ICTALURIDAE Gill, 1861

Published, First, 2007, Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types, Zootaxa 1418, pp. 1-628: 203-207

publication ID

1175­5334

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/290A9513-5184-FF10-FF7E-F936FD28FE7D

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

ICTALURIDAE Gill, 1861
status

 

ICTALURIDAE Gill, 1861  

Ictaluri Gill, 1861c: 49. Type genus: Ictalurus Rafinesque, 1820   .

Ameiurina Günther, 1864: 98. Type genus: Ameiurus Rafinesque, 1820   .

Ichthaelurinae Meek, 1904: 10. Type genus: Ichthaelurus Cope, 1868.

† Astephinae Grande & Lundberg, 1988: 146. Type genus: † Astephus Cope, 1873   .

Reviews: Lundberg (1975, fossil forms).

Identification guide: Page & Burr (1991, Canada and U.S.).

Checklist: Espinosa Pérez, et al. (1993, Mexico).

Phylogeny: Le Grande (1981, chromosomal evolution); Hardman (2002); Lundberg (1982, 1992).

7 genera, 64 species; 1 fossil genus and 14 fossil species.

AMEIURUS Rafinesque, 1820  

Ameiurus Rafinesque, 1820c: 359   . Type species: Silurus lividus Rafinesque, 1820   . Type designated by plenary powers (ICZN, Opinion 1584; see Bailey & Robins, 1988, for justification). Gender: Masculine. Also described as new in Rafinesque (1820a: 65). Originally proposed as subgenus of Ictalurus   .

Amiurus Agassiz, 1846: 17   . Type species: Silurus lividus Rafinesque, 1820   . Unjustified emendation of Ameiurus Rafinesque, 1820   . Gender: Masculine.

Gronias Cope, 1864: 231   . Type species: Gronias nigrilabris Cope, 1864   . Type by monotypy. Gender: Masculine.

Remarks: See Bailey & Robins (1988) for information on type species.

Relationships: Hardman & Page (2003).

Ameiurus brunneus   Jordan, 1877

Amiurus brunneus   Jordan, 1877a: 366. Type locality: South Fork of Ocmulgee R., at Flat Shoals, Georgia. Lectotype: USNM 20148 View Materials , designated by Jordan & Evermann (1896: 142).  

Distribution: Atlantic coast basins from southern Virginia to Georgia; Gulf Coast basins of Georgia, Alabama and Florida (Page & Burr, 1991).

Ameiurus catus (Linnaeus, 1758)  

Silurus catus Linnaeus, 1758: 305   . Type locality: America; Asia [the latter in error]. No types known; based on illustrations in Catesby (1731–1743: pl. 23), and Marcgravius (1648: 173).

Pimelodus albidus Lesueur, 1819: 148   . Type locality: la Delaware [River]. Type (s): Whereabouts unknown (Gilbert, 1998).

Pimelodus lynx Girard, 1859b: 160   . Type locality: Potomac River, in a deep run, a tributary of Patapsco River, and at Carlisle, Pa [ U. S. A.]. Syntypes: at USNM, but not found   .

Ichthaelurus Kevinskii Stauffer, 1869: 578. Type locality: Susquehanna River drainage, Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania. Holotype: Whereabouts unknown.  

Ichthaelurus McCaskei Stauffer 1869: 578. Type locality: Shenk's Ferry , Susquehanna River (or tributary thereof), Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania. Holotype: Whereabouts unknown.  

Amiurus lophius Cope, 1870a: 487   . Type locality: Washington, D. C. market, which came from the lower course of the Potomac River. Syntypes (3): ANSP 8461–62 View Materials (2).

Amiurus niveiventris Cope, 1870a: 488   . Type locality: Neuse River , N. Ca. [North Carolina, U.S.A.]. Syntypes: ANSP 8466–67 View Materials (2).

Distribution: Atlantic and Gulf coast drainages from Hudson River to Pascagoula River, Mississippi; introduced elsewhere (Page & Burr, 1991).

