: Tamaulipas.

Noonops naci   , new species

Figures 241–251

TYPES: Male holotype and female allotype taken at Arroyo de Nacimiento del Río Frío, Tamaulipas, Mexico (Mar. 15, 1972; J. Cooke), deposited in AMNH (PBI_OON 1712)   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition shortened from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Males resemble those of N. mesa   but have a shorter projection on the base of the embolus (figs. 241–246); females also resemble those of N. mesa   but have a narrower anterior receptaculum (figs. 250, 251).

MALE (PBI_ OON 37344 View Materials , figs. 241–248): Total length 1.33. Anterior portion of endites with two processes, both pointed, distal process short, directed laterally, proximal process longer, directed posteriorly; serrula absent. Leg spination: femur IV d1-0-0; tibiae: III p0-1-0, v0-0-1p; IV v0-1r-2; metatarsi: III v1p-0-1p; IV p1-0-1, v0-1r-2, r1-0-1. Embolar base with ridges but without distinct spur, tip angular.

FEMALE (PBI_OON 1712, figs. 249–251): Total length 1.12. Leg spination: tibiae: III v0-1p-1p; IV p0-1-0, v1p-0-2; metatarsi: III v0-1p-1p; IV p1-0-0, v0-0-2, r1-0-1. Anterior receptaculum relatively narrow; anterior membrane narrow, triangular but with broad apex, posterior sclerotization narrow.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: MEXICO: San Luis Potosí: 20 mi S Valles , Apr. 14, 1946 (A., L. Davis, AMNH PBI_OON 1722), 1♂   . Tamaulipas: 6 mi S Victoria , 23°39′N, 99°05′W, Apr. 16, 1963 (W. Gertsch, W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 37344 View Materials ), 1♂ GoogleMaps   .

DISTRIBUTION: Tamaulipas and San Luis Potosí.

Noonops tarantula   , new species

Figures 225–229

TYPE: Female holotype taken at a depth of 1 foot in a tarantula burrow at a site 16 miles east of San Luis , Sonora, Mexico (Nov. 29, 1959; V. Roth, Peterson, Jaeger), deposited in AMNH (PBI_OON 1668)   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition referring to the habitat in which the type specimen was collected.

DIAGNOSIS: Females resemble those of N. ocotillo   but have much smaller posterior genitalic elements (figs. 228, 229).

MALE: Unknown.

FEMALE (PBI_OON 1668, figs. 225–229): Total length 1.48. Leg spination (leg III missing): tibia IV p0-0-1, v0-0-2, r0-0-1; metatarsus IV p1-0-1, v1p-1p-0, r1-0-1. Anterior receptaculum short, oval, situated anterior of wide arch; posterior receptaculum with anterior, T-shaped sclerotization.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: None.

DISTRIBUTION: Sonora.

Noonops miraflores   , new species

Figures 260–262

TYPE: Female holotype taken under a rock in a thorn forest 2 miles northwest of Miraflores, Baja California Sur, Mexico (Jan. 12, 1982; D. Ubick), deposited in CAS (PBI_OON 3616)   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Females can be recognized by the short, anteriorly widened anterior receptaculum situated anteriorly of a T-shaped sclerotization (figs. 261, 262).

MALE: Unknown.

FEMALE (PBI_OON 3616, figs. 260–262): Total length 1.45. Leg spination: tibiae: III v1p- 1p-1p; IV p1-0-0, v0-1p-2; metatarsi: III v0-0-1p; IV p0-1-1, v0-0- 1p. Anterior receptaculum triangular; T-shaped sclerotization strong.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: MEXICO: Baja California Sur: 1 mi W Agua Caliente , near Miraflores, Mar.   1, 1987, under rock (D. Ubick, CDU PBI_ OON 49583 View Materials ), 1♀   .

DISTRIBUTION: Baja California Sur.

Noonops culiacan   , new species

Figures 263–274

TYPES: Male holotype and female allotype taken 6 miles south of Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico (July 22, 1954; W. Gertsch), deposited in AMNH (PBI_OON 1850)   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Males resemble those of N. californicus   but have a serrate embolar tip (figs. 263–267); females have a short, wide posterior receptaculum (figs. 273, 274).

MALE (PBI_ OON 37341 View Materials , figs. 263–270): Total length 0.95. Anterior portion of endites with two processes, distal process lobe shaped, directed anteriorly, proximal process pointed, directed laterally; serrula absent. Leg spination: tibiae: III v0-0-2; IV p1-0-0, v0-0-1p, r1-0-0; metatarsi: III v0-0-2, r0-1-0; IV p1-0-1, v1p-0-1p, r1-0-1. Embolus tip narrowed, with dorsal ridge.