Ameiurus hazenensis (Baumgartner, 1982)  

Ictalurus (Amiurus) hazenensis Baumgartner, 1982: 38   . Type locality: Laminated diatomaceous beds of Miocene Middle Truckee Formation (ca. 39º 31'36"N, 119º 06'27"W), Two Tips Quadrangle , T19 N, R26 E, Sec. 7 (center), near Nazen , Churchill County. Nevada. Holotype: UMMP V 74320 View Materials (anterior portion of fish). GoogleMaps  

Distribution: Churchill County, Nevada, Middle Truckee Formation; Miocene.

Ameiurus lavetti (Lundberg, 1975)  

Ictalurus lavetti Lundberg, 1975: 31   , fig. 4 a–e; pl. 11, fig. a. Type locality: Sec. 7, T. 11 S, R. 37 W, Old Vincent Ranch, 22 mi. NE of Wallace, Logan County, Kansas; middle Pliocene   .

Distribution: Olallala Group, Logan County Kansas, and Basal Ash Hollow formation, South Dakota; lower to middle Pliocene (Lundberg, 1975).

Ameiurus leidyi (Lundberg, 1975)  

Ictalurus leidyi Lundberg, 1975: 35   , fig. 4 f; pl. 5, fig. a, pl. 8, fig. k. Type locality: Observation Quarry, NW 1/4, SE 1/4, Sec. 4, T. 31 N, R. 47 W. Dawes County, Nebraska; early Miocene. Holotype: AMNH 10509 View Materials (nearly complete skull).  

Distribution: Observation Quarry, Nebraska; Valentine Formation, Nebraska; Ash Hollow Formation, Nebraska; lower Pliocene (Lundberg, 1975).

Ameiurus macgrewi (Lundberg, 1975)  

Ictalurus macgrewi Lundberg, 1975: 29   , fig. 3; pl. 10, fig. a. Type locality: Banks of Horse Creek , Sec. 3, T. 17 N, R. 66 W, Laramie County, Wyoming; middle Miocene. Holotype: University of Wyoming 3298.  

Distribution: Banks of Horse Creek, Laramie County, Wyoming; middle Miocene (Lundberg, 1975).

Ameiurus melas (Rafinesque, 1820)  

Silurus melas Rafinesque, 1820b: 51   . Type locality: Ohio River. No types known. Also described as new as Pimelodus melas   in Rafinesque (1820a: 66 and 1820c: 360).

Pimelodus catulus Girard, 1858b: 208   , pl. 41 (figs. 4–6). Type locality: Fort Smith , Arkansas. Syntypes: USNM 926 View Materials (1), USNM 927 View Materials (5, missing).

Pimelodus confinis Girard, 1859b: 159   . Type locality: Root River, near Racine, Wis. Syntypes: MCZ 35993 View Materials (1), USNM 1514 View Materials (7)   , USNM 1515 View Materials   (3).

Pimelodus cupreoides Girard, 1859b: 159   . Type locality: Aux Plaines, Ill. Syntypes: USNM 1497 View Materials (4).

Amiurus obesus Gill 1861b: 45   . Type locality: Nebraska. Syntypes: USNM 8968 View Materials (3).

Amiurus brachyacanthus Cope, 1880: 35   . Type locality: Wallace Creek, headwaters of Medina River, Bandera Co., Texas. Syntypes: ANSP 20527–28 View Materials (2).

Amiurus cragini Gilbert, 1884: 10   . Type locality: “The Lake” (a blind arm of the Arkansas River), at Garden City , Finney Co., Kansas. Holotype: USNM 36814 View Materials . Also appeared as new (and synonymized in a footnote) in Gilbert (1885: 512).

Distribution: North American Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, Mississippi River basin and Gulf Coast basins; introduced elsewhere (Page & Burr, 1991).

Ameiurus natalis (Lesueur, 1819)  

Pimelodus natalis Lesueur, 1819: 154   . Type locality: Haut-Canada. No types known. Placed on Official List (ICZN, Opinion 1584).

Silurus lividus Rafinesque, 1820b: 50   . Type locality: Ohio River. No types known. As Pimelodus lividus   in Rafinesque (1820a: 65; and 1820c: 359).

Silurus lividus Fuscatus Rafinesque, 1820b: 51   . Type locality: Ohio River. No types known. Originally as Silurus lividus   var. Fuscatus.

Silurus (Pimelodus) coenosus Richardson, 1836: 132   . Type locality: Penetanguisheue, Lake Huron. Holotype: Whereabouts unknown.

Pimelodus ailurus Girard, 1858b: 210   . Type locality: Lake Amelia, near Fort Snelling , Minnesota. Syntypes: USNM 904 View Materials (2, originally 1), USNM 905 View Materials (1, missing).

Pimelodus antoniensis Girard, 1858b: 209   . Type locality: Near San Antonio, Tex. Holotype: USNM 923 View Materials .

Pimelodus felinus Girard, 1858b: 209   . Type locality: Trib. of Gypsum creek, Canadian. Lectotype: USNM 924 View Materials , designated by Jordan & Evermann (1896: 140).

Pimelodus puma Girard, 1859b: 160   . Type locality: Charleston, S. C. [South Carolina]. Holotype: USNM 1536 View Materials .

Amiurus natalis analis   Jordan, 1877c: 87, pl. 18 (fig. 31). Type locality: Little Red River , Judsonia, White Co., Arkansas. Holotype: USNM 31088 View Materials (missing).  

Amiurus erebennus   Jordan, 1877c: 85, pl. 13 (figs. 19–20). Type locality: St. John's River , Florida. Holotype: USNM 19093 View Materials .  

Amiurus bolli Cope, 1880: 35   . Type locality: Little Wichita River, in northern Texas. Syntypes: ANSP 20512–13 View Materials (2).

Amiurus prosthistius Cope, 1884a: 132   . Type locality: Batsto River, Mullica System , New Jersey. Syntypes: ANSP 20546–49 View Materials (4).

Distribution: Atlantic and Gulf coast drainages, from New York to northern Mexico, Great Lakes and Mississippi River basin (Page & Burr, 1991).

Remarks: Amiurus erebennus   Jordan, 1877, was treated as a valid subspecies in Gilbert (1998).

Ameiurus nebulosus (Lesueur, 1819)  

Pimelodus nebulosus Lesueur, 1819: 149   . Type locality: Philadelphie .... la Delaware. No types known.

Pimelodus atrarius De Kay, 1842: 185   , pl. 36 (fig. 116). Type locality: Wappinger's Creek , trib. to Hudson R., Dutchess Co., New York. Syntypes: New York State coll. (whereabouts unknown; Gilbert, 1998).

Pimelodus pullus DeKay, 1842: 184   , pl. 37 (fig. 117). Type locality: Lake Pleasant, Lake Janet and other lakes in n. districts, New York. Syntypes: New York State coll. (whereabouts unknown; Gilbert, 1998).

Pimelodus vulgaris Thompson, 1842: 138   . Type locality: Lake Champlain , Vermont. Holotype: Whereabouts unknown.

? Pimelodus felis Agassiz, 1850: 281   . Type locality: Lake Superior. Type (s): Whereabouts unknown.

Pimelodus marmoratus Holbrook, 1855: 54   , pl. 6 (fig. 4). Type locality: Altamaha River , Georgia. Holotype: USNM 9031 View Materials . As Pimelodus marginatus   on table of plates (p. 58).

Pimelodus marginatus Holbrook, 1855: 58   , pl. 6 (fig. 4). Type locality: Altamaha River , Georgia. Holotype: USNM 9031 View Materials . Name made available from table of plates for illustration corresponding to species account of Pimelodus marmoratus Holbrook.  

Pimelodus dekayi Girard, 1859b: 160   . Type locality: Oswego, Lake Ontario, and in four mile creek, near Oswego [New York]. Syntypes: USNM 1512 View Materials (missing), USNM 1513 View Materials   (4).