FEMALE (PBI_ OON 37341 View Materials , figs. 271–274): Total length 1.03. Leg spination: tibiae: III v0-0-1p; IV v1p-0-2; metatarsi: III v0-0-2, r0-1-0; IV p1-0-1, v1p-0-1p, r1-0-1. Anterior receptaculum on short stalk, followed posteriorly by wide transverse sclerotization; anterior sclerotization of posterior receptaculum short.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: MEXICO: Sinaloa: 6 mi S Culiacán , July 22, 1954 (W. Gertsch, AMNH PBI_ OON 37341 View Materials ), 5♂, 3♀   ; 40 mi S Culiacán , July 22, 1954 (W. Gertsch, AMNH PBI_OON 1634), 1♂   .

DISTRIBUTION: Sinaloa.

Noonops taxquillo   , new species

Figures 275–289

TYPES: Male holotype, female allotype, and one female and four male paratypes taken at Taxquillo (Tzindejeh)   , Río Tula , 20°33′N, 99°19′W, Hidalgo, Mexico (Aug. 20, 1964; J., W. Ivie), deposited in AMNH (PBI_OON 1726) GoogleMaps   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Males resemble those of N. mesa   but have a wider embolar tip (figs. 275–277); females have a distinctively flower-shaped anterior receptaculum (figs. 281–289).

MALE (PBI_OON 1726, figs. 275–280): Total length 1.53. Anterior portion of endites with single, small, posteriorly directed projection; serrula present. Leg spination: tibiae: III p0-0-1, v1p-0-2; IV p1-0-1, v0-1r-2, r1-0-1; metatarsi: III v0-1p-2; IV p0-1-1, v0-0-2, r0-0-1. Embolar base with narrow spur, tip angular.

FEMALE (PBI_OON 1726, figs. 281–289): Total length 1.89. Leg spination: femur IV d1-0- 0; tibiae: III v0-0-2; IV p1-0-1, v1p-1r-2, r1-0-1; metatarsi: III v0-1p-2, r1-1-0; IV p1-0-0, v0-0-2, r1-0-1. Anterior receptaculum flower-shaped; anterior membrane absent, posterior sclerotization splayed to near base.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: MEXICO: Hidalgo: Taxquillo (Tzindejeh)   , Río Tula , 20°33′N, 99°19′W, July 29, 1966 (J., W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_OON 1721), 2♂, 2♀ GoogleMaps   . San Luis Potosí: 3.5 mi NE Ciudad del Maíz, 22°26′N, 99°35′W, Feb. 16, 1984, oak country (V., B. Roth, CAS 25895 View Materials , PBI_OON 2409), 1♀ GoogleMaps   ; Tamazunchale , Apr. 19, 1963 (W. Gertsch, W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 37343 View Materials ), 1♀   .

DISTRIBUTION: San Luis Potosí and Hidalgo.

Noonops chapul   , new species

Figures 290–300

TYPES: Male holotype, female allotype, and female paratype taken 2 miles north of Chapulhuacán, 21°11′N, 98°57′W, Hidalgo, Mexico (Aug. 18, 1964; J., W. Ivie), deposited in AMNH (PBI_ OON 37982 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition shortened from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Males resemble those of N. taxquillo   but have a smaller projection on the base of the embolus (figs. 290–295); females resemble those of N. mesa   but have smaller lateral sclerites at the base of the anterior receptaculum (figs. 299, 300). Both sexes have spines on the prolateral surface of the palpal patella and tibia (fig. 293) that resemble those found in the species of Heteroonops Dalmas.  

MALE (PBI_ OON 37982 View Materials , figs. 290–297). Total length 1.36. Anterior portion of endites with two processes, both pointed, directed posteriorly; serrula present. Leg spination: femur III d0-1-1; tibiae: III p1-0-1, v0-1p-2, r1-0-1; IV p0-1-0, v1p-0-2, r0-1-0; metatarsi: III v0-1p-2, r0-0-1; IV d1-0-0, p1-0-0, v0-1p-2, r1-0-1. Embolar base with short, sharp projection, tip angular.

FEMALE (PBI_ OON 37982 View Materials , figs. 298–300). Total length 1.56. Female palp with spines: patella p1-1-0; tibia p1-1-1. Leg spination: femora III, IV d1-0-1; tibiae: III d0-1-0, p1-0-0, v0-1p-2, r1-0-0; IV d0-0-1, p0-0-1, v1p-1p-2, r1-0-1; metatarsi: III v0-1p-2, r1-0-1; IV d1-0-1, p1-0-1, v0-1p-2, r1-0-1. Anterior membrane angular, anterior receptaculum greatly widened at tip, posterior sclerotization Y-shaped.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: MEXICO: Hidalgo: 5 mi N Encarnación , 20°55′N, 99°12′W, July 28, 1966, elev. 6000 ft (J., W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_OON 1709, 1724), 8♂ GoogleMaps   .

DISTRIBUTION: Hidalgo.

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Oonopidae

Genus

Noonops