Pimelodus hoyi Girard, 1859b: 159   . Type locality: In the neighborhood of Racine, Wis. Syntypes: MCZ 35945 View Materials (1), USNM 1539 View Materials   (3).

Pimelodus vulpeculus Girard, 1859b: 160   . Type locality: Charleston, S.C. [South Carolina]. Holotype: USNM 1530 View Materials .

Gronias nigrilabris Cope, 1864: 231   . Type locality: Conestoga Creek, trib. to Susquehanna River, Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania. Syntypes: ANSP 22082–83 View Materials (2).

Amiurus mispilliensis Cope, 1870a: 486   . Type locality: Mispillion Creek, a sluggish stream in the southern part of the State of Delaware. Holotype: ANSP 8536 View Materials .

Ictalurus nebulosus pannonicus Harka & Pinter, 1990: 69   , figs. 3–4. Type locality: Tisza R. at Poroszló, Hungary. Holotype: MNSB 87.1 View Materials .1. [Name based on an introduced population.]

Distribution: Atlantic and Gulf coast drainages, from Canada to Alabama; Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, and Mississippi River basin; introduced elsewhere in North America (Page & Burr, 1991); also in Europe and New Zealand.

Remarks: Pimelodus marmoratus Holbrook, 1855   , was treated as a valid subspecies, with no synonyms, in Gilbert (1998).

Ameiurus pectinatus (Cope, 1874)  

Ictalurus pectinatus Cope, 1874a: 49   . Type locality: Florissant lake beds, Oligocene, Florissant , Colorado. Holotype: USNM 4086 View Materials .  

Distribution: Florissant lake beds, Colorado; Oligocene (Lundberg, 1975).

Ameiurus platycephalus (Girard, 1859)  

Pimelodus platycephalus Girard, 1859b: 161   . Type locality: In the neighborhood of Anderson, S.C. [South Carolina]. Lectotype: ANSP 8473 View Materials , designated by Yerger & Relyea (1968: 364).

Distribution: Atlantic drainages of Virginia, the Carolinas, and Georgia (Page & Burr, 1991).

Ameiurus reticulatus Smith, Morgan & Gustafson, 2000  

Ameiurus reticulatus Smith, Morgan and Gustafson, 2000: 16   , figs. 9 b, c. Type locality: Blufftop local fauna, Ringold Formation , Franklin Co., Washington; middle Pliocene. Holotype: UMMP 104009 View Materials , complete mandible.  

Distribution: Ringold Formation, Washington; Miocene (Smith, Morgan and Gustafson, 2000).

Ameiurus sawrockensis (Smith, 1962)  

Ictalurus sawrockensis Smith, 1962: 527   , fig. 8. Type locality: Beaver locality, Sawrock Canyon , west side of Sec. 36, T. 34 S, 312 W. Seward County, Kansas; upper Pliocene. Holotype: UMMP V 37066 View Materials (pectoral-fin spine).  

Ictalurus benderensis Smith, 1962: 527   , fig. 9. Type locality: Bender local fauna, Rexroad formation above Rexroad local fauna, Cottrell pasture NW 1/4, SE 1/4, Sec. 16., T. 33 S, R. 29 W. Mead County, Kansas, upper Pliocene. Holotype: UMMP V 37664 View Materials (pectoral-fin spine).  

Distribution: Sawrock Canyon local fauna, Rexroad Formation, Kansas; upper Pliocene (Lundberg, 1975).

Ameiurus serracanthus (Yerger & Relyea, 1968)  

Ictalurus serracanthus Yerger & Relyea, 1968: 373   , fig. 4. Type locality: N. shore of Lake Talquin, 6.8 mi. westsouthwest of Ochlockonee R., Gadsden Co., Florida. Holotype: USNM 231711 View Materials .

Distribution: Gulf Coast drainages of northern Florida, western Georgia, and eastern Alabama (Page & Burr, 1991).

Ameiurus vespertinus (Miller & Smith, 1967)  

Ictalurus vespertinus Miller & Smith, 1967: 15   . Type locality: roadcuts on state highway 45 about 1.5 mi. SE of Fossil Butte, sec. 16, T. 4 S, R 1 W. Glenns Ferry Formation , lacustrine facies, late Pliocene. Holotype: UMMP V 55561 View Materials (right lower jaw).  

Ictalurus peregrinus Lundberg, 1975: 39   , fig. 5 a–e; pl. 7, fig. c, d; pl. 8, fig. a. Type locality: Sec. 14, T. 21 S, R. 37 E, Malheur County, Oregon. Upper member of the Juntura Formation , Black Butte local fauna. Holotype: UO 28035 (pectoral spine).  

Distribution: Glenns Ferry Formation; Chalk Hills Formation; Chalk Butte Formation; Rome Beds, Oregon; Juntura Formation, Black Butte local fauna, Pliocene-Pleistocene (Lundberg, 1975).

Remarks: Synonymy based on Lundberg (1992).

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

UMMP

University of Michigan Museum of Paleontology

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Actinopterygii

Order

Siluriformes

Family

Ictaluridae

Loc

ICTALURIDAE Gill, 1861

Published, First 2007
2007
Loc

Ameiurus reticulatus

Smith, Morgan and Gustafson 2000: 16
2000
Loc

Ictalurus nebulosus pannonicus

Harka & Pinter 1990: 69
1990
Loc

Ictalurus serracanthus

Yerger & Relyea 1968: 373
1968
Loc

Amiurus cragini

Gilbert 1884: 10
1884
Loc

Amiurus prosthistius

Cope 1884: 132
1884
Loc

Amiurus brachyacanthus

Cope 1880: 35
1880
Loc

Amiurus bolli

Cope 1880: 35
1880
Loc

Amiurus natalis analis

Jordan 1877
1877
Loc

Ictalurus pectinatus

Cope 1874: 49
1874
Loc

Amiurus lophius

Cope 1870: 487
1870
Loc

Amiurus niveiventris

Cope 1870: 488
1870
Loc

Amiurus mispilliensis

Cope 1870: 486
1870
Loc

Gronias nigrilabris

Cope 1864: 231
1864
Loc

Amiurus obesus

Gill 1861: 45
1861
Loc

Pimelodus lynx

Girard 1859: 160
1859
Loc

Pimelodus confinis

Girard 1859: 159
1859
Loc

Pimelodus cupreoides

Girard 1859: 159
1859
Loc

Pimelodus puma

Girard 1859: 160
1859
Loc

Pimelodus dekayi

Girard 1859: 160
1859
Loc

Pimelodus hoyi

Girard 1859: 159
1859
Loc

Pimelodus vulpeculus

Girard 1859: 160
1859
Loc

Pimelodus platycephalus

Girard 1859: 161
1859
Loc

Pimelodus catulus

Girard 1858: 208
1858
Loc

Pimelodus ailurus

Girard 1858: 210
1858
Loc

Pimelodus antoniensis

Girard 1858: 209
1858
Loc

Pimelodus felinus

Girard 1858: 209
1858
Loc

Pimelodus marmoratus

Holbrook 1855: 54
1855
Loc

Pimelodus marginatus

Holbrook 1855
1855
Loc

Pimelodus felis

Agassiz 1850: 281
1850
Loc

Pimelodus atrarius

De Kay 1842: 185
1842
Loc

Pimelodus vulgaris

Thompson 1842: 138
1842
Loc

Silurus (Pimelodus) coenosus

Richardson 1836: 132
1836
Loc

Silurus lividus Rafinesque, 1820b: 50

Fuscatus Rafinesque 1820: 50
1820
Loc

Pimelodus albidus

Lesueur 1819: 148
1819
Loc

Pimelodus natalis

Lesueur 1819: 154
1819
Loc

Pimelodus nebulosus

Lesueur 1819: 149
1819
Loc

Silurus catus

Linnaeus 1758: 305
1758